NUCLEAR WALLET CARDS

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NUCLEAR WALLET CARDS
October 2011
Jagdish K. Tuli
National Nuclear
Data Center
www.nndc.bnl.gov
Brookhaven National Laboratory
P.O. Box 5000
Upton, New York 11973–5000
U.S.A.
Disclaimer
This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the
United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency
thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors,
subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or
assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness,
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imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States
Government or any agency, contractor, or subcontractor thereof. The views and
opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those
of the United States Government or any agency, contractor, or subcontractor
thereof.
NUCLEAR WALLET CARDS
(Eighth edition)
October 2011
JAGDISH K. TULI
NATIONAL NUCLEAR DATA CENTER
(www.nndc.bnl.gov)
for
The U.S. Nuclear Data Program
Supported by
Office of Nuclear Physics,
Office of Science,
US Department of Energy
Brookhaven National Laboratory*
Upton, New York 11973–5000, USA
* Operated by Brookhaven Science Associates
under contract No. DE–AC02–98CH10886 with
US Department of Energy
NUCLEAR WALLET CARDS
October 2011
CONTENTS
U. S. Nuclear Data Program
ii
Introduction
iii
Explanation of Table
iv
2 0 0 0 E d i t i o n a s T 1/2 S t a n d a r d
vii
Acknowledgements
vii
References
viii
Nuclear Wallet Cards
1–84
Appendices:
I
II
IIa
III
IV
IVa
Va
Vb
VIa
VIb
VIc
Table of Elemental Properties
Frequently–Used Constants
Fundamental Constants
Energy–Equivalent Factors
Observed Λ Hypernuclides
Half–lives of Ionized Atoms
Decay Chains in Nature
Radioactive Nuclides in Nature
Periodic Table of Elements
List of Elements–Alphabetical
List of Elements–by Z
Centerfold: NNDC Web Services
i
U.S. Nuclear Data Program
(www.nndc.bnl.gov/usndp/)
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Nuclear Data Project
Physics Division
MS 6354
P.O. Box 2008
Oak Ridge, TN 37831–6354
Argonne National Laboratory
Nuclear Data Program
Nuclear Engineering Division
9700 South Cass Avenue
Argonne, IL 60439
Brookhaven National
Laboratory
National Nuclear Data Center
Building 197D,
P.O. Box 5000,
Upton, NY 11973–5000
Triangle Universities
Nuclear Laboratory
Nuclear Data Evaluation Project
P.O. Box 90308,
Durham, NC 27708–0308
Lawrence Berkeley National
Laboratory
Isotopes Project
One Cyclotron Road
Berkeley, CA 94720–8101
Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory
Computational Nuclear Physics Group
P.O. Box 808, MS L–059
Livermore, CA 94551–0808
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Group T–2, Nuclear Physics
MS B283
Los Alamos, NM 87545
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Group LANSCE–NS, Neutron and
Nuclear Science, MS H–855
Los Alamos, NM 87545
McMaster University
Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1
Canada
National Institute of
Standards and Technology
Nuclear Data Verification &
Standardization Project
100 Bureau Dr Stop 8463
Gaithersburg, MD 20899–8463
ii
INTRODUCTION
This is an updated edition of the 2005
booklet of the same name†.
This booklet presents selected properties
of all known nuclides and some of their isomeric
states. Properties of ionized atoms are presented
as an appendix.
The data given here are taken mostly from the
adopted properties of the various nuclides as
given in the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data
File (ENSDF)[1]. The data in ENSDF are
based on experimental results and are published
in Nuclear Data Sheets[2] for A>20 and in
Nuclear Physics[3] for A≤20. For nuclides
for which either there are no data in ENSDF
or those data that have since been superseded,
the half–life and the decay modes are taken
from Experimental Unevaluated Nuclear Data List
(XUNDL)[4] covering recent literature[5].
For other references, experimental data,
and information on the data measurements,
please refer to the original evaluations [1–4].
The data were updated to September 1, 2011.
†The first Nuclear Wallet Cards was produced
by F. Ajzenberg–Selove and C. L. Busch in 1971.
The Isotopes Project, Lawrence Berkeley National
Laboratory, produced the next edition in 1979
based upon the Table of Isotopes, 7 t h edition
(1978)[9]. The subsequent editions: in years 1985,
1990, 1995, 2000, and the last in 2005, were produced
by Jagdish K. Tuli, NNDC.
In 2004, Nuclear Wallet Cards for Radioactive Nuclides
aimed at Homeland Security personnel was also produced
by Jagdish K. Tuli.
iii
Explanation of Table
Column 1, Nuclide (Z, El, A):
Nuclides are listed in the order of increasing
atomic number (Z), and are subordered by
increasing mass number (A). All isotopic
species, as well as all isomers with half–life
≥0.1 s, and some with half–life≥1 ms which decay
by SF, α or p emissions, are included. A nuclide
is given even if only its mass estimate [6]
is known.
Isomeric states are denoted by the symbol
"m" after the mass number and are given in
the order of increasing excitation energy.
Where the ground state is not well established
all given states carry symbol "m".
The 235U thermal fission products, with
fractional cumulative yields≥10–6, are
italicized in the table. The information on
fission products is taken from the ENDF/B–VI
fission products file [8].
The names and symbols for elements are those
adopted by the International Union of Pure and
Applied Chemistry (2010). No names and symbols
have as yet been adopted for Z>112.
Column 2, Jπ:
Spin and parity assignments, without and
with parentheses, are based upon strong
and weak arguments, respectively. See the
introductory pages of the January issue of
Nuclear Data Sheets[2] for description
of strong and weak arguments for Jπ
assignments.
iv
Explanation of Table (cont.)
Column 3, Mass Excess, Δ:
Mass excesses, M–A, are given in MeV (from [6])
with Δ(12C)=0, by definition. For
isomers the values are obtained by adding
the excitation energy to the Δ(g.s.) values.
Wherever the excitation energy is not known,
the mass excess for the next lower isomer
(or the g.s.) is given. The values are given to
the accuracy determined by the uncertainty in
Δ(g.s.) (maximum of three figures after the
decimal). The uncertainty is ≤9 in the last
significant figure. An appended "s" denotes that
the value is obtained from systematics [6].
C o l u m n 4 , T 1/2 , Γ o r A b u n d a n c e :
The half–life and the abundance (in bold face
from [7]) are shown followed by their units ("%"
symbol in the case of abundance) which are
followed by the uncertainty, in italics,in the
last significant figures. For example,
8.1 s 10 means 8.1±1.0 s. For some very
short–lived nuclei, level widths rather than
half–lives are given. There also, the width is
followed by units (e.g., eV, keV, or MeV)
which are followed by the uncertainty in
italics, if known. This field is left blank
when the half–life is not known.
For 2β– and 2ε decay only the lowest value
of their several limits (e.g., for 0ν or 2ν,
etc.) is given.
If a new measurement of half–life or decay mode
has since become available [4] then its value is
presented in place of the evaluated value in ENSDF.
v
Explanation of Table (cont.)
Column 5, Decay Mode:
Decay modes are given in decreasing strength
from left to right, followed by the percentage
branching, if known ("w" indicates a weak
branch). The percentage branching is omitted
where there is no competing mode of decay or
no other mode has been observed. A "?" indicates
an expected but not observed mode of decay.
The various modes of decay are given below:
β–
β– decay
ε
ε (electron capture), or
ε+β+, or β+ decay
IT
isomeric transition
(through γ or conver–
sion–electron decay)
n, p, α, ...
neutron, proton,
alpha, ... decay
SF
spontaneous fission
2β–, 3α, ...
double β– decay (β–β–),
decay through
emission of 3 α's, ...
β–n, β–p,
β–α, ...
delayed n, p, α, ...
(emission following β–
decay)
εp, εα,
εSF, ...
delayed p, α, SF, ...
(emission following ε
or β+ decay)
vi
NNDC Web Services
The centerfold presents the NNDC home page on the
web (www.nndc.bnl.gov) and was prepared by Boris
Pritychenko. The greatly expanded NNDC web services
offer a wealth of Nuclear Physics information which
includes analysis programs, reference data, and
custom–tailored retrievals from its many databases.
The ND2013 info is provided by Alejandro Sonzogni.
DOE Standard for
Nuclear Material Inventory
The sixth edition (2000) of Nuclear Wallet Cards
was adopted as the standard by the the US Department
of Energy for the purposes of their nuclear material
inventory. The sixth edition, as well as, the current
edition are available through the NNDC web site.
Homeland Security
Nuclear Wallet Cards for Radioactive Nuclides, a
reference for homeland security personnel based on
this booklet was published in March 2004. The booklet,
although limited to radioactive nuclides, contains
additional radiation information. It is available only
on the web and its printed form is no longer available.
Acknowledgements
The author is grateful for help from Eddie Browne,
Tim Johnson, John Kelley, Filip Kondev, Elizabeth
McCutchan, and Balraj Singh in checking parts of
the table. Thanks to NNDC colleagues, especially,
Michael Herman, Head, NNDC, for their support.
This research was supported by the Office of
Nuclear Physics, Office of Science, US Department
of Energy.
vii
References
1. Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File–
a computer file of evaluated experimental
nuclear structure data maintained by the
National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven
National Laboratory (file as of August 15, 2011).
2. Nuclear Data Sheets – Elsevier,
Amsterdam. Evaluations published by
mass number for A = 21 to 294. See page ii
of any issue for the index to A–chains.
3. Nuclear Physics – Elsevier, Amsterdam
– Evaluations for A = 3 to 20.
4. XUNDL, An Experimental Unevaluated Nuclear
Data List, mostly prepared under supervision
of Dr. Balraj Singh, McMaster U., Canada, and
maintained by the National Nuclear Data
Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory.
5. Nuclear Science Reference File–
a bibliographic computer file of nuclear
science references continually updated and
maintained by the National Nuclear Data
Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory.
6. Mid–term Atomic Mass Evaluation,
private communication from G. Audi,
W. Meng (2011).
7. Isotopic composition of the elements 2009,
Michael Berglund, Michael E. Wieser, Pure
Appl. Chem. 83, 397 (2011).
8. Evaluation and Compilation of Fission
Product Yields 1993, T.R. England and B.F.
Rider; Rept. LA–UR–94–3106 (1994). ENDF/B–VI
evaluation; MAT #9228, Revision 1.
viii
References (cont.)
9. Table of Isotopes (1978), 7th edition,
Editors: C.M. Lederer, V.S. Shirley, Authors:
E. Browne, J.M. Dairiki, R.E. Doebler, A.A.
Shihab–Eldin, J. Jardine, J.K. Tuli, and A.B.
Buyrn, John Wiley, New York.
ix
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
0
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
n
1
1/2+
8 . 071
10.183 m 17
1 H
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1/2+
1+
1/2+
2–
(1/2+)
(2–)
(1/2+)
7 . 289
13 . 136
14 . 950
24 . 6
32 . 89
41 . 9
47 . 9
99.9885% 70
0.0115% 70
12.32 y 2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1/2+
0+
3/2–
0+
(3/2)–
0+
1/2+
0+
14 . 931
2 . 425
11 . 23
17 . 592
26 . 067
31 . 609
39 . 78
48 . 81
0.000134% 3
99.999866% 3
0.60 MeV 2
801 ms 10
150 keV 20
119.1 ms 12
2–
3/2–
1+
3/2–
2+
3/2–
(1–,2–)
3/2–
29s
25 . 3
11 . 68
14 . 087
14 . 907
20 . 945
24 . 954
33 . 05
40 . 728
unbound
6.03 MeV
≈1.5 MeV
7.59% 4
92.41% 4
839.9 ms 9
178.3 ms 4
48 . 92
58 . 3
<10 ns
2 He
3 Li
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
4 Be
5
B
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
(1/2+)
0+
3/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
1/2+
0+
(1/2–)
0+
15
16
0+
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
(3/2–)
2+
3/2–
3+
3/2–
1+
3/2–
2–
37s
18 . 375
15 . 768
4 . 941
11 . 348
12 . 607
20 . 177
25 . 076
33 . 21
40 . 0
49 . 8s
57 . 7s
47s
27 . 87
22 . 921
12 . 416
12 . 050
8 . 667
13 . 368
16 . 562
23 . 66
5.7 MeV 21
1.6 MeV 4
29×10 – 2 3 y 7
300 keV 200
8.75 ms 14
92 keV 6
53.24 d 4
5.57 eV 25
100.%
1.387×10 6 y 12
13.81 s 8
21.49 ms 3
2.7×10 – 2 1 s 18
4.35 ms 17
<200 ns
<200 ns
unbound
1.4 MeV 2
770 ms 3
0.54 keV 21
19.9% 7
80.1% 7
20.20 ms 2
17.33 ms 17
12.5 ms 5
1
Decay Mode
β–
β–
n
2n
n
α, n
β–
n
β– , β–n 16%
n
n
p?
p
p, α
β– , β–α
β– , β–n 50 . 8%
n
β– , β–n 83%,
β–2n 4 . 1% ,
β–nα 0 . 027%
n?
p
p, α
ε
α
β–
β– , β–α 3 . 1%
β– , β–n ≤ 1%
n
β– , β–n 81%,
β–2n 5%
n?
2n ?
2p ?
α, p
ε , εα
p , 2α
β– , β–3α 1 . 58%
β–
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
5
B
Jπ
15
C
9.93 ms 7
37 . 12
43 . 8
<190 ps
5.08 ms 5
18
19
(4–)
(3/2–)
51 . 9s
58 . 8s
<26 ns
2.92 ms 13
8
9
0+
(3/2–)
35 . 08
28 . 909
230 keV 50
126.5 ms 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
0+
3/2–
0+
1/2–
0+
1/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
(1/2+)
0+
15 . 698
10 . 650
0 . 000
3 . 125
3 . 020
9 . 873
13 . 694
21 . 03
24 . 92
32 . 41
37 . 6
45 . 6s
52 . 1s
19.308 s 4
20.334 m 24
98.93% 8
1.07% 8
5700 y 30
2.449 s 5
0.747 s 8
193 ms 13
92 ms 2
49 ms 4
14 ms +6–5
<30 ns
6.1 ms +14–12
p, α
ε , εp 61 . 6%,
εα 38 . 4%
ε
ε
β–
β–
β– , β–n 99%
β– , β–n 32%
β– , β–n 31 . 5%
β– , β–n 61%
β– , β–n 72%
n?
β– , β–n 61%,
β–2n < 37%
62 . 7s
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
1/2+
1+
1/2–
1+
1/2–
2–
1/2–
1–
38 . 8
24 . 30
17 . 338
5 . 345
2 . 863
0 . 101
5 . 683
7 . 87
13 . 11
0.83 MeV 3
11.000 ms 16
9.965 m 4
99.636% 20
0.364% 20
7.13 s 2
4.173 s 4
620 ms 8
19
20
21
22
2–
(1/2–)
(0–,1–)
15 . 86
21 . 76
25 . 25
32 . 0
336 ms 3
136 ms 3
83 ms 8
20 ms 2
38 . 4s
47 . 5s
56 . 5s
14.5 ms 14
<52 ns
12
13
14
15
Decay Mode
β– , β–n 93 . 6%,
β–2n 0 . 4%
n
β– , β–n 63%,
β–2n 11% , β–3n 3 . 5%,
β–4n 0 . 4%
n?
β– , β–n 72%,
β–2n 16%
67 . 1s
75 . 7s
23
24
25
8 O
28 . 96
0–
(3/2–)
23
7 N
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
16
17
20
21
6
Δ
(MeV)
0+
(3/2–)
0+
1/2–
32 . 05
23 . 114
8 . 007
2 . 855
0.40 MeV 25
8.58 ms 5
70.620 s 15
122.24 s 16
2
p
p
ε
ε
β– , β–α 1 . 2×10 –3%
β– , β–n 95 . 1%
β– , β–α 12 . 2%,
β–n 7%
β– , β–n 41 . 8%
β– , β–n 42 . 9%
β– , β–n 90 . 5%
β– , β–n 33%,
β–2n 12%
β– , β–n , β–2n
n?
p
ε , εp
ε
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
8 O
9
F
Jπ
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
(5/2+)
0+
1/2+
0+
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
(2–)
(1/2+)
0–
5/2+
1+
1/2+
2+
5/2+
(4+)
5/2+
(1,2,3)+
5/2+
(1+)
(5/2+)
0+
0+
(5/2+)
Δ
(MeV)
–4 . 737
–0 . 809
–0 . 783
3 . 333
3 . 796
8 . 06
9 . 28
14 . 62
18 . 5
27 . 3
35 . 1s
44 . 1s
52 . 9s
31 . 96
16 . 81
10 . 680
1 . 951
0 . 873
–1 . 487
–0 . 017
–0 . 047
2 . 79
3.3
7 . 56
11 . 36
18 . 67
24 . 6
33 . 1s
40 . 0s
48 . 4s
55 . 9s
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
99.757% 16
0.038% 1
0.205% 14
26.88 s 5
13.51 s 5
3.42 s 10
2.25 s 9
97 ms 8
65 ms 5
<40 ns
<260 ns
<100 ns
1.0 MeV 2
40 keV 20
64.49 s 16
109.77 m 5
100%
11.07 s 6
4.158 s 20
4.23 s 4
2.23 s 14
390 ms 70
80 ms 9
9.7 ms 7
5.0 ms 2
<40 ns
2.5 ms 3
>250 ns
10 Ne 16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
0+
1/2–
0+
1/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
(3/2+)
0+
24 . 00
16 . 500
5 . 317
1 . 752
–7 . 042
–5 . 731
–8 . 024
–5 . 154
–5 . 951
–2 . 06
0 . 48
7 . 03
11 . 29
9×10 – 2 1 s
109.2 ms 6
1.6670 s 17
17.22 s 2
90.48% 3
0.27% 1
9.25% 3
37.24 s 12
3.38 m 2
602 ms 8
197 ms 1
31.5 ms 13
18.9 ms 4
29
(3/2+)
18 . 40
14.8 ms 3
30
0+
23 . 0
7.3 ms 3
31
32
33
0+
31
37 . 0s
46 . 0s
3.4 ms 8
3.5 ms 9
<180 ns
3
Decay Mode
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n < 22%
β– , β–n 7%
β– , β–n 58%
n?
n?
n?
p
p
p
ε
ε
β–
β–
β– ,
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n < 11%
β–n < 5 . 9%
β–n 23 . 1%
β–n 11%
β–n 77%
β– , β–n
n
β–n , β–
2p
ε , εp , εα
ε
ε
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– 3 . 6%
β– , β–n
β–2n 4%
β– , β–n
β– 8 . 9%
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
n
0 . 13%
2%
12%,
28%,
13%,
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
10 Ne 34
0+
52 . 8s
>60 ns
1–
(5/2+)
2+
3/2+
3+
3/2+
4+
1+
25 . 0
12 . 93
6 . 850
–2 . 184
–5 . 181
–9 . 530
–8 . 417
–7 . 945
1.3×10 – 2 1 s 4
<40 ns
447.9 ms 23
22.49 s 4
2.6027 y 10
100%
14.997 h 12
20.18 ms 10
25
26
27
28
29
30
5/2+
3+
5/2+
1+
3/2+
2+
–9 . 357
–6 . 860
–5 . 517
–0 . 99
2 . 67
8 . 37
59.1 s 6
1.07128 s 25
301 ms 6
30.5 ms 4
44.9 ms 12
48 ms 2
31
3/2(+)
12 . 5
17.0 ms 4
32
(3–,4–)
18 . 8
13.2 ms 4
33
(3/2+)
24 . 0s
8.0 ms 4
34
31 . 3s
5.5 ms 10
35
36
37
37 . 8s
45 . 9s
53 . 1s
1.5 ms 5
<180 ns
>60 ns
31 . 83
17 . 56
10 . 91
4.0 ps 15
90.8 ms 24
122 ms 3
–0 . 399
–5 . 473
–13 . 933
–13 . 192
–16 . 214
–14 . 586
–15 . 018
–10 . 60
–8 . 89
–3 . 19
–0 . 91
4 . 95
8 . 56
15 . 6
20 . 4
28 . 3s
34 . 1s
42 . 3s
3.8755 s 12
11.317 s 11
78.99% 4
10.00% 1
11.01% 3
9.458 m 12
20.915 h 9
1.30 s 12
335 ms 17
232 ms 15
86 ms 5
90.5 ms 16
20 ms 10
70 ms 40
3.9 ms 13
>260 ns
>260 ns
<180 ns
4
11 Na 18
19
20
21
22
23
24
24m
12 Mg 19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
0+
5/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
1/2(+)
0+
3/2–
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
Decay Mode
β–n , β–
p
p
ε , εα 20 . 05%
ε
ε
β–
IT 99 . 95% ,
β– ≈ 0 . 05%
β–
β–
β– , β–n 0 . 13%
β– , β–n 0 . 58%
β– , β–n 21 . 5%
β– , β–n 30%,
β–2n 1 . 15% ,
β–α 5 . 5×10 –5%
β– , β–n 37%,
β–2n 0 . 87% ,
β–3n < 0 . 05%
β– , β–n 24%,
β–2n 8%
β– , β–n 47%,
β–2n 13%
β– , β–2n ≈ 50%,
β–n ≈ 15%
β– , β–n
n
β–n , β–
2p
ε , εp ≈ 27%
ε , εp 32 . 6%,
εα < 0 . 5%
ε
ε
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
1 . 7%
5 . 5%
14%
52%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
12 Mg 40
0+
48 . 6s
>170 ns
13 Al 21
22
(5/2+)
4+
27 . 1s
18 . 2s
<35 ns
91.1 ms 5
5/2+
4+
6 . 748
–0 . 048
446 ms 6
2.053 s 4
1+
0 . 378
130 ms 3
23
24
24m
25
5/2+
26
5+
26m
0+
27
5/2+
28
3+
29
5/2+
30
3+
31 (3/2,5/2)+
32
1+
33
(5/2)+
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
14 Si 22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
0+
(5/2)+
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
0+
(7/2–)
0+
0+
0+
0+
–8 . 916
–12 . 210
–11 . 982
–17 . 196
–16 . 850
–18 . 215
–15 . 87
–14 . 95
–11 . 06
–8 . 44
–3 . 05
–0 . 22
5 . 95
9.8
16 . 2
21 . 0s
28 . 0s
33 . 9s
41 . 5s
48 . 4s
7.183 s 12
7.17×10 5 y 24
6.3464 s 7
100%
2.2414 m 12
6.56 m 6
3.62 s 6
644 ms 25
33.0 ms 2
41.7 ms 2
42 ms 6
37.2 ms 8
90 ms 40
10.7 ms 13
7.6 ms 6
7.6 ms 16
>260 ns
>260 ns
>170 ns
>170 ns
33 . 0s
23 . 1s
10 . 75
3 . 83
–7 . 140
–12 . 384
–21 . 493
–21 . 895
–24 . 432
–22 . 949
–24 . 077
–20 . 514
–19 . 96
–14 . 36
–12 . 42
–6 . 59
–4 . 17
2 . 32
5.4
12 . 1
16 . 6s
23 . 1s
28 . 5s
29 ms 2
42.3 ms 4
140.5 ms 15
220 ms 3
2.229 s 3
4.15 s 4
92.223% 19
4.685% 8
3.092% 11
157.3 m 3
153 y 19
6.11 s 21
2.77 s 20
0.78 s 12
0.45 s 6
90 ms 60
>1 μs
47.5 ms 20
33.0 ms 10
20.0 ms 25
12.5 ms 35
>60 ns
>360 ns
5
Decay Mode
β– , β–n
p
ε , εp 54 . 5%,
ε2p 1 . 1% , εα 0 . 04%
ε , εp 1 . 22%
ε , εp 1 . 6×10 –3% ,
εα 0 . 04%
IT 82 . 5% , ε 17 . 5%,
εα 0 . 03%
ε
ε
ε
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β– ,
β– ,
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
,
,
,
,
β–n 0 . 7%
β–n 8 . 5%
β–n 27%
β–n 38%
β–n < 31%
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
εp
εp
εp
εp
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
32%
71%, ε2p 3 . 6%
45%
35%
β–n < 5%
β–n < 10%
β–n 17%
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n ?
β–n
β–n
β–n
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
14 Si 45
15 P
16 S
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
24
25
26
27
28
(1+)
(1/2+)
(3+)
1/2+
3+
32 . 8s
19 . 7s
11 . 0s
–0 . 71
–7 . 149
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
1/2+
1+
1/2+
1+
1/2+
1+
1/2+
4–
–16 . 952
–20 . 200
–24 . 441
–24 . 304
–26 . 337
–24 . 548
–24 . 857
–20 . 25
–19 . 00
–14 . 64
–12 . 80
–8 . 1
–4 . 98
1.0
4.7
10 . 4s
15 . 3s
22 . 8s
29 . 2s
4.142 s 15
2.498 m 4
100%
14.262 d 14
25.35 d 11
12.43 s 8
47.3 s 7
5.6 s 3
2.31 s 13
0.64 s 14
0.28 s 4
125 ms 25
100 ms 5
48.5 ms 15
36.5 ms 15
18.5 ms 25
>200 ns
>200 ns
(0–:4–)
(1/2+)
(2–,3–)
(1/2+)
(1/2+)
<30 ns
43.7 ms 6
260 ms 80
270.3 ms 5
26
27
0+
(5/2+)
27 . 1s
17 . 0s
<79 ns
15.5 ms 15
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
0+
5/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
7/2–
0+
(7/2)–
0+
(7/2–)
0+
4.1
–3 . 16
–14 . 062
–19 . 043
–26 . 015
–26 . 586
–29 . 931
–28 . 846
–30 . 664
–26 . 896
–26 . 861
–23 . 16
–22 . 9
–19 . 09
–17 . 7
–12 . 07
–9 . 1
–4 . 0
0 . 0s
7 . 4s
12 . 8s
21 . 2s
125 ms 10
187 ms 4
1.178 s 5
2.572 s 13
94.99% 26
0.75% 2
4.25% 24
87.37 d 4
0.01% 1
5.05 m 2
170.3 m 7
11.5 s 5
8.8 s 22
1.99 s 5
1.03 s 3
0.28 s 3
100 ms 1
68 ms 2
50 ms 8
17 Cl 28
Decay Mode
37 . 2s
0+
0+
0+
(1+)
≥200 ns
<200 ns
27 . 5s
ε ?, p ?
p
ε , εp
ε , εp 0 . 07%
ε , εp 1 . 3×10 –3% ,
εα 8 . 6×10 –4%
ε
ε
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β–
12%
26%
15 . 8%
30%
50%
2p ?
ε , εp 2 . 3%,
ε2p 1 . 1%
ε , εp 20 . 7%
ε , εp 47%
ε
ε
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β–
n
p?
6
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n 40%
β–n 18%
β–n 54%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
17 Cl 29
30
31
32
33
34
34m
35
36
37
38
38m
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
18 Ar 30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
19 K
32
33
Jπ
(3/2+)
(3+)
1+
3/2+
0+
3+
3/2+
2+
3/2+
2–
5–
3/2+
2–
(1/2+)
(1/2+)
(2–)
(1/2+)
(3/2+)
0+
5/2(+)
0+
1/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
7/2–
0+
7/2–
0+
(5/2–)
0+
5/2–,7/2–
0+
(3/2)–
0+
0+
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
13 . 8s
4 . 4s
–7 . 07
–13 . 335
<20 ns
<30 ns
150 ms 25
298 ms 1
–21 . 003
–24 . 440
–24 . 294
–29 . 013
–29 . 521
–31 . 761
–29 . 798
–29 . 127
–29 . 800
–27 . 56
–27 . 31
–24 . 9
–24 . 4
–20 . 6
–18 . 36
–13 . 8
–10 . 1s
–4 . 1s
1 . 1s
8 . 4s
14 . 5s
2.511 s 4
1.5264 s 14
32.00 m 4
75.76% 10
3.01×10 5 y 2
24.24% 10
37.24 m 5
715 ms 3
56.2 m 6
1.35 m 2
38.4 s 8
6.8 s 3
3.13 s 9
0.56 s 11
413 ms 25
232 ms 2
101 ms 6
≥200 ns
≥170 ns
>620 ns
>200 ns
21 . 5s
11 . 3s
–2 . 200
–9 . 384
–18 . 377
–23 . 047
–30 . 231
–30 . 947
–34 . 714
–33 . 242
–35 . 040
–33 . 067
–34 . 422
–32 . 009
–32 . 673
–29 . 770
–29 . 73
–25 . 21
–22 . 6s
–16 . 8s
–12 . 8s
–5 . 9s
–1 . 0s
7 . 1s
<20 ns
14.4 ms 6
100.5 ms 3
173.0 ms 20
844.5 ms 34
1.7756 s 10
0.3336% 21
35.04 d 4
0.0629% 7
269 y 3
99.6035% 25
109.61 m 4
32.9 y 11
5.37 m 6
11.87 m 5
21.48 s 15
8.4 s 6
1.23 s 3
475 ms 40
170 ms 50
85 ms 30
>200 ns
>620 ns
>620 ns
21 . 1s
7 . 0s
<25 ns
7
Decay Mode
p
p
ε , εp 0 . 7%
ε , εα 0 . 05%,
εp 0 . 03%
ε
ε
ε 55 . 4% , IT 44 . 6%
β– 98 . 1% , ε 1 . 9%
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β–
β– ,
β–
β–n < 8%
β–n 24%
β–n 60%
β–n > 0%
β–n
p?
ε , εp 62%, ε2p 8 . 5%
ε , εp 35 . 6%
ε , εp 38 . 7%
ε
ε
ε
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n < 0 . 2%
β–
β– , β–n 65%
β– , β–n 35%
β–
β– ?
β– ? , β–n ?, β–2n ?
p?
p
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
34
35
36
(1+)
3/2+
2+
–1 . 2s
–11 . 172
–17 . 417
<25 ns
178 ms 8
342 ms 2
37
38
38m
39
40
3/2+
3+
0+
3/2+
4–
–24 . 800
–28 . 800
–28 . 670
–33 . 807
–33 . 535
–35 . 560
–35 . 022
–36 . 575
–35 . 781
–36 . 615
–35 . 413
–35 . 708
–32 . 285
–29 . 611
–25 . 74
–21 . 6s
–16 . 0s
–11 . 1s
1.226 s 7
7.636 m 18
924.3 ms 3
93.2581% 44
1.248×10 9 y 3
0.0117% 1
6.7302% 44
12.321 h 25
22.3 h 1
22.13 m 19
17.81 m 61
105 s 10
17.50 s 24
6.8 s 2
1.26 s 5
472 ms 4
365 ms 5
118 ms 6
30 ms 5
–4 . 3s
2s
8 . 7s
10 ms 5
>360 ns
>620 ns
0+
13 . 9s
4 . 8s
<35 ns
25.7 ms 2
36
37
38
39
40
0+
3/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
–6 . 45
–13 . 135
–22 . 058
–27 . 282
–34 . 846
41
42
43
44
45
46
7/2–
0+
7/2–
0+
7/2–
0+
–35 . 137
–38 . 547
–38 . 408
–41 . 468
–40 . 812
–43 . 139
47
48
7/2–
0+
–42 . 345
–44 . 223
49
50
51
52
53
54
3/2–
0+
(3/2–)
0+
–41 . 298
–39 . 588
–35 . 87
–32 . 5
–27 . 5s
–23 . 0s
102 ms 2
181.1 ms 10
440 ms 12
859.6 ms 14
>3.0×10 2 1 y
96.94% 16
1.02×10 5 y 7
0.647% 23
0.135% 10
2.09% 11
162.61 d 9
>0.28×10 1 6 y
0.004% 3
4.536 d 3
>5.8×10 2 2 y
0.187% 21
8.718 m 6
13.9 s 6
10.0 s 8
4.6 s 3
90 ms 15
86 ms 7
Nuclide
Z El A
19 K
41
3/2+
42
2–
43
3/2+
44
2–
45
3/2+
46
(2–)
47
1/2+
48
(2–)
49 ( 1 / 2 + , 3 / 2 + )
50 (0–,1–,2–)
51 ( 1 / 2 + , 3 / 2 + )
52
(2–)
53
(3/2+)
54
55
56
20 Ca 34
35
(3/2–,5/2–)
0+
8
Decay Mode
p
ε , εp 0 . 37%
ε , εp 0 . 05%,
εα 3 . 4×10 –3%
ε
ε
ε 99 . 97% , IT 0 . 03%
β– 89 . 28% ,
ε 10 . 72%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 1 . 14%
β– , β–n 86%
β– , β–n 29%
β– , β–n 47%
β– , β–n ≈ 73%
β– , β–n ≈ 75%,
β–2n < 1%
β– , β–n > 0%
β– , β–n
β– , β–n ?, β–2n ?
p
ε , εp 95 . 9%,
ε2p 4 . 1%
ε , εp 54 . 3%
ε , εp 82 . 1%
ε
ε
2ε
ε
β–
2β–
β–
2β– 75%
β–
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–n ≤ 2%
β– , β–n > 30%
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
20 Ca 55
56
57
58
21 Sc 36
37
38
39
40
41
42
42m
43
44
44m
45
45m
46
46m
47
48
49
50
50m
51
52
53
54
55
56
56m
57
58
59
60
61
22 Ti 38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
Jπ
(5/2–)
0+
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–17 . 0s
–12 . 4s
–5s
–0 . 3s
22 ms 2
11 ms 2
>620 ns
>620 ns
15 . 5s
3 . 6s
–4 . 4s
–14 . 17
–20 . 523
<300 ns
182.3 ms 7
7/2–
0+
(7)+
7/2–
2+
6+
7/2–
3/2+
4+
1–
7/2–
6+
7/2–
5+
2+,3+
(7/2)–
3(+)
(7/2–)
(3)+
(7/2)–
(1+)
(5,6)+
(7/2–)
–28 . 642
–32 . 121
–31 . 505
–36 . 188
–37 . 816
–37 . 545
–41 . 070
–41 . 058
–41 . 759
–41 . 617
–44 . 336
–44 . 502
–46 . 560
–44 . 55
–44 . 29
–43 . 23
–40 . 4
–37 . 5s
–33 . 7s
–29 . 6
–24 . 5s
–24 . 5s
–20 . 1s
–14 . 4s
–9 . 6s
–3 . 4s
1 . 6s
596.3 ms 17
681.3 ms 7
61.7 s 4
3.891 h 12
3.97 h 4
58.61 h 10
100%
318 ms 7
83.79 d 4
18.75 s 4
3.3492 d 6
43.67 h 9
57.18 m 13
102.5 s 5
0.35 s 4
12.4 s 1
8.2 s 2
2.4 s 6
526 ms 15
96 ms 2
26 ms 6
75 ms 6
22 ms 2
12 ms 5
>360 ns
>360 ns
>360 ns
0+
(3/2+)
0+
3/2+
0+
7/2–
0+
7/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
7/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
10 . 6s
2 . 2s
–8 . 9
–15 . 1
–25 . 104
–29 . 321
–37 . 548
–39 . 008
–44 . 127
–44 . 936
–48 . 491
–48 . 562
–51 . 430
–49 . 731
–49 . 468
(7/2–)
4–
31 ms +6–4
52.4 ms 3
80.4 ms 9
199 ms 6
509 ms 5
60.0 y 11
184.8 m 5
8.25% 3
7.44% 2
73.72% 3
5.41% 2
5.18% 2
5.76 m 1
1.7 m 1
9
Decay Mode
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n
β–n ?
