U.S. History Mr. Boothby 1/28/2016 Target Chapter 30: Wilson Progressivism at Home and Abroad PT3 http://www.apnotes.net/notes-12e/ch30-12e.html THE RISE OF EVIL BEGINS TOMORROW: WORLD WAR 1/ BLOOD MONEY$$$ Hitler begins his slow Rise of Evil in WW1… rrrr https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nj43X-VBEPE NO REACTION IF READY! Silently Read Pages:698-703 1. Why does the book use the heading “America Earns Blood Money”? What happened about the Lusitania that really ticked off Americans in 1915? 2. What was the Sussex Pledge and why was it issued? What happened aboard the Arabic and Sussex? 3. What was a German “caveat” or warning with the “Sussex Pledge”? Was this possible and what would be the result if not? KEY***Wilson Wins the Reelection in 1916…but will we fight??? FINAL… 10 MINUTES! EVERYTHING IS DUE TOMORROW! KEEP EVERYTHING FOR TOMORROW! NO READING TONIGHT+ RISE OF EVIL ALL DAY TOMORROW!!! Support Link HERE http://www.apnotes.net/notes-12e/ch30-12e.html 1. Why does the book use the heading “America Earns Blood Money”? What happened about the Lusitania that really ticked off Americans in 1915? American industry prospered off trade with the Allies. The Central Powers protested American trade with the Allies, but America wasn't breaking any international neutrality laws. Germany was free to trade with the U.S., but Britain prevented this trade by controlling the Atlantic Ocean through which Germany had to cross to trade with the U.S. In 1915, several months after Germany started to use submarines in the war (U-boats), one of Germany's submarines sunk the British ship, Lusitania, killing 128 Americans. 2. What was the Sussex Pledge and why was it issued? What happened aboard the Arabic and Sussex? Americans demanded war but President Wilson firmly opposed war. When Germany sunk another British ship, the Arabic, in 1915, Berlin agreed to not sink unarmed passenger ships without warning. After Germany sunk a French passenger steamer, the Sussex, Germany agreed to the Sussex pledge, which again said that Germany would not sink unarmed ships without warning. 3. What was a German “caveat” or warning with the “Sussex Pledge”? Was this possible and what would be the result if not? A German caveat to this pledge was that the U.S. would have to convince the Allies to stop their trade blockade. This was not possible, so war with Germany became imminent. You and your family are going broke and you don’t even know it… https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hx16a72j__8 This means if you get a job at SUBWAY the minimum you will pay the government is 10% or 90 cents on every hour you work if you are earning 9 BUCKS an hour! You are actually making 8.10 an hour, then your gas to work, time… you payofsales taxWho too…were the 1) What were the key events of Then the election 1912? candidates and what happened to Roosevelt (man this guy is tough)? ARE YOU REALLY MAKING 9 BUCKS AN HOUR??? The Democrats chose Woodrow Wilson as their presidential candidate for the election of 1912. The Democrats saw Wilson as a reformist leader who could beat the Republican party's candidate, Taft. The Democrats had a strong progressive platform that called for stronger antitrust laws, banking reform, and tariff reductions (New Freedom program). They favored small enterprise, entrepreneurship, and the free functioning of unregulated and unmonopolized markets, but they did not support social-welfare programs that Roosevelt supported. Theodore Roosevelt ran again in the election as a 3rd party candidate for the Progressive Republican party. Roosevelt ran with a New Nationalism program, which supported stronger control of trusts, woman suffrage, and programs of social welfare. Both candidates favored a more active government role in economic and social affairs, but they disagreed over specific strategies. Roosevelt was shot during the campaign, he recovered after a couple of weeks. Taft and Roosevelt split the Republican votes, giving Woodrow Wilson the presidency. 2) What was Wilson like as a person and President? Why did this make his stubborn? Wilson: The Idealist in Politics Wilson relied on sincerity and moral appeal to attract the public. He was smart, but he didn't have people skills. Wilson's idealism and sense of moral righteousness made him incredibly stubborn in negotiating…He would always do what he thought was morally right and wouldn’t compromise, which ticked officials off! 3) What did Wilson do to tackle the tariff’s? What is the “Triple Wall of privilege”? President Wilson was determined to attack "the triple wall of privilege": the tariff, the banks, and the trusts. Wilson called a special meeting of Congress in 1913 to address the tariff. He convinced Congress to pass the Underwood Tariff Bill, which significantly reduced the tariff. The 16th Amendment was ratified in 1913. This enabled Congress to collect a graduated income tax. 4) What did Wilson do with our banks and money that changed