0132873907_ch_02

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CHAPTER
2
Understanding Suffixes
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
After completing this chapter, you will be able to:
• Define and spell the suffixes often used in medical terminology.
• Identify suffixes in medical terms.
• Use suffixes to build medical terms that pertain to medical specialties,
symptoms, and diseases.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
17
CHAPTER 2
Understanding Suffixes
Worksheet 1
Spelling Challenge
These terms are spelled incorrectly. Spell each term correctly in the space provided.
1. Arthrapothy
2. Lithotripsey
3. Angeography
4. Neaplazia
5. Chiropractice
6. Lapraroscopy
7. Angorrhaphy
8. Osteoclasious
9. Bronkospsm
10. Hydrphobia
11. Paralisis
12. Gastrostomey
13. Rhinorhagia
14. Profilaxas
15. Arterioclerosis
True/False
Mark each statement as true (T) or false (F).
1. The suffix -asthenia means “weakness.”
2. The suffix -pathy is very common and means “disease.”
3. The suffix -pexy means “surgical fixation or suspension.”
18
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
4. The suffix -spasm indicates “a sudden, involuntary muscle contraction.”
5. The suffix -ab means “toward.”
6. The suffix –tripsy means “surgical crushing.”
7. The suffix -iatry means “treatment or specialty.”
8. The suffix -pract means “practice.”
9. The suffix -centesis means “to surgically puncture.”
10. The suffix -rrhea means “pertaining to.”
Fill in the Blank
Fill in the blank with the correct medical term from this chapter.
11. The term
means “abnormal discharge of the nose.”
12. The term
the blood.”
means “a condition in which toxins are found in
13. This term is defined as a softening or degeneration of heart tissue.
14. The term
means “vomiting of blood.”
15. This term is defined as a difficulty in swallowing.
16. The term
overproduction of red blood cells.”
means “a condition in which there is an
17. A(n)
is the term used for the excision of cartilage.
18. A(n)
stomach.”
is “an instrument for examining and treating the
19. The term
20.
means “pertaining to the head.”
is defined as “the study or science of diseases and the
structural and functional changes they cause.”
Short Answer
Write the definition for each of the following terms.
21. Toxemia
22. Myasthenia
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
19
23. Rhinorrhagia
24. Calcipenia
25. Amniorrhexis
Word Search
Fill in the blank with the correct medical term from this chapter, then find those terms in the word
search puzzle that follows.
1. A(n)
is the word part that is attached to the end of the word root.
2. The suffix -al means
to.
3. The suffix -logy means
of.
4. The suffix -meter means
.
5. The suffix -pathy means
.
6. The suffix -emesis means
.
7. The suffix -malacia means
.
8. The suffix -phagia means
.
9. The suffix -phasia means
.
10. The suffix -plasia means
.
R
G
N
K R
B
N
E
T
F
O
S
V
B
R
W S
T
U
D
Y V
T
N
T
B
R
C
V
G
V
V
S
P
G
H M
Y
V K
K
O
X W X
N
N
G
Q
E
P
B
M
C
A
T
I
N
O
B
N
T
A
I
W
L
L
N
F
D
I
N C
I
T
S
L
V
I
K
F
I
T
M
P
I
K O U
A
N
D U
S
A
Y N
T
W A
T
R
B
L
S
E
M
G
X
I
K R
E
R
E
B
L
A
R
N
N
C
E
K
G
P
T
G
Z
S
O
T M
B
J
S
P
M
E
F
G W P
20
I
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
CHAPTER 2
Understanding Suffixes
Worksheet 2
Building Medical Terms
Fill in the blank with the correct medical term from this chapter.
Medical doctors, or MDs, specialize in a wide variety of areas. The training for medical doctors includes
four years for their undergraduate degree, four more years in medical school, and then a residency of
three to five more years. For some specialties there is a fellowship for further training. Using the roots
and suffixes you have learned will allow you to describe many medical specialties. The suffix -logy means
the study or science of, whereas -logist means one who studies this particular area.
1.
A doctor specializing in the heart is an expert in _____________________ and is called a(n)
_________________.
2. A doctor specializing in the skin is an expert in _____________________ and is called a(n)
_________________.
3. A doctor specializing in the nervous system is an expert in ___________________________and is
called a(n) _________________.
4. A doctor specializing in the study of diseases is an expert in ________________________ and is
called a(n) _________________.