β–n , β–2n
β–n
p?
p?
p
p
ε , εp 0 . 44%,
εα 0 . 02%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT 98 . 8% , ε 1 . 2%
IT
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
IT > 97 . 5% , β– < 2 . 5%
β–
β–
β– , β–n ?
β–
β– , β–n 17%
β– , β–n ?
β– , β–n > 14%
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
ε , εp
ε , εp 97 . 5%
ε , εp
ε
ε
ε
ε
β–
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
22 Ti 53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
23 V
40
41
42
43
44
44m
45
46
46m
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
60m
60m
61
62
63
64
65
66
Jπ
(3/2)–
0+
(1/2)–
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(1/2–)
0+
(2+)
(6+)
7/2–
0+
3+
3/2–
4+
7/2–
6+
7/2–
3+
7/2–
3+
(7/2–)
1+
(7/2–)
(1+)
(5/2–)
(3/2–)
7/2–
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–46 . 8
–45 . 6
–41 . 7
–38 . 9
–33 . 5
–30 . 7s
–25 . 0s
–21 . 5s
–15 . 5s
–11 . 8s
–5 . 2s
32.7 s 9
1.5 s 4
1.3 s 1
0.200 s 5
98 ms 5
57 ms 10
27.5 ms 25
22.4 ms 25
15 ms 4
>620 ns
>360 ns
11 . 6s
0 . 0s
–7 . 6s
–18 . 0s
–24 . 1
–24 . 1
–31 . 88
–37 . 074
–36 . 272
–42 . 005
–44 . 476
–47 . 960
–49 . 224
–52 . 203
–51 . 443
–51 . 849
–49 . 89
–49 . 2
–46 . 1
–44 . 2
–40 . 2
–37 . 1
–32 . 6
–32 . 6
–32 . 6
–29 . 5s
–24 . 6s
–21 . 1s
–15 . 6s
–11 . 3s
–5 . 3s
<55 ns
79.3 ms 24
111 ms 7
150 ms 3
547 ms 6
422.50 ms 11
1.02 ms 7
32.6 m 3
15.9735 d 25
330 d 15
>2.1×10 1 7 y
0.250% 2
99.750% 2
3.743 m 5
1.543 m 14
49.8 s 5
6.54 s 15
0.216 s 4
0.32 s 3
191 ms 10
97 ms 2
68 ms 5
40 ms 15
122 ms 18
52.6 ms 42
33.5 ms 20
19.2 ms 24
19 ms 8
>360 ns
>360 ns
13.3 ms 10
20.6 ms 9
24 Cr 42
43
0+
(3/2+)
6 . 5s
–1 . 9s
44
45
46
47
48
49
0+
(7/2–)
0+
3/2–
0+
5/2–
–13 . 1s
–19 . 4s
–29 . 47
–34 . 56
–42 . 821
–45 . 332
42.8 ms 6
60.9 ms 4
0.26 s 6
500 ms 15
21.56 h 3
42.3 m 1
10
Decay Mode
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
p?
p?
p
ε
ε , εα
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε
ε > 92 . 9% ,
β– < 7 . 1%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n < 3%
β–n
β–n
β–n ≥ 6%
β–n
β–n ≈ 35%
β–n
β–n
ε , εp 94 . 4%
ε , εp 81%, ε2p 7 . 1%,
ε3p 0 . 08%
ε , εp 14%
ε , εp 34 . 4%
ε
ε
ε
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
24 Cr 50
0+
–50 . 261
7/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
(3/2)–
0+
(1/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
1/2–
0+
(1/2–)
0+
–51 . 451
–55 . 418
–55 . 285
–56 . 933
–55 . 108
–55 . 281
–52 . 524
–51 . 8
–47 . 9
–46 . 5
–42 . 2
–40 . 4
–35 . 6s
–33 . 3s
–27 . 8s
–24 . 3s
–18 . 5s
–14 . 9s
>1.3×10 1 8 y
4.345% 13
27.7025 d 24
83.789% 18
9.501% 17
2.365% 7
3.497 m 3
5.94 m 10
21.1 s 10
7.0 s 3
1.05 s 9
0.49 s 1
243 ms 11
206 ms 12
129 ms 2
42 ms 2
28 ms 3
23 ms 4
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
25 Mn 44
45
46
47
48
49
50
50m
51
52
52m
53
54
55
56
57
58
58m
59
60
60m
61
62m
62m
63
64
64m
65
66
67
68
0+
(2–)
(4+)
(5/2–)
4+
5/2–
0+
5+
5/2–
6+
2+
7/2–
3+
5/2–
3+
5/2–
1+
4+
(5/2)–
1+
4+
(5/2)–
(3+)
(1+)
5/2–
(1+)
(4+)
(5/2–)
(5/2+)
(>3)
6 . 7s
–5 . 1s
–12 . 0s
–22 . 3s
–29 . 3
–37 . 61
–42 . 627
–42 . 402
–48 . 243
–50 . 706
–50 . 328
–54 . 689
–55 . 556
–57 . 711
–56 . 910
–57 . 486
–55 . 827
–55 . 755
–55 . 525
–52 . 967
–52 . 695
–51 . 742
–48 . 180
–48 . 180
–46 . 886
–42 . 989
–42 . 814
–40 . 967
–36 . 75
–32 . 8s
–28 . 0s
ε
>360 ns
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ,
<105 ns
ε, p
36.2 ms 4
88.0 ms 13
158.1 ms 22
382 ms 7
283.19 ms 10
1.75 m 3
46.2 m 1
5.591 d 3
21.1 m 2
3.74×10 6 y 4
312.12 d 6
100%
2.5789 h 1
85.4 s 18
3.0 s 1
65.4 s 5
4.59 s 5
0.28 s 2
1.77 s 2
0.67 s 4
671 ms 5
92 ms 13
0.275 s 4
90 ms 4
0.50 ms 5
84 ms 8
65 ms 2
51 ms 4
28 ms 3
11
Decay Mode
2ε
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
ε , εp 57%
ε , εp < 1 . 7%
ε , εp 0 . 28%,
εα < 6 . 0×10 –4%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε 98 . 25% , IT 1 . 75%
ε
ε , β– < 2 . 9×10 –4%
β–
β–
β–
β– ≈ 90% , IT ≈ 10%
β–
β–
β– 88 . 5% , IT 11 . 5%
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n 33%
IT
β–
β–
β– , β–n > 10%
β– , β–n
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
18 ms 4
>360 ns
>637 ns
25 Mn 69
70
71
5/2–
–24 . 4s
–19 . 2s
26 Fe 45
(3/2+)
13 . 8s
46
0+
47
(7/2–)
48
0+
49
(7/2–)
50
0+
51
5/2–
52
0+
52m
12+
53
7/2–
53m 19/2–
54
0+
55
3/2–
56
0+
57
1/2–
58
0+
59
3/2–
60
0+
61 3/2–,5/2–
62
0+
63
(5/2–)
64
0+
65
(1/2–)
65m (9/2+)
66
0+
67
(1/2–)
68
0+
69
1/2–
70
0+
71
72
0+
73
74
0+
27 Co 47
48
49
50
(6+)
51
(7/2–)
52
(6+)
53
(7/2–)
53m (19/2–)
54
0+
54m
7+
55
7/2–
56
4+
57
7/2–
58
2+
0 . 8s
–6 . 6s
–18 . 16s
–24 . 8s
–34 . 49
–40 . 22
–48 . 332
–41 . 374
–50 . 946
–47 . 906
–56 . 253
–57 . 480
–60 . 606
–60 . 181
–62 . 154
–60 . 664
–61 . 412
–58 . 920
–58 . 877
–55 . 635
–54 . 969
–51 . 221
–50 . 819
–50 . 067
–45 . 7
–43 . 1
–38 . 4s
–36 . 3s
–31 . 0s
–28 . 3s
10 . 3s
1 . 9s
–9 . 6s
–17 . 2s
–27 . 3s
–33 . 92s
–42 . 658
–39 . 461
–48 . 009
–47 . 812
–54 . 029
–56 . 039
–59 . 344
–59 . 846
Decay Mode
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–n , β–2n
1.89 ms +49–21 2p 70% , ε ≤ 30%,
εp 19% , ε2p 7 . 8%,
ε3p 3 . 3%
13.0 ms 20
ε , εp 78 . 7%
21.9 ms 2
ε , εp 88 . 4%, ε2p
45.3 ms 6
ε , εp 15 . 9%
64.7 ms 3
ε , εp 56 . 7%
155 ms 11
ε , εp ?
305 ms 5
ε
8.275 h 8
ε
45.9 s 6
ε , IT < 4 . 0×10 –3%
8.51 m 2
ε
2.54 m 2
IT
5.845% 35
2.744 y 9
ε
91.754% 36
2.119% 10
0.282% 4
44.495 d 9
β–
2.62×10 6 y 4
β–
5.98 m 6
β–
68 s 2
β–
6.1 s 6
β–
2.0 s 2
β–
0.81 s 5
β–
1.12 s 15
β–
440 ms 60
β–
0.40 s 4
β–
180 ms 19
β–
110 ms 6
β–
71 ms 10
β–
28 ms 5
β– , β–n
≥150 ns
β– , β–n 27 . 6%
>633 ns
β– , β–n , β–2n
>638 ns
β– , β–n , β–2n
38.8 ms 2
>200 ns
115 ms 23
240 ms 9
247 ms 12
193.28 ms 7
1.48 m 2
17.53 h 3
77.236 d 26
271.74 d 6
70.86 d 6
12
ε , εp 70 . 5%, ε2p
ε
ε
ε
ε ≈ 98 . 5% , p ≈ 1 . 5%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
27 Co 58m
5+
59
7/2–
60
5+
60m
2+
61
7/2–
62
2+
62m
5+
63
7/2–
64
1+
65
(7/2)–
66
(3+)
67
(7/2–)
68
(7–)
68m
(3+)
69
7/2–
70
(6–)
70m
(3+)
71
(7/2–)
72
(6–,7–)
73
74
0+
75
(7/2–)
76
–59 . 821
–62 . 229
–61 . 649
–61 . 590
–62 . 897
–61 . 43
–61 . 41
–61 . 84
–59 . 79
–59 . 185
–56 . 41
–55 . 321
–51 . 9
–51 . 9
–50 . 0
–45 . 6
–45 . 6
–43 . 9
–39 . 7s
–37 . 2s
–32 . 7s
–29 . 4s
9.10 h 9
100%
1925.28 d 14
10.467 m 6
1.650 h 5
1.50 m 4
13.91 m 5
27.4 s 5
0.30 s 3
1.16 s 3
0.20 s 2
0.425 s 20
0.199 s 21
1.6 s 3
229 ms 24
108 ms 7
0.50 s 18
80 ms 3
59.9 ms 17
41 ms 4
25 ms 5
>150 ns
>634 ns
28 Ni 48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
68m
69
69m
70
71
71m
72
73
18 . 0s
8 . 7s
–3 . 6s
–11 . 5s
–22 . 9s
–29 . 7s
–39 . 22
–45 . 335
–53 . 906
–56 . 083
–60 . 228
–61 . 156
–64 . 472
–64 . 221
–66 . 745
–65 . 512
–67 . 098
–65 . 125
–66 . 006
–63 . 742
–63 . 463
–60 . 614
–59 . 978
–59 . 657
–59 . 213
–55 . 405
–54 . 906
–54 . 225
–50 . 107
2.1 ms +14–6
7.5 ms 10
18.5 ms 12
23.8 ms 2
40.8 ms 2
55.2 ms 7
104 ms 7
204.7 ms 37
6.075 d 10
35.60 h 6
68.077% 9
7.6×10 4 y 5
26.223% 8
1.1399% 13
3.6346% 40
101.2 y 15
0.9255% 19
2.5175 h 5
54.6 h 3
21 s 1
29 s 2
0.86 ms 5
11.2 s 9
3.5 s 9
6.0 s 3
2.56 s 3
2.3 s 3
1.57 s 5
0.84 s 3
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
0+
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
7/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
1/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
(1/2)–
0+
5–
9/2+
1/2–
0+
(9/2+)
(1/2–)
0+
(9/2+)
13
Decay Mode
IT
β–
IT 99 . 76% , β– 0 . 24%
β–
β–
β– > 99% , IT < 1%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n ≤ 6%
β– , β–n ≥ 6%
β–
β– , β–n ≈ 18%
β–
β– , β–2n , β–n
2p ≈ 70% , ε
ε , εp 83%
ε , εp 86 . 7%, ε2p
ε , εp 87 . 2%
ε , εp 31 . 4%
ε , εp 23 . 4%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
28 Ni 74
75
76
77
78
79
Jπ
0+
(7/2+)
0+
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–48 . 7s
–44 . 1s
–41 . 6s
–36 . 7s
–34 . 1s
0.68 s 18
344 ms 25
0.238 s +15–18
128 ms +36–32
0.11 s +10–6
>635 ns
Decay Mode
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n
β–n 10%
β–n
β–n 30%
β–n
β–n , β–2n
29 Cu 52
(3+)
53
(3/2–)
54
(3+)
55
(3/2–)
56
(4+)
57
3/2–
58
1+
59
3/2–
60
2+
61
3/2–
62
1+
63
3/2–
64
1+
65
3/2–
66
1+
67
3/2–
68
1+
68m
(6–)
69
3/2–
70
(6–)
70m
(3–)
70m
1+
71
3/2(–)
72
(2)
73
(3/2–)
74
(1+,3+)
75
(5/2–)
76
(3,4)
76m
77
(5/2–)
78 (4–,5–,6–)
79
80
81
82
–1 . 9s
–13 . 5s
–21 . 4s
–31 . 6s
–38 . 2s
–47 . 308
–51 . 667
–56 . 357
–58 . 344
–61 . 983
–62 . 786
–65 . 579
–65 . 424
–67 . 263
–66 . 257
–67 . 318
–65 . 567
–64 . 845
–65 . 736
–62 . 976
–62 . 875
–62 . 733
–62 . 711
–59 . 782
–58 . 987
–56 . 006
–54 . 471
–50 . 975
–50 . 975
–48 . 3
–44 . 5
–41 . 9s
–36 . 4s
30 Zn 54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
61m
61m
61m
–6 . 0s
1.59 ms +60–35 2p 92%
–14 . 4s
19.8 ms 13
ε , εp 91%
–25 . 2s
30.0 ms 17
ε , εp 86%
–32 . 5s
38 ms 4
ε , εp ≥ 65%
–42 . 30
86 ms 8
ε , εp < 3%
–47 . 214
182.0 ms 18
ε , εp 0 . 1%
–54 . 173
2.38 m 5
ε
–56 . 34
89.1 s 2
ε
–56 . 25
<430 ms
IT
–55 . 92
0.14 s 7
IT
–55 . 59
<0.13 s
IT
14
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
3/2–
0+
3/2–
1/2–
3/2–
5/2–
<300 ns
<75 ns
27 ms 8
93 ms 3
196.3 ms 7
3.204 s 7
81.5 s 5
23.7 m 4
3.333 h 5
9.673 m 8
69.15% 15
12.701 h 2
30.85% 15
5.120 m 14
61.83 h 12
30.9 s 6
3.75 m 5
2.85 m 15
44.5 s 2
33 s 2
6.6 s 2
19.4 s 16
6.63 s 3
4.2 s 3
1.594 s 10
1.222 s 8
637 ms 7
1.27 s 30
468.1 ms 20
335 ms 11
188 ms 25
0.17 s +11–5
>632 ns
>636 ns
p
ε, p
p
ε , εp 15%
ε , εp 0 . 4%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε 61 . 5% , β– 38 . 5%
β–
β–
β–
IT 84% , β– 16%
β–
β–
β– 52% , IT 48%
β– 93 . 2% , IT 6 . 8%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 3 . 5%
β– , β–n 7 . 2%
β–
β– , β–n 30 . 3%
β– , β–n > 65%
β– , β–n 55%
β–
β– , β–2n , β–n
β– , β–n , β–2n
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
30 Zn 62
63
64
0+
3/2–
0+
–61 . 167
–62 . 213
–66 . 003
65
66
67
68
69
69m
70
5/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
1/2–
9/2+
0+
–65 . 911
–68 . 899
–67 . 880
–70 . 006
–68 . 417
–67 . 978
–69 . 564
71
71m
72
73
73m
73m
74
75
76
77
77m
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
1/2–
9/2+
0+
(1/2)–
–67 . 328
–67 . 170
–68 . 145
–65 . 593
–65 . 593
–65 . 397
–65 . 756
–62 . 558
–62 . 303
–58 . 789
–58 . 017
–57 . 483
–53 . 432
–51 . 648
–46 . 199
–42 . 6s
–36 . 7s
9.186 h 13
38.47 m 5
≥7.0×10 2 0 y
49.17% 75
243.93 d 9
27.73% 98
4.04% 16
18.45% 63
56.4 m 9
13.76 h 2
≥2.3×10 1 7 y
0.61% 10
2.45 m 10
3.96 h 5
46.5 h 1
23.5 s 10
5.8 s 8
13.0 ms 2
95.6 s 12
10.2 s 2
5.7 s 3
2.08 s 5
1.05 s 10
1.47 s 15
0.995 s 19
0.54 s 2
304 ms 13
>150 ns
>300 ns
>633 ns
>637 ns
31 Ga 56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
74m
(5/2+)
0+
(7/2+)
0+
(7/2+)
(1/2–)
0+
(9/2+)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
0+
(2+)
–4 . 2s
–15 . 6s
–23 . 8s
–34 . 0s
–39 . 8s
3/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
3/2–
1+
3/2–
1+
3/2–
3–
3/2–
(3–)
(0)
–47 . 09
–51 . 986
–56 . 547
–58 . 833
–62 . 657
–63 . 724
–66 . 878
–67 . 085
–69 . 327
–68 . 910
–70 . 139
–68 . 588
–69 . 699
–68 . 049
–67 . 989
70 ms 13
167 ms 3
116.121 ms 21
32.4 s 5
2.627 m 12
15.2 m 2
9.49 h 3
3.2617 d 5
67.71 m 9
60.108% 9
21.14 m 3
39.892% 9
14.10 h 2
4.86 h 3
8.12 m 12
9.5 s 10
15
Decay Mode
ε
ε
2ε
ε
β–
IT 99 . 97% , β– 0 . 03%
2β–
β–
β– , IT ≤ 0 . 05%
β–
β–
β– , IT
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
IT > 50% , β– < 50%
β–
β– , β–n 1 . 3%
β– , β–n 1%
β– , β–n 7 . 5%
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–2n , β–n
β– ? , β–n ?, β–2n ?
p?
p?
p?
p?
ε 98 . 4% , εp 1 . 6%,
εα < 0 . 02%
ε , εp < 0 . 25%
ε , εp
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
β– 99 . 59% , ε 0 . 41%
β–
β–
β–
IT 75% , β– < 50%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
31 Ga 75
3/2–
76
2+
77
3/2–
78
2+
79
3/2–
80
3
81
5/2–
82
(1,2,3)
83
84
(0–)
84m (3–,4–)
85 ( 1 / 2 – , 3 / 2 – )
86
87
–68 . 464
–66 . 296
–65 . 992
–63 . 705
–62 . 547
–59 . 223
–57 . 627
–52 . 930
–49 . 257
–44 . 3s
–44 . 3s
–40 . 2s
–34 . 5s
126 s 2
32.6 s 6
13.2 s 2
5.09 s 5
2.847 s 3
1.676 s 14
1.217 s 5
0.599 s 2
308.1 ms 10
0.085 s 10
<0.085 s
<100 ms
>150 ns
>634 ns
32 Ge 58
0+
59
60
0+
61
(3/2–)
62
0+
63
3/2–
64
0+
65
3/2–
66
0+
67
1/2–
68
0+
69
5/2–
70
0+
71
1/2–
71m
9/2+
72
0+
73
9/2+
73m
1/2–
74
0+
75
1/2–
75m
7/2+
76
0+
77
7/2+
77m
1/2–
78
0+
79
(1/2)–
79m (7/2+)
80
0+
81
(9/2+)
81m (1/2+)
82
0+
83
(5/2)+
84
0+
85 ( 1 / 2 + , 5 / 2 + )
86
0+
87
(5/2+)
88
0+
89
–7 . 7s
–16 . 5s
–27 . 6s
–33 . 7s
–42 . 2s
–46 . 92
–54 . 315
–56 . 480
–61 . 606
–62 . 657
–66 . 978
–67 . 100
–70 . 561
–69 . 906
–69 . 708
–72 . 585
–71 . 297
–71 . 230
–73 . 422
–71 . 856
–71 . 716
–73 . 212
–71 . 213
–71 . 053
–71 . 862
–69 . 53
–69 . 34
–69 . 535
–66 . 291
–65 . 612
–65 . 415
–60 . 976
–58 . 148
–53 . 123
–49 . 8s
–44 . 2s
–40 . 2s
–33 . 8s
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
>110 ns
44 ms 6
129 ms 35
150 ms 9
63.7 s 25
30.9 s 5
2.26 h 5
18.9 m 3
270.95 d 16
39.05 h 10
20.57% 27
11.43 d 3
20.41 ms 18
27.45% 32
7.75% 12
0.499 s 11
36.50% 20
82.78 m 4
47.7 s 5
7.73% 12
11.30 h 1
52.9 s 6
88.0 m 10
18.98 s 3
39.0 s 10
29.5 s 4
7.6 s 6
7.6 s 6
4.56 s 26
1.85 s 6
0.954 s 14
0.56 s 5
>150 ns
≈0.14 s
≥300 ns
≥300 ns
16
Decay Mode
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n 0 . 09%
β–n 0 . 86%
β–n 11 . 9%
β–n 19 . 8%
β–n 62 . 8%
β–n 74%
β–n ?
β–n > 35%
β–n
β–n , β–2n
2p ?
2p ?
εp , ε
ε , εp > 58%
ε , εp
ε
ε
ε , εp 0 . 01%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
IT
β–
IT 99 . 97% , β– 0 . 03%
β–
β– 81% ,
β–
β–
β– 96% ,
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β–
β– ?
IT 19%
IT 4%
10 . 2%
14%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
32 Ge 90
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
>635 ns
33 As 60
61
62
63
3/2–
64
65
66
(0+)
67
(5/2–)
68
3+
69
5/2–
70
4+
71
5/2–
72
2–
73
3/2–
74
2–
75
3/2–
75m
9/2+
76
2–
77
3/2–
78
2–
79
3/2–
80
1+
81
3/2–
82
(2–)
82m
(5–)
83 ( 5 / 2 – , 3 / 2 – )
84
(3–)
85
(3/2–)
86
87
(3/2–)
88
89
90
91
92
–6 . 1s
–17 . 8s
–24 . 8s
–33 . 5s
–39 . 4s
–46 . 94
–52 . 03
–56 . 585
–58 . 894
–63 . 09
–64 . 34
–67 . 893
–68 . 229
–70 . 952
–70 . 859
–73 . 033
–72 . 729
–72 . 290
–73 . 916
–72 . 817
–73 . 636
–72 . 17
–72 . 533
–70 . 103
–69 . 956
–69 . 669
–65 . 853
–63 . 189
–58 . 962
–55 . 617
–50 . 9s
–46 . 9s
–41 . 3s
–36 . 9s
–31 . 0s
34 Se 64
0+
65
(3/2–)
66
0+
67
68
0+
69 ( 1 / 2 – , 3 / 2 – )
70
0+
71
(5/2–)
72
0+
73
9/2+
73m
3/2–
74
0+
75
5/2+
76
0+
77
1/2–
77m
7/2+
–26 . 9s
–32 . 9s
–41 . 7s
–46 . 58
–54 . 189
–56 . 30
–61 . 929
–63 . 146
–67 . 868
–68 . 227
–68 . 201
–72 . 212
–72 . 169
–75 . 251
–74 . 599
–74 . 437
<43 ns
18 ms +43–7
128 ms 16
95.77 ms 23
42.5 s 12
151.6 s 8
15.2 m 2
52.6 m 3
65.30 h 7
26.0 h 1
80.30 d 6
17.77 d 2
100%
17.62 ms 23
1.0942 d 7
38.83 h 5
90.7 m 2
9.01 m 15
15.2 s 2
33.3 s 8
19.1 s 5
13.6 s 4
13.4 s 3
4.2 s 5
2.021 s 10
0.945 s 8
0.56 s 8
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>150 ns
>180 ns
33 ms 4
136 ms 12
35.5 s 7
27.4 s 2
41.1 m 3
4.74 m 5
8.40 d 8
7.15 h 8
39.8 m 13
0.89% 4
119.79 d 4
9.37% 29
7.63% 16
17.4 s 8
17
Decay Mode
β– , β–n , β–2n
p?
p?
p?
p
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε 66% , β– 34%
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 0 . 18%
β– , β–n 59 . 4%
β– , β–n 26%
β– , β–n 15 . 4%
β–
β– ? , β–n ?
β– , β–n
β–
β–
ε
ε , εp
ε , εp 0 . 5%
ε
ε , εp 0 . 05%
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT 72 . 6% , ε 27 . 4%
ε
IT
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
34 Se 78
79
79m
80
81
81m
82
83
83m
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
35 Br 67
68
69
70
70m
71
72
72m
73
74
74m
75
76
76m
77
77m
78
79
79m
80
80m
81
82
82m
83
84
84m
85
86
87
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
23.77% 28
2.95×10 5 y 38
3.92 m 1
49.61% 41
18.45 m 12
57.28 m 2
8.73% 22
22.3 m 3
70.1 s 4
3.26 m 10
32.9 s 3
14.3 s 3
5.50 s 12
1.53 s 6
0.41 s 4
>300 ns
0.27 s 5
0+
(1/2+)
0+
–77 . 025
–75 . 917
–75 . 821
–77 . 759
–76 . 389
–76 . 286
–77 . 594
–75 . 340
–75 . 112
–75 . 947
–72 . 413
–70 . 503
–66 . 426
–63 . 884
–58 . 992
–55 . 9s
–50 . 3s
–46 . 7s
–40 . 7s
–36 . 8s
0+
9+
(5/2)–
1+
(3–)
1/2–
(0–)
4(+)
3/2–
1–
(4)+
3/2–
9/2+
1+
–32 . 8s
–38 . 7s
–46 . 5s
–51 . 42
–49 . 13
–56 . 502
–59 . 067
–58 . 966
–63 . 647
–65 . 285
–65 . 271
–69 . 107
–70 . 288
–70 . 185
–73 . 234
–73 . 128
–73 . 452
<1.2 μs
<24 ns
79.1 ms 8
2.2 s 2
21.4 s 6
78.6 s 24
10.6 s 3
3.4 m 2
25.4 m 3
46 m 2
96.7 m 13
16.2 h 2
1.31 s 2
57.036 h 6
4.28 m 10
6.45 m 4
3/2–
9/2+
1+
5–
3/2–
5–
2–
3/2–
2–
(6)–
3/2–
(1–)
3/2–
–76 . 068
–75 . 860
–75 . 889
–75 . 803
–77 . 975
–77 . 497
–77 . 451
–79 . 006
–77 . 79
–77 . 47
–78 . 575
–75 . 632
–73 . 891
50.69% 7
5.1 s 4
17.68 m 2
4.4205 h 8
49.31% 7
35.282 h 7
6.13 m 5
2.40 h 2
31.76 m 8
6.0 m 2
2.90 m 6
55.1 s 4
55.65 s 13
Jπ
0+
7/2+
1/2–
0+
1/2–
7/2+
0+
9/2+
1/2–
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
>150 ns
>300 ns
18
Decay Mode
β–
IT 99 . 94% , β– 0 . 06%
β–
IT 99 . 95% , β– 0 . 05%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 0 . 2%
β– , β–n 0 . 67%
β– , β–n 7 . 8%
β– , β–n
β– , β–n 21%
β–
β–
β–
β– ? , β–n ?, β–2n ?
p?
p?
p?
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT , ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT > 99 . 4% , ε < 0 . 6%
ε
IT
ε ≥ 99 . 99% ,
β– ≤ 0 . 01%
IT
β– 91 . 7% , ε 8 . 3%
IT
β–
IT 97 . 6% , β– 2 . 4%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 2 . 6%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
35 Br 88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
36 Kr 69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
79m
80
81
81m
82
83
83m
84
85
85m
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
37 Rb 71
72
73
Jπ
(2–)
(3/2–,5/2–)
(2–)
(5/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
3/2–
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
1/2–
7/2+
0+
7/2+
1/2–
0+
9/2+
1/2–
0+
9/2+
1/2–
0+
5/2+
0+
3/2(+)
0+
5/2(+)
0+
1/2+
0+
1/2(+)
0+
(3/2+)
0+
0+
(3+)
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–70 . 715
–68 . 274
–64 . 000
–61 . 107
–56 . 232
–52 . 9s
–47 . 6s
–43 . 9s
–38 . 3s
–34 . 5s
16.29 s 6
4.40 s 3
1.91 s 1
0.541 s 5
0.343 s 15
102 ms 10
70 ms 20
≥150 ns
≥150 ns
>300 ns
>634 ns
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β– ,
–32 . 4s
–41 . 6s
–46 . 3
–53 . 940
–56 . 551
–62 . 331
–64 . 323
–69 . 014
–70 . 169
–74 . 179
32 ms 10
52 ms 17
100 ms 3
17.1 s 2
27.3 s 10
11.50 m 11
4.29 m 17
14.8 h 1
74.4 m 6
≥1.5×10 2 1 y
0.355% 3
35.04 h 10
50 s 3
2.286% 10
2.29×10 5 y 11
13.10 s 3
11.593% 31
11.500% 19
1.85 h 3
56.987% 15
10.752 y 25
4.480 h 8
17.279% 41
76.3 m 5
2.84 h 3
3.15 m 4
32.32 s 9
8.57 s 4
1.840 s 8
1.286 s 10
212 ms 5
0.114 s 3
80 ms 6
63 ms 4
46 ms 8
13 ms +34–6
7 ms +11–3
>635 ns
ε
ε,
ε,
ε,
ε,
ε
ε
ε
ε
2ε
–74 . 442
–74 . 312
–77 . 892
–77 . 694
–77 . 503
–80 . 590
–79 . 990
–79 . 948
–82 . 439
–81 . 480
–81 . 175
–83 . 266
–80 . 709
–79 . 691
–76 . 535
–74 . 959
–70 . 973
–68 . 769
–64 . 135
–61 . 35
–56 . 16
–53 . 08
–47 . 4
–44 . 5s
–38 . 8s
–35 . 2s
–32 . 3s
–38 . 1s
–46 . 1s
<1.2 μs
<30 ns
19
Decay Mode
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
6 . 58%
13 . 8%
25 . 2%
20%
33 . 1%
68%
68%
34%
27 . 6%
β–n , β–2n
εp ≤ 1 . 3%
εp 2 . 1%
εp < 1 . 0×10 –6%
εp 0 . 25%
ε
IT
ε
IT , ε 2 . 5×10 –3%
IT
β–
β– 78 . 6% , IT 21 . 4%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n 0 . 03%
β–n 1 . 95%
β–n 1 . 11%
β–n 2 . 87%
β–n 3 . 7%
β–n 6 . 7%
β–n 7%
β–n 11%
β–n
β–n , β–2n
p?
p?
