CONSTITUTION Study Guide Learning Target 1: As a citizen of the United States, I can classify where our founding fathers got the ideas of democracy that govern our nation. 1. In creating the Virginia Plan, Madison decided to separate the powers of government. Who originally developed the concept of separation of powers? 2. Name the branches of government. 3. Define Republic 4. What form of government, studied by the framers, originated in Athens, Greece? 5. What was the purpose of the Magna Carta? 6. Define checks and balances. Learning Target 2: I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. 7. This level of government had the most power under the Articles of Confederation 8. Name 3 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation 9. This territory was surveyed and sold into townships to make money for the new country. 10. How did the framers of the Constitution commit treason? 11. Describe Shay’s Rebellion. Why did the rebellion occur? 12. List 3 economic problems of the Articles of Confederation Learning Target 3: I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution. 13. Describe the New Jersey Plan 14. Describe the Virginia Plan 15. This level of government has the most power in the US Constitution. 16. How did the Great Compromise arrange the national legislature? 17. How many slaves were to be counted as part of the population 18. Why did the delegates decide not to talk about slavery until 1808? Learning Target 4: I can summarize the ratification of the Constitution. 19. List the 6 goals of the Preamble. 20. What are the main reasons the Constitution was ratified? 21. Describe the Federalists views. 22. Describe the Anti-Federalists views. 23. According to the cartoon, which of the following states have not ratified the Constitution? 24. The political cartoon above was created by Ben Franklin. What is Franklin’s point?