Introduction to the Cell Cycle: DNA and Cell Division Quiz Date

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Introduction to the Cell Cycle: DNA and Cell Division Quiz Date: 12/4 Study Guide: Know the definitions of the following terms.

1.

2.

cell division mitosis

nuclei : the process during which an entire cell divides to form two exact copies : the part of cell division during which the nucleus divides into two identical 3.

Phases in cell division (Mitosis includes phases b-e.)

: a.

interphase

: the cell is carrying on life’s activities (growth, repair, etc.) Stands of chromatin and centrioles replicate b.

prophase

: chromatin strands condense, centrioles move to the poles, spindles begin to form, the nuclear membrane disintegrates c.

metaphase

: chromosome pairs called sister chromatids, attached by centromeres, line up in the middle of the cell d.

anaphase

: sister chromatids separate and move to opposite ends of the cell e.

telophase

: nuclear membranes reform around sets of chromosomes at ends of the cell, chromosomes loosen to become chromatin again, the cell begins to pinch in f.

cytokinesis

: two new daughter cells are formed 4.

cell cycle

: the regular cycle of growth and division of a cell during its lifetime. The cell cycle consists of the following stages: Interphase, Mitosis, and Cytokinesis. 5.

DNA and its structure

: DNA,

d

eoxyribo

n

ucleic

a

cid is a large molecule formed in the shape of a

double helix

– a twisted ladder. The sides of the ladder are made up of sugar and phosphate molecules. The rungs are made up of pairs of nitrogen bases:

A

denine and

T

hymine and

C

ytosine and

G

uanine (AT,CG). 6.

7.

8.

replication centrioles

: the process by which a molecule of DNA makes an exact copy of itself : barrel-shaped organelles that are found in pairs near the nucleus of a cell

chromatin

: loose, thread-like strands of DNA 9.

centromeres

: button-like structures that hold chromatids together 10.

chromosomes

: rod-like structures of DNA

11.

chromatids

: short, tightly coiled pairs of attached chromosomes 12.

spindle fibers

: mesh-like structures that create pathways for transporting chromosomes 13.

cancer

: a group of diseases characterized by abnormally dividing cells 14.

cancer treatments

:

surgery

(cutting out cancerous tumors),

chemotherapy

(using strong chemicals to kill or shrink cancerous tumors),

radiation

(using high energy waves to shrink or kill cancerous tumors)

In addition to the vocabulary, you should know or be able to . . .

A.

B.

C.

recognize the phases of cell division (Diagrams can be found on the flash cards.) match up complementary nitrogen bases (A – T; C – G) distinguish between mitosis and cell division and the cell cycle

Use the following as study guides:

 Homework questions from p. 68 and 73  Worksheets on DNA replication, cell division diagrams, and crossword puzzle  Class activity “labs”

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