主詞與動詞一致 主詞的形式有前述的七大類 (名詞、代名詞、不定詞、名詞子句、名詞片語、 the + 形 容詞 ) ， 除了名詞和代名詞會依名詞本身的單複數有所改變之外，其餘動名詞、不定詞、 名詞子句、名詞片語，一律視為單數，另 the + 形容詞則依其意或為單數或為複數。但是主 詞後常因下列各情形影響其單複數的變化。 一、 S + 助動詞 + V 原：Unverified news should not be released yet. 二、 S + 連接詞 + V 複： (Both) the consultant and his client are having a lunch special. 三、 A or B/ either A or B/ neither A nor B/ not only A but also B: 連接主詞時，動詞以最近的主 詞為主。 例 例 例 例 1 2 3 4 ： ： ： ： Is Mr. Wettimuny or his staff members going to attend the trade convention? Either you or I am taking over this task when Ms. Goodwin is on annual leave. Neither the personnel manager nor his assistant likes any of the interviewees Not only the branches but also the head office has to downsize its staff. 四、 S + 副詞： Ｍr. Lee always works with productivity. 五、 S + 形容詞子句：Ｔhe laser printer which we purchased yesterday broke down today. 六、 S + 介系詞： The supervisor as well as the employees is in the convention room. 七、 S + Ving： A company offering incentives to its employees is more likely to succeed. 八、 S + Vpp： The office furnished with new fittings is to be used as a visual conferencing room. 九、 S + to + V 原： The aim to reach the seasonal quota is challenging for new salesclerks. 十、 S + , + 同位語 +,： Ms. Bush, our new CEO, is paying a visit to all the branch offices. 十一、 到裝句： There is/ are + S 例 1： There are many potential candidates for the vacant position. 例 2： There is a large amount of work to be done. 十二、 All of/ some/ most of + the +名詞 (動詞一所代替的名詞之可數與否而決定單複數) 例 1： All of the money in the safe was stolen last night. 例 2： Most of the workers are from the neighborhood. 十三、 (1) A with B A, along with B, A, including B, A except (/but) B 例 例 例 例 例 例 十四、 + 動詞 (與 A 一致) A as well as B (A besides B) 1： John with Jane is going to attend the wedding. 2： Lisa, along with her friends, is going for a trip next week. 3： The employees, including the manager, are required to attend the meeting. 4： Everyone except Lucy was given a bonus pay. 5： Mark as well as his sister, plays the piano. 6： Ana besides Amy, is studying for her exams. (1)時間、距離、價錢、重量 + 單數 V 例 ： Ten dollars is too much for a lunch. + 動詞 (與 B 動詞一致) (2) either A or B neither A nor B not only A but also B 例 ： Neither Jimmy nor I is attending the party. (3) one of each of + 複 n + 單數 V every one of 例 ： One of my students is good at playing the guitar.. (4) each every +單數 n + 單數 V many a no 例 ： Every person needs a rest. Many a man knows it. (5) the number of +單數 n + 單數 V (a number of + 複 n + 複數 V) 例 ： The number of people joining the contest is more than expected. A number of packages were pulled out for inspection. (6) the + adjective + 抽象 n + 複數 V the + adjective + 人 + 複數 V 例 ： The beautiful attracts more attention than the good. (7) 表分數 + of + 單數 n + 單數 V 表分數 + of + 複數 n + 複數 V 例 ： A third of the students in my class have passed the test. (8) most of plenty of the rest of + 單n+ 單V + 複n+ 複V a lot of one third of 例 1： Most of the children loves eating ice cream. 例 2： A lot of countries compete with each other in terms of economy. 練習題 1. There__________ an increasing number of foreign students seeking admission to graduate business programs in the United States. (A) are (B) has (C) have (D) is 2. Not only the subordinates but also their supervisor__________ satisfied with the sales volume. (A) are (B) has (C) is (D) were 3. The annual party held for employees__________ scheduled on the last Sunday of each year. (A) are (B) is (C) have (D) has 4. Neither the cabinet nor the president__________ problems with the new legislation. (A) antidote (B) antidotes (C) anticipate (D) anticipates 5. The result of the early returns are as yet inconclusive in determining who will win this historic A B C D presidential election. 6. The reasons why some residents develop malignant cancerous growths while others living in the A B same area have only benign tumors is not clear. C 7. A baby along with its toys are all that can be seen in the room. A B C D 8. There is exceptions to every rule. A B C D 9. Every student who’s surname begins with the letter S should proceed to the front of the class A B C D Immediately. 10. Since I have been in a coma for several weeks, could you please tell me what today’s day and A B C date is?