5. A doctor specializing in the lungs and respiratory system is an expert in ________________________
and is called a(n) __________________.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
21
CHAPTER 2
Understanding Suffixes
Worksheet 3
Which Term Does Not Belong?
Circle the term that is not related to the other terms. Then explain why the term does not belong with the
others.
1. Suffixes indicating an action or state
a. -emesis
b. -ous
c. -oma
d. -philia
e. -plegia
Why does it not belong?
2. Suffixes indicating a condition or disease
a. -algia
b. -pathy
c. -rrhexis
d. -sclerosis
e. -scope
Why does it not belong?
3. Suffixes that pertain or relate to the root
a. -ac
b. -al
c. -ary
d. -oma
e. –ous
Why does it not belong?
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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
4. Suffixes indicating a medical specialty
a. -iatry
b. -logist
c. -osis
d. -practice
e. –logy
Why does it not belong?
5. Suffixes indicating a procedure or treatment
a. -centesis
b. -iatry
c. -plasty
d. -rrhaphy
e. -tomy
Why does it not belong?
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
23
CHAPTER 2
Understanding Suffixes
Worksheet 4
Crossword Puzzle
Directions: Fill in the crossword puzzle with the words missing from the sentences below. Match the
number of the sentence to the boxes placed across or down the grid. If filled out correctly, the words
will fit neatly into the puzzle.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
ACROSS
2 The suffix -emia means “condition of
.”
7 The suffixes -ic, -ous, and -al all share the
same meaning, which is
to.
8 A(n)
is the word part that
is attached to the word root.
24
DOWN
1 The suffix -malacia means
.
3 The suffix means “eating or
swallowing.”
4 In the medical term endocarditis, the
suffix is
.
5 The suffix
means “a closure
or the absence of a normal body opening.”
6 The suffix -scope indicates the instrument
that is used for
.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
CHAPTER 2
Understanding Suffixes
Worksheet 1 Answers
Spelling Challenge
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Arthropathy
Lithotripsy
Angiography
Neoplasia
Chiropractic
Laparoscopy
Angiorrhaphy
Osteoclasis
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Bronchospasm
Hydrophobia
Paralysis
Gastrostomy
Rhinorrhagia
Prophylaxis
Arteriosclerosis
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
T
T
T
T
F
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
polycythemia
chondrectomy
gastroscope
cephalic
Pathology
True/False
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
T
T
T
T
F
Fill in the Blank
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
rhinorrhagia
toxemia
Cardiomalacia
hematemesis
Dysphagia
Short Answer
21. A condition in which toxins are found in
the blood
22. Debility and weakness of muscle
23. A nosebleed
24. An abnormal reduction of calcium in the
tissues and fluids of the body
25. Rupture of the amnion
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
25
Word Search
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
suffix
pertaining
study
measure
disease
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
R
G
N
K R
B
N
E
T
F
O
S
V
B
R
W S
T
U
D
Y V
T
N
T
B
R
C
V
G
V
V
S
P
G
H M
Y
V K
K
O
X W X
N
N
G
Q
E
P
B
M
C
A
T
I
N
O
B
N
T
A
I
W
L
L
N
F
D
I
N
C
I
T
S
L
V
I
K
F
I
T
M
P
I
K O U
A
N
D U
S
A
Y
N
T
W A
T
R
B
L
S
E
M
G
X
I
K R
E
R
E
B
L
A
R
N
N
C
E
K
G
P
T
G
Z
S
O
T M
B
J
S
P
M
E
F
G W P
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I
vomiting
softening
swallowing
speaking
formation
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
CHAPTER 2
Understanding Suffixes
Worksheet 2 Answers
Building Medical Terms
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
cardiologist
dermatologist
neurology; neurologist
pathology; pathologist
pulmonology; pulmonologist
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
27
CHAPTER 2
Understanding Suffixes
Worksheet 3 Answers
Which Term Does Not Belong?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
28
B
E
D
C
B
The suffix -ous relates to the root but does not indicate a state or action
The suffix -scope identifies an instrument used for viewing or examining
The suffix -oma indicates a tumor
The suffix -osis indicates a condition rather than a medical specialty
The suffix -iatry indicates a medical specialty
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
CHAPTER 2
Understanding Suffixes
Worksheet 4 Answers
Crossword Puzzle
Solution:
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.
Wingerd, In-Class Activities to Accompany Medical Terminology Complete!, 2nd Edition
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