A Closer Look at Blood Vessels Chapter 3-2 Study Guide ______________________________ ______________________________ _Chapter 3-2 Study Guide_________ ______________________________ 1. Label the diagram with the names of the three kinds of blood vessels. a. _______________________ b. _______________________ c. _______________________ 2. What three factors help blood move through veins? a. ____________________________________________________________________________________ b. ____________________________________________________________________________________ c. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Arteries adjust the amount of blood flowing to different parts of the body, depending on where blood is needed. Use this fact to explain why you should not exercise vigorously shortly after you eat. _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. What important thing happens in the capillaries? ______________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5. The name of the instrument that measures blood pressure is ____________________________________. _______ 6. blood pressure _______ 7. pulse a. the movement of molecules from an area in which they are highly concentrated to an area in which they have a low concentration _______ 8. diffusion b. the repetitious rise and fall of the artery in your wrist caused by the expansion and relaxation of the artery wall _______ 9. coronary artery c. a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart ______ 10. vein d. a blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart ______ 11. artery e. the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels ______ 12. capillary f. a tiny blood vessel where substances are exchanged between the blood and the body cells g. a vessel that supplies the heart itself with blood © Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.