ε ? , p > 0%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
(0+)
(3/2–)
1(–)
3/2–
0(+)
4(–)
5/2+
1+
3/2–
9/2+
1+
5–
5/2–
2–
6–
5/2–
2–
–51 . 916
–57 . 218
–60 . 478
–64 . 830
–66 . 936
–66 . 825
–70 . 802
–72 . 175
–75 . 456
–75 . 370
–76 . 187
–76 . 118
–79 . 070
–79 . 756
–79 . 292
–82 . 167
–82 . 747
64.9 ms 5
19.0 s 12
36.5 s 6
3.77 m 4
17.66 m 3
5.74 m 3
22.9 m 5
33.4 s 7
4.572 h 4
30.5 m 3
1.2575 m 2
6.472 h 6
86.2 d 1
32.82 d 7
20.26 m 4
72.17% 2
18.642 d 18
86m
87
6–
3/2–
–82 . 191
–84 . 597
88
89
90
90m
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
2–
3/2–
0–
3–
3/2(–)
0–
5/2–
3(–)
5/2–
2(–)
3/2+
(0,1)
–82 . 608
–81 . 712
–79 . 364
–79 . 257
–77 . 746
–74 . 772
–72 . 620
–68 . 561
–65 . 89
–61 . 354
–58 . 518
–54 . 03
1.017 m 3
4.81×10 1 0 y 9
27.83% 2
17.773 m 11
15.15 m 12
158 s 5
258 s 4
58.4 s 4
4.492 s 20
5.84 s 2
2.702 s 5
377.7 ms 8
203 ms 3
169.1 ms 6
102 ms 4
98m (3,4)
99
(5/2+)
100 (3+,4–)
–53 . 76
–51 . 2
–46 . 5s
96 ms 3
54 ms 4
51 ms 8
101
102
103
–43 . 0s
–37 . 9s
32 ms 5
37 ms 3
>633 ns
Nuclide
Z El A
37 Rb 74
75
76
77
78
78m
79
80
81
81m
82
82m
83
84
84m
85
86
38 Sr 73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
(3/2+)
0+
(3/2–)
0+
5/2+
0+
3/2(–)
0+
1/2–
0+
7/2+
–32 . 0s
–40 . 8s
–46 . 6
–54 . 25
–57 . 803
–63 . 173
–65 . 476
–70 . 311
–71 . 528
–76 . 009
–76 . 797
>25 ms
>1.2 μs
88 ms 3
7.89 s 7
9.0 s 2
160 s 8
2.25 m 10
106.3 m 15
22.3 m 4
25.34 d 2
32.41 h 3
20
Decay Mode
ε
ε
ε , εα 3 . 8×10 –7%
ε
ε
ε 91% , IT 9%
ε
ε
ε
IT 97 . 6% , ε 2 . 4%
ε
ε , IT < 0 . 33%
ε
ε 96 . 1% , β– 3 . 9%
IT
β– 99 . 99% ,
ε 5 . 2×10 –3%
IT , β– < 0 . 3%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– 97 . 4% , IT 2 . 6%
β–
β– , β–n 0 . 01%
β– , β–n 1 . 39%
β– , β–n 10 . 5%
β– , β–n 8 . 7%
β– , β–n 13 . 3%
β– , β–n 25 . 5%
β– , β–n 13 . 8%,
β–2n 0 . 05%
β–
β– , β–n 15 . 8%
β– , β–n 6%,
β–2n 0 . 16%
β– , β–n 28%
β– , β–n 18%
β– , β–n
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
, εp > 0%
, εp 5 . 2%
, εp 3 . 4×10 –5%
, εp < 0 . 25%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
38 Sr 83m
84
85
85m
86
87
87m
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
39 Y
76
77
78
78m
79
80
80m
81
82
83
83m
84
84m
85
85m
86
86m
87
87m
88
89
89m
90
90m
91
Jπ
1/2–
0+
9/2+
1/2–
0+
9/2+
1/2–
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
(5/2–)
0+
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–76 . 538
–80 . 649
–81 . 103
–80 . 864
–84 . 523
–84 . 880
–84 . 492
–87 . 921
–86 . 208
–85 . 949
–83 . 652
–82 . 867
–80 . 086
–78 . 843
–75 . 123
–72 . 932
–68 . 591
–66 . 436
–62 . 529
–59 . 833
–55 . 56
–52 . 4s
–47 . 5s
–43 . 9s
–38 . 6s
4.95 s 12
0.56% 1
64.850 d 7
67.63 m 4
9.86% 1
7.00% 1
2.815 h 12
82.58% 1
50.53 d 7
28.90 y 3
9.63 h 5
2.66 h 4
7.43 m 3
75.3 s 2
23.90 s 14
1.07 s 1
429 ms 5
0.653 s 2
0.269 s 1
202 ms 3
118 ms 3
69 ms 6
68 ms +48–20
43 ms +9–7
40 ms +36–13
>392 ns
>395 ns
0+
(5/2+)
(0+)
(5+)
(5/2+)
(4–)
(1–)
(5/2+)
1+
9/2+
3/2–
(6+)
1+
(1/2)–
9/2+
4–
(8+)
1/2–
9/2+
4–
1/2–
9/2+
2–
7+
1/2–
–38 . 6s
–46 . 78s
–52 . 5s
–52 . 5s
–58 . 4
–61 . 148
–60 . 919
–65 . 713
–68 . 064
–72 . 21
–72 . 14
–73 . 894
–73 . 827
–77 . 84
–77 . 82
–79 . 28
–79 . 06
–83 . 018
–82 . 637
–84 . 298
–87 . 709
–86 . 800
–86 . 495
–85 . 813
–86 . 352
>200 ns
57 ms +22–12
53 ms 8
5.8 s 6
14.8 s 6
30.1 s 5
4.8 s 3
70.4 s 10
8.30 s 20
7.08 m 6
2.85 m 2
39.5 m 8
4.6 s 2
2.68 h 5
4.86 h 20
14.74 h 2
48 m 1
79.8 h 3
13.37 h 3
106.626 d 21
100%
15.663 s 5
64.053 h 20
3.19 h 6
58.51 d 6
21
Decay Mode
IT
ε
IT 86 . 6% , ε 13 . 4%
IT 99 . 7% , ε 0 . 3%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β–n ≤ 0 . 05%
β–n 0 . 25%
β–n 0 . 1%
β–n 0 . 78%
β–n 2 . 37%
β–n 5 . 5%
β–n , β–2n
β–n , β–2n
ε, p
ε , εp , p
ε , εp
ε , εp
ε , εp
ε , εp
IT 81% , ε 19%
ε
ε
ε
ε 60% , IT 40%
ε
ε
ε
ε , IT < 2 . 0×10 –3%
ε
IT 99 . 31% , ε 0 . 69%
ε
IT 98 . 43% , ε 1 . 57%
ε
IT
β–
IT , β– 1 . 8×10 –3%
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
9/2+
2–
1/2–
(9/2)+
2–
1/2–
0–
8+
(1/2–)
(9/2)+
–85 . 796
–84 . 817
–84 . 23
–83 . 47
–82 . 352
–81 . 213
–78 . 344
–77 . 204
–76 . 130
–75 . 463
49.71 m 4
3.54 h 1
10.18 h 8
0.82 s 4
18.7 m 1
10.3 m 1
5.34 s 5
9.6 s 2
3.75 s 3
1.17 s 3
97m (27/2–)
98
(0)–
98m (4,5)
–72 . 607
–72 . 303
–71 . 893
142 ms 8
0.548 s 2
2.0 s 2
–70 . 658
–67 . 34
–67 . 19
–65 . 070
–61 . 2s
–61 . 2s
–58 . 50
–54 . 1s
–50 . 8s
–46 . 1s
–42 . 4s
–37 . 3s
1.484 s 7
735 ms 7
0.94 s 3
0.45 s 2
0.36 s 4
0.298 s 9
0.23 s 2
197 ms 4
85 ms +5–4
62 ms +25–14
41 ms +15–9
25 ms +66–10
>393 ns
–41 . 3s
–47 . 1s
–56
–58 . 4
–63 . 9s
–65 . 911
–71 . 421
–73 . 175
–72 . 883
–77 . 969
–79 . 347
–79 . 011
–83 . 629
–84 . 876
–84 . 288
–88 . 774
–86 . 455
–87 . 897
–88 . 460
–87 . 123
–87 . 272
–85 . 663
–85 . 447
>170 ns
56 ms 30
4.6 s 6
5.5 s 4
32 s 5
41.6 s 24
25.8 m 5
7.86 m 4
10.9 s 3
16.5 h 1
1.68 h 1
14.0 s 2
83.4 d 3
78.41 h 12
4.161 m 17
51.45% 40
809.2 ms 20
11.22% 5
17.15% 8
1.61×10 6 y 5
17.38% 28
64.032 d 6
2.35×10 1 9 y 21
2.80% 9
Nuclide
Z El A
39 Y
91m
92
93
93m
94
95
96
96m
97
97m
99
100
100m
101
102m
102m
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
40 Zr 78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
85m
86
87
87m
88
89
89m
90
90m
91
92
93
94
95
96
(5/2+)
1–,2–
(3,4,5)
(5/2+)
HighJ
LowJ
(5/2+)
(5/2+)
0+
0+
(3/2–)
0+
(1/2–)
0+
(7/2+)
(1/2–)
0+
(9/2)+
(1/2)–
0+
9/2+
1/2–
0+
5–
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
22
Decay Mode
IT , β– < 1 . 5%
β–
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 0 . 06%
β– > 99 . 3% , IT < 0 . 7%,
β–n < 0 . 08%
IT 98 . 4% , β– 1 . 6%
β– , β–n 0 . 33%
β– > 80% , IT < 20%,
β–n 3 . 4%
β– , β–n 1 . 7%
β– , β–n 0 . 92%
β–
β– , β–n 1 . 94%
β– , β–n 4 . 9%
β– , β–n 4 . 9%
β– , β–n 8%
β– , β–n
β– , β–n < 82%
β–
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–n , β–2n
ε
ε , εp
ε , εp
ε , εp 0 . 12%
ε
ε , εp
ε
ε
IT ≤ 92% , ε > 8%
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
IT 93 . 77% , ε 6 . 23%
IT
β–
β–
2β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
40 Zr 97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
Jπ
1/2+
0+
(1/2+)
0+
(3/2+)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
0+
0+
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–82 . 951
–81 . 295
–77 . 63
–76 . 384
–73 . 173
–71 . 595
–67 . 824
–65 . 733
–61 . 47
–59 . 0s
–54 . 3s
–51 . 4s
–46 . 2s
–42 . 9s
16.749 h 8
30.7 s 4
2.1 s 1
7.1 s 4
2.3 s 1
2.9 s 2
1.32 s 11
0.87 s 6
0.66 s 7
191 ms 19
138 ms 4
73 ms 4
63 ms +38–17
37 ms +17–9
>392 ns
>394 ns
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β– ,
β– ,
<200 ns
50 ms 5
3.8 s 2
9.8 s 9
20.5 s 12
12 s 5
3.3 s 9
88 s 1
3.75 m 9
2.6 m 1
14.55 m 6
7.78 m 5
2.03 h 7
66 m 2
14.60 h 5
18.81 s 6
6.8×10 2 y 13
60.86 d 22
3.47×10 7 y 24
10.15 d 2
100%
16.12 y 12
2.03×10 4 y 16
6.263 m 4
34.991 d 6
3.61 d 3
23.35 h 5
72.1 m 7
58.7 s 18
2.86 s 6
51.3 m 4
15.0 s 2
2.5 m 2
1.5 s 2
2.99 s 11
7.1 s 3
ε
ε , εp
ε
ε , εp
ε
ε , IT
ε , IT
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
IT 96 . 6% , ε 3 . 4%
ε , β– < 0 . 05%
ε
0+
41 Nb 81
82
(0+)
83
(5/2+)
84 (1+,2+,3+)
85
(9/2+)
85m
85m ( 1 / 2 – , 3 / 2 – )
86
(6+)
87
(1/2–)
87m (9/2+)
88
(8+)
88m
(4–)
89
(9/2+)
89m (1/2)–
90
8+
90m
4–
91
9/2+
91m
1/2–
92
(7)+
92m
(2)+
93
9/2+
93m
1/2–
94
6+
94m
3+
95
9/2+
95m
1/2–
96
6+
97
9/2+
97m
1/2–
98
1+
98m
(5+)
99
9/2+
99m
1/2–
100
1+
100m (5+)
101
(5/2+)
–47 . 2s
–52 . 2s
–58 . 4
–61 . 0s
–66 . 279
–66 . 279
–66 . 279
–69 . 134
–73 . 874
–73 . 870
–76 . 18
–76 . 18
–80 . 65
–80 . 61
–82 . 663
–82 . 538
–86 . 639
–86 . 534
–86 . 454
–86 . 318
–87 . 214
–87 . 183
–86 . 370
–86 . 329
–86 . 786
–86 . 550
–85 . 608
–85 . 610
–84 . 867
–83 . 533
–83 . 449
–82 . 33
–81 . 96
–79 . 806
–79 . 492
–78 . 886
23
Decay Mode
β–n ≤ 1%
β–n ≤ 1%
β–n ≤ 2%
β–n ≤ 7%
β–n ≤ 23%
β–n
β–n
β–n , β–2n
β–n , β–2n
IT
β–
IT 99 . 5% , β– 0 . 5%
β–
IT 94 . 4% , β– 5 . 6%
β–
β–
IT
β–
β– 99 . 9% , IT < 0 . 2%
β–
β– > 96 . 2% , IT < 3 . 8%
β–
β–
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
41 Nb 102
(4+)
102m
1+
103
(5/2+)
104
(1+)
104m
105
(5/2+)
106
107
108
(2+)
109
(5/2)
110
111
(5/2+)
112
(2+)
113
114
115
–76 . 313
–76 . 313
–75 . 023
–71 . 828
–71 . 613
–69 . 910
–66 . 197
–63 . 718
–59 . 6
–56 . 8s
–52 . 3s
–49 . 0s
–44 . 4s
–40 . 6s
4.3 s 4
1.3 s 2
1.5 s 2
4.9 s 3
0.94 s 4
2.95 s 6
0.93 s 4
300 ms 9
220 ms 18
106 ms 9
86 ms 6
51 ms +6–5
33 ms +9–6
>300 ns
>392 ns
>394 ns
42 Mo 83
84
85
86
87
88
89
89m
90
91
91m
92
93
93m
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
–46 . 7s
–54 . 5s
–57 . 51
–64 . 110
–66 . 882
–72 . 686
–75 . 014
–74 . 627
–80 . 174
–82 . 21
–81 . 56
–86 . 809
–86 . 807
–84 . 382
–88 . 414
–87 . 711
–88 . 794
–87 . 544
–88 . 116
–85 . 970
–86 . 187
Nuclide
Z El A
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
Jπ
0+
(1/2–)
0+
7/2+
0+
(9/2+)
(1/2–)
0+
9/2+
1/2–
0+
5/2+
21/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
(3/2+)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
0+
0+
–83 . 514
–83 . 572
–80 . 970
–80 . 359
–77 . 346
–76 . 144
–72 . 561
–70 . 765
–66 . 68
–64 . 55
–60 . 1s
–57 . 6s
–52 . 9s
–50 . 0s
6 ms +30–3
2.3 s 3
3.2 s 2
19.1 s 3
14.02 s 26
8.0 m 2
2.11 m 10
190 ms 15
5.56 h 9
15.49 m 1
64.6 s 6
14.53% 30
4.0×10 3 y 8
6.85 h 7
9.15% 9
15.84% 11
16.67% 15
9.60% 14
24.39% 37
65.976 h 24
7.3×10 1 8 y 4
9.82% 31
14.61 m 3
11.3 m 2
67.5 s 15
60 s 2
35.6 s 16
8.73 s 12
3.5 s 5
1.09 s 2
660 ms 45
0.27 s 1
220 ms +41–36
120 ms +13–11
78 ms +6–5
60 ms +13–9
24
Decay Mode
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β–n 0 . 06%
β–n 0 . 05%
β–n 1 . 7%
β–n 4 . 5%
β–n 8%
β–n 8%
β–n < 15%
β–n 40%
β–n , β–2n
β–n , β–2n
ε
ε , εp
ε , εp ≈ 0 . 14%
ε
ε , εp 15%
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε 50% , IT 50%
ε
IT 99 . 88% , ε 0 . 12%
β–
2β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β–
β–
β–n < 0 . 5%
β–n 1 . 3%
β–n 2%
β–n ≤ 12%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
42 Mo 115
116
117
43 Tc 85
86
87
88m
88m
89
89m
90m
90m
91
91m
92
93
93m
94
94m
95
95m
96
96m
97
97m
98
99
99m
100
101
102
102m
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114m
114m
115
116
117
118
119
120
44 Ru 87
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
Decay Mode
–44 . 7s
51 ms +79–19
>391 ns
>393 ns
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– ? , β–n ?, β–2n ?
0+
(0+)
(9/2+)
(3+)
(6+)
(9/2+)
(1/2–)
1+
(6+)
(9/2)+
(1/2)–
(8)+
9/2+
1/2–
7+
(2)+
9/2+
1/2–
7+
4+
9/2+
1/2–
(6)+
9/2+
1/2–
1+
9/2+
1+
(4,5)
5/2+
(3+)
(3/2–)
(2+)
(3/2–)
(2)+
(5/2+)
(2+)
(5/2+)
>5/2
>3
(1+)
(5/2+)
–46 . 0s
–51 . 3s
–57 . 690
–61 . 679
–61 . 679
–67 . 394
–67 . 331
–70 . 723
–70 . 223
–75 . 987
–75 . 848
–78 . 924
–83 . 606
–83 . 214
–84 . 158
–84 . 082
–86 . 021
–85 . 982
–85 . 821
–85 . 787
–87 . 224
–87 . 127
–86 . 431
–87 . 327
–87 . 184
–86 . 020
–86 . 34
–84 . 569
–84 . 569
–84 . 600
–82 . 51
–82 . 29
–79 . 77
–78 . 746
–75 . 919
–74 . 279
–71 . 030
–69 . 02
–65 . 253
–62 . 88
–58 . 9s
–58 . 9s
–56 . 1s
–51 . 5s
–48 . 4s
–43 . 8s
≈0.5 s
54 ms 7
2.2 s 2
5.8 s 2
6.4 s 8
12.8 s 9
12.9 s 8
8.7 s 2
49.2 s 4
3.14 m 2
3.3 m 1
4.25 m 15
2.75 h 5
43.5 m 10
293 m 1
52.0 m 10
20.0 h 1
61 d 2
4.28 d 7
51.5 m 10
4.21×10 6 y 16
91.0 d 6
4.2×10 6 y 3
2.111×10 5 y 12
6.0067 h 5
15.46 s 19
14.02 m 1
5.28 s 15
4.35 m 7
54.2 s 8
18.3 m 3
7.6 m 1
35.6 s 6
21.2 s 2
5.17 s 7
0.86 s 4
0.92 s 3
350 ms 21
0.29 s 2
160 ms +50–40
100 ms 20
90 ms 20
83 ms +20–13
56 ms +15–10
85 ms +95–30
–45 . 9s
25
>392 ns
>394 ns
p?
ε , εp
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε , IT < 0 . 01%
ε
ε
ε
ε , IT < 1%
ε
ε
IT 77 . 4% , ε 22 . 6%
ε
ε , IT < 0 . 1%
ε
ε 96 . 12% , IT 3 . 88%
ε
IT 98% , ε 2%
ε
IT 96 . 06% , ε 3 . 94%
β–
β–
IT , β– 3 . 7×10 –3%
β– , ε 2 . 6×10 –3%
β–
β–
β– 98% , IT 2%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 0 . 08%
β– , β–n 0 . 04%
β– , β–n 0 . 85%
β– , β–n 4%
β– , β–n 2 . 1%
β– , β–n ?
β– , β–n ?
β– , β–n
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n ?, β–2n ?
β– , β–n ?, β–2n ?
>1.5 μs
ε?
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
44 Ru 88
89
90
91
91m
92
93
93m
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
113m
114
115
115m
115m
115m
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
45 Rh 89
90
90m
91
91m
92?
92m
93
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
0+
(9/2+)
0+
(9/2+)
(1/2–)
0+
(9/2)+
(1/2)–
–54 . 4s
–58 . 1s
–64 . 883
–68 . 238
–68 . 238
–74 . 301
–77 . 213
–76 . 479
1.2 s +3–2
1.5 s 2
11.7 s 9
7.9 s 4
7.6 s 8
3.65 m 5
59.7 s 6
10.8 s 3
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
3/2+
0+
(5/2)+
0+
(5/2+)
0+
5/2+
0+
(1/2+)
(7/2–)
0+
(3/2+)
–82 . 579
–83 . 457
–86 . 080
–86 . 120
–88 . 224
–87 . 620
–89 . 222
–87 . 952
–89 . 101
–87 . 262
–88 . 092
–85 . 931
–86 . 320
–83 . 859
–83 . 657
–80 . 734
–80 . 069
–76 . 781
–75 . 627
–71 . 87
–71 . 87
–70 . 21
–66 . 19
–66 . 19
–66 . 19
–66 . 19
–64 . 2s
–59 . 6s
–57 . 3s
–52 . 6s
–50 . 0s
51.8 m 6
1.643 h 13
5.54% 14
2.83 d 23
1.87% 3
12.76% 14
12.60% 7
17.06% 2
31.55% 14
39.247 d 13
18.62% 27
4.44 h 2
371.8 d 18
3.75 m 5
4.55 m 5
34.5 s 10
11.6 s 6
2.12 s 7
1.75 s 7
0.80 s 5
510 ms 30
0.52 s 5
318 ms 19
740 ms 80
270 ms 38
76 ms 6
204 ms +32–29
142 ms +18–17
123 ms +48–35
>300 ns
>150 ns
>390 ns
>392 ns
>394 ns
>396 ns
0+
0+
0+
0+
0+
(9/2+)
(1/2–)
(6+)
(2+)
(9/2+)
–46 . 0s
–52 . 0s
–52 . 0s
–58 . 8s
–58 . 8s
–62 . 999
–62 . 999
–69 . 017
>1.5 μs
12 ms +9–4
1.0 s +3–2
1.47 s 22
1.46 s 11
4.66 s 25
0.53 s 37
12.2 s 7
26
Decay Mode
ε
ε , εp < 0 . 15%
ε
ε
IT , ε > 0%, εp > 0%
ε
ε
ε 78% , IT 22%,
εp 0 . 03%
ε
ε
ε
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β–
β– ,
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n , β–2n
β–n
ε ?, p ?
ε?
ε?
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
45 Rh 94
94m
95
95m
96
96m
97
97m
98
98m
99
99m
100
100m
101
101m
102
102m
103
103m
104
104m
105
105m
106
106m
107
108
108m
109
110m
110m
111
112m
112m
113
114
114m
115
116
116m
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
(4+)
(8+)
9/2+
(1/2)–
≥ 6+
3+
9/2+
1/2–
(2)+
(5+)
1/2–
9/2+
–72 . 907
–72 . 607
–78 . 342
–77 . 799
–79 . 69
–79 . 64
–82 . 60
–82 . 34
–83 . 18
–83 . 18
–85 . 576
–85 . 511
66 s 6
25.8 s 2
5.02 m 10
1.96 m 4
9.90 m 10
1.51 m 2
30.7 m 6
46.2 m 16
8.72 m 12
3.6 m 2
16.1 d 2
4.7 h 1
1–
(5+)
1/2–
9/2+
(1–,2–)
6(+)
1/2–
7/2+
1+
5+
7/2+
1/2–
1+
(6)+
7/2+
1+
(5+)
7/2+
(≥4)
1+
(7/2+)
1+
(4,5,6)
(7/2+)
1+
(7–)
(7/2+)
1+
(6–)
(7/2+)
–85 . 59
–85 . 48
–87 . 411
–87 . 254
–86 . 778
–86 . 637
–88 . 025
–87 . 985
–86 . 953
–86 . 824
–87 . 848
–87 . 718
–86 . 360
–86 . 223
–86 . 86
–85 . 03
–85 . 03
–85 . 010
–82 . 84
–82 . 84
–82 . 304
–79 . 73
–79 . 73
–78 . 767
–75 . 71
–75 . 51
–74 . 229
–70 . 74
–70 . 59
–68 . 897
–64 . 89
–62 . 8s
–58 . 8s
–56 . 4s
–52 . 4s
20.8 h 1
4.6 m 2
3.3 y 3
4.34 d 1
207.3 d 17
3.742 y 10
100%
56.114 m 9
42.3 s 4
4.34 m 3
35.36 h 6
42.9 s 3
30.07 s 35
131 m 2
21.7 m 4
16.8 s 5
6.0 m 3
80 s 2
28.5 s 15
3.2 s 2
11 s 1
3.45 s 37
6.73 s 15
2.80 s 12
1.85 s 5
1.86 s 6
0.99 s 5
0.68 s 6
0.57 s 5
0.44 s 4
266 ms +22–21
171 ms 18
136 ms +14–13
151 ms +67–58
>300 ns
>403 ns
>391 ns
>393 ns
>395 ns
(7/2+)
27
Decay Mode
ε , εp 1 . 8%
ε
ε
IT 88% , ε 12%
ε
IT 60% , ε 40%
ε
ε 94 . 4% , IT 5 . 6%
ε
IT 89% , ε 11%
ε
ε > 99 . 84% ,
IT < 0 . 16%
ε
IT ≈ 98 . 3% , ε ≈ 1 . 7%
ε
ε 92 . 8% , IT 7 . 2%
ε 78% , β– 22%
ε 99 . 77% , IT 0 . 23%
IT
β– 99 . 55% , ε 0 . 45%
IT 99 . 87% , β– 0 . 13%
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 3 . 1%
β– , β–n 6 . 4%
β– , β–n < 5 . 4%
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n , β–2n
β– , β–n
β– , β–2n , β–n
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
46 Pd 91
92
0+
93
(9/2+)
94
0+
95
(9/2+)
95m (21/2+)
–46 . 3s
–55 . 1s
–59 . 1s
–66 . 102
–69 . 966
–68 . 091
>1 μs
0.7 s +4–2
1.00 s 9
9.6 s 2
5 s 3
13.3 s 3
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
107m
108
109
109m
110
111
111m
112
113
113m
114
115
115m
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
–76 . 183
–77 . 805
–81 . 320
–82 . 184
–85 . 23
–85 . 431
–87 . 928
–87 . 482
–89 . 393
–88 . 416
–89 . 905
–88 . 370
–88 . 155
–89 . 521
–87 . 603
–87 . 414
–88 . 348
–86 . 003
–85 . 831
–86 . 323
–83 . 590
–83 . 509
–83 . 490
–80 . 43
–80 . 34
–79 . 831
–76 . 424
–75 . 391
–71 . 407
–70 . 309
–66 . 3s
–64 . 7s
122 s 2
3.10 m 9
17.7 m 3
21.4 m 2
3.63 d 9
8.47 h 6
1.02% 1
16.991 d 19
11.14% 8
22.33% 8
27.33% 3
6.5×10 6 y 3
21.3 s 5
26.46% 9
13.7012 h 24
4.696 m 3
11.72% 9
23.4 m 2
5.5 h 1
21.03 h 5
93 s 5
0.3 s 1
2.42 m 6
25 s 2
50 s 3
11.8 s 4
4.3 s 3
1.9 s 1
0.92 s 1
0.5 s 1
285 ms 24
175 ms 16
Nuclide
Z El A
123
124
125
126
128
Jπ
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(5/2)+
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
0+
5/2+
11/2–
0+
5/2+
11/2–
0+
5/2+
11/2–
0+
(5/2+)
(9/2–)
0+
(5/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
0+
(3/2+)
0+
0+
–60 . 6s
–58 . 8s
0+
0+
174 ms +38–34
38 ms +38–19
>230 ns
>230 ns
>394 ns
47 Ag 93
94
94m
94m
(0+)
(7+)
(21+)
–46 . 3s
–52 . 4s
–52 . 4s
–45 . 7s
26 ms +26–9
0.60 s 2
0.40 s 4
95
95m
(9/2+)
(1/2–)
–59 . 6s
–59 . 3s
1.75 s 12
<500 ms
28
Decay Mode
ε?
ε
ε , εp
ε
ε
ε 89% , IT 11%,
εp 0 . 93%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
β–
IT
β–
IT
β–
IT 73% , β– 27%
β–
β–
IT
β–
β–
β– 92% , IT 8%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n ≤ 0 . 8%
β– ≥ 97 . 5% ,
β–n ≤ 2 . 5%
β–
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
p , ε , εp
ε , εp
ε , εp 20%
ε 95 . 4% , εp 27%,
p 4 . 1% , 2p 0 . 5%
ε , εp
IT
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
47 Ag 96m
96m
97
98
99
99m
100
100m
101
101m
102
102m
103
103m
104
104m
105
105m
106
106m
107
107m
108
108m
109
109m
110
110m
111
111m
112
113
113m
114
115
115m
116
116m
116m
117
117m
118
118m
119m
119m
120
120m
121
122
122m
122m
123
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
(8)+
(2+)
(9/2+)
(6+)
(9/2)+
(1/2–)
(5)+
(2)+
9/2+
(1/2)–
5(+)
2+
7/2+
1/2–
5+
2+
1/2–
7/2+
1+
6+
1/2–
7/2+
1+
6+
1/2–
7/2+
1+
6+
1/2–
7/2+
2(–)
1/2–
7/2+
1+
1/2–
7/2+
(0–)
(3+)
(6–)
(1/2–)
(7/2+)
1(–)
4(+)
(1/2–)
(7/2+)
3(+)
6(–)
(7/2+)
(3+)
(1–)
(9–)
(7/2+)
–64 . 62
–64 . 62
–70 . 8
–73 . 05
–76 . 712
–76 . 206
–78 . 137
–78 . 121
–81 . 334
–81 . 060
–82 . 246
–82 . 237
–84 . 800
–84 . 665
–85 . 114
–85 . 107
–87 . 070
–87 . 045
–86 . 940
–86 . 850
–88 . 405
–88 . 312
–87 . 605
–87 . 495
–88 . 719
–88 . 631
–87 . 457
–87 . 339
–88 . 217
–88 . 157
–86 . 583
–87 . 03
–86 . 99
–84 . 930
–84 . 98
–84 . 94
–82 . 542
–82 . 494
–82 . 412
–82 . 18
–82 . 15
–79 . 553
–79 . 425
–78 . 64
–78 . 64
–75 . 651
–75 . 448
–74 . 40
–71 . 11
–71 . 11
–71 . 03
–69 . 55
4.40 s 6
6.9 s 6
25.5 s 3
47.5 s 3
124 s 3
10.5 s 5
2.01 m 9
2.24 m 13
11.1 m 3
3.10 s 10
12.9 m 3
7.7 m 5
65.7 m 7
5.7 s 3
69.2 m 10
33.5 m 20
41.29 d 7
7.23 m 16
23.96 m 4
8.28 d 2
51.839% 8
44.3 s 2
2.382 m 11
438 y 9
48.161% 8
39.6 s 2
24.6 s 2
249.76 d 4
7.45 d 1
64.8 s 8
3.130 h 9
5.37 h 5
68.7 s 16
4.6 s 1
20.0 m 5
18.0 s 7
237 s 5
20 s 1
9.3 s 3
72.8 s +20–7
5.34 s 5
3.76 s 15
2.0 s 2
6.0 s 5
2.1 s 1
1.23 s 4
0.40 s 3
0.78 s 2
0.529 s 13
0.55 s 5
0.20 s 5
0.300 s 5
29
Decay Mode
ε , εp 8 . 5%
ε , εp 18%
ε
ε , εp 1 . 1×10 –3%
ε
IT
ε
ε , IT
ε
IT
ε
ε 51% , IT 49%
ε
IT
ε
ε 99 . 93% , IT < 0 . 07%
ε
IT 99 . 66% , ε 0 . 34%
ε 99 . 5% , β– < 1%
ε
IT
β– 97 . 15% , ε 2 . 85%
ε 91 . 3% , IT 8 . 7%
IT
β– 99 . 7% , ε 0 . 3%
β– 98 . 64% , IT 1 . 36%
β–
IT 99 . 3% , β– 0 . 7%
β–
β–
IT 64% , β– 36%
β–
β–
β– 79% , IT 21%
β–
β– 93% , IT 7%
β– 92% , IT 8%
β–
β– 94% , IT 6%
β–
β– 59% , IT 41%
β–
β–
β– , β–n < 3 . 0×10 –3%
β– ≈ 63% , IT ≈ 37%
β– , β–n 0 . 08%
β– 99 . 8% , β–n 0 . 2%
β– , IT , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n 0 . 55%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
47 Ag 124
≥2
125
(9/2+)
126
127
128
129
(9/2+)
129m (1/2–)
130
–66 . 2
–64 . 4s
–60 . 9s
–58 . 8s
–54 . 9s
–52 . 6s
–52 . 6s
–46 . 3s
0.172 s 5
166 ms 7
107 ms 12
109 ms 25
58 ms 5
46 ms +5–9
≈160 ms
≈50 ms
48 Cd 95
96
0+
97
(9/2+)
97m (25/2+)
98
0+
99
(5/2+)
–46 . 6s
–55 . 6s
–60 . 5s
–60 . 5s
–67 . 62
–69 . 931
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(5/2)+
0+
5/2+
0+
–74 . 194
–75 . 836
–79 . 659
–80 . 652
–83 . 968
–84 . 333
–87 . 130
107
108
5/2+
0+
–86 . 990
–89 . 252
109
5/2+
110
0+
111
1/2+
111m 11/2–
112
0+
113
1/2+
–88 . 504
–90 . 350
–89 . 254
–88 . 858
–90 . 577
–89 . 046
113m 11/2–
114
0+
–88 . 783
–90 . 018
115
1/2+
115m (11/2)–
116
0+
–88 . 087
–87 . 906
–88 . 716
117
117m
118
119
119m
120
121
121m
122
123
123m
124
–86 . 422
–86 . 286
–86 . 71
–83 . 98
–83 . 83
–83 . 957
–81 . 06
–80 . 84
–80 . 616
–77 . 32
–77 . 00
–76 . 697
1/2+
(11/2)–
0+
3/2+
(11/2–)
0+
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
1.03 s +24–21
1.10 s 7
3.70 s 8
9.2 s 3
16 s 3
49.1 s 5
1.36 m 5
5.5 m 5
7.3 m 1
57.7 m 10
55.5 m 4
>3.6×10 2 0 y
1.25% 6
6.50 h 2
>1.9×10 1 8 y
0.89% 3
461.4 d 12
12.49% 18
12.80% 12
48.50 m 9
24.13% 21
8.00×10 1 5 y 26
12.22% 12
14.1 y 5
>2.1×10 1 8 y
28.73% 42
53.46 h 5
44.56 d 24
3.3×10 1 9 y 4
7.49% 18
2.49 h 4
3.36 h 5
50.3 m 2
2.69 m 2
2.20 m 2
50.80 s 21
13.5 s 3
8.3 s 8
5.24 s 3
2.10 s 2
1.82 s 3
1.25 s 2
30
Decay Mode
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n 1 . 3%
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
εp ? , ε ?
