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Constitution
&
Civics Book
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Establishing a New Government
Background of the Articles of Confederation
Who:
When:
Where:
Key Terms
1. Constitution –
2. Republic –
3. Confederation – an alliance of people who agree to work
together for a common cause, but retain their sovereignty
(authority over themselves).
4. Representative Democracy –
Achievements of the Articles of Confederation
Land Ordinance of 1785 –
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 –
Summary:
•
•
•
Set up rules for statehood at
population of 60,000
Outlawed slavery in new states
Provided for free education in
new states
The Critical Period, 1781-1787
The time after the articles of Confederation was adopted.
The states were held together by a “rope of sand,”
according to George Washington. Weakness of the Articles
of Confederation threatened the new nation.
Shay’s Rebellion, 1786 – Write a summary of the rebellion
Documents that influenced the Constitution
The Magna Carta
Describe the Magna
Carta
Do not forget the date!
The Mayflower Compact
Describe the
Mayflower
Compact
Do not forget the
date!
The English Bill of Rights
Describe the English
Bill of Rights
Do not forget the
date!
Declaration of
Independence
Describe the
Declaration of
Independence
Do not forget the
date!
The Constitutional Convention
1. Key Delegates: (Significance of each)
a. George Washington –
b. James Madison –
c. Benjamin Franklin –
d. Alexander Hamilton –
2. Where –
3. When –
4. Why –
Include a picture to represent the convention
Disagreements & Compromises
Federalists
Definition of a Federalists:
Leaders:
1.
2.
3.
Federalist Papers Definition of the federalist papers
Anti-Federalists
Definition of an Anti-Federalists –
Leaders:
1.
2.
3.
Major Objections of Anti-Federalist
1. The national government would have too much power.
2. There was no Bill of Rights
3. We did not need a peace-time Army
4. The President had too much power
Preamble to the United States Constitution
Copy the Preamble Here
Use the Whole Page!
Understanding the Preamble
We, the people of the United States,
Goals of the
Constitution
What does it mean?
p. 217 of Textbook
In order to form a more
perfect Union
Establish justice
Insure domestic
tranquility
Provide for the common
defense
Promote the general
welfare
Secure the blessings of
liberty to ourselves and
our posterity
Do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States
of America.
You must recite the preamble to Mrs. Blevins on or before Friday
March 28st. Yes it is for a grade!
Principles of the Constitution
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Popular Sovereignty
Republicanism
Limited Government
Federalism
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Individual Rights
Popular Sovereignty
Definition:
Include a picture
Republicanism
Definition
Picture
Limited Government
Picture
Definition
Federalism
Definition
Graphic explaining federalism
Separation of Powers
Definition
Graphic showing 3
branches
Checks & Balances
Definition
Graphic explaining checks &
balances of each branch
Individual Rights
Definition
Picture
The Legislative Branch
Article I of the Constitution
1. Passes Laws
2. Declares War
House of Representatives
1. Members –
2. Length of Term
3. Membership based on:
4. All states have at least ___ member
5. Requirements:
a.
b.
c.
Senate
1. Members:
2. Length of term:
3. Requirements:
a.
b.
c.
Executive Branch
Article II of the Constitution
President/Vice President
1. Length of Term
2. Limited to ____ years
3. Elected by:
4. Requirements
a.
b.
c.
5. Presidential Duties
a. Chief Executive –
b. Chief Diplomat c. Commander in Chief –
d. Chief of State –
e. Legislative Leader –
6. Vice Presidential Duties
a.
b.
c.
7. Cabinet – advisors to the President
a. Article II, Section 2 of Constitution & precedents set by George
Washington
b. Cabinet members: Vice President ……….. List the 15 other departments
Judicial Branch
Article III of the Constitution
1. Determines constitutionality of laws
2. Judicial Review –
3. Established by What Court Case?
Federal Judges
1. Lifetime appointment
2. Appointed by the President, confirmed by the Senate
3. Requirements
Two Clauses
Elastic Clause
Commerce
Clause
Picture & Definition
Picture & Definition
How the Constitution is Amended
Create a picture or graphic of how a bill becomes a law
2 methods of proposing an amendment
1.
2.
2 methods of ratifying an amendment
1.
2.
Duties and Responsibilities of an American Citizen
Duties
Things We are
Required to Do
The Reason Why
Obey the Law
Pay Taxes
Defend the Nation
Serve on Juries
Responsibilities
Things We Should Do
Know what the
government is doing.
Be informed about your
rights.
Vote
Respect the Rights of
Others.
The Reason Why
The Bill of Rights
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
Reconstruction Amendments
13th Amendment –
14th Amendment –
15th Amendment –
19th amendment –
26th amendment –
The Right to Vote
Suffrage
15th amendment -
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