w GENERAL FORMULA FOR GRADING PART-WRITING The total number of points given for most part-writing exercises equals approximately three points per chord (or four points per chord for most melody harmonizations, because they’re harder). A seven-chord figured bass exercise, for example, would be worth 21 points. From this total, points are subtracted based on how serious an error is. The common errors are grouped below. Three-point errors parallel fifths or octaves missing root or third “retogression” (e.g., V-IV) impossible harmonization (e.g., 2̂ as given bass note harmonized with I) really terrible use of 64 chord omitted chord (i.e., blank) Two-point errors unresolved dissonance poor/weak progression with no change of function (e.g., iiIV) doubled dissonance inappropriate use of 64 chord bad direct fifth or octave improperly resolved leadingtone in an outer voice consecutive (“antiparallel”) fifths or octaves inappropriately weak cadence One-point errors doubled leading-tone unraised 7̂ in minor improperly resolved leadingtone in an inner voice moderately bad direct fifth or octave wrong note (each) missing note (each) omitted fifth for no apparent reason incomplete inverted chord voice crossing unprepared dissonance bad melodic interval (A2, A4, seventh, etc.) missing seventh or added seventh (i.e., triad was specified) excessive leaping in upper parts that is avoidable large leap with no change of direction after it harmonic prolongation from weak beat to strong beat root-position diminished triad voice out of range Half-point errors bad spacing voice overlap (no penalty if difficult to avoid) If you ever find the grading unclear or if you think there may have been a mistake, please don’t hesitate to ask for a clarification or a correction.