Appendix 2: Overview of the EU Environmental Legislation 137 It is therefore important for local authorities to understand the requirements of the Framework Directive, particularly in relation to infrastructure needs, planning and strategy preparation, and public participation requirements. INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS The member states are responsible for the establishment of an integrated and adequate network of waste disposal and treatment installations. The waste installations should reflect the best available technology not entailing excessive costs. The network of installations should serve the purpose of self-sufficiency in waste disposal, and it should reflect the principles of waste management. The member states are responsible for carrying out an assessment of existing waste disposal and treatment installations to determine what additional infrastructure is needed to establish an integrated and adequate network of waste disposal/treatment installations. PLANNING AND STRATEGY PREPARATION The Directive obliges member states to prepare waste management plans following the establishment of an integrated waste management strategy, based on the principles incorporated in the Directive. The Directive calls for strategies and waste management plans at the national level, and no reference is made to waste management plans at the regional or local level. However, it is a good practice that the preparation of municipal or regional waste management plans follows the philosophy of waste management incorporated in the Directive. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION REQUIREMENTS No requirements for public participation specifically addressed to local authorities are stipulated in the Directive. The formal requirements for mandatory public consultation are related mostly to siting procedures for new waste disposal/ treatment facilities. These are, however, ruled by the land use permitting system and the Environmental Impact Assessment legislation. In addition, it is a good practice to involve civic Organisations in drawing the National (and Regional/Local) Waste Management Plans; though the Directive does not specifically require this.