Page 1 of 5 Gastro-Vision: Whack! Contemporary Artists and Piñatas

Gastro-Vision: Whack! Contemporary Artists and Piñatas | Art21 Blog
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GASTRO-VISION: Food in Contemporary Art and Visual Culture
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Gastro-Vision: Whack! Contemporary Artists and
May 21st, 2010 by Nicole Caruth
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Korot: Dachau, 1974
Jennifer Rubell, Andy Warhol Piñata from "Icons," 2010. Via Brooklyn Museum on
The much-talked-about Andy Warhol piñata, created by Jennifer Rubell for last month’s
Brooklyn Ball, offered a witty art spin on an old party tradition. Instead of the usual candy
contents, this piñata spilled Hostess brand snack cakes, icons of American junk food culture,
redolent of Warhol’s work in pop art. Given the amount of art world enthusiasm about the
piece, it seems a good moment to look at piñatas as an art form. Rubell is not the first to
make clever use of this sweet-filled object. What follows is by no means an exhaustive
history of artist’s piñatas, but a look at some recent ones that, similar to Rubell’s, were
stuffed with small treats and big concepts.
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Mariana Castillo Deball, "Klein bottle piñata" as installed at the Contemporary Art
Museum St. Louis, 2009. Paper mâché. Courtesy the artist. Photo: David Ulmer.
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Since January, museum audiences in the United States and Europe have been taking
whacks at Klein bottle piñata (2009) created by Mariana Castillo Deball for the traveling
exhibition For the blind man in the dark room looking for the black cat that isn’t there,
organized by the Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis. Hung in austere museum lobbies,
Deball’s Piñata looks more like an semi-precious kinetic sculpture than a goodie-filled party
piece. Its color and title intimate the intense blue hue developed by French artist Yves Klein,
while the shape refers to the “bottle” attributed to nineteenth-century German mathematician
Felix Klein. In short, the Klein bottle is a topological surface with no inside or outside. “It’s a
container that has no content, or has no possibility of having content,” says the artist. Klein
bottle piñata was born out of a lecture-style performance about black boxing and how
greater sophistication of knowledge makes technology more cryptic for its users. “For
example,” said Deball in a recent video podcast, “everyone has refrigerators, computers,
and mobile phones, but nobody knows how actually these devices work. This piñata is a sort
of metaphor for [how] cryptic all the objects and the things we use on a daily basis have
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Klein Bottle Piñata also relates to the artist’s native Mexico where these “devices,” as she
calls them, are mainly used for Christmas and birthday parties. Deball suggests that getting
what’s inside is only half the fun. “Sometimes the actual procedure of breaking up the piñata
is much more interesting than the toys or objects you can collect…Sometimes breaking it up
is the end of the game. You’re not interested any more in the presents or things you are
taking out afterward.”
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New York-based artist Ronny Quevedo sights McKenzie’s piñata as personally memorable.
In January, Quevedo and artist Blanka Amezkua invited twenty-three emerging artists to
create piñatas for the one-night exhibition and party, Rompe Puesto, at the Bronx River Art
Center. (The event’s title loosely translates to “breaking ground.”) At the time, Quevedo and
Amezkua were talking about “a lack of community and physical gatherings in the Bronx and
among Bronx artists” and thinking of ways to bring people together. Quevedo had been
independently thinking about piñatas as “a materially cheap way to make something.” The
form is simply paper mâché, wheat and tissue paper (though clay is also an option).
Quevedo said in a recent phone interview, “We figured the best thing was to have a party of
piñatas and invite the community…We didn’t advertise it as a family event, but a lot of kids
showed up.”
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Along with community and creative process, Quevedo took a personal interest in the history
of piñatas. “Realizing that, at one point, they were used to coax Native Americans in South
and North America into Christianity,” he said, “was a big influence for me.” The sevenpointed star piñata, almost as common as cartoon figures today, is a relic of such religious
manipulation. Early missionaries supposedly used it to represent the seven deadly sins,
which required only “blind” faith to destroy.
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Kid-friendly contents could be found in a bust of Christopher Columbus filled with gold
chocolate coins, and in Quevedo’s gold four-finger ring (pictured above) that on one side
bore the name of Inca king Atahualpa. Inside were ring pops. Some piñatas were better left
to the grown-ups. Risa Puno, for example, created a fully functional disco ball that, along
with a DJ, set the mood for the evening (see video). The last to be broken, it contained all
the provisions one might need for an after-party, so to speak: mini bottles of liquor,
condoms, pregnancy tests, Advil, and then some. Other piñatas gifted custom-made t-shirts,
small sculptures, and photocopies of an artist’s drawings.
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"Rompe Puesto" at the Bronx River Art Center. Photo: Argenis Apolinario.
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For some artists, stuffing their piñata is not as important as the beating it will take, especially
when it’s a self-portrait. From 2002-2007, Los Angeles-based artist Meg Cranston created a
series of empty piñatas in her own image. Each piece in the series is titled after the
anthropological documentary Magical Death (1973) about the Yanomami people of Brazil
who use ritual warfare, or “shamanic drama” to avoid real blood shed. According to
Artforum, early in the series Cranston invited visitors to “enact a similar ritual murder on her
own pendant form—if they would be willing to pay for the pleasure by buying the work.”
Cranston later suggested that no one had taken her up on this masochistic challenge and
for this reason she filled her last piñata with candy. “The violence has to occur,” she said,
“so the figure (my doppelgänger) can symbolically triumph.” When Jamaica-born artist Dave
McKenzie commissioned an effigy of himself as piñata, his “hanging” and “beating” had
entirely different connotations. The video Self-Portrait Piñata (2002) documents an event at
the Queens Museum of Art in which museum-goers joyously bash McKenzie’s likeness.
Candy and fun seem trivial, if not inappropriate, as his dangling lifeless figure begins to
conjure America’s history of lynching and other racially charged violence.
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Meg Cranston, "Magical Death" installation, 2002. Paper mâché with color tissue and
touches of pastel. Courtesy the artist and The Happy Lion Gallery.
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Aaron Krach, "Indestructible Object", 2009. Pinata, copper leaf, chocolate, Plexi.
30 x 18 x 8 inches. Edition: 1/3. Courtesy the artist and DCKT.
The ceremonial destruction of an artist’s piñata typically corresponds with an exhibition’s
closing. Aaron Krach’s copperleaf donkey, Indestructible Object (2009), was instead
smashed at the grand opening of Invisible Exports gallery last year. The crushed shell was
displayed in plexi for the remainder of the show. Krach is largely interested in objects you
can’t keep. Or if you keep it, “you have to recognize that it changes.” He explains: “A
scratched lottery ticket that doesn’t offer a prize. Is it useless? It’s still the same piece of
paper on an elemental level. Same with a piñata. It’s still sculptural and interesting, but it’s
been ‘destroyed’ in most viewers’ eyes. I want to subvert that.”
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Krach grew up surrounded by Mexican and Mexican-American culture in Los Angeles and
says, “Piñatas were more common at birthday parties than games like Pin the Tail on the
Donkey.” To a degree, he resents those affairs.”When you’re a kid and you go to a birthday
party, bust the piñata, and all you get are hard candies, maybe peppermints or butterscotch
balls, you’re angry!” And so, Krach fills his piñatas (there has been more than one) with
expensive imported chocolate truffles in a few different flavors. From the shell of the piñata
down to the candy, participants continually pull back layers. “Also very important,” he says,
“is that they are wrapped in the most beautiful colorful foil. These chocolates are so pretty
you don’t want to eat them, but of course that’s just like the piñata. You’ve got to open them
in order to really enjoy them.”
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