“動詞+to … / 動詞+…ing

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Beginner sample3 (初級コース )
CONFIDENTIAL
Welcome to Beginner “Lesson sample3”
Today’s topic is
(本日のテーマは)
“動詞+to … / 動詞+…ing
…することを、○○(動詞)する
<例> Tom decided to sell his car.
<例> I enjoy dancing.
彼は車を売ることを決めた。
私は踊ることを楽しんでいます。
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Beginner sample3 (初級コース )
CONFIDENTIAL
TOPIC: To….. ( I want to do ) and ----ing ( I enjoy doing )
A. Grammar practice 1 : Verbs + to…. ( I want to do ) ( 0-3 minutes )
動詞+ to~
Directions: Repeat after tutor.
講師に続いて読んでみましょう。
下記のような動詞(Verbs)は、to…と組み合わせて使います。
want
hope
need
plan
expect
promise
decide
offer
refuse
try
forget
learn
+
to ….. ( to do / to work / to be etc. )
1. What do you want to do this evening?
2. It’s not very late. We don’t need to go home yet.
3. Tina has decided to sell her car.
4. You forgot to switch off the light when we went out.
5. My brother is learning to drive.
6. I tried to read my book but I was too tired.
want to do ~
~することを望む
need to go
行くことが必要である
decide to sell
売ることを決める
forget to switch off
スイッチを切ることを忘れる
learn to drive
運転することを学ぶ
try to read
読むことに挑戦する
COPYRIGHT(C)2010 PIKT Co.,Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
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Beginner sample3 (初級コース )
CONFIDENTIAL
A. Grammar practice 2 : Verbs + ---ing ( I enjoy doing ) ( 4-6 minutes )
動詞+~ing
Directions: Repeat after tutor.
講師に続いて読んでみましょう。
下記のような動詞(Verbs)は、…ingと組み合わせて使います。
enjoy
mind
stop
finish
suggest
1. I enjoy dancing. ( not “enjoy to dance” )
2. I don’t mind getting up early .
3. Has it stopped raining?
4. Sonia suggested going to the cinema.
+
--- ing ( doing / working / being etc. )
enjoy dancing
ダンスすることを楽しむ
mind getting up early 早く起きることを厭わない
stop raining
雨が降ることが止む
suggest going
行くことを提案する
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Beginner sample3 (初級コース )
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CONFIDENTIAL
A. Grammar practice 3 : Verbs + ---ing or to… ( 7-9 minutes )
動詞+~ing または to~
Directions: Repeat after tutor.
講師に続いて読んでみましょう。
下記の動詞(Verbs)は、…ingともto…とも組み合わせることが出来ます。
like
prefer
love
hate
start
begin
stop
continue
+
--- ing ( doing / etc. )
to ….. ( to do / etc. )
1. Do you like getting up early? . or Do you like to get up early?
2. I prefer travelling by car . or I prefer to travel by car.
3. Tanaka loves dancing . or Tanaka loves to dance.
4. I hate being late. or I hate to be late.
5. It started raining . or It started to rain.
=早く起きることが好きだ
=車で旅することのほうが好きだ
=ダンスすることが大好きだ
=遅れることが嫌いだ
=雨が降ることが始まる(雨が降り始める)
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Beginner sample3 (初級コース )
5
CONFIDENTIAL
B. Exercise ( 10-15 minutes )
Directions: Put the verb in the right form.
1~2のサンプルにならって、(
)内の動詞を、「+to~」「+~ing」のどちらかの適した形にして入れてみましょう。
1. I enjoy dancing (dance).
2. What do you want to do (do) tonight?
3. Goodbye! I hope ……………….. (see) you again.
4. I learnt ………………….(swim) when I was five years old.
5. Have you finished ………………….(clean) the kitchen?
6. I am tired. I want ………………….(go) to bed.
7. Do you enjoy ……………..(visit) other countries?
8. The weather was nice, I suggested ………(go) for a walk by the river.
9. I am not in a hurry. I don’t mind ……..(wait).
10. What have you decided …………(do).
COPYRIGHT(C)2010 PIKT Co.,Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
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Beginner sample3 (初級コース )
CONFIDENTIAL
C. Grammar practice 4 : would like to… ( 16-19 minutes )
Directions: Repeat after tutor.
講師に続いて読んでみましょう。
like, prefer, love, hateも、wouldが先に付くときは、to…とだけ組み合わせて使います。(~ingとは組み合わせられません。)
would like
would prefer
would love
would hate
+
to ….. ( to do / to work / to be / etc. )
would が付くと控えめな表現になります。likeが「好きです」なら、would likeは「好きなのですが…」というニュアンスです。
1. Hitomi would like to meet you. ( not “would like meeting”)
2. I’d love to go to Philippines. ( I’d = I would )
3. ‘ Would you like to sit down? ’ ‘No, I’d prefer to stand, thank you.’
4. I would like to sing.
5. I wouldn’t like to be a teacher.
COPYRIGHT(C)2010 PIKT Co.,Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
Can you try making
3 sentences with
“would like to…”?
「would like to…」を使って
3つの例文を作って
みましょう。
Beginner sample3 (初級コース )
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CONFIDENTIAL
D. Exercise ( 20-25 minutes )
Directions: Put the verb in the right form.
1~2のサンプルにならい、ふさわしい動詞を下記から選んで、「+to~」「+~ing」どちらかの適した形にして入れてみましょう。
help / live / lose / rain / read / see / send / take / wait / walk
1. I like Canada but I wouldn’t like…………
to live there.
taking (or to take) photographs when I am on holiday.
2. I like…………………………
3. Kido san has a lot of books. She enjoys ……………… .
4. Evelyn is surprised that you are here. I didn’t expect ……………… you.
5. Don’t forget ……………… us a postcard when you are on holiday.
6. Shall we get a taxi to the cinema? If you like, but its not far. I don’t mind ……………… .
そう遠くはない。
7. This ring is very beautiful. I’d hate ……………………… you.
8. Aoi had a lot to do , so I offered ………………………… her.
やることが沢山ある
9. ‘Shall we go now? ’ ‘ No, I’d prefer ………….. a few minutes.
10. I am not going out until it stops ……………….. .
COPYRIGHT(C)2010 PIKT Co.,Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
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