AP Biology Test Review: Protists, Plant Classification, and Fungi The test on Thursday will cover reading from the above topic. The exact format will be given later this week, but expect a take-home portion and an in-class portion. Review of the following concepts may prove helpful. This list is probably not all inclusive! Protists: Handout Protist Phytoplankton Dinoflagellate Diatom Euglenoid Fruiting Body Acellular Slime Mold Cellular Slime Mold Fucoxanthin Plasmodium Pseudopod Pseudoplasmodium Protozoa Zooflagellate Sarcodine Amoebae Heliozoan Formaniferan Radiolarian Sporozoan Phycobilin Ciliate Gametophyte Spore Sporophyte 1) Explain how organisms in this kingdom differ from Monerans. 2) Describe the major divisions of protists. 3) Give the basic characteristics of dinoflagellates, diatoms, and euglenoids, and give an example of each. 4) Give the basic characteristics of fungus-like protists. 5) Give the basic characteristics of zooflagellates, sarcodines, sporozoans, and ciliates, and give an example of each. 6) Explain how eukaryotes may have evolved from a symbiotic relationship. 7) Discuss the characteristics of various groups of multicellular protists Plant Classification: pg. 575-582; 585-589-94, 597-606 Bryophyte Tracheophyte Alternation of generations Gametophyte Sporophyte Tracheid Vein Rhizome Sorus Pollen Grain Embryo Cotyledon Perennial Zygote Vascular tissue Homosporous Heterosporous Gymnosperm Lignin Leaf Frond Cone Pollination Seed Coat Annual Monocot Dicot Archegonium Antheridium Angiosperm Root Stem Sporangium Flower Seed Fruit Biennial 1) 2) 3) 4) List the features common to all plants. Discuss adaptations that permitted plants to colonize land. Describe the differences between bryophytes and tracheophytes. Give characteristics and examples of bryophytes, seedless vascular plants, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. 5) Describe the differences between gymnosperm and angiosperms. 6) List features common to monocots and to dicots. 7) Explain the alternation of generations exhibited by plants. 8) Classify plants given identifying features. 9) Distinguish among homosporous and heterosporous. 10) Discuss the life cycle of bryophytes as compared to the life cycle of seedless vascular plants and gymnosperms and angiosperms. Identify structures responsible for the production of gametes or spores in each. Fungi Absorbtion Hyphae Mycelium Septa Chitin Coenocytic Haustoria 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Plasmogamy Karyogamy Dikaryon Chytrids Zygote Fungi Mycorrhizae Sac Fungi Asci Ascocarp Conidia Basidium Club Fungus Basidiocarps Mold Imperfect Fungi Yeast Lichens Soredia Explain how fungi differ from organisms in other kingdoms. Describe the basic body plan of a fungus. Describe the difference between a septate and an aseptate fungus. List some advantages to the dikaryotic state. Describe the major divisions of the fungus kingdom. Describe asexual and sexual reproduction in each of the major divisions of the fungi. Describe the sexual structure that characterizes each group. 7) Explain the difference between conidia and ascospores. 8) Explain what is meant by the term “imperfect fungus”, and give an example. 9) Describe how yeast differ from other forms of fungus. 10) Describe the symbiotic relationships found in lichens and mycorrhizae.