ε
ε , εp 12%
ε , εp 25%
ε , εp < 0 . 03%
ε , εα < 1 . 0×10 –4% ,
εp 0 . 17%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
2ε
ε
2ε
ε
IT
β–
β– 99 . 86% , IT 0 . 14%
2β–
β–
β–
2β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ≤ 100% , IT
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
48 Cd 125
125m
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
49 In 97
98
98m
99
100
101
102
103
103m
104
104m
105
105m
106
106m
107
107m
108
108m
109
109m
109m
110
110m
111
111m
112
112m
113
113m
114
114m
115
115m
116
116m
116m
117
117m
118
118m
Jπ
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(3/2+)
0+
(3/2+)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–73 . 35
–73 . 35
–72 . 256
–68 . 43
–67 . 25
–63 . 3s
–61 . 5
–55 . 4s
–50 . 9s
0.68 s 4
0.48 s 3
0.515 s 17
0.37 s 7
0.28 s 4
0.27 s 4
162 ms 7
68 ms 3
97 ms 10
57 ms 10
(6+,7+)
(9/2+)
(6+)
(9/2)+
(1/2–)
(6+)
(3+)
9/2+
(1/2–)
7+
(2)+
9/2+
1/2–
7+
2+
9/2+
1/2–
(19/2+)
7+
2+
9/2+
1/2–
1+
4+
9/2+
1/2–
1+
5+
9/2+
–47 . 2s
–53 . 9s
–53 . 9s
–61 . 4s
–64 . 3
–68 . 6s
–70 . 694
–74 . 629
–73 . 997
–76 . 182
–76 . 089
–79 . 64
–78 . 97
–80 . 60
–80 . 57
–83 . 56
–82 . 89
–84 . 116
–84 . 086
–86 . 488
–85 . 838
–84 . 386
–86 . 47
–86 . 41
–88 . 393
–87 . 856
–87 . 992
–87 . 835
–89 . 368
–88 . 976
–88 . 570
–88 . 380
–89 . 536
1/2–
1+
5+
8–
9/2+
1/2–
1+
5+
–89 . 200
–88 . 249
–88 . 122
–87 . 959
–88 . 943
–88 . 628
–87 . 228
–87 . 168
32 ms +32–11
1.2 s +12–4
3.0 s 8
5.9 s 2
15.1 s 3
23.3 s 1
65 s 7
34 s 2
1.80 m 3
15.7 s 5
5.07 m 7
48 s 6
6.2 m 1
5.2 m 1
32.4 m 3
50.4 s 6
58.0 m 12
39.6 m 7
4.167 h 18
1.34 m 7
0.209 s 6
4.9 h 1
69.1 m 5
2.8047 d 4
7.7 m 2
14.97 m 10
20.56 m 6
4.29% 5
99.476 m 23
71.9 s 1
49.51 d 1
4.41×10 1 4 y 25
95.71% 5
4.486 h 4
14.10 s 3
54.29 m 17
2.18 s 4
43.2 m 3
116.2 m 3
5.0 s 5
4.45 m 5
31
Decay Mode
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n 3 . 5%
β–n 3 . 5%
β–n 60%
β–n , β–2n
ε ?, p ?
ε
ε
ε
ε , εp 1 . 6%
ε , εp
ε , εp 9 . 3×10 –3%
ε
ε 67% , IT 33%
ε
IT 80% , ε 20%
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε
IT
IT
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε 56% , β– 44%
IT
IT
β– 99 . 5% , ε 0 . 5%
IT 96 . 75% , ε 3 . 25%
β–
IT 95% , β– 5%
β– 99 . 98% , ε 0 . 02%
β–
IT
β–
β– 52 . 9% , IT 47 . 1%
β–
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
49 In 118m
119
119m
120
120m
120m
121
121m
122
122m
122m
123
123m
124
124m
125
125m
126
126m
127
127m
127m
128
128m
129
129m
8–
9/2+
1/2–
1+
(8–)
(5)+
9/2+
1/2–
1+
5+
(8–)
(9/2)+
(1/2)–
(1)+
(8–)
9/2+
1/2(–)
3(+)
(8–)
(9/2+)
(1/2–)
(21/2–)
(3)+
(8–)
(9/2+)
(1/2–)
–87 . 028
–87 . 699
–87 . 388
–85 . 73
–85 . 73
–85 . 66
–85 . 84
–85 . 52
–83 . 57
–83 . 53
–83 . 28
–83 . 43
–83 . 10
–80 . 87
–80 . 82
–80 . 48
–80 . 12
–77 . 81
–77 . 71
–76 . 89
–76 . 43
–75 . 03
–74 . 36
–74 . 02
–72 . 81
–72 . 44
8.5 s 3
2.4 m 1
18.0 m 3
3.08 s 8
47.3 s 5
46.2 s 8
23.1 s 6
3.88 m 10
1.5 s 3
10.3 s 6
10.8 s 4
6.17 s 5
47.4 s 4
3.12 s 9
3.7 s 2
2.36 s 4
12.2 s 2
1.53 s 1
1.64 s 5
1.09 s 1
3.67 s 4
1.04 s 10
0.84 s 6
0.72 s 10
0.61 s 1
1.23 s 3
129m
130
130m
130m
131
131m
(23/2–)
1(–)
(10–)
(5+)
(9/2+)
(1/2–)
–71 . 18
–69 . 89
–69 . 84
–69 . 49
–68 . 05
–67 . 75
0.67 s 10
0.29 s 2
0.54 s 1
0.54 s 1
0.28 s 3
0.35 s 5
131m (21/2+)
–64 . 29
0.32 s 6
132
(7–)
133
(9/2+)
133m (1/2–)
134 (4– to 7–)
135
–62 . 41
–57 . 8s
–57 . 4s
–52 . 0s
–47 . 2s
0.207 s 6
165 ms 3
180 ms 15
140 ms 4
92 ms 10
–47 . 7s
–56 . 9
–59 . 9s
–64 . 9
–66 . 97
–71 . 624
–73 . 337
–77 . 353
–78 . 512
–82 . 071
–82 . 632
0.86 s +37–20
1.7 s 3
3.8 s 2
7.0 s 2
20.8 s 5
32.7 s 5
115 s 5
2.90 m 5
10.30 m 8
18.0 m 2
Nuclide
Z El A
50 Sn 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
5/2+
32
Decay Mode
IT 98 . 6% , β– 1 . 4%
β–
β– 95 . 6% , IT 4 . 4%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– 98 . 8% , IT 1 . 2%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n ≤ 0 . 03%
β– , β–n 0 . 69%
β–
β– , β–n < 0 . 05%
β– , β–n < 0 . 05%
β– , β–n 0 . 25%
β– > 99 . 7% , β–n 2 . 5%,
IT < 0 . 3%
β–
β– , β–n 0 . 93%
β– , β–n 1 . 65%
β– , β–n 1 . 65%
β– , β–n ≤ 2%
β– ≥ 99 . 98% , β–n ≤ 2%,
IT ≤ 0 . 02%
β– > 99% , IT < 1%,
β–n ≈ 0 . 03%
β– , β–n 6 . 3%
β– , β–n 85%
β– , IT , β–n
β– , β–n 65%
β– , β–n
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
? , εp ?
, εp < 17%
, εp 26%
, εp 1 . 2%
, εp 0 . 01%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
50 Sn 110
111
112
0+
7/2+
0+
–85 . 84
–85 . 941
–88 . 657
113
113m
114
115
116
117
117m
118
119
119m
120
121
121m
122
123
123m
124
1/2+
7/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
1/2+
11/2–
0+
1/2+
11/2–
0+
3/2+
11/2–
0+
11/2–
3/2+
0+
–88 . 330
–88 . 253
–90 . 559
–90 . 033
–91 . 525
–90 . 397
–90 . 082
–91 . 652
–90 . 065
–89 . 976
–91 . 098
–89 . 197
–89 . 191
–89 . 942
–87 . 817
–87 . 792
–88 . 237
125
125m
126
127
127m
128
128m
129
129m
130
130m
131
131m
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
11/2–
3/2+
0+
(11/2–)
(3/2+)
0+
(7–)
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(7–)
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
7/2–
0+
(7/2–)
0+
–85 . 898
–85 . 870
–86 . 02
–83 . 47
–83 . 46
–83 . 34
–81 . 24
–80 . 59
–80 . 56
–80 . 137
–78 . 190
–77 . 271
–77 . 271
–76 . 548
–70 . 85
–66 . 3
–60 . 6s
–56 . 3s
–50 . 3s
4.11 h 10
35.3 m 6
<1.3×10 2 1 y
0.97% 1
115.09 d 3
21.4 m 4
0.66% 1
0.34% 1
14.54% 9
7.68% 7
13.76 d 4
24.22% 9
8.59% 4
293.1 d 7
32.58% 9
27.03 h 4
43.9 y 5
4.63% 3
129.2 d 4
40.06 m 1
>1.2×10 2 1 y
5.79% 5
9.64 d 3
9.52 m 5
2.30×10 5 y 14
2.10 h 4
4.13 m 3
59.07 m 14
6.5 s 5
2.23 m 4
6.9 m 1
3.72 m 7
1.7 m 1
56.0 s 5
58.4 s 5
39.7 s 8
1.46 s 3
1.050 s 11
530 ms 20
0.25 s 3
190 ms 60
>408 ns
51 Sb 103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
0+
(5/2+)
(2+)
(5/2+)
(4+)
(5/2+)
(3+,4+)
(5/2+)
3+
–56 . 2s
–59 . 2s
–63 . 85
–66 . 473
–70 . 653
–72 . 445
–76 . 251
–77 . 449
–80 . 836
–81 . 60
>1.5 μs
0.44 s +15–11
1.22 s 11
0.6 s 2
4.0 s 2
7.4 s 3
17.0 s 7
23.0 s 4
75 s 1
51.4 s 10
33
Decay Mode
ε
ε
2ε
ε
IT 91 . 1% , ε 8 . 9%
IT
IT
β–
IT 77 . 6% , β– 22 . 4%
β–
β–
2β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
IT
β–
β– ,
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
IT < 2 . 0×10 –3%
IT
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
0 . 03%
17%
21%
30%
58%
ε?
ε , εp < 7%, p < 1%
ε 99% , p 1%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
5/2+
3+
5/2+
3+
8–
5/2+
1+
8–
5/2+
(27/2+)
1+
8–
5/2+
2–
(8)–
7/2+
3–
5+
(8)–
7/2+
(8–)
(5+)
(3–)
7/2+
8–
5+
7/2+
(19/2–)
(8–)
(4,5)+
(7/2+)
(4)+
(8–)
(7/2+)
(0–)
(7–)
(7/2+)
1–
(7/2+)
–84 . 42
–84 . 50
–87 . 00
–86 . 822
–86 . 439
–88 . 642
–87 . 996
–87 . 746
–89 . 474
–86 . 632
–88 . 417
–88 . 417
–89 . 599
–88 . 334
–88 . 170
–89 . 226
–87 . 622
–87 . 611
–87 . 585
–88 . 257
–86 . 40
–86 . 38
–86 . 36
–86 . 700
–84 . 61
–84 . 61
–84 . 63
–82 . 78
–82 . 29
–82 . 29
–81 . 98
–79 . 67
–79 . 67
–78 . 94
–74 . 17
–73 . 89
–69 . 79
–64 . 5s
–60 . 4s
–54 . 8s
–50 . 3s
6.67 m 7
3.49 m 3
32.1 m 3
15.8 m 8
60.3 m 6
2.80 h 1
3.6 m 1
5.00 h 2
38.19 h 22
0.85 s 9
15.89 m 4
5.76 d 2
57.21% 5
2.7238 d 2
4.191 m 3
42.79% 5
60.20 d 3
93 s 5
20.2 m 2
2.75856 y 25
12.35 d 6
19.15 m 8
≈11 s
3.85 d 5
9.01 h 4
10.4 m 2
4.40 h 1
17.7 m 1
39.5 m 8
6.3 m 2
23.03 m 4
2.79 m 7
4.10 m 5
2.34 m 5
0.78 s 6
10.07 s 5
1.679 s 15
0.923 s 14
492 ms 25
350 ms 15
93 ms +14–3
>407 ns
52 Te 105
106
107
108
(5/2+)
0+
0+
–52 . 6s
–58 . 2
–60 . 54
–65 . 783
0.62 μs 7
70 μs 17
3.1 ms 1
2.1 s 1
109
(5/2+)
–67 . 715
4.6 s 3
110
111
0+
(5/2)+
–72 . 229
–73 . 587
18.6 s 8
19.3 s 4
Nuclide
Z El A
51 Sb 113
114
115
116
116m
117
118
118m
119
119m
120
120m
121
122
122m
123
124
124m
124m
125
126
126m
126m
127
128
128m
129
129m
130
130m
131
132
132m
133
134
134m
135
136
137
138
139
140
Jπ
34
Decay Mode
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
β– 97 . 59% , ε 2 . 41%
IT
β–
IT 75% , β– 25%
IT
β–
β–
β– 86% , IT 14%
IT
β–
β–
β– 96 . 4% , IT 3 . 6%
β–
β– 85% , IT 15%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 0 . 09%
β– , β–n 22%
β– , β–n 16 . 3%
β– , β–n 49%
β– , β–n 72%
β– , β–n 90%
β– , β–n , β–2n
α
α
α 70% , ε 30%
ε 51% , α 49%,
εp 2 . 4%
ε 96 . 1% , εp 9 . 4%,
α 3 . 9% ,
εα < 5 . 0×10 –3%
ε , α ≈ 3 . 0×10 –3%
ε , εp
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
52 Te 112
113
114
115
115m
116
117
117m
118
119
119m
120
121
121m
122
123
53 I
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
0+
(7/2+)
0+
7/2+
(1/2)+
0+
1/2+
(11/2–)
0+
1/2+
11/2–
0+
1/2+
11/2–
0+
1/2+
–77 . 567
–78 . 35
–81 . 89
–82 . 06
–82 . 04
–85 . 27
–85 . 10
–84 . 80
–87 . 68
–87 . 181
–86 . 920
–89 . 369
–88 . 54
–88 . 25
–90 . 315
–89 . 173
2.0 m 2
1.7 m 2
15.2 m 7
5.8 m 2
6.7 m 4
2.49 h 4
62 m 2
103 ms 3
6.00 d 2
16.05 h 5
4.70 d 4
0.09% 1
19.17 d 4
164.2 d 8
2.55% 12
>9.2×10 1 6 y
0.89% 3
119.2 d 1
4.74% 14
7.07% 15
57.40 d 15
18.84% 25
9.35 h 7
106.1 d 7
2.41×10 2 4 y 39
31.74% 8
69.6 m 3
33.6 d 1
≥3.0×10 2 4 y
34.08% 62
25.0 m 1
33.25 h 25
93 ms 12
3.204 d 13
12.5 m 3
55.4 m 4
41.8 m 8
19.0 s 2
17.63 s 8
2.49 s 5
1.4 s 4
>150 ns
>300 ns
>150 ns
123m 11/2–
124
0+
125
1/2+
125m 11/2–
126
0+
127
3/2+
127m 11/2–
128
0+
–88 . 925
–90 . 526
–89 . 024
–88 . 879
–90 . 066
–88 . 283
–88 . 195
–88 . 993
129
3/2+
129m 11/2–
130
0+
–87 . 004
–86 . 898
–87 . 352
131
131m
131m
132
133
133m
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
–85 . 211
–85 . 029
–83 . 271
–85 . 180
–82 . 94
–82 . 61
–82 . 56
–77 . 90
–74 . 48
–69 . 3
–65 . 8
–60 . 4s
–56 . 6s
–51 . 0s
–46 . 9s
3/2+
11/2–
(23/2+)
0+
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
0+
107
108
109
110
(1)
1/2+
–49 . 6s
–52 . 6s
–57 . 675
–60 . 46
111
(5/2+)
–64 . 953
ε
IT 88 . 6% , ε 11 . 4%
ε
IT
IT
β–
IT 97 . 6% , β– 2 . 4%
2β–
β–
IT 63% , β– 37%
2β–
β–
β– 74 . 1% , IT 25 . 9%
IT
β–
β–
β– 83 . 5% , IT 16 . 5%
β–
β–
β– , β–n 1 . 31%
β– , β–n 2 . 99%
β– , β–n 6 . 3%
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– ? , β–n ?
>408 ns
β– , β–n , β–2n
36 ms 6
93.5 μs 3
0.65 s 2
α 91% , ε 9%, p < 1%
p 99 . 99% , α 0 . 01%
ε 83% , α 17%, εp 11%,
εα 1 . 1%
ε 99 . 9% , α ≈ 0 . 1%
2.5 s 2
35
Decay Mode
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε ≤ 100% , IT
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε , IT < 8 . 0×10 –3%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
53 I
112
113
114
114m
115
116
117
118
118m
119
120
120m
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
130m
131
132
132m
133
133m
134
134m
135
136
136m
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
Jπ
5/2+
1+
(7)
(5/2+)
1+
(5/2)+
2–
(7–)
5/2+
2–
(7–)
5/2+
1+
5/2+
2–
5/2+
2–
5/2+
1+
7/2+
5+
2+
7/2+
4+
(8–)
7/2+
(19/2–)
(4)+
(8)–
7/2+
(1–)
(6–)
(7/2+)
(2–)
(7/2+)
(4–)
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–67 . 06
–71 . 119
–72 . 8s
–72 . 5s
–76 . 34
–77 . 49
–80 . 43
–80 . 97
–80 . 87
–83 . 76
–83 . 75
–83 . 43
–86 . 253
–86 . 081
–87 . 945
–87 . 367
–88 . 838
–87 . 912
–88 . 984
–87 . 739
–88 . 507
–86 . 936
–86 . 896
–87 . 442
–85 . 698
–85 . 578
–85 . 886
–84 . 252
–84 . 072
–83 . 756
–83 . 791
–79 . 57
–78 . 93
–76 . 51
–71 . 9s
–68 . 5
–63 . 6
–60 . 3
–55 . 0s
–51 . 1s
–45 . 8s
3.42 s 11
6.6 s 2
2.1 s 2
6.2 s 5
1.3 m 2
2.91 s 15
2.22 m 4
13.7 m 5
8.5 m 5
19.1 m 4
81.6 m 2
53 m 4
2.12 h 1
3.63 m 6
13.2235 h 19
4.1760 d 3
59.407 d 10
12.93 d 5
100%
24.99 m 2
1.57×10 7 y 4
12.36 h 1
8.84 m 6
8.0252 d 6
2.295 h 13
1.387 h 15
20.83 h 8
9 s 2
52.5 m 2
3.52 m 4
6.58 h 3
83.4 s 10
46.9 s 10
24.5 s 2
6.23 s 3
2.280 s 11
0.86 s 4
0.43 s 2
222 ms 12
130 ms 45
>300 ns
>407 ns
54 Xe 108
109
110
111
112
113
0+
(7/2+)
0+
(7/2+)
0+
(5/2+)
–42 . 7s
–45 . 9s
–51 . 9
–54 . 39
–60 . 028
–62 . 203
13 ms 2
93 ms 3
0.81 s 20
2.7 s 8
2.74 s 8
114
115
0+
(5/2+)
–67 . 08
–68 . 66
10.0 s 4
18 s 4
36
Decay Mode
ε , α ≈ 1 . 2×10 –3%
ε , α 3 . 3×10 –7%
ε , εp
ε 91% , IT 9%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε < 100% , IT
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε 52 . 7% , β– 47 . 3%
β– 93 . 1% , ε 6 . 9%
β–
β–
IT 84% , β– 16%
β–
β–
IT 86% , β– 14%
β–
IT
β–
IT 97 . 7% , β– 2 . 3%
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n 7 . 14%
β– , β–n 5 . 56%
β– , β–n 10%
β– , β–n 9 . 3%
β– , β–n 21 . 2%
β– , β–n ?
β– ?
β– ?
β– , β–n
α
α 64% , ε , εp
ε 90% , α 10%
ε 99 . 16% , α 0 . 84%
ε , εp 7%, α ≈ 0 . 01%,
εα ≈ 7 . 0×10 –3%
ε
ε , εp 0 . 34%,
α 3 . 0×10 –4%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
54 Xe 116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
0+
5/2(+)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
5/2(+)
0+
(1/2)+
0+
–73 . 05
–74 . 18
–78 . 08
–78 . 79
–82 . 17
–82 . 47
–85 . 35
–85 . 249
–87 . 661
1/2(+)
9/2(–)
0+
1/2+
9/2–
0+
1/2+
11/2–
0+
3/2+
11/2–
0+
(10+)
3/2+
11/2–
0+
–87 . 193
–86 . 940
–89 . 146
–88 . 322
–88 . 025
–89 . 860
–88 . 696
–88 . 460
–89 . 880
–88 . 413
–88 . 249
–89 . 279
–86 . 527
–87 . 643
–87 . 410
–88 . 124
134m
7–
135
3/2+
135m 11/2–
136
0+
–86 . 159
–86 . 417
–85 . 890
–86 . 429
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
–82 . 383
–79 . 975
–75 . 644
–72 . 986
–68 . 197
–65 . 229
–60 . 202
–56 . 872
–51 . 49
–47 . 95
–42 . 5s
59 s 2
61 s 2
3.8 m 9
5.8 m 3
40 m 1
40.1 m 20
20.1 h 1
2.08 h 2
≥1.6×10 1 4 y
0.0952% 3
16.9 h 2
57 s 1
0.0890% 2
36.346 d 3
69.2 s 9
1.9102% 8
26.4006% 82
8.88 d 2
4.0710% 13
21.232% 30
11.84 d 4
26.9086% 33
8.39 ms 11
5.2475 d 5
2.198 d 13
>5.8×10 2 2 y
10.4357% 21
290 ms 17
9.14 h 2
15.29 m 5
>2.4×10 2 1 y
8.8573% 44
3.818 m 13
14.08 m 8
39.68 s 14
13.60 s 10
1.73 s 1
1.23 s 2
0.511 s 6
0.388 s 7
188 ms 4
146 ms 6
0.10 s +10–5
>408 ns
125
125m
126
127
127m
128
129
129m
130
131
131m
132
132m
133
133m
134
55 Cs 112
113
114
115
116
7/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
5/2(–)
0+
5/2–
0+
0+
(3/2–)
0+
(0+,3+)
(3/2+)
(1+)
(1+)
116m 4+,5,6
–46 . 29
–51 . 765
–54 . 68
0.5 ms 1
16.7 μs 7
0.57 s 2
–59 . 7s
–62 . 1s
1.4 s 8
0.70 s 4
–62 . 0s
3.85 s 13
37
Decay Mode
ε
ε , εp 2 . 9×10 –3%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
2ε
ε
IT
ε
IT
IT
IT
IT
β–
IT
2β–
IT
β–
IT > 99 . 4% , β– < 0 . 6%
2β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n 0 . 04%
β–n 0 . 21%
β–n 1%
β–n 3%
β–n 5%
β–n 6 . 9%
β–n < 8%
β–n
p
p, α
ε 99 . 98% , εp 8 . 7%,
εα 0 . 19% , α 0 . 02%
ε , εp ≈ 0 . 07%
ε , εp 2 . 8%,
εα 0 . 05%
ε , εp 0 . 51%,
εα 8 . 0×10 –3%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
55 Cs 117m (9/2+)
117m (3/2+)
118
2
–66 . 49
–66 . 49
–68 . 41
8.4 s 6
6.5 s 4
14 s 2
118m
–68 . 41
17 s 3
119
9/2+
119m 3/2(+)
120
2(+)
–72 . 31
–72 . 31
–73 . 888
43.0 s 2
30.4 s 1
61.3 s 11
120m
121
121m
122
122m
122m
123
123m
124
124m
125
125m
126
127
128
129
130
130m
131
132
133
134
134m
135
135m
136
136m
137
138
138m
139
140
141
142
143
144
144m
145
146
147
148
149
–73 . 888
–77 . 10
–77 . 03
–78 . 14
–78 . 01
–78 . 00
–81 . 04
–80 . 89
–81 . 731
–81 . 268
–84 . 087
–83 . 821
–84 . 34
–86 . 240
–85 . 931
–87 . 499
–86 . 899
–86 . 736
–88 . 058
–87 . 155
–88 . 070
–86 . 891
–86 . 752
–87 . 581
–85 . 948
–86 . 339
–85 . 821
–86 . 545
–82 . 887
–82 . 807
–80 . 701
–77 . 050
–74 . 48
–70 . 53
–67 . 67
–63 . 27
–63 . 27
–60 . 06
–55 . 57
–52 . 02
–47 . 3
–43 . 8s
57 s 6
155 s 4
122 s 3
21.18 s 19
0.36 s 2
3.70 m 11
5.88 m 3
1.64 s 12
30.9 s 4
6.3 s 2
46.7 m 1
0.90 ms 3
1.64 m 2
6.25 h 10
3.66 m 2
32.06 h 6
29.21 m 4
3.46 m 6
9.689 d 16
6.480 d 6
100%
2.0652 y 4
2.912 h 2
2.3×10 6 y 3
53 m 2
13.04 d 3
17.5 s 2
30.08 y 9
33.41 m 18
2.91 m 8
9.27 m 5
63.7 s 3
24.84 s 16
1.684 s 14
1.791 s 7
0.994 s 6
<1 s
0.587 s 5
0.321 s 2
0.230 s 1
146 ms 6
>50 ms
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
6,7,8
(7–)
3/2(+)
9/2(+)
1+
(5)–
8(–)
1/2+
(11/2)–
1+
(7)+
1/2(+)
(11/2–)
1+
1/2+
1+
1/2+
1+
5–
5/2+
2+
7/2+
4+
8–
7/2+
19/2–
5+
8–
7/2+
3–
6–
7/2+
1–
7/2+
0–
3/2+
1(–)
(≥4)
3/2+
1–
(3/2+)
38
Decay Mode
ε
ε
ε , εp < 0 . 04%,
εα < 2 . 4×10 –3%
ε , εp < 0 . 04%,
εα < 2 . 4×10 –3%
ε
ε
ε , εα 2 . 0×10 –5% ,
εp 7 . 0×10 –6%
ε
ε
ε 83% , IT 17%
ε
IT
ε
ε
IT
ε
IT
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε 98 . 4% , β– 1 . 6%
IT 99 . 84% , ε 0 . 16%
ε
ε 98 . 13% , β– 1 . 87%
β– , ε 3 . 0×10 –4%
IT
β–
IT
β–
β– , IT > 0%
β–
β–
IT 81% , β– 19%
β–
β–
β– , β–n 0 . 04%
β– , β–n 0 . 09%
β– , β–n 1 . 64%
β– , β–n 3 . 03%
β–
β– , β–n 14 . 7%
β– , β–n 14 . 2%
β– , β–n 28 . 5%
β– , β–n 25 . 1%
β– , β–n
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
55 Cs 150
151
56 Ba 112
113
114
0+
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–39 . 0s
–35 . 1s
>50 ms
>50 ms
–36 . 1s
–39 . 8s
–46 . 0
0.43 s +30–15
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
127m
128
129
129m
130
130m
131
131m
132
(5/2+)
0+
(3/2)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
5/2(+)
0+
5/2(+)
0+
1/2(+)
0+
1/2+
7/2–
0+
1/2+
7/2+
0+
8–
1/2+
9/2–
0+
–49 . 0s
–54 . 6s
–57 . 5
–62 . 4s
–64 . 6
–68 . 9
–70 . 7
–74 . 61
–75 . 65
–79 . 09
–79 . 67
–82 . 67
–82 . 82
–82 . 73
–85 . 379
–85 . 06
–85 . 06
–87 . 261
–84 . 786
–86 . 684
–86 . 496
–88 . 434
133
133m
134
135
135m
136
136m
137
137m
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
1/2+
11/2–
0+
3/2+
11/2–
0+
7–
3/2+
11/2–
0+
7/2–
0+
3/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
(3/2–)
0+
–87 . 553
–87 . 265
–88 . 950
–87 . 850
–87 . 582
–88 . 887
–86 . 856
–87 . 721
–87 . 059
–88 . 261
–84 . 914
–83 . 270
–79 . 733
–77 . 845
–73 . 937
–71 . 767
–67 . 516
–64 . 94
–60 . 26
–57 . 59
–53 . 2s
–50 . 3s
0+
0.45 s 5
1.3 s 2
1.75 s 7
5.5 s 2
5.4 s 3
24 s 2
29.7 s 15
1.95 m 15
2.7 m 4
11.0 m 5
3.3 m 3
100 m 2
12.7 m 4
1.9 s 2
2.43 d 5
2.23 h 11
2.16 h 2
0.106% 1
9.4 ms 4
11.50 d 6
14.6 m 2
>3.0×10 2 1 y
0.101% 1
10.551 y 11
38.93 h 10
2.417% 18
6.592% 12
28.7 h 2
7.854% 24
0.3084 s 19
11.232% 24
2.552 m 1
71.698% 42
83.06 m 28
12.7527 d 23
18.27 m 7
10.6 m 2
14.5 s 3
11.5 s 2
4.31 s 16
2.22 s 7
0.894 s 10
0.612 s 17
0.344 s 7
0.3 s
39
Decay Mode
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
ε 99 . 1% , εp 20%,
α 0 . 9% ,
12C< 0 . 0034%
ε , εp > 15%
ε , εp 3%
ε , εα > 0%, εp > 0%
ε , εp
ε , εp < 25%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε ≤ 100% , IT
IT
ε
IT
2ε
ε
IT 99 . 99% , ε 0 . 01%
IT
IT
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n 3 . 6%
β–n 0 . 06%
β–n 0 . 4%
β–n 0 . 43%
β–n
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
56 Ba 151
152
153
Jπ
0+
57 La 117 ( 3 / 2 + , 3 / 2 – )
117m (9/2+)
118
119
120m
121
122
123
124m (8–)
124m
125
(3/2+)
125m
126m (5+)
126m(0–,1,2–)
127 (11/2–)
127m (3/2+)
128
(5+)
128m (1+,2–)
129
3/2+
129m 11/2–
130
3(+)
131
3/2+
132
2–
132m
6–
133
5/2+
134
1+
135
5/2+
136
1+
136m (8+)
137
7/2+
138
5+
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
146m
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
7/2+
3–
(7/2+)
2–
(7/2)+
(3–)
(5/2+)
2–
(6–)
(3/2+)
(2–)
(3/2–)
(3+)
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–45 . 6s
–42 . 4s
–37 . 2s
>300 ns
>406 ns
–46 . 5s
–46 . 3s
–49 . 6s
–55 . 0s
–57 . 7s
–62 . 4s
–64 . 5s
–68 . 7s
–70 . 26
–70 . 26
–73 . 76
–73 . 65
–74 . 97
–74 . 97
–77 . 89
–77 . 88
–78 . 63
–78 . 63
–81 . 33
–81 . 15
–81 . 63
–83 . 77
–83 . 72
–83 . 53
–85 . 49
–85 . 22
–86 . 65
–86 . 04
–85 . 81
–87 . 11
–86 . 521
–87 . 228
–84 . 317
–82 . 934
–80 . 022
–78 . 171
–74 . 83
–72 . 83
–69 . 05
–69 . 05
–66 . 68
–62 . 71
–60 . 2
–56 . 6s
–53 . 9s
–49 . 7s
–46 . 6s
–42 . 0s
23.5 ms 26
10 ms 5
2.8 s 2
5.3 s 2
8.6 s 5
17 s 3
29.21 s 17
21 s 4
64.8 s 12
0.39 s 4
54 s 2
<50 s
5.1 m 1
3.7 m 4
5.18 m 14
<1.4 m
11.6 m 2
0.56 s 5
8.7 m 1
59 m 2
4.8 h 2
24.3 m 5
3.912 h 8
6.45 m 16
19.5 h 2
9.87 m 3
114 ms 3
6×10 4 y 2
1.02×10 1 1 y 1
0.08881% 71
99.9119% 71
1.67855 d 12
3.92 h 3
91.1 m 5
14.2 m 1
40.8 s 4
24.8 s 20
6.27 s 10
10.0 s 1
4.06 s 4
1.26 s 8
1.05 s 3
0.86 s 5
>300 ns
>150 ns
>100 ns
40
Decay Mode
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– ?
p 93 . 9% , ε 6 . 1%
p 97 . 4% , ε 2 . 6%
ε?
ε?
ε , εp > 0%
ε
ε , εp
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε > 0%
ε , IT
ε
ε , IT
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε
IT 76% , ε 24%
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε 65 . 6% ,
β– 34 . 4%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
0 . 04%
0 . 15%
1 . 43%
2 . 7%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
57 La 155
58 Ce 119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
127m
128
129
130
131
131m
132
132m
133
133m
134
135
135m
136
0+
(5/2)
0+
(5/2)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(1/2+)
(5/2+)
0+
5/2+
0+
7/2+
(1/2+)
0+
(8–)
1/2+
9/2–
0+
1/2(+)
(11/2–)
0+
Δ
(MeV)
β– ?
–43 . 9s
–49 . 5s
–52 . 5s
–57 . 7s
–60 . 1s
–64 . 6s
–66 . 7s
–70 . 82
–71 . 97
–71 . 97
–75 . 53
–76 . 29
–79 . 42
–79 . 71
–79 . 64
–82 . 47
–80 . 13
–82 . 42
–82 . 39
–84 . 83
–84 . 62
–84 . 18
–86 . 47
ε?
ε?
ε , εp ≈ 1%
ε , εp
ε , εp > 0%
ε
ε , εp
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε > 0%
ε
ε
ε , IT
ε
IT
ε
ε , IT
ε
ε
IT
2ε
–85 . 88
–85 . 63
–87 . 56
138m
7–
139
3/2+
139m 11/2–
140
0+
141
7/2–
142
0+
–85 . 43
–86 . 949
–86 . 195
–88 . 078
–85 . 435
–84 . 532
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
151m
152
153
154
155
156
157
–81 . 605
–80 . 431
–77 . 09
–75 . 64
–72 . 013
–70 . 40
–66 . 67
–64 . 85
–61 . 22
–61 . 22
–59 . 3s
–55 . 2s
–52 . 7s
–48 . 3s
–45 . 3s
–40 . 4s
0+
0+
0+
Decay Mode
–38 . 5s
137
3/2+
137m 11/2–
138
0+
3/2–
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(3/2–)
0+
(5/2+)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
1.1 s 1
3.8 s 2
6 s 2
9.7 s 3
51.0 s 3
34 s 2
28.6 s 7
3.93 m 2
3.5 m 5
22.9 m 5
10.3 m 3
5.4 m 4
3.51 h 11
9.4 ms 3
97 m 4
5.1 h 3
3.16 d 4
17.7 h 3
20 s 1
>0.7×10 1 4 y
0.185% 2
9.0 h 3
34.4 h 3
≥0.9×10 1 4 y
0.251% 2
8.65 ms 20
137.641 d 20
54.8 s 10
88.450% 51
32.508 d 13
>5×10 1 6 y
11.114% 51
33.039 h 6
284.91 d 5
3.01 m 6
13.52 m 13
56.4 s 10
56 s 1
5.3 s 2
4.0 s 6
1.76 s 6
1.02 s 6
1.4 s 2
>100 ns
>100 ns
>300 ns
41
ε
IT 99 . 21% , ε 0 . 79%
2ε
IT
ε
IT
β–
2β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
59 Pr 121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130?
130?
