Literary Terms Vocabulary #1 1. Alliteration – the repetition of consonant sounds in a sequence of words used to highlight or emphasize key words, concepts and relationships 2. Assonance – The repetition of vowel sounds in a literary work 3. Ballad – A poem that recounts a story – generally some dramatic episode – and that has been composed to be sung. 4. Blank Verse – Unrhymed iambic pentameter verse. 5. Consonance – repetition of a final consonant sound following different vowel sounds; not a true rhyme ex. Litter/letter, wade/wood 6. Couplet – two lines that rhyme with each other, often the last two rhyming lines 7. Epic – a long and formal narrative poem written in an elevated style that recounts the adventures of a hero of almost mythic proportions. 8. Free verse – poetry that lacks regular meter, does not rhyme, and uses irregular line lengths. 9. Haiku – A Japanese verse form consisting of three unrhymed lines that typically have lines of five, seven, and five syllables. 10. Lyric – A poem that expresses the emotions of the poet; categories of lyric poems include: odes, ballads, and sonnets. 11. Meter - The regular pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in poetry, which is usually defined by the kind of foot, like iambic, in combination with the number of feet per line, like pentameter. 12. Narrative poem – a poem that tells a story 13. Ode – an extended lyric poem characterized by exalted emotion and dignified style. 14. Quatrain – a four line stanza of a poem 15. Rhyme – The repetition of identical vowel sounds followed by a similar constant in the stressed syllables of two or more words. 16. Soliloquy – A monologue delivered by a character in a play while alone on stage that reveals inner thoughts 17. Sonnet – A fourteen line poem usually composed in iambic pentameter employing one of several rhyme schemes. There are three major types of sonnets: Italian (Petrarchan), English (Shakespearean), Spenserian 18. Stanza – a subdivision of a poem consiting of lines grouped together, often in recurring patterns of rhyme, line length, and meter.