Name____________________ Date_________________ World War II Aggression and Appeasement Country Japan Italy Area Attacked 1931 - ___________ 1937 – Japanese Invasion of ________ Ethiopia - Africa 1. Invasion of Rhineland (1936) 2. Austria (1938) Germany 3.Czechoslovakia/ Sudeten-land (1938) Reason Allies Reaction 1. Need for natural resources. 2. Nationalism 3. Militarism League of Nations condemned the action but did _______________ Japan ended membership in League 1. Distract Italians from depression. League of Nations did nothing. Other nations 2. Promised to build the concerned with their own problems. new _________________ 1. German territory occupied by ______ 2. Unite the German people and reclaim their empire: A Third Reich! 1. None even though it was a direct violation of the treaty 2. Hitler promised he was finished. Britain & France appease Hitler at _______________________ 1938 1. What do these incidents tell us about the effectiveness of the League of Nations? AXIS POWERS Adolf Hitler (right) is considered one of the most brutal dictators in history. After purging possible rivals for leadership, Hitler rearmed Germany into a modern war machine. He and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini (left), both _____________, became allies in 1936. They are shown here in Munich, Germany, in 1937. Adolf Hitler preached to the Nazi party faithful that they were a superior race that deserved more than they had, including additional ______________, or living space, and a higher standard of living. Hitler was an emotional speaker who had a mesmerizing effect on those who listened. By 1938 he had amassed the best-equipped, best-trained army in the world. After Germany invaded the Sudetenland, the British and French met with Hitler in Munich on September 30, 1938. They agreed to allow the Nazi leader to seize the Sudeten districts of Czechoslovakia in return for an assurance from him that he had no further territorial claims in Europe. Their appeasement policy once again gave in to the _____________________. 2. What is Appeasement? “Peace For Our Time” “My good friends… I have returned from Germany bringing peace with honor. I believe it is peace for our time… Go home and get a nice quiet sleep.” 3. Describe the tone of Chamberlain’s speech, how do you think he felt after signing the Munich agreement? Why? Nazi-Soviet Pact On August 23, 1939, the world was shocked when, suddenly, Russia and Germany signed a non-aggression pact. In addition, the two countries had a secret agreement to invade and divide ____________ between them. 4. Why did Hitler and Stalin decide to work together? Will this friendship last? Why? Germany Invades Poland On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. Hitler introduced a new kind of war called a________, which means “lightning war.” German bombers targeted railroads, shown here, which crippled Polish military mobilization. Hundreds of tanks smashed through Polish defenses and rolled deep into the country. The Poles fought hard, but on September 17, the ____________________invaded their country from the east. By the end of the month, Poland had fallen. Chamberlain Declares War Listen to the speech by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. 1. What is the tone of the speech? 2. Is there anything Chamberlain could have done to prevent war?