130?
131
131m
132
133
133m
134m
134m
135
136
137
138
138m
139
140
141
142
142m
143
144
144m
145
146
147
148
148m
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
60 Nd 124
125
126
127
Jπ
(3/2)
>3
4,5,6
(11/2–)
(7,8)
(4+,5+)
(2+)
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
(2)+
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
(6–)
2–
3/2(+)
2+
5/2+
1+
7–
5/2+
1+
5/2+
2–
5–
7/2+
0–
3–
7/2+
(2)–
(5/2+)
1–
(4)
(5/2+)
(1)–
(3/2–)
(4+)
(3+)
0+
(5/2)
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–41 . 4s
–44 . 7s
–50 . 1s
–53 . 0s
–57 . 7s
–60 . 1s
–64 . 3s
–66 . 33
–69 . 77
–71 . 18
–71 . 18
–71 . 18
–74 . 30
–74 . 15
–75 . 21
–77 . 94
–77 . 74
–78 . 51
–78 . 51
–80 . 93
–81 . 33
–83 . 18
–83 . 13
–82 . 76
–84 . 820
–84 . 690
–86 . 015
–83 . 787
–83 . 783
–83 . 067
–80 . 749
–80 . 690
–79 . 626
–76 . 68
–75 . 44
–72 . 54
–72 . 44
–71 . 039
–68 . 299
–66 . 78
–63 . 76
–61 . 58
–58 . 2
–55 . 8s
–51 . 9s
–49 . 0s
–44 . 7s
–41 . 5s
10 ms +6–3
≈0.5 s
≈0.8 s
1.2 s 2
3.3 s 7
3.14 s 22
4.2 s 3
2.84 s 9
30 s 4
40 s 4
40 s 4
40 s 4
1.51 m 2
5.73 s 20
1.6 m 3
6.5 m 3
1.1 s 2
≈11 m
17 m 2
24 m 1
13.1 m 1
1.28 h 3
1.45 m 5
2.12 h 4
4.41 h 4
3.39 m 1
100%
19.12 h 4
14.6 m 5
13.57 d 2
17.28 m 5
7.2 m 3
5.984 h 10
24.15 m 18
13.4 m 3
2.29 m 2
2.01 m 7
2.26 m 7
6.19 s 16
18.90 s 7
3.57 s 18
4.28 s 11
2.3 s 1
>300 ns
>300 ns
–44 . 3s
–47 . 4s
–52 . 6s
–55 . 3s
0.65 s 15
>200 ns
1.8 s 4
42
Decay Mode
p
ε?
ε?
ε , εp > 0%
ε , εp
ε , εp
ε
ε
ε > 0%
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT 96 . 4% , ε 3 . 6%
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
β– 99 . 98% , ε 0 . 02%
IT
β–
β–
IT 99 . 93% , β– 0 . 07%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
ε
ε
ε
ε
?
, εp > 0%
, εp
, εp
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(7/2+)
(1/2+)
0+
9/2(–)
(1/2+)
–60 . 1s
–62 . 2s
–66 . 60
–67 . 77
–71 . 43
–72 . 33
–72 . 20
–75 . 65
–76 . 21
–76 . 15
5 s
4.9 s 2
21 s 3
25.4 s 9
94 s 8
70 s 10
≈70 s
8.5 m 15
12.4 m 6
5.5 m 5
136
0+
137
1/2+
137m 11/2–
138
0+
139
3/2+
139m 11/2–
140
0+
140m
7–
141
3/2+
141m 11/2–
142
0+
143
7/2–
144
0+
–79 . 20
–79 . 58
–79 . 06
–82 . 02
–82 . 01
–81 . 78
–84 . 25
–82 . 03
–84 . 192
–83 . 436
–85 . 949
–84 . 001
–83 . 747
145
146
147
148
149
150
7/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
–81 . 431
–80 . 925
–78 . 146
–77 . 406
–74 . 374
–73 . 683
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
3/2+
0+
(3/2)–
0+
–70 . 946
–70 . 15
–67 . 34
–65 . 7
–62 . 5s
–60 . 5
–56 . 8s
–54 . 4s
–50 . 2s
–47 . 4s
–43 . 0s
50.65 m 33
38.5 m 15
1.60 s 15
5.04 h 9
29.7 m 5
5.50 h 20
3.37 d 2
0.60 ms 5
2.49 h 3
62.0 s 8
27.152% 40
12.174% 26
2.29×10 1 5 y 16
23.798% 19
8.293% 12
17.189% 32
10.98 d 1
5.756% 21
1.728 h 1
0.79×10 1 9 y 7
5.638% 28
12.44 m 7
11.4 m 2
31.6 s 10
25.9 s 2
8.9 s 2
5.06 s 13
>100 ns
>50 ns
Nuclide
Z El A
60 Nd 128
129
130
131
132
133
133m
134
135
135m
61 Pm 126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
133m
0+
0+
0+
(5/2–)
(4,5,6)
(11/2–)
(3+)
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
–38 . 8s
–44 . 4s
–47 . 6s
–52 . 5s
–55 . 2s
–59 . 6s
–61 . 6s
–65 . 41
–65 . 28
1.0 s
2.4 s
2.6 s
6.3 s
6.2 s
13.5 s
<8.8
43
3
9
2
8
6
21
s
Decay Mode
ε , εp
ε > 0% , εp > 0%
ε
ε , εp > 0%
ε
ε
ε , IT
ε
ε
ε > 99 . 97% ,
IT < 0 . 03%
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε 88 . 2% , IT 11 . 8%
ε
IT
ε
IT , ε < 0 . 05%
α
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
ε?
p ?, ε ?
ε , α , εp
ε
ε , εp
ε
ε , εp ≈ 5 . 0×10 –5%
ε
IT , ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
61 Pm 134
(2+)
134m (5+)
135m( 3 / 2 + , 5 / 2 + )
135m (11/2–)
136m (5–)
136m (2+)
137
11/2–
138
138m
139
(5/2)+
139m (11/2)–
140
1+
140m
8–
141
5/2+
142
1+
142m (8)–
143
5/2+
144
5–
145
5/2+
146
3–
147
7/2+
148
1–
148m 5–,6–
149
7/2+
150
(1–)
151
5/2+
152
1+
152m
(8)
152m
4–
153
5/2–
154
(3,4)
154m (0–,1–)
155
5/2–
156m
4–
157
(5/2–)
158
159
160
161
162
163
–66 . 74
–66 . 74
–69 . 98
–69 . 91
–71 . 20
–71 . 20
–74 . 07
–74 . 94
–74 . 92
–77 . 50
–77 . 31
–78 . 21
–78 . 21
–80 . 52
–81 . 16
–80 . 27
–82 . 960
–81 . 415
–81 . 267
–79 . 453
–79 . 041
–76 . 865
–76 . 727
–76 . 063
–73 . 60
–73 . 388
–71 . 25
–71 . 11
–71 . 11
–70 . 68
–68 . 49
–68 . 49
–66 . 97
–64 . 21
–62 . 4
–59 . 1
–56 . 8
–53 . 1s
–50 . 4s
–46 . 3s
–43 . 1s
≈5 s
22 s 1
49 s 3
45 s 4
107 s 6
47 s 2
2.4 m 1
10 s 2
3.24 m 5
4.15 m 5
180 ms 20
9.2 s 2
5.95 m 5
20.90 m 5
40.5 s 5
2.0 ms 2
265 d 7
363 d 14
17.7 y 4
5.53 y 5
2.6234 y 2
5.368 d 2
41.29 d 11
53.08 h 5
2.68 h 2
28.40 h 4
4.12 m 8
13.8 m 2
7.52 m 8
5.25 m 2
2.68 m 7
1.73 m 10
41.5 s 2
26.70 s 10
10.56 s 10
4.8 s 5
1.5 s 2
62 Sm 128
0+
129 ( 1 / 2 + , 3 / 2 + )
130
0+
131
132
0+
133
(5/2+)
133m (1/2–)
134
0+
135 ( 3 / 2 + , 5 / 2 + )
136
0+
137
(9/2–)
–38 . 0s
–41 . 3s
–46 . 9s
–49 . 6s
–54 . 7s
–56 . 8s
–56 . 8s
–61 . 2s
–62 . 9
–66 . 81
–68 . 03
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
0.55 s 10
1.2 s 2
4.0 s 3
2.89 s 16
3.5 s 4
9.5 s 8
10.3 s 5
47 s 2
45 s 1
44
Decay Mode
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT 99 . 94% , ε 0 . 06%
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε , α 2 . 8×10 –7%
ε 66% , β– 34%
β–
β–
β– 95 . 8% , IT 4 . 2%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , IT ≥ 0%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
?, p ?
, εp > 0%
,
,
,
,
εp > 0%
εp
εp > 0%
IT , εp
, εp 0 . 02%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
62 Sm 138
139
139m
140
141
141m
142
143
143m
143m
144
145
146
147
148
Jπ
0+
1/2+
11/2–
0+
1/2+
11/2–
0+
3/2+
11/2–
23/2(–)
0+
7/2–
0+
7/2–
0+
149
7/2–
150
0+
151
5/2–
152
0+
153
3/2+
153m 11/2–
154
0+
155
3/2–
156
0+
157
(3/2–)
158
0+
159
5/2–
160
0+
161
162
0+
163
164
0+
165
63 Eu 130
(1+)
131
3/2+
132
133
134
135
136m (7+)
136m (3+)
137 (11/2–)
138
(6–)
139 (11/2)–
140
1+
140m (5–)
141
5/2+
141m 11/2–
142
1+
142m
8–
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–71 . 50
3.1 m 2
–72 . 38
2.57 m 10
–71 . 92
10.7 s 6
–75 . 46
14.82 m 12
–75 . 934
10.2 m 2
–75 . 758
22.6 m 2
–78 . 987
72.49 m 5
–79 . 516
8.75 m 6
–78 . 762
66 s 2
–76 . 722
30 ms 3
–81 . 965
3.07% 7
–80 . 651
340 d 3
–80 . 995
10.3×10 7 y 5
–79 . 265 1.060×10 1 1 y 11
14.99% 18
–79 . 335
7×10 1 5 y 3
11.24% 10
–77 . 135
13.82% 7
–77 . 050
7.38% 1
–74 . 575
90 y 8
–74 . 762
26.75% 16
–72 . 559
46.284 h 4
–72 . 461
10.6 ms 3
–72 . 454
22.75% 29
–70 . 190
22.3 m 2
–69 . 362
9.4 h 2
–66 . 72
8.03 m 7
–65 . 21
5.30 m 3
–62 . 24
11.37 s 15
–60 . 4s
9.6 s 3
–56 . 8
4.8 s 4
–54 . 8s
2.4 s 5
–50 . 9s
–48 . 2s
–43 . 8s
–33 . 0s
–38 . 7s
–41 . 9s
–47 . 1s
–49 . 7s
–54 . 1s
–56 . 1s
–56 . 1s
–60 . 0s
–61 . 75
–65 . 40
–66 . 99
–66 . 99
–69 . 93
–69 . 83
–71 . 31
–71 . 31
Decay Mode
ε
ε
IT 93 . 7% , ε 6 . 3%
ε
ε
ε 99 . 69% , IT 0 . 31%
ε
ε
IT 99 . 76% , ε 0 . 24%
IT
ε
α
α
α
β–
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
0.90 ms +49–29 p
17.8 ms 19
p 89% , ε 11%
p, ε
ε?
0.5 s 2
ε , εp > 0%
1.5 s 2
ε , εp
3.3 s 3
ε , εp 0 . 09%
3.8 s 3
ε , εp 0 . 09%
11 s 2
ε
12.1 s 6
ε
17.9 s 6
ε
1.51 s 2
ε
125 ms 2
IT , ε < 1%
40.7 s 7
ε
2.7 s 3
IT 87% , ε 13%
2.34 s 12
ε
1.223 m 8
ε
45
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
5/2+
1+
5/2+
4–
5/2+
5–
5/2+
5–
0–
–74 . 24
–75 . 62
–77 . 991
–77 . 117
–77 . 544
–76 . 30
–76 . 440
–74 . 791
–74 . 749
2.59 m 2
10.2 s 1
5.93 d 4
4.61 d 3
24.1 d 6
54.5 d 5
93.1 d 4
36.9 y 9
12.8 h 1
151
5/2+
–74 . 651
152
152m
152m
153
154
154m
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
3–
0–
8–
5/2+
3–
8–
5/2+
0+
5/2+
(1–)
5/2+
1
–72 . 887
–72 . 841
–72 . 739
–73 . 366
–71 . 736
–71 . 591
–71 . 816
–70 . 085
–69 . 459
–67 . 20
–66 . 045
–63 . 24
–61 . 80
–58 . 69
–56 . 80
–53 . 4s
–50 . 8s
–46 . 8s
–43 . 8s
≥1.7×10 1 8 y
47.81% 3
13.528 y 14
9.3116 h 13
96 m 1
52.19% 6
8.601 y 10
46.3 m 4
4.753 y 14
15.19 d 8
15.18 h 3
45.9 m 2
18.1 m 1
38 s 4
26 s 3
10.6 s 10
7.7 s 4
4.2 s 2
2.3 s 2
Nuclide
Z El A
63 Eu 143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
150m
64 Gd 133
134
135
136
137
138
139
139m
140
141
141m
142
143
143m
144
145
145m
146
147
148
149
0+
(5/2+)
0+
(7/2)
0+
(9/2–)
0+
1/2+
11/2–
0+
(1/2)+
(11/2–)
0+
1/2+
11/2–
0+
7/2–
0+
7/2–
–35 . 6s
–41 . 1s
–44 . 0s
–48 . 9s
–51 . 2s
–55 . 7s
–57 . 6s
–57 . 6s
–61 . 78
–63 . 22
–62 . 85
–66 . 96
–68 . 2
–68 . 1
–71 . 76
–72 . 93
–72 . 18
–76 . 087
–75 . 356
–76 . 269
–75 . 126
1.1 s 2
≥200 ns
2.2 s 2
4.7 s 9
5.8 s 9
4.8 s 9
15.8 s 4
14 s 4
24.5 s 5
70.2 s 6
39 s 2
110.0 s 14
4.47 m 6
23.0 m 4
85 s 3
48.27 d 10
38.06 h 12
70.9 y 10
9.28 d 10
46
Decay Mode
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε , α 2 . 2×10 –3%
ε , α 9 . 4×10 –7%
ε
ε
β– 89% , ε 11%,
IT ≤ 5 . 0×10 –8%
α
ε 72 . 1% , β– 27 . 9%
β– 72% , ε 28%
IT
β– 99 . 98% , ε 0 . 02%
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
ε?
ε , εp 18%
ε , εp
ε
εp > 0% , ε > 0%
εp > 0% , ε > 0%
ε
ε , εp 0 . 03%
ε 89% , IT 11%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT 94 . 3% , ε 5 . 7%
ε
ε
α
ε , α 4 . 3×10 –4%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
64 Gd 150
151
152
0+
7/2–
0+
–75 . 763
–74 . 187
–74 . 706
1.79×10 6 y 8
123.9 d 10
1.08×10 1 4 y 8
0.20% 1
240.4 d 10
2.18% 3
14.80% 12
31.97 ms 27
20.47% 9
15.65% 2
24.84% 7
18.479 h 4
>3.1×10 1 9 y
21.86% 19
3.66 m 5
8.4 m 2
68 s 3
45 s 3
10.3 s 16
4.8 s 10
153
3/2–
154
0+
155
3/2–
155m 11/2–
156
0+
157
3/2–
158
0+
159
3/2–
160
0+
–72 . 882
–73 . 705
–72 . 069
–71 . 948
–72 . 534
–70 . 823
–70 . 689
–68 . 560
–67 . 940
161
5/2–
162
0+
163 ( 5 / 2 – , 7 / 2 + )
164
0+
165
166
0+
167
168
0+
169
–65 . 505
–64 . 279
–61 . 47
–59 . 9s
–56 . 6s
–54 . 5s
–50 . 8s
–48 . 3s
–44 . 2s
65 Tb 135
136
137
138m
139
140
141
141m
142
142m
143
143m
144
144m
145
145m
146
146m
146m
147
147m
148
148m
149
149m
150
150m
151
(7/2–)
(7+)
(5/2–)
1+
5–
(11/2–)
1+
(6–)
(11/2–)
1+
5–
(10+)
(1/2+)
(11/2–)
2–
(9)+
1/2+
11/2–
(2–)
9+
1/2(+)
Decay Mode
α
ε , α ≈ 8 . 0×10 –7%
α
ε
IT
β–
2β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
–32 . 6s
0.94 ms +33–22 p
–35 . 9s
ε?
–40 . 7s
p ?, ε ?
–43 . 5s
≥200 ns
ε, p
–48 . 0s
1.6 s 2
ε , εp ?
–50 . 5
2.0 s 5
ε , εp 0 . 26%
–54 . 5
3.5 s 2
ε
–54 . 5
7.9 s 6
ε
–56 . 6
597 ms 17
ε , εp 2 . 2×10 –3%
–56 . 3
303 ms 17
IT
–60 . 42
12 s 1
ε
–60 . 42
<21 s
ε
–62 . 37
≈1 s
ε
–61 . 97
4.25 s 15
IT 66% , ε 34%
–65 . 88
ε?
–65 . 88
30.9 s 6
ε
–67 . 76
8 s 4
ε
–67 . 76
23 s 2
ε
–66 . 98
1.18 ms 2
IT
–70 . 742
1.64 h 3
ε
–70 . 691
1.83 m 6
ε
–70 . 54
60 m 1
ε
–70 . 45
2.20 m 5
ε
–71 . 489
4.118 h 25
ε 83 . 3% , α 16 . 7%
–71 . 453
4.16 m 4
ε 99 . 98% , α 0 . 02%
–71 . 105
3.48 h 16
ε , α < 0 . 05%
–70 . 631
5.8 m 2
ε
–71 . 622
17.609 h 14
ε 99 . 99% ,
α 9 . 5×10 –3%
47
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
65 Tb 151m (11/2–)
152
2–
152m
8+
153
5/2+
154
0
154m
7–
154m
3–
–71 . 522
–70 . 72
–70 . 21
–71 . 313
–70 . 15
–70 . 15
–70 . 15
25 s 3
17.5 h 1
4.2 m 1
2.34 d 1
21.5 h 4
22.7 h 5
9.4 h 4
155
156
156m
156m
157
158
158m
–71 . 25
–70 . 090
–70 . 040
–70 . 002
–70 . 762
–69 . 469
–69 . 359
5.32 d 6
5.35 d 10
24.4 h 10
5.3 h 2
71 y 7
180 y 11
10.70 s 17
–69 . 081
–69 . 531
–67 . 835
–67 . 460
–65 . 67
–64 . 594
–62 . 1
–60 . 7s
–57 . 88
–55 . 9s
–52 . 6s
–50 . 2s
–46 . 5s
–43 . 8s
0.40 ms 4
100%
72.3 d 2
6.89 d 2
7.60 m 15
19.5 m 3
3.0 m 1
2.11 m 10
25.1 s 21
19.4 s 27
8.2 s 13
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
3/2+
3–
(7–)
(0+)
3/2+
3–
0–
158m
7–
159
3/2+
160
3–
161
3/2+
162
1–
163
3/2+
164
(5+)
165
(3/2+)
166
(2–)
167
(3/2+)
168
(4–)
169
170
171
66 Dy 138
139
140
141
142
143
143m
144
145
145m
146
146m
147
147m
148
149
149m
150
151
152
153
0+
(7/2+)
0+
(9/2–)
0+
(1/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(1/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(10+)
(1/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
(27/2–)
0+
7/2(–)
0+
7/2(–)
–34 . 8s
–37 . 6s
–42 . 7s
–45 . 2s
–49 . 9s
–52 . 17
–51 . 86
–56 . 570
–58 . 242
–58 . 124
–62 . 554
–59 . 618
–64 . 194
–63 . 444
–67 . 859
–67 . 702
–65 . 041
–69 . 310
–68 . 752
–70 . 118
–69 . 142
0.6 s 2
0.9 s 2
2.3 s 3
5.6 s 10
3.0 s 3
9.1 s 4
6 s 2
14.1 s 7
29 s 3
150 ms 20
67 s 7
55.2 s 5
3.3 m 2
4.20 m 14
0.490 s 15
7.17 m 5
17.9 m 3
2.38 h 2
6.4 h 1
48
Decay Mode
IT 93 . 4% , ε 6 . 6%
ε , α < 7 . 0×10 –7%
IT 78 . 8% , ε 21 . 2%
ε
ε , β– < 0 . 1%
ε 98 . 2% , IT 1 . 8%
ε 78 . 2% , IT 21 . 8%,
β– < 0 . 1%
ε
ε
IT
IT < 100% , ε > 0%
ε
ε 83 . 4% , β– 16 . 6%
IT , β– < 0 . 6%,
ε < 0 . 01%
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
ε?
ε , εp
ε
ε , εp
ε , εp 0 . 06%
ε , εp
ε , εp
ε , εp
ε , εp ≈ 50%
ε , εp ≈ 50%
ε
IT
ε , εp 0 . 05%
ε 68 . 9% , IT 31 . 1%
ε
ε
IT 99 . 3% , ε 0 . 7%
ε 64% , α 36%
ε 94 . 4% , α 5 . 6%
ε 99 . 9% , α 0 . 1%
ε 99 . 99% ,
α 9 . 4×10 –3%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
66 Dy 154
0+
155
3/2–
156
0+
157
3/2–
157m 11/2–
158
0+
159
3/2–
160
0+
161
5/2+
162
0+
163
5/2–
164
0+
165
7/2+
165m 1/2–
166
0+
167
(1/2–)
168
0+
169
(5/2)–
170
0+
171
172
0+
173
–70 . 392
–69 . 15
–70 . 522
–69 . 420
–69 . 221
–70 . 404
–69 . 166
–69 . 671
–68 . 054
–68 . 179
–66 . 379
–65 . 966
–63 . 610
–63 . 502
–62 . 583
–59 . 93
–58 . 6
–55 . 6
–53 . 7s
–50 . 1s
–47 . 8s
–43 . 7s
3.0×10 6 y 15
9.9 h 2
0.056% 3
8.14 h 4
21.6 ms 16
0.095% 3
144.4 d 2
2.329% 18
18.889% 42
25.475% 36
24.896% 42
28.260% 54
2.334 h 1
1.257 m 6
81.6 h 1
6.20 m 8
8.7 m 3
39 s 8
67 Ho 140 (6–,0–,8+)
141
7/2–
142 (7–,8+)
143 (11/2–)
144
(5–)
145 (11/2–)
146
(10+)
147 (11/2–)
148
(1+)
148m (6)–
148m (10+)
149 (11/2–)
149m (1/2+)
150
2–
150m (9)+
151 (11/2–)
151m (1/2+)
152
2–
152m
9+
153
11/2–
153m 1/2+
154
2–
154m
8+
155
5/2+
155m 11/2–
156
4–
156m
1–
156m
9+
157
7/2–
158
5+
–29 . 2s
–34 . 3s
–37 . 2s
–42 . 0s
–44 . 609
–49 . 120
–51 . 238
–55 . 757
–57 . 99
–57 . 99
–57 . 30
–61 . 66
–61 . 62
–61 . 95
–61 . 45
–63 . 622
–63 . 581
–63 . 61
–63 . 45
–65 . 012
–64 . 943
–64 . 639
–64 . 639
–66 . 04
–65 . 90
–65 . 47
–65 . 42
–65 . 42
–66 . 83
–66 . 18
6 ms 3
4.1 ms 3
0.4 s 1
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
0.7 s 1
2.4 s 1
3.6 s 3
5.8 s 4
2.2 s 11
9.59 s 15
2.35 ms 4
21.1 s 2
56 s 3
72 s 4
24.1 s 5
35.2 s 1
47.2 s 13
161.8 s 3
50.0 s 4
2.01 m 3
9.3 m 5
11.76 m 19
3.10 m 14
48 m 1
0.88 ms 8
56 m 1
9.5 s 15
7.8 m 3
12.6 m 2
11.3 m 4
49
Decay Mode
α
ε
ε
IT
ε
β–
IT 97 . 76% , β– 2 . 24%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
p
p
ε , εp > 0%
ε ? , εp ?
ε , εp
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε , εp 0 . 08%
IT
ε
ε
ε
ε,
ε 78% , α 22%
α 80% , ε 20%
ε 88% , α 12%
ε 89 . 2% , α 10 . 8%
ε 99 . 95% , α 0 . 05%
ε 99 . 82% , α 0 . 18%
ε 99 . 98% , α 0 . 02%
ε , α < 1 . 0×10 –3%
ε
IT
ε
IT
ε 75% , IT 25%
ε
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
67 Ho 158m
2–
158m (9+)
159
7/2–
159m 1/2+
160
5+
160m
2–
160m (9+)
161
7/2–
161m 1/2+
162
1+
162m
6–
163
7/2–
163m 1/2+
164
1+
164m
6–
165
7/2–
166
0–
166m
7–
167
7/2–
168
3+
168m (6+)
169
7/2–
170
(6+)
170m (1+)
171
(7/2–)
172
173
174
175
–66 . 12
–66 . 00
–67 . 328
–67 . 122
–66 . 38
–66 . 32
–66 . 21
–67 . 195
–66 . 984
–66 . 040
–65 . 934
–66 . 376
–66 . 078
–64 . 980
–64 . 840
–64 . 897
–63 . 070
–63 . 064
–62 . 279
–60 . 06
–60 . 00
–58 . 80
–56 . 24
–56 . 12
–54 . 5
–51 . 5s
–49 . 2s
–45 . 7s
–43 . 1s
28 m 2
21.3 m 23
33.05 m 11
8.30 s 8
25.6 m 3
5.02 h 5
3 s
2.48 h 5
6.76 s 7
15.0 m 10
67.0 m 7
4570 y 25
1.09 s 3
29 m 1
37.5 m +15–5
100%
26.824 h 12
1.20×10 3 y 18
3.003 h 18
2.99 m 7
132 s 4
4.72 m 10
2.76 m 5
43 s 2
53 s 2
25 s 3
68 Er 142
143
144
145
145m
146
147
147m
148
149
149m
0+
(1/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(1/2+)
(11/2–)
0+
(1/2+)
(11/2–)
–28 . 1s
–31 . 2s
–36 . 7s
–39 . 4s
–39 . 2s
–44 . 322
–46 . 61
–46 . 61
–51 . 48
–53 . 74
–53 . 00
150
151
151m
152
153
154
155
156
157
157m
158
0+
(7/2–)
(27/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
7/2–
0+
3/2–
(9/2+)
0+
–57 . 83
–58 . 26
–55 . 68
–60 . 500
–60 . 475
–62 . 606
–62 . 209
–64 . 21
–63 . 41
–63 . 26
–65 . 30
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
0+
≥200 ns
1.0 s 3
1.7 s 6
2.5 s 2
1.6 s 2
4.6 s 2
4 s 2
8.9 s 2
18.5 s 7
23.5 s 20
0.58 s 2
10.3 s 1
37.1 s 2
3.73 m 9
5.3 m 3
19.5 m 10
18.65 m 10
76 ms 6
2.29 h 6
50
Decay Mode
IT > 81% , ε < 19%
ε ≥ 93% , IT ≤ 7%
ε
IT
ε
IT 73% , ε 27%
IT
ε
IT
ε
IT 62% , ε 38%
ε
IT
ε 60% , β– 40%
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
IT ≥ 99 . 5% , β– ≤ 0 . 5%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
ε?
ε
ε?
ε , εp
ε , εp
ε , εp > 0%
ε , εp > 0%
ε
ε , εp 7%
ε 96 . 5% , IT 3 . 5%,
εp 0 . 18%
ε
ε
IT 95 . 3% , ε 4 . 7%
α 90% , ε 10%
α 53% , ε 47%
ε 99 . 53% , α 0 . 47%
ε 99 . 98% , α 0 . 02%
ε , α 1 . 7×10 –5%
ε
IT
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
68 Er 159
3/2–
160
0+
161
3/2–
162
0+
163
5/2–
164
0+
165
5/2–
166
0+
167
7/2+
167m 1/2–
168
0+
169
1/2–
170
0+
171
5/2–
172
0+
173
(7/2–)
174
0+
175
(9/2+)
176
0+
177
–64 . 560
–66 . 06
–65 . 199
–66 . 332
–65 . 166
–65 . 941
–64 . 520
–64 . 924
–63 . 289
–63 . 081
–62 . 989
–60 . 921
–60 . 108
–57 . 718
–56 . 482
–53 . 7s
–51 . 9s
–48 . 7s
–46 . 6s
–42 . 9s
36 m 1
28.58 h 9
3.21 h 3
0.139% 5
75.0 m 4
1.601% 3
10.36 h 4
33.503% 36
22.869% 9
2.269 s 6
26.978% 18
9.392 d 18
14.910% 36
7.516 h 2
49.3 h 3
1.4 m 1
3.2 m 2
1.2 m 3
69 Tm 144
145
146
146m
147
147m
148m
149
150
150m
151
151m
152
152m
153
153m
154
154m
155
155m
156
157
158
158m
159
160
160m
161
162
162m
163
164
–22 . 2s
–27 . 7s
–31 . 2s
–31 . 1s
–35 . 974
–35 . 906
–38 . 76
–43 . 9s
–46 . 5s
–45 . 8s
–50 . 78
–50 . 78
–51 . 77
–51 . 77
–53 . 99
–53 . 95
–54 . 43
–54 . 43
–56 . 626
–56 . 585
–56 . 84
–58 . 71
–58 . 70
–58 . 70
–60 . 57
–60 . 30
–60 . 23
–61 . 90
–61 . 47
–61 . 47
–62 . 727
–61 . 90
1.9 μs +12–5
3.17 μs 20
80 ms 10
200 ms 10
0.58 s 3
0.36 ms 4
0.7 s 2
0.9 s 2
2.20 s 6
5.2 ms 3
4.17 s 11
6.6 s 20
8.0 s 10
5.2 s 6
1.48 s 1
2.5 s 2
8.1 s 3
3.30 s 7
21.6 s 2
45 s 3
83.8 s 18
3.63 m 9
3.98 m 6
≈20 s
9.13 m 16
9.4 m 3
74.5 s 15
30.2 m 8
21.70 m 19
24.3 s 17
1.810 h 5
2.0 m 1
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
(10+)
(11/2–)
(5–)
(8+)
11/2–
3/2+
(10+)
(11/2–)
(6–)
(10+)
(11/2–)
(1/2+)
(2)–
(9)+
(11/2–)
(1/2+)
(2–)
9+
11/2–
1/2+
2–
1/2+
2–
(5+)
5/2+
1–
5
7/2+
1–
5+
1/2+
1+
51
Decay Mode
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
p > 0%
p
p, ε
p, ε
ε 85% , p 15%
p
ε
ε , εp 0 . 2%
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε
ε
α 91% , ε 9%
α 92% , ε 8%
α 54% , ε 46%
α 58% , ε 42%, IT
ε 99 . 11% , α 0 . 89%
ε > 98% , α < 2%
ε 99 . 94% , α 0 . 06%
ε
ε
ε?
ε
ε
IT 85% , ε 15%
ε
ε
IT 81% , ε 19%
ε
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
69 Tm 164m
6–
165
1/2+
166
2+
166m (6–)
167
1/2+
168
3+
169
1/2+
170
1–
171
1/2+
172
2–
173
(1/2+)
174
(4)–
174m
0+
175
(1/2+)
176
(4+)
177m (7/2–)
178
179
–61 . 90
–62 . 928
–61 . 89
–61 . 78
–62 . 542
–61 . 312
–61 . 274
–59 . 795
–59 . 210
–57 . 373
–56 . 253
–53 . 86
–53 . 61
–52 . 31
–49 . 4
–47 . 5s
–44 . 1s
–41 . 6s
5.1 m 1
30.06 h 3
7.70 h 3
340 ms 25
9.25 d 2
93.1 d 2
100%
128.6 d 3
1.92 y 1
63.6 h 2
8.24 h 8
5.4 m 1
2.29 s 1
15.2 m 5
1.9 m 1
90 s 6
>300 ns
70 Yb 148
0+
149 ( 1 / 2 + , 3 / 2 + )
150
0+
151
(1/2+)
151m (11/2–)
152
0+
153
7/2–
154
0+
155
(7/2–)
156
0+
157
7/2–
158
0+
159
5/2(–)
160
0+
161
3/2–
162
0+
163
3/2–
164
0+
165
5/2–
166
0+
167
5/2–
168
0+
169
7/2+
169m 1/2–
170
0+
171
1/2–
171m 7/2+
172
0+
173
5/2–
174
0+
175
(7/2–)
175m 1/2–
176
0+
176m
8–
–30 . 2s
–33 . 2s
–38 . 6s
–41 . 5
–41 . 5
–46 . 3
–47 . 1s
–49 . 93
–50 . 50
–53 . 265
–53 . 43
–56 . 008
–55 . 84
–58 . 16
–57 . 84
–59 . 83
–59 . 30
–61 . 02
–60 . 29
–61 . 594
–60 . 588
–61 . 580
–60 . 376
–60 . 352
–60 . 763
–59 . 306
–59 . 211
–59 . 255
–57 . 551
–56 . 944
–54 . 695
–54 . 180
–53 . 488
–52 . 438
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
0.7 s 2
≥200 ns
1.6 s 1
1.6 s 1
3.03 s 6
4.2 s 2
0.409 s 2
1.793 s 19
26.1 s 7
38.6 s 10
1.49 m 13
1.67 m 9
4.8 m 2
4.2 m 2
18.87 m 19
11.05 m 35
75.8 m 17
9.9 m 3
56.7 h 1
17.5 m 2
0.123% 3
32.018 d 5
46 s 2
2.982% 39
14.09% 14
5.25 ms 24
21.68% 13
16.103% 63
32.026% 80
4.185 d 1
68.2 ms 3
12.996% 83
11.4 s 3
52
Decay Mode
IT ≈ 80% , ε ≈ 20%
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε 99 . 99% , β– 0 . 01%
β– 99 . 87% , ε 0 . 13%
β–
β–
β–
β–
IT 99% , β– < 1%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
ε?
