Biopsychology Study Guide

Flex #4: Biopsychology Study Guide –
Multiple Choice
1. Explain how messages travel from one neuron to the next (include the parts of the cell &
neurotransmitters). (will be required to identify the parts of the neuron and through
the illustration write how it communicates with another neuron)—word bank will be
given to help with identification
2. Parts of the brain: cerebellum, medulla, corpus callosum, limbic system, & hypothalamus.
(matching exercise on the test---be able to know each function)
3. What skills/abilities are associated with the left brain? Right brain? Left: language, logical
reasoning Right: spatial abilities, emotional reasoning
4. What is the difference between sensation & perception? Sensation: taking in sensory
information Perception: interpreting that sensory information These are linked &
cannot be separated!
5. What affects whether we sense a stimulus? absolute threshold, signal detection theory,
selective attention
6. What is the opponent process theory of color? Theory that color is processed in pairs.
Light that stimulates one half of the pair inhibits or blocks the other half.
7. Explain perceptual constancy & linear perspective.
8. What percentage do adults spend in NREM sleep? 75%
9. What problems are associate with sleep apnea? Obesity, enlarged tonsils, & airway
10. Who was Sigmund Freud and his theory about dreams? Dreams had hidden meanings
11. What stage does your fingers and eyes move rapidly? REM sleep
12. What researcher believe dreams are the brain’s way of removing unneeded memories?
Francis Crick
13. Who was Ernest Hilgard and describe his thoughts about hypnosis? During hypnosis
various parts of consciousness may separate---neo-dissociation theory.
14. What is biofeedback? feedback makes learning possible
15. What are the major approaches to meditation? Transcendental meditation, mindfulness
meditation, breath meditation
16. What are the side effects of marijuana, opium, LSD, and alcohol.
17. What overdose may cause the user to lose control of breathing and thus die from respiratory
failure. Opium
18. How are drugs and hormones alike? They carried by the blood and taken up in target
19. What drug is not physically addictive but may cause people to become psychologically
addicted. marijuana
20. What category of drugs relieves anxiety? tranquilizers
Vocabulary Matching:
difference threshold
Phineas Gage
retinal disparity
sensory adaptation
vestibular system
signal detection
Short Answer
1. Explain these senses (include the stimulus and receptors): sight, hearing, taste, smell, touch.
Which senses combine to create flavor?