Preparing to Facilitate your Online Chat The following are directions for preparing to facilitate your portion of the online chat. Follow the directions to create questions based on your assigned reading. By following the Student Directions for an Online Chat Session, you have prepared a two to three sentence response to your assigned question. During the online chat, you will pose your assigned question and allow chat participants to respond in a closed forum. Then you will call for an open forum and facilitate the chat. To facilitate the chat, you must have thoughtful, probing, open-ended questions and ideas prepared to engage the participants into digging deeper into your article topics. Questions should inspire students to engage in higher-level thinking about the topic and should encourage students to give opinions, to activate background knowledge and experiences, and to provide support with details from the content. The questions and comments made to the students must be positive and encouraging. The questions can: Ask students to respond to different points or statements in the article. Pose a question that requires students to take a stance on your topic. Pose alternative points of view, asking for opinions or additional ideas. Ask students to respond to a particular idea in more detail. Ask students to compare multiple ideas. For more information on developing questions, view the Additional Resources for Questioning Strategies below. Develop a list of questions about your particular content to use when facilitating the chat. Consider the key points about your topics and what the chat participants may already know about the content. It may be helpful to list the key ideas and questions to help students reach these ideas. Be creative and be prepared to introduce new ideas about your topic and probe students’ responses. *You must use the Virtual Learning Team format to facilitate the chat. However, during the open forum, you have flexibility to be creative in your use of questioning strategies. At the end your facilitation of the chat, prepare to offer closing statements and congratulate the students on their participation and sharing of ideas. When you have prepared your questions, move on to the first step under “During the Chat” in the Student Directions for an Online Chat Session. Reflect: Are your questions directly related to the content? Do your questions engage students to dig deeper into the topic? Do you have a mixture of general and specific questions? Are the questions worded in a positive, encouraging manner? Do the questions promote higher-level thinking? Do your questions allow students to connect to the content personally? Do your questions address key points about your topic? Additional Resources for Questioning Strategies: 20 Questions for Exploring http://critical.tamucc.edu/~writing/resources/invent/20qs.htm This site provides a list of 20 specific questions that are “thought-starters”. The type of response each question solicits is listed. Did you ask a good question today? Alternative cognitive and metacognitive strategies http://www.standrews.austin.tx.us/library/Questioning.htm Knowing how to ask good questions enhances your comprehension by focusing on main ideas and making connections among ideas. This site focuses on 4 types of questioning strategies: Memory, Convergent Thinking, Divergent Thinking, and Evaluative. The Major Categories of the Cognitive Domain (Electronic Version) http://www-ctd.ucsd.edu/hndbk/6CogDmQstrat.html There are 6 categories that can be tapped into when developing questions. They are knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. When developing questions, you want to make sure to decide what level of learning you want your students to demonstrate. Focus on the Questioning Strategies for Organizing Ideas. Strategies and questions to promote thinking in sose (Electronic Version) http://homes.jcu.edu.au/~edhm/sose/questions.html This site contains strategies for questioning during active social investigations. Useful examples of types of questions can be found by clicking on “All sorts of questions”.