European Geography Shapes History

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Ms.
Ms. Susan
Susan M.
M. Pojer
Pojer
Horace
Horace Greeley
Greeley HS
HS Chappaqua,
Chappaqua, NY
NY
Europe as a
Queen
Munster, 1588
Europe
’s Latitude v. US
Europe’s
Former Soviet Region Compared in
Latitude & Area with the United States
Satellite View of Europe
3,800 square miles
R
E
G
I
O
N
S
Continents by Size (sq. km.)
Asia
44,579,000
Africa
30,065,000
North America
24,256,000
South America
17,819,000
Antarctica
13,209,000
Europe
9,938,000
Oceania (incl.
Australia)
7,687,000
Europe: A Peninsula
of Peninsulas?
OR
A Peninsula of Asia?
Europe: An Asian Peninsula
?
Peninsula?
Northern Peninsulas
Scandinavian Peninsula
Jutland Peninsula
Southern Peninsulas
Iberian
Peninsula
Crimean
Peninsula
Italian
Peninsula Balkan Anatolean
Peninsula
Peninsula
Pe
n.
vi
an
an
di
na
Sc
P
e
n
i
n
s
u
l
a
s
Jutland
Pen.
Crimean Pen.
Italian Pen.
Balkan Pen.
Iberian Pen.
Anatolean Pen.
Peloponnesian
Pen.
What
’s
What’s
the
answer
??
B
o
d
i
e
s
Arctic
Ocean
Atlantic
Ocean
of
glis
En
el
n
n
ha
hC
Caspian
Sea
Bay of
Biscay
ria
Ad
Dardanelles
Strait
tic
Strait of
Gibraltar
Tyrrhenian
Sea
a
Se
W
a
t
e
r
Baltic
Sea
North
Sea
Aegean
Sea
Mediterranean Sea
Black
Sea
The Mediterranean Sea: Mare Nostrum
Strait of Gibraltar
& the “Pillars of
Hercules”
L 2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide
L “Crossroads of 3 Continents”
Caesarea on the
Israeli coast
er
iep
Dn
R.
Ebro R.
.
aR
ul
st
Vi
R.
Da
n
Po R.
Tagus R.
r
de
O
R.
R.
R.
R.
e
in
Loire
be
El
e
in
Rh
Thames R.
Ti
be
r
R.
ub
e
R.
on
R.
Volga
D
Se
R
i
v
e
r
s
R
.
The Danube River
1770
mile
s
The Danube River
Biking
Along the
Danube
Where Buda
& Pest Meet
L Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria,
Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the
Ukraine.
The Volga River
L The longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles.
The Volga River
L The river is so
polluted that the
sturgeon catch has
been decreased by
60%.
Why are most
of the capitals
of Europe on
major rivers
??
rivers??
Capitals on the Rivers (1)
London on the Thames
Paris, right bank of the Seine
Prague on
on the
the Vltava
Vltava
Budapest on the Danube
Capitals on the Rivers (2)
Moscow on the Moscow River
Berlin on the Spree
Rome on the Tiber
Vienna on the Danube
What
’s
What’s
the
answer
??
Answer:
They are
Europe
’s lifeline!
Europe’s
l
Ura
M
o
u
t
a
i
n
s
.
Mts
Carp
athia
&
P
e
a
k
s
Py
re
Alps Mts.
nn
es
Mt
s.
Ap
e
Di
na
r
ic
A
lps
nn
ine
sM
Mt. Vesuvius ^ ts.
Mt. Olympus ^
Mt. Etna ^
n Mts
.
Caucasus Mts.
Elevation
Urals
Caucasus
Pyrennes
Alps
Carpathians
Apennines
The Alps
L Cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and
parts of Italy and France.
Mt. Blanc in the Alps
L Highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet
The Caucasus Mountains
L The origin of the
word Caucasian.
Transylvania in the Carpathian Mountains
L Home of Vlad Tepeš, the
Drakul (“Count Dracula”)
15
00
mi
les
Ural Mountains: ““The
The Great Divide
Divide””
L Divides the European and Asian sections of
Russia.
The Ural Mountains
owlands
L
n
ia
r
e
ib
S
P
l
a
i
n
s
in
n Pla
a
e
p
ro
rn Eu
e
h
t
r
No
pes
Step
The BENELUX Countries
* Belgium
* Netherlands
* Luxembourg
Holland
’s Dikes
Holland’s
Amsterdam
’s Canals
Amsterdam’s
The
Netherlands:
The ““Dagger”
Dagger”
Pointing at the
Heart of Britain!