everything in 1913? The most serious problem of the National Banking Act (passed during the Civil War) was the inelasticity of money. In times of financial stress, banking reserves, which were located in New York and other large cities, could not distribute money fast enough into areas of need. In 1913, Congress passed the Federal Reserve Act. The new Federal Reserve Board, appointed by the President, oversaw a nationwide system of 12 regional Federal Reserve banks. Each reserve bank was the central bank for its region. The final authority of the Federal Reserve Board guaranteed a substantial level of public control. The board could also issue paper money, called Federal Reserve Notes (the U.S. Dollar). Because of this, the amount of money in circulation could be increased as needed for the requirements of business. KNOW: The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 got our money where it is today (and our DEBT) took us off the Gold Standard and created FRN’S and Hyper Printing! President Wilson assisted the workers with the Workingmen's Compensation Act of 1916, giving assistance to federal civil-service employees during periods of disability. Also in 1916, the President approved an act restricting child labor on products flowing into interstate commerce. The Adamson Act of 1916 established an 8-hour work day for all employees on trains in interstate commerce. Wilson nominated Louis D. Brandeis to the Supreme Court. He was a progressive reformer, and he was the first Jew to be a Supreme Court justice. 1) Henry Demarest Lloyd’s book Wealth Against Commonwealth and Jacob A. Riis’s How the Other Half Lives shocked Americas! How did it do this and what were these books about? Henry Demarest Lloyd was critical of the Standard Oil Company in 1894 with his book, Wealth Against Commonwealth. Jacob A. Riis shocked middle-class Americans in 1890 with How the Other Half Lives, which described the slums of New York. 2)Do you remember what a “Muckraker” is (or was)? Who coined the term and name a few (at least 3) and what they “raked” up? Muckrakers were reform-minded journalists who wrote articles in magazines that exposed corruption and scandal. President Roosevelt coined this term. These reporters went after trusts and politicians. In 1902, New York reporter, Lincoln Steffens wrote "The Shame of the Cities" which unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government. Ida M. Tarbell published a devastating depiction of the Standard Oil Company. David G. Phillips published a series, "The Treason of the Senate" in Cosmopolitan that charged that 75 of the 90 senators did not represent the people, but they rather represented railroads and trusts. Some of the most effective attacks of the muckrakers were directed at social evils. The suppression of America's blacks was shown in Ray Stannard's Following the Color Line (1908). John Spargo wrote of the abuses of child labor in The Bitter Cry of the Children (1906). 3)What type of person was a progressive reformer according to the text and what were there 2 main goals? ***Progressive reformers were mainly middle-class men and women. The progressives sought 2 goals: 1) To use state power to control trusts 2) To improve the common person's conditions of life and labor. Progressives wanted to regain the power that had shifted from the hands of the people into those of the "interests." Progressives supported the "initiative" so that voters could directly propose legislation. They also supported the "referendum" and the "recall," which allowed voters to directly vote on laws to remove corrupt elected officials, respectively. 4)Explain the cases of Muller vs. Oregon (1908), and Lochner vs. New York (1905)... What were they about and why would these be court cases (do you support them)? In Muller vs. Oregon (1908), the Supreme Court ruled that it was constitutional to enact laws that specifically protected women factory workers. Lochner vs. New York (1905) invalidated a New York law that limited the work day to 10 hours for bakers. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------#5 DISCUSSION AND CONTINUE YOUR BUMPER STICKERS! 5) What was TR’S “Square Deal” and look up the Roosevelt Corollary (Index)! President Roosevelt believed in the progressive reform. He enacted a "Square Deal" program that consisted of 3 parts: control of the corporations, consumer protection, and conservation of natural resources. In 1902, coal miners in Pennsylvania went on strike and demanded a 20% raise in pay and a workday decrease from 10 hours to 9 hours. When mine spokesman, George F. Baer refused to negotiate, President Roosevelt stepped in and threatened to operate the mines with federal troops. A deal was struck in which the miners received a 10% pay raise and 9 hour workday. The increasing hostilities between capital and labor forced Congress to create the Department of Commerce in 1903. This department provided oversight of businesses engaged in interstate commerce.