Draft 2009 Meeting Minutes

JANUARY 21 and 22, 2009
San Antonio, Texas
Meeting Minutes
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Bill Amend
Alex Afaganis
Mike Armstrong
Ed Baniak
Alan Beckett
Matt Boring
William A. Bruce
Tim Burns
Bill Byrd
Howard Chiang
David Craig
David L. Culbertson
Jeffry Deflaco
Phelps Delaume
Mark Devall
Don Drake
Brad Etheridge
Doug Fairchild
Richard Faircloth
Marshall L. Farley
Bill Fazackerley
Scott Funderburk
Robert Gatlin
Harry Harrison
John Hartnett
Antonio Howard
Jordan Hunter
Bob Huntley
Jim Ibarra
Tom Jarvie
Joshua Johnson
Don Kemper
John Kern
Wayne Klemcke
Dale Ladner
Brian Laing
Robert Lazor
Harlan Lee
Kenneth Y. Lee
Dan Lillig
Bill Marhofer
Jim McHaney
Scott Metzger
Pamela Michalski
Brian Moidel
Robert Parks
David Preston
Structural Integrity Assoc.
OSM Tubular Camrose
T. D. Williamson
Alyeska Pipeline Service Company
Edison Welding Institute
CC Technologies, Inc.
Shell Oil Company
T. D. Williamson
Aramco Services
Computer Engineering
El Paso Corporation
ESAB Welding & Cutting
Dyn McDermott Petroleum Operations
Acute Technological Services
CC Technologies, LLC
Consumers Energy Co.
Microalloying International
Lincoln Electric
Global Industries
ESAB Welding
Computer Engineering
Kinder Morgan Energy Partners, LP
RMH Welding
BP America
Shell Oil Company
U.S. Department of Transportation
Moody International
GE Inspection Technologies
Universal Ensco Inc.
Chevron ETC
CRC-Evans Automatic Welding
Trans Canada
J-W Gathering Company
Lincoln Electric
Exxon-Mobil Development
Pipeline Machinery International
Exxon-Mobil Development
Moody International, Inc.
Dominion East Ohio
Southwest Gas Corporation
EN Engineering
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Attending (continued)
Steve Rapp
Tom Reeder
Bruce Reichert
Geoff Rogers
Perry Sheth
Ron Shockley
Eugene Smith
David Sponseller
Larry Sportsman
Russell Steel
Warren Stelk
Don W. Thorn
Jan Van Der Ent
Yong-Yi Wang
Mark Werner
Ronnie Wise
C. P. (Chuck) Woodruff, Jr.
Spectra Energy
Central NDT Inc.
Spectra Energy
National Grid
Chevron Energy Technology
EN Engineering
OMNI Metals Laboratory
Smith International
Northern Natural Gas
Welded Construction LP
Applus RTD
Engineering Mechanics Corp. of Columbus
Applus RTD
Gregory & Cook Inc.
SeaOne Maritime Corp.
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1.0 OPENING SESSION – First Day (January 21, 2009)
The meeting called to order by the Chairman, Dave Culberston at 1:00 PM.
The following received API “Recognition of Service” Awards:
5 year award: Samar Saha and Joseph Sieve
10 year award: Robert Gatlin, David Horsley and Wayne Klemcke
15 year award: Don Thorn and Chuck Woodruff
20 year award: Marshall Farley
All committee members and visitors were welcomed and each introduced themselves,
and encouraged to fill in sign up sheets for all committee activities.
The minutes of the 2008 annual Meeting held in Ft. Worth, Texas on January 23 and 24
were approved.
The agenda for the 2009 meetings was approved.
Joshua Johnson of the PHMSA-DOT attended the meeting in place of Gery Bauman who
was not able to attend. In answer to several questions he indicated that API 1104, 19th
edition is still recognized by Federal Regulations. There are no reservations in adopting
the 20th Edition. The 20th Edition of API 1104 has been issued, but the approval from
DOT has not occurred. However, a Stay of Enforcement is in effect allowing the 20th
edition to be used. More details will follow in the PHMSA-DOT presentation on
Ed Baniak, our Senior Standards Associate with API, reminded the committee that the
current date on API1104, 20th edition is 2005. A review every 5 years is mandatory by
API. We must act on 5 year cycle so ballot items must be in for voting at the next
meeting (2010).
There was a review of the Subcommittee rosters:
Fracture Mechanics Subcommittee: Yong-Yi Wang, Chairman
General Interest Member Selection – Don Thorn, Chairman.
Maintenance Welding – Bill Bruce, Chairman.
Mechanized Welding – Don Thorn, Chairman.
