Understanding how Plants Sense Temperature through Regulation of Circadian Gene Expression Dmitry Grinevich As the Earth’s population continues to grow exponentially, increasing crop yields is extremely important to support our growing needs. However, abiotic stresses like temperature can have detrimental effects on yields. An underappreciated but important aspect of this average temperature increase is a rise in nighttime temperatures which impact crop yields. These negative effects are partly due to the impacts of temperature on the plant's physiological processes. Long-term solutions to high nighttime temperature stress require the development of more stress-tolerant plants. To increase the stress tolerance of plants, we need to understand the mechanisms plants use to sense temperature.