Culture Study Guide 1. Define and give an example of material

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Culture Study Guide
1. Define and give an example of material culture.
2. Define and give an example of nonmaterial culture.
3. What are norms?
4. What are folkways? Give an example of a folkway.
5. What are mores? Give an example of a folkway.
6. What is a cultural pattern?
7. What is the relationship between cultural traits, cultural complexes and cultural patterns?
8. Define and give two examples of a cultural universal.
9. What is ethnocentrism?
10. What is cultural relativism?
11. What is the difference between a subculture and a counterculture?
12. What is narcissism?
13. Define the following types of sanctions:
positive sanction:
negative sanction:
formal sanction:
informal sanction:
14. List the main sources of social change.
15. Explain the difference between culture and society.
16. Why should sociologists be mindful of cultural relativism when conducting research?
17. Explain the proposed new value of self-fulfillment. Give a positive and a negative effect it may have on
society. What do you think?
18. Why do sanctions exist? Give an example of each a positive, negative, informal and formal sanction.
19. Explain the three reasons cultures resist change.