ε , εp
ε?
ε , εp > 0%
ε , IT ≈ 0 . 4%, εp
ε , εp
α 60% , ε 40%
α 92 . 6% , ε 7 . 4%
α 89% , ε 11%
ε 90% , α 10%
ε 99 . 5% , α 0 . 5%
α ≈ 2 . 1×10 –3% , ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
IT
β–
IT
IT
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
70 Yb 177
(9/2+)
177m (1/2–)
178
0+
179
(1/2–)
180
0+
181
–50 . 983
–50 . 652
–49 . 69
–46 . 4s
–44 . 4s
–40 . 8s
1.911 h 3
6.41 s 2
74 m 3
8.0 m 4
2.4 m 5
71 Lu 150
(2+)
151
11/2–
152 (4–,5–,6–)
153
11/2–
154
(2–)
154m (9+)
155
11/2–
155m 1/2+
155m (25/2–)
156
(2)–
156m
9+
157 ( 1 / 2 + , 3 / 2 + )
157m (11/2–)
158
159
160
160m
161
1/2+
161m (9/2–)
162
1–
162m
162m (4–)
163
1/2(+)
164
1(–)
165
1/2+
166
6–
166m 3(–)
166m
0–
167
7/2+
167m 1/2+
168
6(–)
168m
3+
169
7/2+
169m 1/2–
170
0+
170m (4)–
171
7/2+
171m 1/2–
172
4–
172m
1–
173
7/2+
174
(1)–
174m (6)–
175
7/2+
176
7–
–24 . 6s
–30 . 1s
–33 . 4s
–38 . 4
–39 . 6s
–39 . 6s
–42 . 55
–42 . 53
–40 . 77
–43 . 75
–43 . 75
–46 . 46
–46 . 43
–47 . 21
–49 . 71
–50 . 27
–50 . 27
–52 . 56
–52 . 40
–52 . 84
–52 . 84
–52 . 84
–54 . 79
–54 . 64
–56 . 44
–56 . 02
–55 . 99
–55 . 98
–57 . 50
–57 . 50
–57 . 07
–56 . 87
–58 . 083
–58 . 054
–57 . 30
–57 . 21
–57 . 828
–57 . 757
–56 . 736
–56 . 694
–56 . 881
–55 . 570
–55 . 399
–55 . 166
–53 . 382
45 ms 3
80.6 ms 20
0.7 s 1
0.9 s 2
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
1.12 s 8
68 ms 1
138 ms 8
2.69 ms 3
494 ms 12
198 ms 2
6.8 s 18
4.79 s 12
10.6 s 3
12.1 s 10
36.1 s 3
40 s 1
77 s 2
7.3 ms 4
1.37 m 2
1.9 m
1.5 m
3.97 m 13
3.14 m 3
10.74 m 10
2.65 m 10
1.41 m 10
2.12 m 10
51.5 m 10
≥1 m
5.5 m 1
6.7 m 4
34.06 h 5
160 s 10
2.012 d 20
0.67 s 10
8.24 d 3
79 s 2
6.70 d 3
3.7 m 5
1.37 y 1
3.31 y 5
142 d 2
97.401% 13
3.76×10 1 0 y 7
2.599% 13
53
Decay Mode
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
p 70 . 9% , ε 29 . 1%
p 63 . 4% , ε 36 . 6%
ε , εp 15%
α ≈ 70% , ε ≈ 30%
ε
α 90% , ε 10%
α 76% , ε 24%
α
α ≈ 95% , ε ≈ 5%
α
α > 0%
ε 94% , α 6%
ε 99 . 09% , α 0 . 91%
ε , α 0 . 1%
ε , α ≤ 1 . 0×10 –4%
ε ≤ 100% , α
ε
IT
ε ≤ 100%
ε ≤ 100%
ε ≤ 100%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε 58% , IT 42%
ε > 80% , IT < 20%
ε
ε , IT
ε
ε > 99 . 6% , IT < 0 . 8%
ε
IT
ε
IT
ε
IT
ε
IT
ε
ε
IT 99 . 38% , ε 0 . 62%
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–53 . 259
–52 . 384
–51 . 414
–49 . 644
–50 . 338
–50 . 214
–49 . 059
–48 . 467
–46 . 68
–44 . 7s
–41 . 9s
–39 . 5s
–36 . 4s
3.664 h 19
6.647 d 4
160.44 d 6
6 m +3–2
28.4 m 2
23.1 m 3
4.59 h 6
3.1 ms 9
5.7 m 1
3.5 m 3
2.0 m 2
58 s 4
19 s 2
β– 99 . 9% , ε 0 . 09%
β–
β– 78 . 6% , IT 21 . 4%
β– , IT ?
β–
β–
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
–27 . 3s
–32 . 7s
–34 . 1s
–37 . 9
–35 . 9
–38 . 8s
–42 . 10
–42 . 85
–45 . 938
–46 . 32
–49 . 166
>60 ns
2 s 1
0.84 s 3
23 ms 1
0.52 ms 1
110 ms 6
2.85 s 7
5.6 s 4
13.6 s 2
18.2 s 5
39.4 s 9
163
164
0+
165
(5/2–)
166
0+
167
(5/2)–
168
0+
169
5/2–
170
0+
171
7/2+
171m 1/2–
172
0+
173
1/2–
174
0+
–49 . 29
–51 . 83
–51 . 63
–53 . 86
–53 . 47
–55 . 36
–54 . 72
–56 . 25
–55 . 43
–55 . 41
–56 . 40
–55 . 41
–55 . 845
175
176
177
177m
177m
178
178m
178m
179
179m
179m
180
180m
–54 . 482
–54 . 576
–52 . 885
–51 . 569
–50 . 145
–52 . 439
–51 . 292
–49 . 993
–50 . 467
–50 . 092
–49 . 361
–49 . 783
–48 . 641
40.0 s 6
111 s 8
76 s 4
6.77 m 30
2.05 m 5
25.95 m 20
3.24 m 4
16.01 h 13
12.1 h 4
29.5 s 9
1.87 y 3
23.6 h 1
2.0×10 1 5 y 4
0.16% 1
70 d 2
5.26% 7
18.60% 9
1.09 s 5
51.4 m 5
27.28% 7
4.0 s 2
31 y 1
13.62% 2
18.67 s 4
25.05 d 25
35.08% 16
5.47 h 4
ε?
ε , α?
ε
α
α
α 86% , ε 14%
ε 55 . 7% , α 44 . 3%
ε 65% , α 35%
ε 99 . 3% , α 0 . 7%
ε > 99 . 87% , α < 0 . 13%
ε 99 . 99% ,
α 8 . 0×10 –3%
ε , α < 1 . 0×10 –4%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT ≤ 100% , ε
ε
ε
α
Nuclide
Z El A
71 Lu 176m
177
177m
177m
178
178m
179
179m
180
181
182
183
184
72 Hf 153
154
155
156
156m
157
158
159
160
161
162
Jπ
1–
7/2+
23/2–
(39/2–)
1(+)
(9–)
7/2+
1/2+
5+
(7/2+)
(7/2+)
(3+)
0+
0+
8+
7/2–
0+
7/2–
0+
0+
5/2(–)
0+
7/2–
23/2+
37/2–
0+
8–
16+
9/2+
1/2–
25/2–
0+
8–
54
Decay Mode
ε
IT
IT
IT
IT
IT
IT
IT 99 . 7% , β– 0 . 3%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
72 Hf 181
1/2–
181m (25/2–)
182
0+
182m (8–)
183
(3/2–)
184
0+
184m (8–)
185
186
0+
187m
188
0+
189
–47 . 407
–45 . 665
–46 . 053
–44 . 880
–43 . 29
–41 . 50
–40 . 23
–38 . 4s
–36 . 4s
–32 . 8s
–30 . 9s
42.39 d 6
1.5 ms 5
8.90×10 6 y 9
61.5 m 15
1.018 h 2
4.12 h 5
48 s 10
3.5 m 6
2.6 m 12
0.27 μs 8
β–
IT
β–
β– 54% , IT 46%
β–
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
73 Ta 155m
156
156m
157
157m
157m
158
158m
159
159m
160
160m
161
161m
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178m
178m
178m
178m
179
179m
179m
180
180m
–24 . 0s
–25 . 8s
–25 . 7s
–29 . 6
–29 . 6
–28 . 0
–31 . 0s
–30 . 9s
–34 . 44
–34 . 38
–35 . 87
–35 . 87
–38 . 71
–38 . 71
–39 . 78
–42 . 54
–43 . 28
–45 . 85
–46 . 10
–48 . 35
–48 . 39
–50 . 29
–50 . 14
–51 . 72
–51 . 33
–52 . 40
–51 . 74
–52 . 41
–51 . 37
–51 . 719
–50 . 50
–50 . 50
–49 . 03
–47 . 60
–50 . 361
–49 . 044
–47 . 722
–48 . 936
–48 . 859
2.9 ms +15–11
144 ms 24
0.36 s 4
10.1 ms 4
4.3 ms 1
1.7 ms 1
55 ms 15
36.7 ms 15
0.83 s 18
0.56 s 6
1.55 s 4
1.7 s 2
p
p, ε
ε 95 . 8% , p 4 . 2%
α 96 . 6% , p 3 . 4%
α
α
α ≈ 91% , ε ≈ 9%
α 95% , ε 5%
ε 66% , α 34%
α 55% , ε 45%
ε 66% , α 34%
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
11/2–
(2–)
9+
1/2+
11/2–
(25/2–)
(2–)
(9+)
1/2+
11/2–
(1/2+)
(11/2–)
(3+)
(2)+
(3/2+)
(2–,3+)
(5/2+)
(3+)
(5/2–)
(3+)
5/2–
3+
7/2+
(1)–
7/2+
(1+)
7–
15–
(21–)
7/2+
(25/2+)
(37/2+)
1+
9–
3.08 s 11
3.57 s 12
10.6 s 18
14.2 s 3
31.0 s 15
34.4 s 5
80 s 4
2.0 m 1
4.9 m 4
6.76 m 6
23.3 m 3
36.8 m 3
3.14 h 13
1.14 h 8
10.5 h 2
8.09 h 5
56.56 h 6
9.31 m 3
2.36 h 8
58 ms 4
290 ms 12
1.82 y 3
9.0 ms 2
54.1 ms 17
8.154 h 6
>1.2×10 1 5 y
0.01201% 32
55
Decay Mode
ε, α
ε, α
ε 99 . 93% , α 0 . 07%
ε ≈ 99 . 8% , α ≈ 0 . 2%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
IT
ε
IT
IT
ε 86% , β– 14%
ε?
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
73 Ta 180m
9–
–48 . 859
7/2+
3–
5+
10–
7/2+
(5–)
(7/2+)
(21/2)
(2–,3–)
–48 . 441
–46 . 433
–46 . 417
–45 . 913
–45 . 296
–42 . 84
–41 . 40
–40 . 14
–38 . 61
–38 . 61
–36 . 8s
–35 . 0s
–33 . 8s
–33 . 7s
–31 . 8s
–28 . 7s
–26 . 5s
–23 . 1s
>1.2×10 1 5 y
0.01201% 32
99.98799% 32
114.74 d 12
283 ms 3
15.84 m 10
5.1 d 1
8.7 h 1
49.4 m 15
>1 ms
10.5 m 3
1.54 m 5
2.3 m 6
22 s 9
>5 m
19.6 s 20
1.6 μs 2
5.3 s 7
>300 ns
2.2 s 7
181
182
182m
182m
183
184
185
185m
186
186m
187
187m
187m
188
189?
190
191
192
74 W 157
158
158m
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
179m
180
181
182
183
(7/2+)
(27/2–)
(41/2+)
(1,2)
(7/2–)
0+
(8+)
0+
7/2–
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(+)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
5/2–
0+
(1/2–)
0+
1/2–
0+
7/2–
1/2–
0+
–19 . 3s
–23 . 7s
–21 . 8s
–25 . 2s
–29 . 4
–30 . 4s
–34 . 00
–34 . 91
–38 . 235
–38 . 86
–41 . 88
–42 . 09
–44 . 90
–44 . 92
–47 . 29
–47 . 09
–49 . 10
–48 . 73
–50 . 23
–49 . 63
–50 . 64
–49 . 70
–50 . 41
–49 . 29
–49 . 07
–49 . 636
9/2+
0+
1/2–
–48 . 253
–48 . 247
–46 . 367
0+
183m 11/2+
–46 . 057
275 ms 40
1.25 ms 21
0.143 ms 19
7.3 ms 27
91 ms 5
409 ms 18
1.36 s 7
2.67 s 10
6.3 s 2
5.1 s 5
19.2 s 6
19.9 s 5
50.9 s 19
74 s 6
2.42 m 4
2.38 m 4
6.6 m 9
7.6 m 2
33.2 m 21
35.2 m 6
2.5 h 1
132 m 2
21.6 d 3
37.05 m 16
6.40 m 7
≥6.6×10 1 7 y
0.12% 1
121.2 d 2
26.50% 16
>1.3×10 1 9 y
14.31% 4
5.2 s 3
56
Decay Mode
β– ?
β–
IT
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ? , IT ?
β– ? , IT ?
β–
β– ?
β–
β– ?
β–
ε
α
IT , α
α ≈ 99 . 9% , ε ≈ 0 . 1%
α 87%
α 73% , ε 27%
ε 54 . 8% , α 45 . 2%
ε 86% , α 14%
ε 96 . 2% , α 3 . 8%
ε , α < 0 . 2%
ε 99 . 96% , α 0 . 04%
ε 99 . 96% , α 0 . 04%
ε , α 3 . 2×10 –3%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT 99 . 71% , ε 0 . 29%
2ε
ε
α
IT
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
74 W 184
0+
185
3/2–
185m 11/2+
186
0+
–45 . 707
–43 . 389
–43 . 192
–42 . 510
186m (16+)
187
3/2–
188
0+
189
(3/2–)
190
0+
190m (10–)
191
192
0+
193
194
0+
–38 . 967
–39 . 906
–38 . 669
–35 . 5
–34 . 3
–31 . 9
–31 . 1s
–29 . 6s
–26 . 2s
–24 . 4s
30.64% 2
75.1 d 3
1.67 m 3
>2.3×10 1 9 y
28.43% 19
>3 ms
24.000 h 4
69.78 d 5
10.7 m 5
30.0 m 15
≤3.1 ms
>300 ns
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
75 Re 159
(1/2+)
160
(2–)
161
1/2+
161m 11/2–
162
(2–)
162m (9+)
163
1/2+
163m 11/2–
164
164m
165
(1/2+)
165m (11/2–)
166
167
(9/2–)
167m
168
(7+)
169
(9/2–)
169m( 5 / 2 + , 3 / 2 + )
170
(5+)
171
(9/2–)
172m
(2)
172m
(5)
173
(5/2–)
174
(≤ 4)
175
(5/2–)
176
(3+)
177
5/2–
178
(3+)
179
5/2+
179m47/2,49/2+
180
(1)–
181
5/2+
182
7+
182m
2+
183
5/2+
183m (25/2)+
184
3(–)
–14 . 8s
–16 . 7s
–20 . 9
–20 . 8
–22 . 4s
–22 . 2s
–26 . 01
–25 . 89
–27 . 52
–27 . 45
–30 . 65
–30 . 60
–31 . 89
–34 . 84s
–34 . 84s
–35 . 79
–38 . 41
–38 . 41
–38 . 92
–41 . 25
–41 . 52
–41 . 52
–43 . 55
–43 . 67
–45 . 29
–45 . 06
–46 . 27
–45 . 65
–46 . 58
–41 . 18
–45 . 84
–46 . 52
–45 . 4
–45 . 4
–45 . 811
–43 . 903
–44 . 224
>300 ns
>300 ns
0.82 ms +15–9
0.44 ms 1
14.7 ms 3
107 ms 13
77 ms 9
390 ms 72
214 ms 5
0.85 s +14–11
0.86 s +15–11
≈1 s
2.1 s 3
2.25 s 21
5.9 s 3
3.4 s 4
4.4 s 1
8.1 s 5
15.1 s 15
9.2 s 2
15.2 s 4
55 s 5
15 s 3
1.98 m 26
2.40 m 4
5.89 m 5
5.3 m 3
14 m 1
13.2 m 2
19.5 m 1
0.466 ms 15
2.44 m 6
19.9 h 7
64.0 h 5
12.7 h 2
70.0 d 14
1.04 ms 4
35.4 d 7
57
Decay Mode
β–
IT
2β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
IT
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
β– ?
p 91% , α 9%
p , α ≤ 1 . 4%
α 93% , p 7%
α 94% , ε 6%
α 91% , ε 9%
ε 68% , α 32%
α 66% , ε 34%
α ≈ 58% , ε ≈ 42%
IT , α ≈ 3%
α, ε
ε 87% , α 13%
ε > 76% , α < 24%
ε ≈ 99% , α ≈ 1%
α
ε , α ≈ 5 . 0×10 –3%
ε , α < 0 . 01%
ε , IT , α ≈ 0 . 2%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
IT
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
75 Re 184m
185
186
186m
187
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
8(+)
5/2+
1–
(8+)
5/2+
–44 . 036
–43 . 822
–41 . 930
–41 . 781
–41 . 218
169 d 8
37.40% 2
3.7186 d 5
2.0×10 5 y
4.33×10 1 0 y 7
62.60% 2
17.003 h 3
18.59 m 4
24.3 h 4
3.1 m 3
3.2 h 2
9.8 m 5
16 s 1
188
1–
188m (6)–
189
5/2+
190
(2)–
190m (6–)
191 ( 3 / 2 + , 1 / 2 + )
192
193?
194m
194m
194m
195
196
198
76 Os 161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
181m
182
182m
183
183m
184
–39 . 018
–38 . 846
–37 . 980
–35 . 6
–35 . 4
–34 . 35
–31 . 8s
–30 . 2s
–27 . 4s
–27 . 4s
–27 . 4s
–25 . 6s
–22 . 5s
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
1/2–
0+
1/2–
0+
1/2–
7/2–
0+
(8)–
9/2+
1/2–
0+
–9 . 9s
–14 . 5s
–16 . 1s
–20 . 5
–21 . 6s
–25 . 44
–26 . 50
–29 . 992
–30 . 72
–33 . 92
–34 . 29
–37 . 24
–37 . 44
–40 . 00
–40 . 11
–42 . 10
–41 . 95
–43 . 55
–43 . 02
–44 . 35
–43 . 55
–43 . 50
–44 . 61
–42 . 78
–43 . 66
–43 . 49
–44 . 256
185
186
1/2–
0+
–42 . 809
–43 . 002
187
1/2–
–41 . 220
5 s 1
25 s 8
100 s 10
6 s 1
3 s +1–2
0.64 ms 6
2.1 ms 1
5.5 ms 6
21 ms 1
71 ms 3
199 ms 3
0.81 s 6
2.1 s 1
3.43 s 14
7.37 s 18
8.3 s 2
19.2 s 9
22.4 s 9
44 s 4
1.4 m 1
3.6 m 5
3.0 m 2
5.0 m 4
6.5 m 3
21.5 m 4
105 m 3
2.7 m 1
21.84 h 20
0.78 ms 7
13.0 h 5
9.9 h 3
>5.6×10 1 3 y
0.02% 1
93.6 d 5
2.0×10 1 5 y 11
1.59% 3
1.96% 2
58
Decay Mode
IT 74 . 5% , ε 25 . 5%
β– 92 . 53% , ε 7 . 47%
IT
β– ,
α < 1 . 0×10 –4%
β–
IT
β–
β–
β– 54 . 4% , IT 45 . 6%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
α
α ≈ 99%
α, ε
α 98% , ε 2%
α > 60% , ε < 40%
α 72% , ε 18%
α 57% , ε 43%
ε 57% , α 43%
ε 86 . 3% , α 13 . 7%
ε 90 . 5% , α 9 . 5%
ε 98 . 2% , α 1 . 8%
ε 99 . 8% , α 0 . 2%
ε , α 0 . 4%
ε 99 . 98% , α 0 . 02%
ε
ε
ε
ε, α
ε
ε
ε
ε , IT ≤ 3%
ε
IT
ε
ε 85% , IT 15%
α
ε
α
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
76 Os 188
0+
189
3/2–
189m 9/2–
190
0+
190m (10)–
191
9/2–
191m 3/2–
192
0+
192m (10–)
193
3/2–
194
0+
195
196
0+
197
198
0+
199
200
0+
201
202
0+
–41 . 139
–38 . 988
–38 . 957
–38 . 709
–37 . 004
–36 . 396
–36 . 322
–35 . 883
–33 . 868
–33 . 395
–32 . 437
–29 . 7
–28 . 28
–25 . 3s
–23 . 8s
–20 . 5s
–18 . 9s
13.24% 8
16.15% 5
5.81 h 6
26.26% 2
9.9 m 1
15.4 d 1
13.10 h 5
40.78% 19
5.9 s 1
30.11 h 1
6.0 y 2
≈9 m
34.9 m 2
2.8 m 6
77 Ir 164m
165
165m
166
166m
167
167m
168
168m
169
169m
170
170m
–7 . 3s
–11 . 6s
–11 . 4s
–13 . 2s
–13 . 0s
–17 . 08
–16 . 90
–18 . 72
–18 . 72
–22 . 08
–21 . 93
–23 . 36s
–23 . 36s
94 μs 27
<1 μs
0.30 ms 6
10.5 ms 22
15.1 ms 9
35.2 ms 20
25.7 ms 8
222 ms +60–40
159 ms +16–13
0.353 s 4
0.281 s 4
0.87 s +18–12
811 ms 18
171
(1/2+)
171m (11/2–)
–26 . 43
–26 . 43
3.2 s +13–7
1.40 s 10
172
(3+)
172m (7+)
173 ( 3 / 2 + , 5 / 2 + )
173m (11/2–)
174
(3+)
174m (7+)
175
(5/2–)
176
177
5/2–
178
179
(5/2)–
180
(4,5)
181
5/2–
182
3+
183
5/2–
184
5–
–27 . 38
–27 . 24
–30 . 27
–30 . 04
–30 . 87
–30 . 67
–33 . 39
–33 . 86
–36 . 05
–36 . 25
–38 . 08
–37 . 98
–39 . 47
–39 . 05
–40 . 20
–39 . 61
4.4 s 3
2.0 s 1
9.0 s 8
2.4 s 9
7.9 s 6
4.9 s 3
9 s 2
8.7 s 5
30 s 2
12 s 2
79 s 1
1.5 m 1
4.90 m 15
15 m 1
57 m 4
3.09 h 3
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
(9+)
(1/2+)
11/2–
(2–)
(9+)
1/2+
11/2–
(1/2+)
(11/2–)
(3–)
(8+)
5 s +4–2
6 s +4–3
>300 ns
>300 ns
59
Decay Mode
IT
IT
β–
IT
IT > 87% , β– < 13%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
p > 0% , α , ε
p ?, α?
p 87% , α 13%
α 93% , p 7%
α 98 . 2% , p 1 . 8%
α 48% , p 32%, ε 20%
α 80% , ε 20%, p 0 . 4%
α ≤ 100% , ε , p
α 77% , ε ≤ 23%, p
α 45% , ε , p
α 72% , ε , p
ε 94 . 8% , α 5 . 2%
IT ≤ 62% , ε ≤ 62%,
α 38%
α > 0% , p , ε
α 58% , p ≤ 42%,
ε ≤ 42%
ε 98% , α ≈ 2%
ε 77% , α 23%
ε > 93% , α < 7%
ε , α 7%
ε 99 . 5% , α 0 . 5%
ε 97 . 5% , α 2 . 5%
ε 99 . 15% , α 0 . 85%
ε 96 . 9% , α 3 . 1%
ε 99 . 94% , α 0 . 06%
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
77 Ir 185
5/2–
186
5+
186m
2–
187
3/2+
187m 9/2–
188
1–
188m
189
3/2+
189m 11/2–
189m (25/2)+
190
4–
190m (1–)
190m (11)–
191
3/2+
191m 11/2–
191m
192
4+
192m
1–
192m (11–)
193
3/2+
193m 11/2–
194
1–
194m
4+
194m (10,11)
195
3/2+
195m 11/2–
196
(0–)
196m (10,11–)
197
3/2+
197m 11/2–
198
199
200
201
202 (1–,2–)
203
204
–40 . 33
–39 . 17
–39 . 17
–39 . 532
–39 . 346
–38 . 351
–37 . 428
–38 . 46
–38 . 08
–36 . 12
–36 . 755
–36 . 729
–36 . 379
–36 . 710
–36 . 539
–34 . 663
–34 . 837
–34 . 780
–34 . 669
–34 . 538
–34 . 458
–32 . 533
–32 . 386
–32 . 343
–31 . 694
–31 . 594
–29 . 44
–29 . 03
–28 . 26
–28 . 15
–25 . 8s
–24 . 40
–21 . 6s
–19 . 9s
–17 . 0s
14.4 h 1
16.64 h 3
1.90 h 5
10.5 h 3
30.3 ms 6
41.5 h 5
4.2 ms 2
13.2 d 1
13.3 ms 3
3.7 ms 2
11.78 d 10
1.120 h 3
3.087 h 12
37.3% 2
4.899 s 23
5.5 s 7
73.829 d 11
1.45 m 5
241 y 9
62.7% 2
10.53 d 4
19.28 h 13
31.85 ms 24
171 d 11
2.5 h 2
3.8 h 2
52 s 1
1.40 h 2
5.8 m 5
8.9 m 3
8 s 1
6 s +5–4
>300 ns
>300 ns
11 s 3
>300 ns
78 Pt 166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
–4 . 8s
–6 . 5s
–11 . 0
–12 . 4s
–16 . 30
–17 . 47
–21 . 10
–21 . 94
–25 . 31
–25 . 69
–28 . 93
–29 . 37
–32 . 00
–32 . 270
–34 . 44
300 μs 100
0.9 ms 3
2.02 ms 10
7.0 ms 2
13.8 ms 5
45.5 ms 25
97.6 ms 13
382 ms 2
0.889 s 17
2.53 s 6
6.33 s 15
10.6 s 4
20.7 s 7
21.2 s 4
56 s 2
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
0+
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(5/2–)
0+
7/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
1/2–
0+
60
Decay Mode
ε
ε
ε ≈ 75% , IT ≈ 25%
ε
IT
ε
ε ? , IT
ε
IT
IT
ε
IT
ε 91 . 4% , IT 8 . 6%
IT
IT
β– 95 . 24% , ε 4 . 76%
IT 99 . 98% , β– 0 . 02%
IT
IT
β–
IT
β–
β–
β– 95% , IT 5%
β–
β– , IT < 0 . 3%
β–
β– 99 . 75% , IT 0 . 25%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
α
α
α
α
α 98% , ε
α 90% , ε 10%
α 94% , ε 6%
α, ε?
α 76% , ε 24%
α 64% , ε 36%
ε 60% , α 40%
ε 94 . 3% , α 5 . 7%
ε 92 . 3% , α 7 . 7%
ε 99 . 76% , α 0 . 24%
ε , α ≈ 0 . 3%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
78 Pt 181
1/2–
182
0+
183
1/2–
183m (7/2)–
184
0+
184m
8–
185
9/2+
185m 1/2–
186
0+
187
3/2–
188
0+
189
3/2–
190
0+
–34 . 37
–36 . 17
–35 . 77
–35 . 74
–37 . 33
–35 . 49
–36 . 68
–36 . 58
–37 . 86
–36 . 71
–37 . 828
–36 . 49
–37 . 325
191
192
193
193m
194
195
195m
196
197
197m
198
199
199m
200
201
202
202m
203
204
205
–35 . 701
–36 . 292
–34 . 481
–34 . 331
–34 . 762
–32 . 796
–32 . 537
–32 . 646
–30 . 421
–30 . 021
–29 . 905
–27 . 390
–26 . 966
–26 . 60
–23 . 74
–22 . 6s
–20 . 8s
–19 . 7s
–18 . 1s
–12 . 8s
52.0 s 22
2.67 m 12
6.5 m 10
43 s 5
17.3 m 2
1.01 ms 5
70.9 m 24
33.0 m 8
2.08 h 5
2.35 h 3
10.2 d 3
10.87 h 12
6.5×10 1 1 y 3
0.012% 2
2.83 d 2
0.782% 24
50 y 6
4.33 d 3
32.86% 40
33.78% 24
4.010 d 5
25.21% 34
19.8915 h 19
95.41 m 18
7.36% 13
30.80 m 21
13.6 s 4
12.6 h 3
2.5 m 1
44 h 15
0.28 ms +42–19
10 s 3
10.3 s 14
>300 ns
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
3/2–
0+
1/2–
13/2+
0+
1/2–
13/2+
0+
1/2–
13/2+
0+
5/2–
(13/2)+
0+
(5/2–)
0+
(7–)
(1/2–)
0+
79 Au 169
170
(2–)
170m (9+)
171
(1/2+)
171m (11/2–)
172
172m
173
(1/2+)
173m (11/2–)
174
175
(1/2+)
175m (11/2–)
176
176m (3–)
176m (9+)
177 ( 1 / 2 + , 3 / 2 + )
177m 11/2–
178
–1 . 8s
–3 . 6s
–3 . 6s
–7 . 57
–7 . 32
–9 . 37
–9 . 37
–12 . 82
–12 . 61
–14 . 24s
–17 . 44
–17 . 44
–18 . 40
–18 . 40
–18 . 40
–21 . 55
–21 . 39
–22 . 33
286 μs +50–40
617 μs +50–40
17 μs +9–5
1.02 ms 10
22 ms +6–4
7.7 ms 14
25 ms 1
14.0 ms 9
139 ms 3
156 ms 5
1.05 s 1
1.36 s 2
1.53 s 7
1.00 s 20
2.6 s 5
61
Decay Mode
ε , α ≈ 0 . 08%
ε 99 . 96% , α 0 . 04%
ε , α ≈ 1 . 3×10 –3%
ε , α < 4 . 0×10 –4% , IT
ε , α ≈ 1 . 0×10 –3%
IT
ε < 100%
ε 99% , IT < 2%
ε , α ≈ 1 . 4×10 –4%
ε
ε , α 2 . 6×10 –5%
ε
α
ε
ε
IT
IT
β–
IT 96 . 7% , β– 3 . 3%
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
p ?, α?
p 89% , α 11%
p 58% , α 42%
p, α
α 54% , p 46%
α, ε, p
α , p < 0 . 02%, ε
α 94% , ε , p
α 92% , p , ε
α > 0%
ε ?, α?
