File - SillWorld!

World War II
Aggression and Appeasement
Area Attacked
1931 - ___________
1937 – Japanese
Invasion of ________
Ethiopia - Africa
1. Invasion of
Rhineland (1936)
2. Austria (1938)
Sudeten-land (1938)
Allies Reaction
1. Need for natural
2. Nationalism
3. Militarism
League of Nations condemned the action but
did _______________
Japan ended membership in League
1. Distract Italians from
League of Nations did nothing. Other nations
2. Promised to build the
concerned with their own problems.
new _________________
1. German territory
occupied by ______
2. Unite the German
people and reclaim
their empire: A
Third Reich!
1. None even though it was a direct violation
of the treaty
2. Hitler promised he was finished. Britain &
France appease Hitler at
_______________________ 1938
1. What do these incidents tell us about the effectiveness of the League of Nations?
Adolf Hitler (right) is considered one of the most brutal dictators in history. After
purging possible rivals for leadership, Hitler rearmed Germany into a modern war
machine. He and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini (left), both _____________,
became allies in 1936. They are shown here in Munich, Germany, in 1937.
Adolf Hitler preached to the Nazi party faithful that they were a superior race that
deserved more than they had, including additional ______________, or living space,
and a higher standard of living. Hitler was an emotional speaker who had a
mesmerizing effect on those who listened. By 1938 he had amassed the best-equipped,
best-trained army in the world.
After Germany invaded the Sudetenland, the British and French met with Hitler in Munich on September
30, 1938. They agreed to allow the Nazi leader to seize the Sudeten districts of Czechoslovakia in return
for an assurance from him that he had no further territorial claims in Europe. Their appeasement policy
once again gave in to the _____________________.
2. What is Appeasement?
“Peace For Our Time”
“My good friends… I have returned from Germany bringing peace with
honor. I believe it is peace for our time… Go home and get a nice quiet sleep.”
3. Describe the tone of Chamberlain’s speech, how do you think he felt after
signing the Munich agreement? Why?
Nazi-Soviet Pact
On August 23, 1939, the world was shocked when, suddenly, Russia
and Germany signed a non-aggression pact. In addition, the two
countries had a secret agreement to invade and divide ____________
between them.
4. Why did Hitler and Stalin decide to work together? Will this
friendship last? Why?
Germany Invades Poland
On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. Hitler introduced a new kind of war called a________,
which means “lightning war.”
German bombers targeted railroads, shown here, which crippled Polish military mobilization. Hundreds
of tanks smashed through Polish defenses and rolled deep into the country. The Poles fought hard, but on
September 17, the ____________________invaded their country from the east. By the end of the month,
Poland had fallen.
Chamberlain Declares War
Listen to the speech by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.
1. What is the tone of the speech?
2. Is there anything Chamberlain could have done to prevent war?