Modifications, Interpretations and Policy – Wayne Klemcke, Chairman
Nondestructive Testing – Chuck Woodruff and Tom Reeder will be Co-Chairmen.
Repair Welding Task Group – Robert Gatlin, Chairman. This task group was set up as a
one time only group, but may be made into permanent subcommittee.
Welding Procedures and Welder Qualification – Alan Holk, Chairman was absent. Bill
Marhofer agreed to lead the group at this meeting.
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Subcommittee discussion items and assignments
The only discussion item pertained Ed Baniak’s comments on the need to update API
1104 into the 21st edition by 2010. This will require meetings of subcommittees during
this year so that all items can be brought to a ballot.
1.10 Subcommittee meeting times were announced for 2:00 PM to 5:30 PM. Room
assignments and locations for each subcommittee were announced.
2.0 Second Day Activities (Thursday January 22)
8:00 AM to Noon – Subcommittee Meetings
1:00 PM to 6:30 PM – Main Committee Meeting
Presentation I: Yong-Yi Wang - Center for Reliable Energy Systems
“Recent Technology Development Activities in Girth Welding of High Strength
The weld (including weld metal and HAZ) is often a weak link in the overall pipeline
integrity. HAZ properties are affected by the base pipe material and welding processes.
Girth welds are most vulnerable during construction or with large displacement loading
while in service.
A comprehensive program on the application of high strength pipelines is under way.
The program examines many factors affecting weld integrity such as line pipe
specifications, chemical composition, toughness and welding process. The program also
studies the resulting microstructure and properties from welding. The results of the
program can also be applicable to lower grade linepipe
The following are the slides from this presentation:
Presentation II: W. J. (Bill) Fazackerley - Microalloying International
“Challenges Associated With The Implementation of API Standard 1104”
API 1104 has and continues to serve the pipeline industry well.
API 5L has recently undergone significant changes. Should API 1104 attempt to adopt
some of these changes and more align the code to the incoming raw material (Pipe)?
As the pipeline industry has changed over the last 5 years, it has exposed areas of the
code that were not a concern previously (misalignment, toughness testing, retesting
philosophy). If the code is silent on any issues, with safety in mind, then PHMSA will
work towards the most conservative evaluation.
The following are slides from this presentation:
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Presentation III: Jordan Hunter - Kinder Morgan Energy Partners
“Rex Project ”
This short presentation was a discussion of some of the problems involved with the
purchase of API 5L Grade X80 for a Billion Dollar Project.
At the present time, there is not enough DSAW X80 available for this project. The
capable steel mills around the world cannot produce enough of this pipe to satisfy the
project. The days of long seam only pipe appear to be short. Projects may need to
consider spiral wound pipe.
OPS/DOT Activities Report – Joshua Johnson for Gery Bauman
• The 19th edition of API 1104 is still recognized by Federal Regulations
• There are no reservations in adopting the 20th edition
• The 20th edition should be in the Federal Regulations soon
• A Stay of Enforcement is in effect allowing the 20th edition to be used.
• Also staying enforcement of the requirements of 49CFR para. 192.7 and 195.3 to use
API 1104 “Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities” (19th edition, 1999 including
Errata October 31, 2001), provided API 1104 “Welding of Pipelines and Related
Facilities” (20th edition, October 2005 including Errata/Addendum July 2007) is used in
its place. This stay will remain in effect until modified through another Federal Register
document or until Parts 192 and 195 are amended to incorporate the updated editions
of these published standards.
• What does the Stay of Enforcement Mean? - In general, where Parts 192 and 195,
incorporate Section 5, 6, 9, and Appendix A of API 1104, the 20th edition may be used,
even though the code references the 19th edition.
• The Stay of Enforcement does not change how much of 1104 is incorporated.
Enforcement Transparency
• PHMSA now posts compliance letters on the internet
• http://primis.phmsa.dot.gov/comm/
Research and Development
 develop new technologies for leak detection and damage prevention
 improve technology for pipeline operation, monitoring, and control
 improving pipeline materials.
OPS is partnering with industry and can provide research funds. Generally, research is
funded on a cost share basis, up to 50%.
• Operation and Maintenance Manual
• Operator Qualification Plans
• Integrity Management Plans
• Drug and Alcohol Prevention
• Public Awareness Plans
• Standard “Unit” Inspections
• New Construction Inspections
• Accident/Incident Investigations
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Inspection Approach
• Use a Mix of Inspection Approaches
– Look at Fundamentals
• Standard Inspections
• Operations and Maintenance Manual Reviews
– Look at Risk and Continuous Improvement
• Integrity Management
• Operator Qualification
– Next Step - Integrated Inspections (II)
Integrated Inspection
• Universal Truths
– Congressional requirements have increased the number of regulations
– PHMSA is charged with maintaining regulatory oversight
– Yet resources haven’t grown to match the mandates
– Coupled with no two operators are alike
– PHMSA is developing an Integrated Inspection Program
• Performance is the goal – not compliance
• Prevention is the key strategy
– Risk-based inspections offer the hope for a more effective, efficient, and
rational inspection program
– Risk-based enforcement adds emphasis as needed
• What is an Integrated Inspection?