α 94% , ε 6%
ε, α
α 40% , ε
α 66% , ε
ε ≤ 60% , α ≥ 40%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
79 Au 179 ( 1 / 2 + , 3 / 2 + )
180
181
(3/2–)
182
(2+)
183
(5/2)–
184
5+
184m
2+
185
185m
186
187
187m
188
189
189m
190
190m
191
191m
192
192m
192m
193
193m
194
194m
194m
195
195m
196
196m
196m
197
197m
198
198m
199
199m
200
200m
201
202
203
204
205
205m
206
207
208
209
210
5/2–
3–
1/2(+)
9/2(–)
1(–)
1/2+
11/2–
1–
(11–)
3/2+
(11/2–)
1–
(5)+
(11–)
3/2+
11/2–
1–
(5+)
(11–)
3/2+
11/2–
2–
5+
12–
3/2+
11/2–
2–
(12–)
3/2+
(11/2)–
(1–)
12–
3/2+
(1–)
3/2+
(2–)
(3/2+)
(11/2–)
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–24 . 98
–25 . 60
–27 . 87
–28 . 30
–30 . 19
–30 . 32
–30 . 25
7.1 s 3
8.1 s 3
13.7 s 14
15.5 s 4
42.8 s 10
20.6 s 9
47.6 s 14
–31 . 87
–31 . 87
–31 . 71
–33 . 01
–32 . 88
–32 . 30
–33 . 58
–33 . 33
–32 . 88
–32 . 88
–33 . 81
–33 . 54
–32 . 78
–32 . 64
–32 . 34
–33 . 405
–33 . 115
–32 . 26
–32 . 15
–31 . 79
–32 . 569
–32 . 250
–31 . 139
–31 . 054
–30 . 543
–31 . 140
–30 . 731
–29 . 581
–28 . 769
–29 . 094
–28 . 545
–27 . 27
–26 . 31
–26 . 401
–24 . 4
–23 . 143
–20 . 8s
–18 . 9s
–18 . 0s
–14 . 3s
–10 . 8s
–6 . 1s
–2 . 5s
2 . 3s
4.25 m 6
6.8 m 3
10.7 m 5
8.3 m 2
2.3 s 1
8.84 m 6
28.7 m 3
4.59 m 11
42.8 m 10
125 ms 20
3.18 h 8
0.92 s 11
4.94 h 9
29 ms
160 ms 20
17.65 h 15
3.9 s 3
38.02 h 10
600 ms 8
420 ms 10
186.098 d 47
30.5 s 2
6.1669 d 6
8.1 s 2
9.6 h 1
100%
7.73 s 6
2.6948 d 12
2.272 d 16
3.139 d 7
0.44 ms 3
48.4 m 3
18.7 h 5
26.0 m 8
28.4 s 12
60 s 6
39.8 s 9
32.5 s 14
6 s 2
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
62
Decay Mode
ε 78% , α 22%
ε ≤ 98 . 2% , α ≥ 1 . 8%
ε 97 . 3% , α 2 . 7%
ε 99 . 87% , α 0 . 13%
ε 99 . 45% , α 0 . 55%
ε , α ≤ 0 . 02%
ε 70% , IT 30%,
α ≤ 0 . 02%
ε 99 . 74% , α 0 . 26%
ε < 100% , IT
ε , α 8 . 0×10 –4%
ε , α 3 . 0×10 –3%
IT
ε
ε , α < 3 . 0×10 –5%
ε
ε , α < 1 . 0×10 –6%
IT
ε
IT
ε
IT
IT
ε
IT 99 . 97% , ε ≈ 0 . 03%
ε
IT
IT
ε
IT
ε 93% , β– 7%
IT
IT
IT
β–
IT
β–
IT
β–
β– 84% , IT 16%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , IT
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
0+
(7/2–)
3 . 5s
–1 . 1
–2 . 6s
–6 . 65
–7 . 97
–11 . 78
–12 . 78
–16 . 31
–16 . 92
59 μs +36–16
231 μs 9
0.6 ms +5–2
2.1 ms +18–7
10.6 ms 4
20.3 ms 14
118 ms 8
266.5 ms 24
1.05 s 3
180
181
0+
1/2–
–20 . 25
–20 . 66
2.58 s 1
3.6 s 1
182
183
0+
1/2–
–23 . 576
–23 . 806
10.83 s 6
9.4 s 7
184
0+
185
1/2–
185m 13/2+
–26 . 35
–26 . 17
–26 . 08
30.87 s 26
49.1 s 10
21.6 s 15
186
187
187m
188
189
189m
190
191
191m
192
193
193m
194
195
195m
196
197
197m
198
199
199m
200
201
202
203
204
205
205m
206
207
208
–28 . 54
–28 . 12
–28 . 12
–30 . 20
–29 . 63
–29 . 63
–31 . 37
–30 . 59
–30 . 59
–32 . 01
–31 . 06
–30 . 92
–32 . 19
–31 . 00
–30 . 82
–31 . 826
–30 . 540
–30 . 241
–30 . 954
–29 . 546
–29 . 014
–29 . 503
–27 . 662
–27 . 345
–25 . 269
–24 . 690
–22 . 287
–20 . 731
–20 . 95
–16 . 2
–13 . 27
1.38 m 6
2.4 m 3
1.9 m 3
3.25 m 15
7.6 m 1
8.6 m 1
20.0 m 5
49 m 10
50.8 m 15
4.85 h 20
3.80 h 15
11.8 h 2
444 y 77
10.53 h 3
41.6 h 8
0.15% 1
64.14 h 5
23.8 h 1
9.97% 20
16.87% 22
42.67 m 9
23.10% 19
13.18% 9
29.86% 26
46.594 d 12
6.87% 15
5.14 m 9
1.09 ms 4
8.32 m 7
2.9 m 2
41 m +5–4
Nuclide
Z El A
80 Hg 171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
Jπ
0+
0+
3/2(–)
13/2(+)
0+
3/2–
13/2+
0+
3/2(–)
13/2(+)
0+
3/2(–)
13/2(+)
0+
1/2–
13/2+
0+
1/2–
13/2+
0+
1/2–
13/2+
0+
3/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
1/2–
13/2+
0+
(9/2+)
0+
63
Decay Mode
α
α
α
α 99 . 6%
α
α 94%
α
α ≈ 70% , ε ≈ 30%
α 55% , ε 45%,
εp ≈ 0 . 15%
ε 52% , α 48%
ε 73% , α 27%,
εp 0 . 01% ,
εα 9 . 0×10 –6%
ε 84 . 8% , α 15 . 2%
ε 88 . 3% , α 11 . 7%,
εp 2 . 6×10 –4%
ε 98 . 89% , α 1 . 11%
ε 94% , α 6%
IT 54% , ε 46%,
α ≈ 0 . 03%
ε 99 . 98% , α 0 . 02%
ε , α < 3 . 7×10 –4%
ε , α < 3 . 7×10 –4%
ε , α 3 . 7×10 –5%
ε , α < 3 . 0×10 –5%
ε , α < 3 . 0×10 –5%
ε , α < 3 . 4×10 –7%
ε , α 5 . 0×10 –6%
ε
ε
ε
ε 92 . 8% , IT 7 . 2%
ε
ε
IT 54 . 2% , ε 45 . 8%
ε
IT 91 . 4% , ε 8 . 6%
IT
β–
β–
IT
β–
β–
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
80 Hg 209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
Jπ
0+
0+
0+
0+
81 Tl 176 (3–,4–,5–)
177
(1/2+)
178
179
(1/2+)
179m (11/2–)
180 (4–,5–)
(1/2+)
(9/2–)
(7+)
(1/2+)
(9/2–)
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–8 . 5s
–5 . 4s
–0 . 5s
2 . 8s
7 . 8s
11 . 2s
16 . 3s
19 . 9s
35 s +9–6
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
0 . 58
–3 . 33
–4 . 8s
–8 . 30
–8 . 30
–9 . 26
5.2 ms +30–14
18 ms 5
254 ms +11–9
0.23 s 4
1.5 ms 3
1.09 s 1
3.2 s 3
1.40 ms 3
3.1 s 10
6.9 s 7
53.3 ms 3
10.1 s 5
19.5 s 5
1.93 s 8
27.5 s 10
2.9 s 2
≈51 s
15.60 s 12
71 s 2
71 s 1
41 ms 4
2.3 m 2
1.4 m 1
2.6 m 3
3.7 m 3
0.75 ms 4
p
α 73% , p 27%
α ≈ 53% , ε ≈ 47%
α < 100% , ε , p
α ≤ 100% , p , ε , IT
ε 94% , α 6%,
εSF ≈ 1 . 0×10 –4%
ε , α ≤ 10%
IT 99 . 6% , α 0 . 4%
ε 97 . 5% , α < 5%
α , ε > 0%
IT , ε , α 2%
ε 97 . 9% , α 2 . 1%
ε
α , IT
ε , α ≈ 6 . 0×10 –3%
IT
ε , α ≈ 0 . 03%
ε < 99 . 9% , IT < 99 . 9%,
α 0 . 15%
ε
ε
IT , ε
ε
ε < 100% , IT < 4%
ε
ε
IT
5.22 m 16
9.6 m 4
10.8 m 2
21.6 m 8
2.11 m 15
33.0 m 5
32.8 m 2
1.16 h 5
3.6 s 4
1.84 h 3
1.41 h 2
2.84 h 4
0.54 s 1
5.3 h 5
1.87 h 3
ε
ε
ε
IT ≤ 75% , ε ≥ 25%
ε , α < 1 . 0×10 –7%
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε 96 . 2% , IT 3 . 8%
ε
IT
ε
ε 55 . 9% , IT 44 . 1%
181
181m
182
183
183m
184
185
185m
186m
186m
187
187m
(1/2+)
(9/2–)
(7+)
(10–)
(1/2+)
(9/2–)
–12 . 799
–11 . 963
–13 . 35
–16 . 589
–15 . 959
–16 . 89
–19 . 75
–19 . 30
–19 . 87
–19 . 50
–22 . 443
–22 . 109
188m
188m
188m
189
189m
190m
190m
190m
191
191m
192
192m
193
193m
194
194m
195
195m
196
196m
197
197m
198
198m
(2–)
(7+)
(9–)
(1/2+)
(9/2–)
2(–)
7(+)
(8–)
(1/2+)
9/2(–)
(2–)
(7+)
1/2(+)
(9/2–)
2–
(7+)
1/2+
9/2–
2–
(7+)
1/2+
9/2–
2–
7+
–22 . 35
–22 . 35
–22 . 08
–24 . 60
–24 . 34
–24 . 31
–24 . 31
–24 . 15
–26 . 282
–26 . 282
–25 . 87
–25 . 72
–27 . 30
–26 . 93
–26 . 8
–26 . 8
–28 . 16
–27 . 67
–27 . 50
–27 . 10
–28 . 34
–27 . 73
–27 . 49
–26 . 95
64
Decay Mode
β–
β– ?
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
81 Tl 198m
199
199m
200
200m
201
201m
202
203
204
205
206
206m
207
207m
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
(10–)
1/2+
9/2–
2–
7+
1/2+
(9/2–)
2–
1/2+
2–
1/2+
0–
(12–)
1/2+
11/2–
5+
(1/2+)
(5+)
82 Pb 178
179
180
181
181m
182
183
183m
184
185
185m
186
187
187m
188
189
189m
190
191
191m
192
0+
(9/2–)
0+
(9/2–)
(13/2+)
0+
(3/2–)
(13/2+)
0+
3/2–
13/2+
0+
(13/2+)
(3/2–)
0+
(3/2–)
(13/2+)
0+
(3/2–)
(13/2+)
0+
193
(3/2–)
193m (13/2+)
194
0+
195
3/2–
195m 13/2+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
–26 . 75
–28 . 06
–27 . 31
–27 . 047
–26 . 293
–27 . 18
–26 . 26
–25 . 99
–25 . 762
–24 . 346
–23 . 821
–22 . 254
–19 . 611
–21 . 034
–19 . 686
–16 . 752
–13 . 637
–9 . 25
–5 . 9s
–1 . 5s
1 . 76
6 . 5s
10 . 1s
14 . 7s
18 . 4s
32.1 ms 10
7.42 h 8
28.4 ms 2
26.1 h 1
34.0 ms 9
3.0421 d 17
2.01 ms 7
12.31 d 8
29.524% 1
3.783 y 12
70.48% 1
4.202 m 11
3.74 m 3
4.77 m 3
1.33 s 11
3.053 m 4
2.161 m 7
1.30 m 3
>300 ns
>300 ns
101 s +486–46
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
3 . 57
2 . 05
–1 . 93
–3 . 10
–3 . 10
–6 . 82
–7 . 57
–7 . 47
–11 . 05
–11 . 54
–11 . 54
–14 . 68
–14 . 990
–14 . 957
–17 . 82
–17 . 88
–17 . 84
–20 . 42
–20 . 25
–20 . 25
–22 . 56
0.12 ms +22–5
3.5 ms +14–8
4.2 ms 5
36 ms 2
45 ms 20
55 ms 5
535 ms 30
415 ms 20
490 ms 25
6.3 s 4
4.3 s 2
4.82 s 3
18.3 s 3
15.2 s 3
25.1 s 1
39 s 8
50 s 3
71 s 1
1.33 m 8
2.18 m 8
3.5 m 1
–22 . 19
–22 . 19
–24 . 21
–23 . 71
–23 . 51
5.8 m 2
10.7 m 6
≈15 m
15.0 m 12
65
Decay Mode
IT
ε
IT
ε
IT
ε
IT
ε
β– 97 . 08% , ε 2 . 92%
β–
IT
β–
IT
β–
β–
β– ,
β– ?
β– ?
β–
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β– ,
β–n 7 . 0×10 –3%
β–n
β–n
β–n
β–n
α
α
α
α
α < 100%
α ≈ 98% , ε ≈ 2%
α ≈ 90%
α
α 80% , ε 20%
ε , α 34%
α 50% , ε
ε 60% , α 40%
ε 88% , α 12%
ε 90 . 5% , α 9 . 5%
ε 90 . 7% , α 9 . 3%
ε , α < 1%
ε , α < 1%
ε 99 . 6% , α 0 . 4%
ε 99 . 99% , α 0 . 01%
ε , α ≈ 0 . 02%
ε 99 . 99% ,
α 5 . 9×10 –3%
ε
ε
ε , α 7 . 3×10 –6%
ε
ε
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
82 Pb 196
197
197m
198
199
199m
200
201
201m
202
202m
203
203m
203m
204
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
0+
3/2–
13/2+
0+
3/2–
(13/2+)
0+
5/2–
13/2+
0+
9–
5/2–
13/2+
29/2–
0+
–25 . 36
–24 . 748
–24 . 429
–26 . 05
–25 . 231
–24 . 806
–26 . 25
–25 . 26
–24 . 63
–25 . 937
–23 . 767
–24 . 787
–23 . 962
–21 . 838
–25 . 110
ε , α ≤ 3 . 0×10 –5%
ε
ε 81% , IT 19%
ε
ε
IT ≈ 93% , ε ≈ 7%
ε
ε
IT
ε
IT 90 . 5% , ε 9 . 5%
ε
IT
IT
α
–22 . 924
–23 . 770
–22 . 756
–23 . 786
–22 . 452
–20 . 819
–21 . 749
–17 . 615
–14 . 729
–10 . 491
–7 . 553
–3 . 200
–0 . 181
4 . 5s
7 . 7s
12 . 4s
15 . 6s
20 . 5s
23 . 9s
37 m 3
8.1 m 17
42.9 m 9
2.4 h 1
90 m 10
12.2 m 3
21.5 h 4
9.33 h 3
60.8 s 18
52.5×10 3 y 28
3.54 h 2
51.92 h 3
6.21 s 11
480 ms 7
≥1.4×10 1 7 y
1.4% 1
66.93 m 10
1.73×10 7 y 7
5.55 ms 2
24.1% 1
22.1% 1
0.806 s 5
52.4% 1
3.253 h 14
22.20 y 22
36.1 m 2
10.64 h 1
10.2 m 3
26.8 m 9
147 s 12
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
1 . 19
1 . 19
–2 . 3s
–3 . 17
–3 . 17
–6 . 39
–6 . 27
–7 . 20
–7 . 20
–10 . 06
–9 . 88
–10 . 59
–10 . 59
–13 . 240
–12 . 999
–13 . 55
–13 . 40
13 ms 2
6.6 ms 15
58 μs 4
15.0 ms 17
9.8 ms 13
37 ms 2
0.370 ms 20
265 ms 15
60 ms 3
674 ms 11
5.0 ms 1
6.3 s 1
6.2 s 1
12.4 s 3
125 ms 13
34.6 s 9
39.6 s 4
α
α
p 90% , α 10%
α
α
α
α
α, ε?
α, ε?
α > 50% , ε < 50%
α > 50% , ε < 50%
α 90% , ε 10%
α 70% , ε 30%
α 51% , ε 49%
α 68% , IT 32%, ε
ε 88% , α 12%
ε 90% , α 10%
204m
9–
205
5/2–
205m 13/2+
206
0+
207
1/2–
207m 13/2+
208
0+
209
9/2+
210
0+
211
9/2+
212
0+
213
(9/2+)
214
0+
215
216
0+
217
218
0+
219
220
0+
83 Bi 184m
184m
185
186
186m
187
187m
188m
188m
189
189m
190m
190m
191
191m
192
192m
1/2+
(3+)
(10–)
(9/2–)
(1/2+)
(10–)
(3+)
(9/2–)
(1/2+)
(3+)
(10–)
(9/2–)
(1/2+)
(3+)
(10–)
66
Decay Mode
IT
ε
IT
IT
β–
β– , α 1 . 9×10 –6%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
(9/2–)
(1/2+)
(3+)
(6+,7+)
(10–)
(9/2–)
(1/2+)
(3+)
(7+)
(10–)
–15 . 872
–15 . 564
–15 . 97
–15 . 97
–15 . 97
–18 . 025
–17 . 624
–18 . 01
–17 . 84
–17 . 74
63.6 s 30
3.2 s 5
95 s 3
125 s 2
115 s 4
183 s 4
87 s 1
308 s 12
0.6 s 5
240 s 3
197
(9/2–)
197m (1/2+)
–19 . 686
–19 . 186
9.33 m 50
5.04 m 16
198 (2+,3+)
198m (7+)
198m 10–
199
9/2–
199m (1/2+)
–19 . 37
–19 . 37
–19 . 12
–20 . 80
–20 . 13
10.3 m 3
11.6 m 3
7.7 s 5
27 m 1
24.70 m 15
200
7+
200m (2+)
200m (10–)
201
9/2–
201m 1/2+
–20 . 37
–20 . 37
–19 . 94
–21 . 42
–20 . 57
36.4 m 5
31 m 2
0.40 s 5
103 m 3
57.5 m 21
202
5+
203
9/2–
203m 1/2+
204
6+
204m 10–
204m 17+
205
9/2–
206
6+
206m 10–
207
9/2–
208
5+
208m 10–
209
9/2–
210
1–
210m
9–
211
9/2–
212
1(–)
212m (8–,9–)
–20 . 74
–21 . 52
–20 . 43
–20 . 645
–19 . 840
–17 . 812
–21 . 064
–20 . 028
–18 . 983
–20 . 055
–18 . 870
–17 . 299
–18 . 259
–14 . 792
–14 . 521
–11 . 858
–8 . 120
–7 . 870
1.71 h 4
11.76 h 5
305 ms 5
11.22 h 10
13.0 ms 1
1.07 ms 3
15.31 d 4
6.243 d 3
0.89 ms 1
31.55 y 4
3.68×10 5 y 4
2.58 ms 4
100%
5.012 d 5
3.04×10 6 y 6
2.14 m 2
60.55 m 6
25.0 m 2
212m ≥16
213
9/2–
214
1–
215
(9/2–)
215m >23/2–
216 (6–,7–)
216m
(3)
–6 . 210
–5 . 230
–1 . 20
1 . 65
3 . 00
5 . 87
5 . 87
7.0 m 3
45.59 m 6
19.9 m 4
7.6 m 2
36.9 s 6
2.25 m 5
6.6 m 21
Nuclide
Z El A
83 Bi 193
193m
194
194m
194m
195
195m
196
196m
196m
67
Decay Mode
ε 96 . 5% , α 3 . 5%
α 84% , ε 16%
ε 99 . 54% , α 0 . 46%
ε
ε 99 . 8% , α 0 . 2%
ε 99 . 97% , α 0 . 03%
ε 67% , α 33%
ε , α 1 . 2×10 –3%
ε , IT
ε 74 . 2% , IT 25 . 8%,
α 3 . 8×10 –4%
ε , α 1 . 0×10 –4%
α 55% , ε 45%,
IT < 0 . 3%
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε 99% , IT ≤ 2%,
α ≈ 0 . 01%
ε
ε ≤ 100%
IT
ε
ε > 91 . 1% , IT ≤ 8 . 6%,
α ≈ 0 . 3%
ε
ε
IT
ε
IT
IT
ε
ε
IT
ε
ε
IT
β– , α 1 . 3×10 –4%
α
α 99 . 72% , β– 0 . 28%
β– 64 . 06% , α 35 . 94%
α 67% , β– 33%,
β–α 30%
β–
β– 97 . 8% , α 2 . 2%
β– 99 . 98% , α 0 . 02%
β–
IT 76 . 2% , β– 23 . 8%
β– ≤ 100%
β– ≤ 100%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
8 . 9s
13 . 2s
16 . 3s
20 . 7s
24 . 0s
28 . 4s
31 . 9s
36 . 4s
98.5 s 8
33 s 1
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
4 . 10
2 . 83
–0 . 54
–1 . 42
–4 . 56
–5 . 05
–5 . 01
–8 . 07
–8 . 36
–8 . 36
–11 . 01
–11 . 07
–10 . 84
1.40 ms 25
0.275 ms 30
3.5 ms 5
2.46 ms 5
22 ms 1
93 ms 3
32.2 ms 3
245 ms 22
370 ms +46–40
0.392 s 4
4.64 s 9
1.92 s 2
196
0+
197
(3/2–)
197m (13/2+)
–13 . 47
–13 . 36
–13 . 15
5.8 s 2
84 s 16
32 s 2
198
0+
199
(3/2–)
199m (13/2+)
–15 . 47
–15 . 21
–14 . 90
1.77 m 3
5.47 m 15
4.17 m 5
200
0+
201
3/2–
201m 13/2+
–16 . 95
–16 . 524
–16 . 100
11.51 m 8
15.6 m 1
8.96 m 12
202
203
203m
204
205
205m
205m
206
207
207m
208
209
210
211
211m
212
212m
213
–17 . 92
–17 . 310
–16 . 668
–18 . 34
–17 . 51
–16 . 63
–16 . 05
–18 . 185
–17 . 146
–15 . 763
–17 . 470
–16 . 366
–15 . 953
–12 . 433
–10 . 971
–10 . 370
–7 . 448
–6 . 654
44.6 m 4
36.7 m 5
45 s 2
3.519 h 12
1.74 h 8
0.645 ms 20
57.4 ms 9
8.8 d 1
5.80 h 2
2.79 s 8
2.898 y 2
102 y 5
138.376 d 2
0.516 s 3
25.2 s 6
0.299 μs 2
45.1 s 6
3.72 μs 2
Nuclide
Z El A
83 Bi 217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
Jπ
(9/2–)
84 Po 186
0+
187 ( 1 / 2 – , 5 / 2 – )
188
0+
189
(7/2–)
190
0+
191
(3/2–)
191m (13/2+)
192
0+
193m (13/2+)
193m (3/2–)
194
0+
195
(3/2–)
195m (13/2+)
0+
5/2–
13/2+
0+
5/2–
13/2+
19/2–
0+
5/2–
19/2–
0+
1/2–
0+
9/2+
(25/2+)
0+
(18+)
9/2+
68
Decay Mode
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n
β–
β– , β–n
β– , β–n
α
ε, α
α
α
α 99%
α 96%
α ≈ 99 . 5% , ε ≈ 0 . 5%
α ≤ 100%
α ≤ 100%
α, ε
α 75% , ε 25%
α ≈ 90% , ε ≈ 10%,
IT < 0 . 01%
α ≈ 98% , ε ≈ 2%
ε 56% , α 44%
α 84% , ε 16%,
IT 0 . 01%
α 57% , ε 43%
ε 92 . 5% , α 7 . 5%
ε 73 . 5% , α 24%,
IT 2 . 5%
ε 88 . 9% , α 11 . 1%
ε 98 . 87% , α 1 . 13%
IT 56 . 2% , ε 41 . 4%,
α 2 . 4%
ε 98 . 08% , α 1 . 92%
ε 99 . 89% , α 0 . 11%
IT , ε
ε 99 . 33% , α 0 . 67%
ε 99 . 96% , α 0 . 04%
IT
IT
ε 94 . 55% , α 5 . 45%
ε 99 . 98% , α 0 . 02%
IT
α , ε 4 . 0×10 –3%
α 99 . 52% , ε 0 . 48%
α
α
α 99 . 98% , IT 0 . 02%
α
α 99 . 93% , IT 0 . 07%
α
Nuclear Wallet Cards
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
Decay Mode
–4 . 470
–0 . 540
1 . 778
5 . 886
8 . 357
12 . 6s
15 . 3s
19 . 78
22 . 48
26 . 8s
29 . 7s
34 . 3s
37 . 3s
42 . 0s
164.3 μs 20
1.781 ms 4
0.145 s 2
1.53 s 5
3.098 m 12
>300 ns
>300 ns
112 s +58–28
550 s 430
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
α
α , β– 2 . 3×10 –4%
α
α
α 99 . 98% , β– 0 . 02%
β–
β–
β– ?
β– ?
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
3 . 86
3 . 92
2 . 92
2 . 92
–0 . 06
–0 . 06
–0 . 03
–0 . 70
–0 . 70
–3 . 476
–3 . 476
–3 . 92
–6 . 34
–6 . 29
1.7 ms +11–5
2.1 ms +4–3
11.5 ms 6
88 ms 6
28 ms +5–4
21 ms 5
27 ms +4–3
310 ms 8
253 ms 10
328 ms 20
147 ms 5
0.388 s 7
0.388 s 6
2.0 s 2
198
(3+)
198m (10–)
199
(9/2–)
200
(3+)
200m (7+)
200m (10–)
–6 . 65
–6 . 55
–8 . 822
–8 . 99
–8 . 88
–8 . 64
3.8 s 4
1.04 s 15
7.03 s 15
43 s 1
47 s 1
7.3 s +26–15
201
(9/2–)
202 (2+,3+)
202m (7+)
202m (10–)
203
9/2–
204
7+
204m 10–
205
9/2–
206
(5)+
207
9/2–
208
6+
209
9/2–
210
(5)+
211
9/2–
212
(1–)
–10 . 789
–10 . 59
–10 . 59
–10 . 20
–12 . 16
–11 . 88
–11 . 29
–12 . 97
–12 . 43
–13 . 23
–12 . 469
–12 . 882
–11 . 972
–11 . 648
–8 . 628
85.2 s 16
184 s 1
182 s 2
0.46 s 5
7.4 m 2
9.12 m 11
108 ms 10
26.9 m 8
30.6 m 8
1.81 h 3
1.63 h 3
5.41 h 5
8.1 h 4
7.214 h 7
0.314 s 2
α
α
α
α
α
α
IT 76% , α 24%
α
α
α
α
α ≈ 95 . 1% , ε ≈ 4 . 9%
α 96 . 1% , ε 3 . 9%
α ≤ 100% , ε ,
IT ≤ 4 . 0×10 –3%
α 90% , ε 10%
α 84% , ε 16%
α 90% , ε 10%
α 52% , ε 48%
ε ≤ 57% , α 43%
ε < 89 . 5% , IT < 89 . 5%,
α ≈ 10 . 5%
α 71% , ε 29%
ε 63% , α 37%
ε 91 . 3% , α 8 . 7%
IT 99 . 9% , α 0 . 1%
ε 69% , α 31%
ε 96 . 09% , α 3 . 91%
IT
ε 90% , α 10%
ε 99 . 1% , α 0 . 9%
ε 91 . 4% , α 8 . 6%
ε 99 . 45% , α 0 . 55%
ε 95 . 9% , α 4 . 1%
ε 99 . 82% , α 0 . 18%
ε 58 . 2% , α 41 . 8%
α , ε < 0 . 03%,
β– < 2 . 0×10 –6%
Nuclide
Z El A
84 Po 214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
Jπ
0+
9/2+
0+
(9/2+)
0+
0+
0+
0+
0+
85 At 191
(1/2+)
191m (7/2–)
192m
192m (9–,10–)
193
(1/2+)
193m (7/2–)
193m (13/2+)
194m (9–10–)
194m
195
1/2+
195m 7/2–
196
(3+)
197
(9/2–)
197m (1/2+)
Δ
(MeV)
69
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
85 At 212m
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
86 Rn 193
194
195
195m
196
197
197m
198
199
199m
200
201
201m
202
203
203m
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
Decay Mode
(9–)
9/2–
1–
9/2–
1–
–8 . 405
–6 . 580
–3 . 380
–1 . 255
2 . 254
0.119 s 3
125 ns 6
558 ns 10
0.10 ms 2
0.30 ms 3
9/2–
4 . 395
32.3 ms 4
8 . 10
10 . 397
14 . 35
16 . 8s
20 . 6s
23 . 4s
27 . 71
30 . 2s
34 . 2s
37 . 2s
41 . 4s
44 . 6s
1.5 s 3
56 s 3
3.71 m 4
2.3 m 2
54 s 10
50 s 7
76 s +138–23
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
>300 ns
α > 99% , IT < 1%
α
α
α
α , β– < 6 . 0×10 –3% ,
ε < 3 . 0×10 –7%
α 99 . 99% ,
β– 7 . 0×10 –3%
α 99 . 9% , β– 0 . 1%
α ≈ 97% , β– ≈ 3%
β– 92% , α 8%
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n
9 . 05
5 . 72
5 . 06
5 . 12
1 . 97
1 . 48
1 . 48
–1 . 23
–1 . 51
–1 . 33
–4 . 01
–4 . 07
–4 . 07
–6 . 28
–6 . 16
–5 . 80
–7 . 98
–7 . 71
–9 . 12
–8 . 634
–9 . 66
–8 . 93
–9 . 601
–8 . 756
–8 . 660
–5 . 699
–4 . 320
–1 . 169
0 . 254
3 . 657
5 . 216
8 . 831
1.15 ms 27
0.78 ms 16
6 ms +3–2
5 ms +3–2
4.4 ms +13–9
53 ms +7–5
25 ms +3–2
65 ms 3
0.59 s 3
0.31 s 2
1.03 s +20–11
7.0 s 4
3.8 s 1
9.7 s 1
44 s 2
26.9 s 5
74.5 s 14
170 s 4
5.67 m 17
9.25 m 17
24.35 m 14
28.5 m 10
2.4 h 1
14.6 h 2
23.9 m 12
19.5 ms 1
0.27 μs 2
2.30 μs 10
45 μs 5
0.54 ms 5
35 ms 5
3.96 s 1
α
α
α
α
α 99 . 9% , ε ≈ 0 . 1%
α
α
α, ε
α 94% , ε 6%
α 97% , ε 3%
α 86% , ε 14%
α, ε
ε, α
α 78% , ε 22%
α 66% , ε 34%
α 75% , ε 25%
α 72 . 4% , ε 27 . 6%
ε 75 . 4% , α 24 . 6%
α 62% , ε 38%
ε 79% , α 21%
α 62% , ε 38%
ε 83% , α 17%
α 96% , ε 4%
ε 72 . 6% , α 27 . 4%
α
α
α
α
α
α
α
α
3
(3/2–)
0+
3/2–
13/2+
0+
(3/2–)
(13/2+)
0+
(3/2–)
(13/2+)
0+
(3/2–)
(13/2+)
0+
(3/2–)
(13/2+)
0+
5/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
5/2–
0+
1/2–
0+
(9/2+)
0+
9/2+
0+
9/2+
0+
5/2+
70
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
86 Rn 220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
87 Fr 199
200
201
201m
202
202m
203
204
204m
204m
205
206
206m
206m
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
214m
215
216
217
218
218m
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
Jπ
0+
7/2+
0+
7/2
0+
7/2–
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
10 . 607
14 . 473
16 . 373
20 . 40
22 . 43
26 . 56
28 . 74
32 . 87
35 . 25
39 . 36
42 . 1s
46 . 5s
55.6 s 1
25 m 2
3.8235 d 3
24.3 m 4
107 m 3
4.66 m 4
7.4 m 1
20.8 s 7
65 s 2
12.0 s +12–13
>300 ns
>300 ns
9/2–
1+
5/2–
2–
3/2(–)
6 . 76
6 . 12
3 . 60
3 . 60
3 . 16
3 . 16
0 . 877
0 . 61
0 . 65
0 . 92
–1 . 309
–1 . 24
–1 . 24
–0 . 71
–2 . 84
–2 . 67
–3 . 77
–3 . 33
–4 . 14
–3 . 515
–3 . 553
–0 . 959
–0 . 837
0 . 317
2 . 970
4 . 313
7 . 058
7 . 144
8 . 617
11 . 480
13 . 278
16 . 35
18 . 384
12 ms +10–4
49 ms 4
62 ms 5
19 ms +19–6
0.30 s 5
0.29 s 5
0.55 s 1
1.8 s 3
1.6 s +5–3
0.8 s 2
3.97 s 4
≈16 s
≈16 s
0.7 s 1
14.8 s 1
59.1 s 3
50.5 s 7
3.18 m 6
3.10 m 2
20.0 m 6
34.82 s 14
5.0 ms 2
3.35 ms 5
86 ns 5
700 ns 20
19 μs 3
1.0 ms 6
22.0 ms 5
20 ms 2
27.4 s 3
286.1 s 10
14.2 m 3
22.00 m 7
1–
3/2–
1–
1/2+
2–
(1/2+)
21 . 65
23 . 82
27 . 4
29 . 7
33 . 3s
35 . 82
3.33 m 10
3.95 m 14
49 s 1
2.47 m 3
38 s 1
50.2 s 20
0+
0+
(3+)
(9/2–)
(1/2+)
(3+)
(10–)
(9/2–)
(3+)
(7+)
(10–)
(9/2–)
(2+,3+)
(7+)
(10–)
9/2–
7+
9/2–
6+
9/2–
5+
9/2–
(1–)
(8–)
9/2–
(1–)
9/2–
1–
71
Decay Mode
α
β– 78% , α 22%
α
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
α > 0% , ε
α
α
α
α
α
α ≤ 100%
α 92% , ε 8%
α 90% , ε 10%
α 74% , ε 26%
α 98 . 5% , ε 1 . 5%
α ≈ 84% , ε ≈ 16%
α ≈ 84% , ε ≈ 16%
IT 95% , α 5%
α 95% , ε 5%
α 89% , ε 11%
α 89% , ε 11%
α 71% , ε 29%
α 87% , ε 13%
ε 57% , α 43%
α 99 . 44% , ε 0 . 56%
α
α
α
α
α
α
α ≤ 100% , IT
α
α 99 . 65% , β– 0 . 35%
α , β– < 0 . 1%
β–
β– 99 . 99% ,
α 6 . 0×10 –3%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ≤ 100%
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
39 . 50
42 . 3s
46 . 1s
49 . 2s
19.1 s 5
17.6 s 6
5.5 s 6
>300 ns
88 Ra 201m (13/2+)
202
0+
203
(3/2–)
203m (13/2+)
204
0+
205
(3/2–)
205m (13/2+)
206
0+
207 ( 3 / 2 – , 5 / 2 – )
207m (13/2+)
208
0+
209
5/2–
210
0+
211
5/2(–)
212
0+
213
1/2–
213m (17/2–)
214
0+
215
(9/2+)
216
0+
217
(9/2+)
218
0+
219
(7/2)+
220
0+
221
5/2+
222
0+
223
3/2+
224
0+
225
1/2+
226
0+
227
3/2+
228
0+
229
5/2+
230
0+
231
(5/2+)
232
0+
233
234
0+
235
11 . 8s
9 . 09
8 . 66
8 . 66
6 . 06
5 . 84
5 . 84
3 . 56
3 . 54
4 . 09
1 . 71
1 . 85
0 . 46
0 . 832
–0 . 20
0 . 36
2 . 13
0 . 095
2 . 532
3 . 290
5 . 886
6 . 65
9 . 393
10 . 272
12 . 963
14 . 320
17 . 234
18 . 821
21 . 995
23 . 668
27 . 178
28 . 946
32 . 56
34 . 52
38 . 22
40 . 50
44 . 6s
47 . 2s
51 . 4s
1.6 ms +77–7
16 ms +30–7
31 ms +17–9
24 ms +6–4
57 ms +11–5
210 ms +60–40
170 ms +60–40
0.24 s 2
1.35 s –13+22
59 ms 4
1.3 s 2
4.6 s 2
3.7 s 2
13 s 2
13.0 s 2
2.73 m 5
2.20 ms 5
2.46 s 3
1.55 ms 7
182 ns 10
1.6 μs 2
25.2 μs 3
10 ms 3
18 ms 2
28 s 2
38.0 s 5
11.43 d 5
3.6319 d 23
14.9 d 2
1600 y 7
42.2 m 5
5.75 y 3
4.0 m 2
93 m 2
104.1 s 8
4.2 m 8
30 s 5
30 s 10
89 Ac 206
206m
207
208
208m
209
210
211
212
13 . 53
13 . 53
11 . 15
10 . 76
11 . 27
8 . 84
8 . 79
7 . 20
7 . 27
22 ms +9–5
33 ms +22–9
27 ms +11–6
95 ms +24–16
25 ms +9–5
0.10 s 5
0.35 s 5
0.21 s 3
0.93 s 5
72
Nuclide
Z El A
87 Fr 230
231
232
233
Jπ
(1/2+)
(5)
(3+)
(10–)
(9/2–)
(3+)
(10–)
(9/2–)
Decay Mode
β–
β–
β–
β–
α, ε
α
α
α
α
α ≤ 100% , ε
α ≤ 100% , ε
α
α ≈ 86% , ε ≈ 14%
IT ≥ 85% , α ≤ 15%
α 95% , ε 5%
α ≈ 90% , ε ≈ 10%
α ≈ 96% , ε ≈ 4%
α > 93% , ε < 7%
α ≈ 85% , ε ≈ 15%
α 80% , ε 20%
IT ≈ 99 . 4% , α ≈ 0 . 6%
α 99 . 94% , ε 0 . 06%
α
α , ε < 1 . 0×10 –8%
α
α
α
α
α , 14C 1×10 –12%
α , 14C 3 . 0×10 –8%
α , 14C 8 . 9×10 –8%
α , 14C 4 . 0×10 –9%
β–
α , 14C 3 . 2×10 –9%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
α
α
α
α ≈ 99% , ε ≈ 1%
α ≈ 90% , ε ≈ 10%
α ≈ 99% , ε ≈ 1%
α 91% , ε ≈ 9%
α
α ≈ 57% , ε ≈ 43%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
89 Ac 213
214
(5+)
215
9/2–
216
(1–)
216m (9–)
217
9/2–
218
(1–)
219
9/2–
220
(3–)
221
(3/2–)
222
1–
222m
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
6 . 16
6 . 44
6 . 03
8 . 14
8 . 19
8 . 70
10 . 84
11 . 57
13 . 742
14 . 52
16 . 620
16 . 620
738 ms 16
8.2 s 2
0.17 s 1
440 μs 16
441 μs 7
69 ns 4
1.08 μs 9
11.8 μs 15
26.4 ms 2
52 ms 2
5.0 s 5
63 s 3
223
224
(5/2–)
0–
17 . 826
20 . 231
2.10 m 5
2.78 h 17
225
226
(3/2–)
(1)
21 . 638
24 . 309
10.0 d 1
29.37 h 12
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
3/2–
3+
(3/2+)
(1+)
(1/2+)
(1+)
(1/2+)
25 . 851
28 . 900
30 . 75
33 . 8
35 . 9
39 . 2
41 . 5s
45 . 0s
47 . 6s
51 . 27
54 . 3s
21.772 y 3
6.15 h 2
62.7 m 5
122 s 3
7.5 m 1
119 s 5
145 s 10
44 s 7
60 s 4
0+
(5/2–)
0+
16 . 68
16 . 54
14 . 06
13 . 90
12 . 10
12 . 12
10 . 71
10 . 921
10 . 29
12 . 33
12 . 22
12 . 37
14 . 47
14 . 67
16 . 937
17 . 20
19 . 384
20 . 00
22 . 309
23 . 196
25 . 806
26 . 766
1.7 ms +17–6
2.5 ms +17–7
16 ms 4
0.04 s +3–1
31.7 ms 13
144 ms 21
87 ms 10
1.2 s 2
26.0 ms 2
134 μs 4
0.241 ms 5
117 ns 9
1.05 μs 3
9.7 μs 6
1.68 ms 6
2.8 ms 3
0.60 s 2
0.81 s 10
8.75 m 4
30.57 m 10
18.68 d 9
1.9116 y 16
90 Th 208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
216m
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
0+
0+
(1/2–)
0+
8+
(9/2+)
0+
0+
(7/2+)
0+
(5/2)+
0+
(3/2+)
0+
1/2+
0+
73
Decay Mode
α ≤ 100%
α ≥ 89% , ε ≤ 11%
α 99 . 91% , ε 0 . 09%
α
α
α , ε ≤ 2%
α
α
α , ε 5 . 0×10 –4%
α
α 99% , ε 1%
α ≥ 88% , IT ≤ 10%,
ε ≥ 0 . 7%
α 99% , ε 1%
ε 90 . 9% , α 9 . 1%,
β– < 1 . 6%
α , 14C 4×10 –12%
β– 83% , ε 17%,
α 6 . 0×10 –3%
β– 98 . 62% , α 1 . 38%
β–
β–
β– , β–F 1 . 2×10 –6%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
α
α
α 99% , ε ≈ 1%
α
α , ε ≈ 0 . 3%
α ≤ 100%
α
α
α , ε ≈ 0 . 01%
α 2 . 8% , IT
α
α
α
α , ε 2 . 0×10 –7%
α
α
α
α
α ≈ 90% , ε ≈ 10%
α
α
α , 20O 1×10 –11%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
90 Th 229
5/2+
229m (3/2+)
230
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
29 . 587
29 . 587
30 . 863
7932 y 28
2 m 1
7.54×10 4 y 3
25.52 h 1
1.40×10 1 0 y 1
100%
21.83 m 4
24.10 d 3
7.2 m 1
37.3 m 15
4.7 m 6
9.4 m 20
231
232
5/2+
0+
33 . 816
35 . 452
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
1/2+
0+
(1/2+)
0+
(5/2+)
0+
38 . 737
40 . 615
44 . 26
46 . 5s
50 . 2s
52 . 6s
56 . 6s
91 Pa 212
213
214
215
216
217
217m
218
219m 9/2–
220m
221
9/2–
222
223
224
225
226
227
(5/2–)
228
3+
229
(5/2+)
230
(2–)
21 . 61
19 . 66
19 . 49
17 . 87
17 . 80
17 . 07
18 . 92
18 . 68
18 . 54
20 . 40
20 . 38
22 . 11s
22 . 32
23 . 861
24 . 34
26 . 03
26 . 831
28 . 921
29 . 898
32 . 173
5.1 ms +61–19
5.3 ms +40–16
17 ms 3
14 ms 2
0.15 s +6–4
3.6 ms 8
1.2 ms 2
113 μs 10
53 ns 10
0.78 μs 16
5.9 μs 17
2.9 ms +6–4
5.1 ms 6
0.85 s 2
1.7 s 2
1.8 m 2
38.3 m 3
22.4 h 10
1.50 d 5
17.4 d 5
231
3/2–
232
(2–)
233
3/2–
234
4+
234m (0–)
235
(3/2–)
236
1(–)
237
(1/2+)
238
(3–)
239
(3/2)
240
241
33 . 425
35 . 941
37 . 491
40 . 342
40 . 416
42 . 33
45 . 3
47 . 6
50 . 77
53 . 3s
56 . 8s
59 . 7s
3.276×10 4 y 11
1.32 d 2
26.975 d 13
6.70 h 5
1.159 m 11
24.44 m 11
9.1 m 1
8.7 m 2
2.27 m 9
1.8 h 5
22 . 71
21 . 91
24 . 02
23 . 30
23 . 0s
16 ms +21–6
0.51 ms +17–10
0.56 ms +26–14
42 μs +34–13
92 U 217
218
218m
219
220
0+
(8+)
0+
74
Decay Mode
α
IT ?