P
l
a
t
e
a
u
s
Meseta
Pe
n.
owlands
L
n
ia
r
e
ib
S
Sc
an
di
na
.
Mts
vi
an
l
Ura
D
er
iep
Dn
.
aR
ul
st
Vi
R.
r
de
O
R.
n Mts
on
R
.
pes
Step
Caspian
Caucasus Mts.
Sea
Crimean Pen.
.
R.
Carp
athia
R.
R.
R.
e
in
Rh
glis
En
Loire
in
n Pla
a
e
p
ro
rn Eu
e
h
t
r
No
be
El
el
n
n
ha
hC
Thames R.
Baltic
Sea
R.
Volga
Jutland
North Pen.
Sea
e
in
Da
nu
Alps Mts.
Di
be
na
Po R.
nn
r
RBalkan
ic
es Italian Pen.
Black
Pen.
.
Ap
A
Tagus R.
Mt
l
e
T
p
Sea
i b nn
s
Dardanelles
s.
er ine
Strait
Iberian Pen.
R. s M
Mt. Vesuvius ^ ts.
Ebro R.
Anatolean Pen.
Mt. Olympus ^ Aegean
Tyrrhenian
Strait of
Sea
Sea
Gibraltar
Mt. Etna ^
Peloponnesian
Pen.
Bay of
BiscayPy
re
ria
Ad
tic
a
Se
M
a
p
Atlantic
Ocean
Se
C
o
m
p
l
e
t
e
d
Arctic
Ocean
10,000 BCE – Ice Age
Norwegian Fjords
L Glaciers
cut deep
valleys in
the ocean
during the
Ice Age.
Earthquake Zones
Reykjavik, Iceland:
““The
The Youngest Oldest Country
Country””
L Volcanoes
L Hot
Springs
L Geysers
Mediterranean Islands
L Generally rugged
& mountainous.
L Mediterranean
Sea so polluted
(will take 1000
years to clean up).
Sardinia
Cyprus
Malta
Mt. Etna, Sicily
L An active
volcano
Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
L
Pompeii,
79 CE
L 1944 eruption
L Herculaneum, 79
CE
Eastern Europe
Russia
’s 10 Time Zones
Russia’s
Siberia --->> Permafrost
L Average temperatures of January
vary from 0 to -50°C, and in
July from 1 to 25°C
L A former “gulag”
Soviet prison camp.
L 150,000,000 population.
Lake Baikal, Siberia
L The oldest and deepest
lake in the world.
L 20% of the world’s
total
unfrozen water supply.
supply
Trans
-Siberian Railroad
Trans-Siberian
L Completed in 1905.
Trans
-Siberian Railroad
Trans-Siberian
L The main line runs 5,785 miles.
Europe
’s Latitude v. US
Europe’s
Climate
Average Annual Precipitation
Europe
’s Natural Regions
Europe’s
The North European Plain
The Northern European Plain --->> An
Invasion Route into Asia (& Vice Versa?)
Steppes
Soviet” Breadbasket
Steppes:: ““Soviet”
The Steppes
L 25% of the old
Soviet Union’s
food supply.
Major Regional Divisions of the
Former U. S. S. R.
Chernozen Soil
Germany
’s Black Forest
Germany’s
Germany
’s Black Forest
Germany’s
Tundra: The Not
-So-Barren Land
Not-So-Barren
Below the Arctic Circle
L
a
n
d
U
s
e
Agricultural Activity
R
E
S
O
U
R
C
E
S
Major
Industrial
Resources
Oil Export Routes in the Caucasus Area
Major
Environmental
Disasters
& Pollution
Problems
Acid Rain
World Population by Continents
Asia
3,737,000,000
Africa
823,000,000
Europe
729,000,000
North America
486,000,000
South America
351,000,000
Oceania (incl.
Australia)
31,000,000
Antarctica
no permanent
population
Population Density
[People Per Square Mile]
Belgium
336.82
Mexico
52.15
Japan
336.72
United
States
29.77
India
336.62
World
14.42
United
Kingdom
244.69
Norway
14.42
Italy
192.96
Canada
3.36
France
108.09
Russia
8.61
Population
Distribution
Population
Growth
Members of the Indo
-European
Indo-European
Language Family
Major
Religious
Groups
in
Europe
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