– Driven by both data and experience
– Shaped to fit individual operators
• What’s happening with Integrated Inspections?
– Internal HQ/Field Team well into design and development phase
– 2008: continued development and pilot testing
– 2009: training and full deployment
• What else is PHMSA working on?
– Performance Evaluation Group refinements
– Working on operational leading indicators
– SMART Portal Development (relational data base)
Integrated Inspections (All Inspections)- Tips
• Naturally an adversarial relationship.
• Be professional and courteous.
• Follow inspector’s lead on conversation.
• Know your plans and procedures.
• Argue or not? Pick your battles.
• Listen – may hear good ideas even if not a compliance issue. To reduce risk through
the use of Best Practices is a goal.
80% Waivers
• 49 CFR Parts 192 and 195 set maximum allowable pressure to 72% SMYS
• Special permission can be granted to operate at up to 80% SMYS
• Steel savings
• Horse Power Savings
• Defers looping of gas pipelines
New Group in PHMSA - the Performance Evaluation Group (PEG)
• Enforcement Actions, Accidents, Congressionals, Public Complaints, Region
Feedback, Waivers, Critical Pipelines, National Events, CAO’s.
• PHMSA Oversight Plan - Long Term, Short Term, Periodic
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Data Analysis and Performance Evaluation
Modular Approach to Inspections
• Multiple inspection “modules” are created covering different aspects of performance.
• A flexible approach allows Inspectors to react to the “facts on the ground”
• Inspections can be customized to probe more deeply based on the relative risks of a
particular operator.
API Washington DC Office – Ed Baniak
New or Revised API Pipeline Standards
New or Revised API Pipeline Standards in Development
Joint API/ISO Standards
Other ISO Standards Published
Subcommittee Reports
Nondestructive Testing Subcommitte – Chuck Woodruff & Tom Reeder, Co-Chairs
The NDT Subcommittee meeting was held with co-chairman Chuck Woodruff presiding
over the meeting.
Two old business agenda items were addressed with no actions taken. The
subcommittee discussed one new business agenda item related to ASTM STD. E 196106. The subcommittee agreed that further review of the document would be required
before recommending an action.
No motions were made and no votes were taken.
Modifications, Interpretations & Policy – Wayne Klemcke, Chair
There were 6 members present, and 5 visitors.
The subcommittee reviewed two technical inquiries which contained a total of 6
questions. The subcommittee reach agreement for four (4) of the questions and passed
two (2) questions to the Fracture Mechanics subcommittee for guidance.
The Fracture Mechanic’s subcommittee provided guidance for the two (2) questions and
the Modifications, Interpretation and Policy subcommittee reconvened and reviewed the
two questions with the guidance provided by the Fracture Mechanic’s subcommittee.
The Interpretations of the subcommittee are as follows:
Technical Inquiry #1 Questions:
1. Affirmed answer as provided - Unanimous Vote
2. Affirmed answer as provided - Majority Vote
3. Affirmed answer as provided - Unanimous Vote
4. Affirmed answer as provided - Unanimous Vote
Technical Inquiry #2 Questions
1. Affirmed answer as provided - Unanimous Vote
2. Affirmed answer as provided - Majority Vote
The following is a PDF of the Technical Inquiries:
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These interpretations concluded the business of this subcommittee.
General Interest Subcommittee – Marshall Farley, Chair
This subcommittee did not meet this year as no items were open for consideration. The
General Interest roster is full at this time. Current members from this group are:
Bob Huntley
Donald Stevens
Wayne Klemcke
Yong-Yi Wang
Repair Welding Task Group – Robert Gatlin, Chair
There were 9 attendees for this Task Group Meeting
General discussions were conducted among the attendees regarding past experiences
with welding repairs. Major points tabled during these discussions were:
 Any changes need to maintain flexibility for uses of the Standard in that we do not
need to mandate strict requirements to projects that need no such requirements.
 A majority of the information can be modeled from existing owner company
approaches to qualifying and conducting weld repairs.
 Experiences of weld failures of mechanized welds repaired with cellulosic
consumables was discussed.
 Perhaps minor changes (improvements) of the existing language can be
proposed to the main committee next year if the new changes are delayed.
