The Subjunctive Overview of how to begin to use the subjunctive Spanish has 3 moods Indicative expresses or indicates facts all the tenses you have learned so far Imperative tells someone to do something all the commands you have learned so far Subjunctive expresses a potential fact – stresses the speakers feelings about the fact Present and past tenses (only the present is learned this year) First you need to learn how to conjugate verbs in the Present Subjunctive Note: You first go to the “yo” form of the present indicative tense and then use the opposite endings. (5 verbs don’t end with “o” – ser, estar, dar, saber, ir) The subjunctive is used very frequently in Spanish. It is used in the dependent clause when you have a change of subject and the speaker express demands, wishes and regrets Remember #1 you must have a change of subject and the subjunctive occurs after the word “que”. Example: Espero que Juan estudie mucho. Speaker says “espero” (you may use the present indicative or the future) Clause begins with “que” Subject of the clause is “Juan” – different from the first part of the sentence. I want Fred to win the lottery. Quiero que Fred gane la lotería. (I want that Fred wins ....) I insist that you come to my house. Insisto en que vengas a mi casa. Terms which often require the use of the subjunctive Impersonal Will/influence es bueno aconsejar es importante desear es mejor importar es necesario insistir en es malo mandar es urgente necesitar es extraño pedir es una lástima preferir es ridículo prohibir es terrible querer es triste recomendar rogar Ojalá* sugerir emotion alegrarse (de) esperar gustar molestar sentir sorprender temer tener miedo (de) *“May Allah grant” (Allah was the god of the Moors and this expression is used frequently. It is always followed by the subjunctive. Example: Ojalá que no llueva hoy. I hope (May Allah grant that it does not rain today!) Ojalá never changes you only use this form.