Psychology Mr. Plouffe Korea International School Module 19: Forgetting and Memory Construction Name: ___________________________________ Block: ____ As you watch and listen to the lecture fill in the blanks below. 1. When we forget something we do so in one of three areas, they are a. __________________ b. __________________ c. __________________ 2. Before something can become a short term memory we would have had to pay ______________ to it. 3. Our memories are not entirely durable; therefore we will all experience ______________________________. 4. Both the Ebbinghaus curve and the Bahrick curve show us that forgetting is __________________ rapid, but that it ________________ off. 5. When we know that we know something, and that it is on the tip of our tongue we are expressing ________________________________. 6. There are two kinds of retrieval failure: a. Proactive (forward-acting) interference which is when _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________. b. Retroactive (backward-acting) interference which is when _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________. 7. Retroactive interference can be reduced by __________________________. So going to sleep right after you have just understood well, makes perfect sense. 8. But old learning can help with new learning, this is called _________________________________________. 9. One of the reasons we forget is because we don’t want to remember, or what is called _____________________ in Freudian terms. 10. Frequently people construct memory from things that were not there, but that they imagined were there, this is called _________________. 11. When a person confuses one element of a story with another totally foreign to it, that person is engaging in ______________________. 12. Children are not always great witnesses because they inevitably create memories which may feel real to them, but are actually a __________________________________________.