The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

advertisement
A Guide for Using
The
Adventures of
Tom Sawyer
in the Classroom
Based on the book written by Mark Twain
This guide written by Katie Eyles, M.Ed.
Teacher Created Resources, Inc.
6421 Industry Way
Westminster, CA 92683
www.teachercreated.com
ISBN: 978-1-57690-637-8
©2002 Teacher Created Resources, Inc.
Reprinted, 2010
Made in U.S.A.
Edited by
Stephanie Buehler, Psy.D.
Illustrated by
Bruce Hedges
Cover Art by
Kevin Barnes
The classroom teacher may reproduce copies of materials in this book for classroom use only. The reproduction
of any part for an entire school or school system is strictly prohibited. No part of this publication may be
transmitted, stored, or recorded in any form without written permission from the publisher.
Table of Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Sample Lesson Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pre-reading Activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
About the Author . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Chronological List of Works by Mark Twain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Book Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Vocabulary Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Vocabulary Activity Ideas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Section I (Chapters 1–8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Quiz Time—Create an 1800s Town—Old-Fashioned Fashions—Southern Dialect—Map of
Missouri—The Mississippi River
Section II (Chapters 9–15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Quiz Time—Real Women in Mark Twain’s Life—Home Remedies—Changing Roles for Men
and Women
Section III (Chapters 16–22) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Quiz Time—Pirates—Use Your Senses
Section IV (Chapters 23–30) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Quiz Time—Staging the Scene—Creating a Courtroom—Historical Newspaper
Section V (Chapters 31–36) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Quiz Time—Cave Exploration—Money, Maps, and Measurements—Your Financial Future
Post-reading Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Any Questions?—Book Report Ideas—Research Ideas
Culminating Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Southern Day—Invitation—Southern Cooking—Southern Music
Test Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Objective and Essay Test—Interpreting Quotations
Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
#2637 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
2
© Teacher Created Resources, Inc.
Section 1: Chapters 1–8
Quiz Time
1. Write a one-paragraph summary of the major events in chapters 1 through 8. Then complete the
rest of the questions on this page.
2. Who is the author of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer? ____________________________________
3. Where is the story set?_____________________________________________________________
4. How does Tom get caught for skipping school and going to the swimming hole? ______________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
5. How does Tom convince other boys to whitewash Aunt Polly’s fence? How does his wealth
increase during the day? ___________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
6. How does Tom act when he first notices the new girl, Becky Thatcher? What small gesture does
she perform to encourage his attention? _______________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
7. What happens that hurts Tom’s feelings? What scene does Tom imagine to comfort him?
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
8. How does Tom earn his Bible? ______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
9. How does Tom’s behavior in church create chaos during the sermon? _______________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
10. Would you have enjoyed living during Tom Sawyer’s time? Why or why not? ________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
© Teacher Created Resources, Inc.
11
#2637 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Section 1: Chapters 1–8
Create an 1800s Town
Today, towns have cars whizzing up and down paved streets and planes flying overhead. That was not
what life was like in Tom Sawyer’s small town. Read the facts about life in the 1800s below. Then,
using encyclopedias, textbooks, the Internet, and other reference materials, create a model of an 1800s
town. Share your model with your classmates. (If you wish to include people in your town, you may
want to refer to page 13, “Old-fashioned Fashions,” for ways to clothe them.)
A variety of materials may be used for this project. Here are a few suggestions:
• Use construction paper, glue, and scissors to create a town in a shoebox.
• Use quick-drying modeling clay to create your town.
• Make your town out of stiff paper, with stand-up tabs on the backs of the buildings.
• Paint a town background on cardboard. Dress plastic dolls in period clothing and place them in
your scene.
Facts About Towns in the 1800s
• At the beginning of the 1800s, nearly everyone worked on farms. Toward the middle of the
century, many people left the farms in order to work in shops and in factories.
• The majority of doctors opened their practices without a degree. The common fee for a house call
visit was one or two dollars.
• For socializing, most people attended church.
Baseball began in 1823; football in 1870; and
golf in the 1880s. Basketball was introduced
in 1891; it was played with a soccer ball and
two peach baskets. Bowling was played
throughout the century. The circus began in
1830 when acrobatic troupes joined horse
shows. Horse racing was popular throughout
the century. Theater was performed in
churches, tents, saloons, showboats, and
concert halls.
• Travel was risky, at best. A coach with a team of horses was the most popular form of
transportation. Cars came into existence in the late 1800s. In 1895, there were four cars in the
entire country; but by 1900, there were 8,000 cars. The first transcontinental railroad in America
was completed on May 10, 1869, joining the Central Pacific and Union Railroads in Promontory,
Utah. Workers, mainly Chinese and Irish immigrants, slowly dynamited their way through the
hardest granite, then moved all the rocks and laid the ties and rails by hand.
#2637 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
12
© Teacher Created Resources, Inc.
Section 1: Chapters 1–8
Old-Fashioned Fashions
The drawings below show examples of popular fashions in the middle 1800s and early 1900s.
Use them as models for townspeople (see page 12) or to make costumes for fashion dolls or simple
paper or cloth dolls. You may also make life-sized cardboard people dressed in the fashions of the day.
Cut ovals where the faces go and use the cardboard models to take souvenir portraits during
“Southern Day” (see page 37).
© Teacher Created Resources, Inc.
13
#2637 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Section 1: Chapters 1–8
Southern Dialect
Over the years, two beliefs developed about Southern people’s way of talking. Many believed that
Southerners talked more slowly due to living in a hot climate. Others believed that the soft dialect
resulted from the personality of the Southern people, who were reputed to be courteous and genteel;
naturally, their language would be softer and slower.
Both of these beliefs, however, are only myths. The Southern speaking patterns developed because of
the original people who settled there; the migration of other people into the area; and the topography of
the region, which often isolated Southerners from the influences of other parts of the country.
In The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Mark Twain’s characters speak Southern dialect. One reason for this
was that Twain was a master of Southern dialect and its many variations. When Twain went on
speaking tours, he often entertained his audiences by reading or speaking in thick Southern dialects.
Recently-discovered evidence shows that Twain worked and reworked the spellings of words in his
written work to get the dialect just right. Today, however, readers sometimes find the dialects difficult
to understand. To become acquainted with these speaking patterns before reading the novel, find a
partner and try to read the sentences below aloud. Then try to translate the sentences into modern
English. Your teacher will help you check your attempts.
1. “Tom, it was a middling warm in school, warn’t it?” _____________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
2. “Oh, I dasn’t, mars Tom. Ole missis she’d take an’ tar de head off’n me. Deed she would.”
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
3. “Well Sid don’t torment a body the way you do. You’d be always into that sugar if I warn’t
watching you.” ___________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
4. “I’m a-laying up sin and suffering for us both, I know. He’s full of the Old Scratch, but laws-ame! he’s my own dead sister’s boy, poor thing…” _______________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
5. “Can’t, Mars Tom. Ole missis, she tole me I got to go an’ git dis water an’ not stop foolin roun’
wid anybody.” ___________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
#2637 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
14
© Teacher Created Resources, Inc.
Download
Related flashcards
Literature

26 Cards

Series of books

21 Cards

Fiction

18 Cards

Create flashcards