Major Concept: From War to Peace 1919-1920 In the years following the end of World War I, many Americans enjoyed great prosperity; However, this time period also brought unease over the apparent spread of radical influences. The American people sought leaders who offered a return to peaceful times and they willingly contributed to a thriving, consumerdriven economy. Postwar Issues o Red Scare A New Economic Era Harding and Coolidge Lasting Effects of WWI Key Questions: What were the causes and effects of the first Red Scare? What challenges did the U.S. face at the end of World War I? US II Learning Standards: USII.10 Describe how the battle between traditionalism and modernity manifested itself in the major historical trends and events after World War I and throughout the 1920s (H) the Boston Police Strike the Red Scare and Sacco and Vanzetti racial and ethnic tensions Pacing Guide: December 1-December 12 (10 days) Skills and Outcomes: When students have Formative/Summative Assessments: finished studying this topic, they will know and be Students will complete the following products/other able to: assessments to demonstrate the skills and Analyze the primary sources photo taken by the understandings they have acquired Electric Club of Louisville, Kentucky on pp. 620621. (Skills Handbook H28-H29) Write a brief but informative editorial Preview Postwar Havoc using PIC Method explaining the public interest in the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti. Explain to what extent Identify the problems the United States faced the Red Scare and hostility toward after World War I (GO 11 or 12) How did the U.S. limit immigration after World War I? Have you ever been accused of something you did not do? How did you feel? What role did the Ford Motor Company and Henry Ford play in revolutionizing American industry? How did the growth of the auto industry affect related industries? How did advertising change the America marketplace? What were the economic weaknesses in the thriving economy of the 1920s? How did Harding’s approach to governing affect his administration? What did Coolidge envision as the driving force in the growth and development of the nation? How did Coolidge’s basic beliefs compare to those of Harding? What were the lasting effects of Analyze the concept of 100 Percent Americanism (GO #2) Analyze the political cartoon, “Put Them Out and Keep Them Out,” on page 624 Connection to Today: Read, Terrorism in the United States p. 623. Connection: Explain the purpose of The American Civil Liberties Union founded in 1920. Are Americans ever willing to give up some civil rights in order to achieve security? o Identify the Patriot Act Identify the causes and effects of the first Red Scare after reading pages 622-623. (GO #3) Determine Main Idea and Details on the section, Labor Strife Grows using GO #13. Identify Cause and Effect: o Seattle general strike of 1919 o Boston Police strike of 1919 Interpret the Graph European Immigration, 1890-1930 on p. 626. (Skills Handbook p. H14) Identify Cause and Effect: Why did labor unions join nativists in pushing for restrictions on immigration? Evaluate the convictions of Sacco and Vanzetti. Do you think the convictions were justified? o Analyze the quote by Vanzetti . According to Vanzetti what were the reasons for his imprisonment? o Examine the painting by Ben Shahn of Sacco and Vanzetti on p. 627. immigrants played a part in the trial. Decide if you think Sacco and Vanzetti received a fair trial and support your position. (Rubric 42 Alternative Assessment HB) Prepare an advertising campaign for one of the new products developed in the early 1900s. Design a magazine advertisement and a slogan or jingle encouraging people to buy it. Use words and pictures to try to create a demand for the product. Your ad should describe the affect the product will have on consumers. Ads should be colorful and show the product’s features. (Rubric #2, Advertisements) Create two illustrations that depict the characteristics of the Harding and Coolidge administrations. Base your work on your completed Compare and Contrast GO on Harding and Coolidge. The illustration should reflect the personal, political and economic views of the two presidents. Write and expository paragraph explaining your illustrations. (Rubric #3 in the Alternative Assessment Handbook) Quizzes and Topic Test Required Assessment Select one of your choice World War I on American politics in the 1920s? o Online Resources SD7 CH19: Research the Sacco and Vanzetti case Preview A New Economic Era using PIC Method Take Notes on the role the Ford Motor Company and Henry Ford played in revolutionizing American industry. o Explain why Henry Ford’s Model T was such a revolutionary idea o Evaluate the Positives and Negatives of the assembly line (GO #19) Analyze the impact the automobile had on American life: o Rural areas, Work, Home, Dating, Women, etc. o Interpret the Infographic, Autos Drive the Modern Age, p. 630. (Skills Handbook H30) Connections to Today: o Evaluate: How do cars get produced today? Do you think it’s positive or negative, explain your answer. o Analyze the impact of computers on American life today. Cause and Effect: How did the growth of the auto industry affect related industries? (GO #4) Journal: Read The New Consumer and analyze the picture on pp 631-632 o Describe the new consumer of the 1920s? What might influence their purchases? What would they buy and why? How and where would they buy their goods? How might they pay for their purchases? Identify the segment of the American economy that did not enjoy prosperity in the 1920s and explain why. P. 633. Preview The Harding and Coolidge Presidencies using PIC Method Interpret Warren G. Harding’s speech when he was running for office. America needed a return to. . .”normalcy.”. Read the “The Inside Story” and determine why the American people elected Harding President in the election of 1920. Take Notes comparing and contrasting the presidential administrations of Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge. Use GO #8 to record answers. Analyze the political cartoon on the Teapot Dome scandal on p. 635. (Skills Handbook p. H7, H28-H29) Evaluate Harding’s position concerning business and government, should the Teapot Dome scandal have been a surprise? Summarize: Why did the Teapot Dome incident cause a scandal? Identify the political events and ideas that marked the Calvin Coolidge presidency Sequencing: Read Native Americans and Citizenship on p. 637. List the steps Congress took toward granting citizenship to all Native Americans. Why do you think it took so long for Native Americans to attain citizenship? Examine the visual on the effects of World War I on p. 638. How did the United States become the banker of the world? Identify the Washington Naval Conference using GO #2. Evaluate: Why do you think the United States signed the Kellogg-Briand Pact but did not join the League of Nations?