Proposed changes include guidelines on:
 Welding Procedure Types
 Procedure Qualification
 Repair Welder Qualification
 Consumable Types & Application
 Consumable Storage/Handling
 In Process Inspection
Request proposal to the Main Committee:
 Does anyone see any reason that the task group should not work on
improvements to Section 10.
Old Business
 None
2009 Business
 Produce an outline of the “new” section 10 by March 16
 Conduct an online meeting with subcommittee to finalize the aforesaid
 Assign work groups to each sections for filling in the details
 Assemble all subsections by October.
Welding Procedure & Welder Qualification – Alan Holk, Chair
Bill Marhofer was acting chairman in the absence of Alan Holk.
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There are now some discrepancies between API 1104 and API 5L. The new ISO version
of API 5L has resulted in small changes that significantly affect the wording in API 1104.
There is a need for materials changes and filler material changes.
The following is a PDF of the materials revisions proposed by the Welding Procedure &
Welder Qualification subcommittee:
The motion to make the changes was tabled by the Main Committee
The following is a PDF of the changes proposed for the Weld Consumables:
The motion to make the changes passed 15 For, 2 Against.
Mechanized Welding – Don Thorn, Chair
There was no report from this subcommittee
Maintenance Welding - Bill Bruce, Chair
The Maintenance Welding Sub-Committee was called to order at 8:15 AM on January
22, 2009. A total of 15 participants attended the meeting.
The following is a description of the significant items that were discussed:
Interpretation Requests – No formal requests for interpretation had been received.
Requirements for Welding Procedure and Welder Qualification for Weld Deposition
Repairs – Bill Bruce began the discussion by providing some background information on
weld deposition repair. He indicated that it was a useful pipeline repair technique for
applications where repair by welded full-encirclement sleeves and fiber reinforced
composites is difficult or impossible, such as corrosion-cause loss of wall thickness in
bend section, elbows, and tees. The concept is to simply put back with weld metal what
was taken away by corrosion or by grinding to remove other types of defects. This is a
technique that has been used in the past and was the subject of a recent series of PRCIsponsored research and development projects to establish the capabilities and
limitations of this technique. The use of this technique is addressed in ASME B31.4,
ASME B31.8, CSA Z662, and ASME PCC-2.
Revisions necessary for future editions of API 1104 to allow welding procedure and
welder qualification for weld deposition repairs were discussed. A further draft of a
working document pertaining to welding procedure and welder qualification that was
originally produced by Bill Amend following the January 2005 meeting was reviewed.
This document was distributed to sub-committee members prior to the meeting. Specific
items that were discussed included what test welds need to be made, how many test
specimens need to be extracted, and what tests the specimens should be subjected to.
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Most of the issues and questions that were raised were resolved. It was agreed that the
next step should be to develop a ‘red line’ version of Appendix B with the necessary
revisions to incorporate the requirements for welding procedure and welder qualification
for weld deposition repairs into the 21st Edition of API 1104. Revisions are also required
for suggested in-service welding practices for weld deposition repair. A suitable
reference for this was identified. An electronic copy of API 1104 in MS Word format was
requested from the committee chairman
Bill Bruce indicated that that the 21st Edition of API 1104 is due to be published in 2010.
Matt Boring and Bill Byrd agreed to produce and distribute the ‘red line’ version of
Appendix B with the necessary revisions by the end of May 2009. It was agreed that a
teleconference would then be held to discuss the revisions by the end of June 2009.
Further activities would then be scheduled with the goal of producing a letter ballot for
consideration at the January 2010 API 1104 committee meeting
Branch and Fillet Weld Revisions – The new definition of a branch weld that was
published in the July 2007 Errata/Addendum to API 1104 was discussed. This new
definition clearly differentiates between a branch weld and a fillet welds for procedure
qualification. It was agreed that this new definition alleviates the confusion that was
caused previously by Figure 10 in API 1104, which seems to imply that a branch weld is
a fillet weld. It was agreed that the Maintenance Welding Sub-Committee needs to keep
abreast of any further activities pertaining to this issue (e.g., revisions to Figure 10), as
these may have an effect on Appendix B.
Fracture Mechanics - Yong-Yi Wang, Chair
This subcommittee met on the January 21, and 22, 2009 and covered seven items under
old business and eight items under new business.
The new business included a detailed inquiry submitted by Exxon-Mobil.
The following PDF is a summary of all the items covered by this subcommittee:
2.14 New Business
There were no new items of business.
The next meeting data and location:
January 27-29, 2010
InterContinental Hotel
New Orleans, Louisiana
Respectfully Submitted,
Jim Ibarra
Secretary, API 1104
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