The future tense ESSENTIAL ?: How can I describe events that will happen in the future? Ir + a + infinitive (informal future) ● Ir+a+infinitive is a way to talk about the future while still using the present tense. ● It communicates what is going to happen. It can be used interchangeably with the future tense. ● voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van The simple future tense -An alternative to Ir+a+infinitive The future tense is used to tell what "will" happen. I will go to the beach next month. She will write the letter next week. Usage of present vs. future For actions that will occur in the immediate future, the present tense can be used. ● Esta noche voy al cine. o Tonight I'm going to the movies. ● Yo trabajo este sábado. o I work this Saturday. For events further in the future, use the future tense. ● En 2016 iré (voy a ir) a España. o In 2016 I'm going to Spain. Formation of the future tense Regular verbs in the future tense are conjugated by adding the following endings to the infinitive form of the verb: -é (yo), -ás (tú), -á (él/ella/Ud.), -emos (nosotros), -éis (vosotros), -án (ellos/ellas/Uds.). You do not need to remove the ending. (-ar, -er, -ir) hablaré (tú) hablarás (él, ella, Ud.) hablará (nosotros) hablaremos hablarán (yo) (ellos, ellas, Uds.) comeré comerás comerá comeremos comerán viviré vivirás vivirá viviremos vivirán Irregulars (there's always an exception to the rule in Spanish) There are some verbs that are irregular in the future tense. Their endings are regular (the ones from the previous slide), but their stems change. You add the endings to the stems on the next slide. Irregular verbs in the future tense caber (to fit), cabrponer (to put), pondrdecir (to say), dirsalir (to leave, go out), saldrhacer (to do, to make), harpoder (to be able to), podrvenir (to come), vendr- saber (to know), sabrtener (to have), tendrquerer (to want), querrvaler (to be worth), valdrhaber (to have, to be), habr(habrá - there will be - this is the future form of “hay”) Practice with the future tense Complete the sentence in the future tense and translate. 1. Mañana, tú (salir*) a las seis como siempre. 2. Ella (ir) a su trabajo el lunes a las ocho. 3. Este fin de semana (hacer*) mucho calor. 4. Cuando nosotros llegamos, (ser) las tres de la tarde. 5. Esta noche, ellos (acostarse) a las once. 6. En julio, ustedes (querer*) ir a la playa en San Diego. 7. Mi esposa y yo (pasar) por tu casa. 8. Tú (tener*) que estudiar si quieres aprobar la clase. With the student next to you... You have just won 5 million dollars. What are the first two things you will do with your newfound wealth? You and the person next to you will think of two sentences each in the future tense describing your plans. (Don't use the same verb more than once) Once you have come up with what you want to do, one person will share your responses with the class.