α , 24Ne 6×10 –11% ,
SF ≤ 4×10 –12%
β– , α ≈ 4×10 –11%
α,
SF 1 . 1×10 –9%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
α
α
α ≤ 100%
α
α ≈ 98% , ε ≈ 2%
α
α 73% , IT 27%
α
α
α , ε 3 . 0×10 –7%
α
α
α
α
α
α 74% , ε 26%
α 85% , ε 15%
ε 98 . 15% , α 1 . 85%
ε 99 . 52% , α 0 . 48%
ε 92 . 2% , β– 7 . 8%,
α 3 . 2×10 –3%
α , SF ≤ 2×10 –11%
β– , ε
β–
β–
β– 99 . 84% , IT 0 . 16%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
β– ?
α ≤ 100%
α
α
α
α?, ε ?
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
92 U 221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
Jπ
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
0+
(3/2+)
0+
(3/2+)
0+
24 . 6s
24 . 3s
25 . 84
25 . 71
27 . 38
27 . 33
29 . 02
29 . 22
31 . 209
31 . 613
700 ns
1.0 μs +12–4
18 μs +10–5
0.9 ms 3
95 ms 15
0.35 s 15
1.1 m 1
9.1 m 2
58 m 3
20.8 d
231
232
233
(5/2–)
0+
5/2+
33 . 807
34 . 604
36 . 921
4.2 d 1
68.9 y 4
1.592×10 5 y 2
234
0+
38 . 148
2.455×10 5 y 6
0.0054% 5
235
7/2–
40 . 921
7.04×10 8 y 1
0.7204% 6
235m
236
237
238
1/2+
0+
1/2+
0+
40 . 921
42 . 447
45 . 393
47 . 310
239
240
241
242
243
5/2+
0+
50 . 575
52 . 716
56 . 2s
58 . 6s
62 . 4s
≈26 m
2.342×10 7 y 4
6.75 d 1
4.468×10 9 y 3
99.2742% 10
23.45 m 2
14.1 h 1
93 Np 225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
236m
237
238
239
240
(9/2+)
0+
Δ
(MeV)
0+
0+
(9/2–)
16.8 m 5
(5/2)
(4+)
(5/2+)
(0+)
5/2+
(6–)
31 . 59
32 . 74s
32 . 56
33 . 59
33 . 78
35 . 24
35 . 62
37 . 4s
37 . 95
39 . 957
41 . 045
43 . 37
35 ms 10
0.51 s 6
61.4 s 14
4.0 m 2
4.6 m 3
48.8 m 2
14.7 m 3
36.2 m 1
4.4 d 1
396.1 d 12
153×10 3 y 5
1
5/2+
2+
5/2+
(5+)
43 . 37
44 . 874
47 . 457
49 . 313
52 . 32
22.5 h 4
2.144×10 6 y 7
2.117 d 2
2.356 d 3
61.9 m 2
75
Decay Mode
α
α , ε 0 . 2%
α
α
α
α
α > 95% , ε < 5%
ε ≈ 80% , α ≈ 20%
α , SF < 1×10 –10% ,
22Ne 5×10 –12%
ε , α ≈ 4 . 0×10 –3%
α , SF 3×10 –12%
α , 24Ne 9×10 –10% ,
SF < 6×10 –11% ,
28Mg < 1 . ×10 –13%
α,
SF 1 . 6×10 –9% ,
Mg 1×10 –11% ,
Ne 9×10 –12%
α,
SF 7 . 0×10 –9% ,
28Mg 8 . ×10 –10% ,
Ne ≈ 8 . ×10 –10%
IT
α , SF 9 . 4×10 –8%
β–
α,
SF 5 . 5×10 –5%
β–
β–
β– ?
β–
α
α
α
ε 60% , α 40%
α 68% , ε 32%
ε ≤ 97% , α ≥ 3%
ε 98% , α 2%
ε , α 2 . 0×10 –4%
ε , α ≤ 1 . 0×10 –3%
ε
ε , α 2 . 6×10 –3%
ε 86 . 3% , β– 13 . 5%,
α 0 . 16%
β– 50% , ε 50%
α , SF ≤ 2×10 –10%
β–
β–
β–
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
Decay Mode
93 Np 240m (1+)
241
5/2+
242
(1+)
242m (6+)
243
(5/2–)
244
(7–)
245
52 . 32
54 . 26
57 . 4
57 . 4
59 . 88s
63 . 2s
65 . 9s
7.22 m 2
13.9 m 2
2.2 m 2
5.5 m 1
1.85 m 15
2.29 m 16
β– 99 . 88% , IT 0 . 12%
β–
β–
β–
β–
β–
94 Pu 228
0+
229
(3/2+)
230
0+
231
(3/2+)
232
0+
233
234
0+
235
(5/2+)
236
0+
237
7/2–
237m 1/2+
238
0+
239
1/2+
240
0+
241
5/2+
36 . 08
37 . 39
36 . 93
38 . 28
38 . 36
40 . 05
40 . 348
42 . 18
42 . 896
45 . 094
45 . 240
46 . 166
48 . 591
50 . 128
52 . 958
1.1 s +20–5
67 s +41–19
102 s 10
8.6 m 5
33.8 m 7
20.9 m 4
8.8 h 1
25.3 m 5
2.858 y 8
45.64 d 4
0.18 s 2
87.7 y 1
24110 y 30
6561 y 7
14.325 y 6
54 . 719
57 . 756
59 . 806
63 . 18
65 . 40
69 . 1s
3.75×10 5 y 2
4.956 h 3
8.00×10 7 y 9
10.5 h 1
10.84 d 2
2.27 d 23
α
ε 50% , α 50%, SF < 7%
α ≤ 100%
ε ≤ 99 . 8% , α > 0 . 2%
ε 90% , α 10%
ε 99 . 88% , α 0 . 12%
ε ≈ 94% , α ≈ 6%
ε , α 2 . 8×10 –3%
α , SF 1 . 9×10 –7%
ε , α 4 . 2×10 –3%
IT
α , SF 1 . 9×10 –7%
α , SF 3 . ×10 –10%
α , SF 5 . 7×10 –6%
β– , α 2 . 5×10 –3% ,
SF < 2×10 –14%
α , SF 5 . 5×10 –4%
β–
α 99 . 88% , SF 0 . 12%
β–
β–
β–
242
243
244
245
246
247
0+
7/2+
0+
(9/2–)
0+
95 Am 230
231
232
233
234
235
5/2–
236
5–
236m (1–)
237
5/2(–)
238
1+
239
(5/2)–
240
(3–)
240m
241
5/2–
242
1–
242m
5–
≈17 s
42 . 4s
43 . 4s
43 . 2s
44 . 5s
44 . 62
46 . 0s
46 . 0s
46 . 57s
48 . 42
49 . 393
51 . 51
54 . 51
52 . 937
55 . 471
55 . 520
79 s 2
3.2 m 8
2.32 m 8
10.3 m 6
3.6 m 2
2.9 m 2
73.6 m 8
98 m 2
11.9 h 1
50.8 h 3
0.94 ms 4
432.6 y 6
16.02 h 2
141 y 2
242m (2+,3–)
57 . 671
14.0 ms 10
243
244
244m
244m
57 . 177
59 . 882
59 . 882
59 . 968
7370 y 40
10.1 h 1
0.90 ms 15
26 m 1
76
5/2–
(6–)
1+
ε
α?, ε ?
ε ≈ 97% , α ≈ 3%
α > 3% , ε
ε, α
ε 99 . 6% , α 0 . 4%
α, ε
α, ε
ε 99 . 97% , α 0 . 03%
ε , α 1 . 0×10 –4%
ε 99 . 99% , α 0 . 01%
ε , α 1 . 9×10 –4%
SF ≤ 100%
α , SF 4×10 –10%
β– 82 . 7% , ε 17 . 3%
IT 99 . 55% , α 0 . 45%,
SF < 4 . 7×10 –9%
SF , IT ,
α < 5 . 0×10 –3%
α , SF 3 . 7×10 –9%
β–
SF ≤ 100%
β– 99 . 96% , ε 0 . 04%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
Decay Mode
95 Am 245
(5/2)+
246
(7–)
246m 2(–)
247
(5/2)
248
249
61 . 901
65 . 00
65 . 00
67 . 2s
70 . 6s
73 . 1s
2.05 h 1
39 m 3
25.0 m 2
23.0 m 13
≈10 m
β–
β–
β– , IT < 0 . 02%
β–
β–
β– ?
96 Cm 233
234
47 . 29
46 . 72
23 s +13–6
51 s 12
2.4 h 1
≈2.9 h
27 d 1
ε 80% , α 20%
α ≈ 40% , SF ≈ 40%,
ε ≈ 20%
α?, ε ?
ε, α
ε , α < 1%
ε ≥ 90% , α ≤ 10%
ε , α < 0 . 1%
SF 3 . 9×10 –6% ,
α > 99 . 5% , ε < 0 . 5%
ε 99% , α 1%
α , SF 6 . 2×10 –6% ,
34S i 1 . ×10 –14%
α 99 . 71% , ε 0 . 29%,
SF 5 . 3×10 –9%
α , SF 1 . 4×10 –4%
IT
α , SF 6 . 1×10 –7%
α 99 . 97% , SF 0 . 03%
α
α 91 . 61% , SF 8 . 39%
β–
SF ≈ 74% , α ≈ 18%,
β– ≈ 8%
β–
(3/2+)
0+
235
236
237
238
239
240
0+
(7/2–)
0+
47 . 9s
47 . 86
49 . 25
49 . 44
51 . 15
51 . 719
241
242
1/2+
0+
53 . 704
54 . 806
32.8 d 2
162.8 d 2
243
5/2+
57 . 184
29.1 y 1
244
244m
245
246
247
248
249
250
0+
6+
7/2+
0+
9/2–
0+
1/2+
0+
58 . 455
59 . 495
61 . 006
62 . 619
65 . 535
67 . 393
70 . 751
72 . 99
18.1 y 1
34 ms 2
8423 y 74
4706 y 40
1.56×10 7 y 5
3.48×10 5 y 6
64.15 m 3
≈8.3×10 3 y
(1/2+)
0+
76 . 65
79 . 1s
16.8 m 2
<2 d
251
252
0+
97 Bk 234
235
236
237
238
239m( 7 / 2 + , 3 / 2 – )
240
241
242
243
244
52 . 7s
53 . 4s
53 . 1s
54 . 3s
54 . 3s
1.4×10 2 s +14–5 α ≥ 80% , ε ≤ 20%
ε ?, α?
≈1 m
144 s 5
(3/2–)
(4–)
55 . 7s
56 . 1s
57 . 7s
58 . 692
60 . 72
4.8 m 8
4.6 m 4
7.0 m 13
4.5 h 2
4.35 h 15
245
3/2–
246m 2(–)
247
(3/2–)
248
248m 1(–)
249
7/2+
61 . 816
63 . 97
65 . 491
68 . 08s
68 . 08s
69 . 850
4.95 d 3
1.80 d 2
1380 y 250
>9 y
23.7 h 2
330 d 4
(7/2+)
77
ε ?, α?
ε , εSF 0 . 048%
ε > 99% , α < 1%,
SF < 1%
ε , εSF 2 . 0×10 –3%
α, ε
ε ≤ 100%
ε ≈ 99 . 85% , α ≈ 0 . 15%
ε 99 . 99% ,
α 6 . 0×10 –3%
ε 99 . 88% , α 0 . 12%
ε
α ≤ 100%
α
β– 70% , ε 30%
β– , α 1 . 4×10 –3% ,
SF 4 . 7×10 –8%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
97 Bk 250
251
252
253
254
2–
(3/2–)
98 Cf 237
238
239
240
241
242
(3/2+)
0+
243
244
245
246
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
72 . 952
75 . 23
78 . 5s
80 . 9s
84 . 4s
3.212 h 5
55.6 m 11
0+
(7/2–)
0+
57 . 94
57 . 2s
58 . 1s
58 . 01
59 . 3s
59 . 38
0.8 s 2
21 ms 2
39 s +37–12
64 s 9
3.78 m 70
3.7 m 5
(1/2+)
0+
1/2+
0+
60 . 9s
61 . 473
63 . 388
64 . 093
10.7 m 5
19.4 m 6
45.0 m 15
35.7 h 5
246m
247
(7/2+)
248
0+
249
9/2–
250
0+
251
1/2+
252
0+
253
(7/2+)
254
0+
255
(7/2+)
256
0+
66 . 593
66 . 10
67 . 241
69 . 726
71 . 173
74 . 137
76 . 035
79 . 302
81 . 34
84 . 8s
87 . 0s
45 ns 10
3.11 h 3
333.5 d 28
351 y 2
13.08 y 9
898 y 44
2.645 y 8
17.81 d 8
60.5 d 2
85 m 18
12.3 m 12
(2–,0+)
7/2+
(6+)
1(–)
(3/2–)
(5–)
7/2+
(7+)
64 . 2s
63 . 8s
64 . 9s
64 . 7s
66 . 0s
66 . 4s
67 . 9s
68 . 58
68 . 58
70 . 30s
71 . 18s
73 . 2s
73 . 2s
74 . 513
77 . 29
79 . 015
81 . 993
8 s +6–5
17.8 s 16
23 s 3
37 s 4
1.1 m 1
7.5 m 5
4.55 m 26
625 d 84
27 m 5
102.2 m 6
8.6 h 1
2.22 h 5
33 h 1
471.7 d 19
20.47 d 3
275.7 d 5
2+
82 . 077
39.3 h 2
(7/2+)
84 . 09
39.8 d 12
99 Es 240
241
242
243
244
245
246m
247
247m
248
249
250
250m
251
252
253
254
254m
255
(7/2+)
(3/2–)
(7/2+)
Decay Mode
β–
β–
β– ?
78
SF 70% , α 30%
SF
ε, α
α 98 . 5% , SF 1 . 5%
ε ≈ 75% , α ≈ 25%
α 80% , ε 20%,
SF ≤ 0 . 01%
ε ≈ 86% , α ≈ 14%
α ≤ 100%
ε 64 . 7% , α 35 . 3%
α , ε < 4 . 0×10 –3% ,
SF 2 . 4×10 –4%
SF ≤ 100%
ε 99 . 97% , α 0 . 04%
α , SF 2 . 9×10 –3%
α , SF 5 . 0×10 –7%
α 99 . 92% , SF 0 . 08%
α , SF
α 96 . 91% , SF 3 . 09%
β– 99 . 69% , α 0 . 31%
SF 99 . 69% , α 0 . 31%
β–
SF , β– < 1%,
α ≈ 1 . 0×10 –6%
α?, ε ?
ε, α
α 57% , ε 43%
α 61% , ε 39%, SF < 1%
ε 96% , α 4%
ε 60% , α 40%
ε 90 . 1% , α 9 . 9%
ε ≈ 93% , α ≈ 7%
α
ε 99 . 7% , α ≈ 0 . 25%
ε 99 . 43% , α 0 . 57%
ε > 97% , α < 3%
ε ≤ 100%
ε 99 . 5% , α 0 . 5%
α 78% , ε 22%
SF 8 . 7×10 –6% , α
α , β– 1 . 7×10 –4% ,
SF < 3 . 0×10 –6%
β– 98% , IT < 3%,
α 0 . 32% , ε 0 . 08%,
SF < 0 . 05%
β– 92% , α 8%,
SF 4 . 1×10 –3%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
99 Es 256 (1+,0–)
256m (8+)
257
258
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
87 . 2s
87 . 2s
89 . 4s
92 . 7s
25.4 m 24
7.6 h
7.7 d 2
β–
β–
β– , SF
α?, ε ?
0.73 ms 6
SF > 78% , α < 14%,
ε < 12%
SF ≤ 100%
α 91% , SF 9%, ε < 10%
SF > 97% , ε < 2%,
α < 1%
α ≤ 100%
α 93 . 2% , SF 6 . 8%,
ε ≤ 1 . 3%
α ≥ 84% , ε ≤ 16%
α 84%
α 93% , ε 7%, SF 0 . 1%
ε 67% , α 33%
α > 90% , ε < 10%,
SF 6 . 9×10 –3%
IT
ε 98 . 2% , α 1 . 8%
SF 2 . 3×10 –3% , α
ε 88% , α 12%
α 99 . 94% , SF 0 . 06%
α , SF 2 . 4×10 –5%
SF 91 . 9% , α 8 . 1%
α 99 . 79% , SF 0 . 21%
SF ≤ 100%
SF
SF
100 Fm 241
242
243
244
0+
(7/2+)
0+
68 . 4s
69 . 3s
69 . 0s
<4 μs
231 ms 9
3.12 ms 8
245
246
0+
70 . 2s
70 . 19
4.2 s 13
1.54 s 4
247
(7/2+)
247m (1/2+)
248
0+
249
(7/2+)
250
0+
71 . 6s
71 . 6s
71 . 894
73 . 521
74 . 074
31 s 1
5.1 s 2
36 s 2
2.6 m 7
30 m 3
250m
251
(9/2–)
252
0+
253
(1/2)+
254
0+
255
7/2+
256
0+
257
(9/2+)
258
0+
259
260
0+
74 . 074
75 . 95
76 . 818
79 . 349
80 . 905
83 . 801
85 . 487
88 . 590
90 . 4s
93 . 7s
95 . 8s
1.93 s 15
5.30 h 8
25.39 h 4
3.00 d 12
3.240 h 2
20.07 h 7
157.6 m 13
100.5 d 2
370 μs 43
1.5 s 3
≈4 ms
(7/2–)
75 . 3s
75 . 6s
76 . 2s
76 . 2s
76 . 2s
75 . 9s
75 . 9s
77 . 1s
77 . 3s
77 . 3s
78 . 6s
78 . 97
80 . 5s
81 . 18s
83 . 5s
83 . 5s
84 . 844
0.90 ms 25
0.35 s +23–16
0.9 s 2
4.4 s 8
0.9 s 2
1.2 s 1
0.25 s 4
13 s +15–4
21.7 s 20
1.9 s 9
25 s +10–5
4.3 m 6
2.3 m 8
6 m +12–3
28 m 8
10 m 3
27 m 2
256
(1–)
87 . 61
77 m 2
257
258
(7/2–)
88 . 997
91 . 689
5.52 h 5
51.5 d 3
101 Md 245
245m
246m
246m
246m
247
247m
248
249
249m
250
251
252
253
254m
254m
255
(1/2–)
(7/2)
(7/2–)
(1/2–)
(7/2–)
(1/2–)
(7/2–)
(7/2–)
79
Decay Mode
α , SF
ε, α
α
ε > 77% , α < 23%
SF ? , ε ?
α 99 . 9% , SF < 0 . 1%
α 79% , SF 21%
α 58% , ε 42%
α > 60% , ε ≤ 40%
α?
ε 93% , α 7%
ε 90% , α 10%
ε ≤ 100%
ε ≤ 100% , α
ε ≤ 100%
ε ≤ 100%
ε 92% , α 8%,
SF < 0 . 15%
ε 90 . 8% , α 9 . 2%,
SF < 3%
ε 85% , α 15%, SF < 1%
α , SF
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
101 Md 258m
259
260
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
91 . 689
93 . 6s
96 . 6s
261
262
57.0 m 9
96 m 3
31.8 d 5
98 . 6s
101 . 6s
<2 μs
102 No 248
0+
249
250
0+
251
(7/2+)
251m (1/2+)
252
0+
80 . 6s
81 . 8s
81 . 6s
82 . 8s
82 . 9s
82 . 867
4.2 μs +12–9
0.80 s 1
1.02 s 3
2.47 s 2
252m (8–)
253
(9/2–)
254
0+
82 . 867
84 . 360
84 . 72
110 ms 10
1.62 m 15
51 s 10
254m
0+
255
1/2+
256
0+
257
(7/2+)
258
0+
259
84 . 72
86 . 81
87 . 825
90 . 251
91 . 5s
94 . 1s
0.28 s 4
3.52 m 21
2.91 s 5
25 s 3
1.2 ms 2
58 m 5
260
261
262
263
264
0+
(3/2+)
0+
0+
95 . 6s
98 . 5s
100 . 1s
103 . 1s
105 . 2s
106 ms 8
≈5 ms
103 Lr 251
252
253
(7/2–)
253m (1/2–)
254
255
1/2–
255m 7/2–
256
87 . 9s
88 . 7s
88 . 7s
88 . 7s
89 . 9s
89 . 95
89 . 98
91 . 75
0.27 s +18–8
0.57 s +7–6
1.49 s +30–21
18.4 s 18
31.1 s 13
2.53 s 13
27 s 3
257
258
259
260
92 . 61s
94 . 8s
95 . 85s
98 . 3s
≈4 s
4.1 s 3
6.2 s 3
180 s 30
261
262
263
264
265
266
104 Rf 253m
253m
99 . 6s
102 . 0s
103 . 7s
106 . 4s
108 . 3s
111 . 4s
39 m 12
≈4 h
93 . 8s
93 . 8s
48 μs +17–10
≈1.8 s
80
Decay Mode
ε ≥ 70% , SF
SF , α < 1 . 3%
SF ≥ 42% , α ≤ 25%,
ε ≤ 23% , β– ≤ 10%
α?
SF ? , α ?
SF ?
SF , α < 2%
α 84% , SF < 0 . 3%, ε
α
α 70 . 7% , SF 29 . 3%,
ε < 1 . 1%
IT
α ≈ 80% , ε
α 90% , ε 10%,
SF 0 . 17%
IT > 80%
ε 70% , α 30%
α 99 . 47% , SF 0 . 53%
α ≤ 100% , SF ≤ 1 . 5%
SF ≤ 100%
α 75% , ε 25%,
SF < 10%
SF
α?
SF
α ? , SF ?
α?
ε ?, α?
α, ε
α ≈ 98 . 7% , SF ≈ 1 . 3%
α 92% , SF 8%
α 71 . 7% , ε 28 . 3%
α 85% , ε 15%
IT 60% , α 40%
α 85% , ε 15%,
SF < 0 . 03%
α ≤ 100%
α > 95% , SF < 5%
α 78% , SF 22%
α 80% , ε < 40%,
SF < 10%
SF
SF < 10% , ε , α
α?
SF ? , α ?
SF ? , α ?
α ? , SF ?
SF ≤ 100% , α
α ≈ 50% , SF ≈ 50%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
104 Rf 254
255
256
257
0+
(9/2–)
0+
(1/2+)
93 . 2s
94 . 2s
94 . 22
95 . 87
23 μs 3
2.3 s +8–5
6.4 ms 2
4.7 s 3
257m (11/2–)
95 . 87
258
259
259m
260
261m
261m
262
263
264
265m
266
267
268
0+
0+
0+
0+
0+
0+
105 Db 255
256
96 . 34
98 . 36s
98 . 36s
99 . 2s
101 . 32
101 . 32
102 . 4s
104 . 8s
106 . 2s
108 . 8s
110 . 2s
113 . 4s
115 . 4s
Decay Mode
SF ≤ 100%
α 52% , SF 48%, ε ?1%
SF 99 . 68% , α 0 . 32%
α < 100% , SF ≤ 1 . 4%,
ε > 0%
4.1 s 7
α < 100% , SF ≤ 1 . 4%,
ε > 0%
14.7 ms +12–10 SF 69% , α 31%
3.2 s 6
α 92% , SF 8%
2.5 s +4–3
ε 15%
21 ms 1
SF ≤ 100% , α ?
1.9 s 4
SF 73% , α 27%
78 s +11–6
α > 74% , ε < 15%,
SF < 11%
2.3 s 4
SF ≤ 100% , α < 3%
10 m 2
SF , α
α?
SF
SF ? , α ?
α ? , SF ?
99 . 7s
100 . 5s
1.6 s +6–4
1.9 s 4
257
(9/2+)
257m
258
258m
259
260
100 . 3s
100 . 3s
101 . 8s
101 . 8s
101 . 99
103 . 36
1.82 s +27–21
0.58 s +13–9
4.2 s +4–3
20 s 10
0.51 s 16
1.52 s 13
261
262
263
264
265
266
267m
268m
269
270m
104 . 2s
106 . 3s
107 . 1s
109 . 4s
110 . 5s
112 . 7s
114 . 2s
117 . 0s
119 . 1s
122 . 0s
1.8 s 4
35 s 5
27 s +10–7
106 Sg 258
0+
259
(1/2+)
259m
260
0+
260m
261
262
0+
263
263m
264
0+
265m
105 . 3s
106 . 5s
106 . 5s
106 . 54
106 . 54
108 . 01
108 . 4s
110 . 19s
110 . 19s
110 . 8s
112 . 8s
73 m +350–33
32 h +11–7
23 h
2.9 ms +13–7
0.32 s +8–6
0.28 s 5
3.6 ms 9
4.95 ms 33
0.23 s 6
6.9 ms +38–18
1.0 s 2
0.12 s
37 ms +27–11
16.2 s +47–35
81
α 80% , SF ≈ 20%
α ≈ 70% , ε ≈ 30%,
SF ≈ 0 . 02%
α 94% , SF ≈ 6%
α , SF
α 65% , ε 35%, SF < 1%
ε
α
α ≥ 90 . 4% , SF ≤ 9 . 6%,
ε < 2 . 5%
α ≥ 82% , SF ≤ 18%
α ≈ 67% , SF
SF 55% , α 41%, ε 3%
α?
α?
α ? , SF ?
SF
SF
α ? , SF ?
SF , α
SF ≤ 100% , α ?
α 96% , SF 4%
SF 50% , α 50%
SF 71% , α 29%
α , SF < 1%
SF ≥ 78% , α ≤ 22%
α > 70% , SF < 30%
IT , α
SF , α < 36%
α ≥ 65% , SF ≤ 35%
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
106 Sg 265m
266
267
268
269
270
271m
272
273
Jπ
0+
0+
0+
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
Decay Mode
113 . 0s
113 . 7s
115 . 9s
116 . 9s
120 . 0s
121 . 3s
124 . 4s
126 . 4s
129 . 8s
8.9 s +27–19
21 s +20–12
SF > 50% , α > 18%
SF ? , α ?
2.4 m +43–10
107 Bh 260
261
262m
262m
263
264
265
266m
267m
268
269
270?
271?
272m
273
274
275
113 . 3s
113 . 2s
114 . 5s
114 . 5s
114 . 5s
115 . 7s
116 . 4s
118 . 2s
118 . 9s
120 . 9s
121 . 7s
124 . 2s
125 . 8s
128 . 6s
130 . 5s
133 . 3s
135 . 4s
35 ms +19–9
11.8 ms +39–24
22 ms 4
83 ms 14
108 Hs 263
264
0+
265
265m
266
0+
267
(3/2+)
267m
268
0+
269
269m
270
0+
271
272
0+
273
274
0+
275m
276
0+
277
120 . 0s
119 . 56
121 . 17
121 . 47
121 . 1s
122 . 65s
122 . 65s
122 . 8s
124 . 6s
124 . 6s
125 . 1s
127 . 8s
129 . 1s
132 . 1s
133 . 3s
136 . 3s
138 . 0s
141 . 1s
0.74 ms +48–21
≈0.8 ms
1.9 ms 2
0.3 ms +2–1
2.3 ms +13–6
52 ms +13–8
0.8 s +38–4
0.4 s +18–2
3.6 s +8–14
9.7 s +97–33
22 s
109 Mt 265
266m
267
268m
269
270m
271
126 . 6s
128 . 0s
127 . 8s
128 . 9s
129 . 3s
130 . 8s
131 . 5s
0.44 s +60–16
0.9 s +7–3
1.7 s +82–8
17 s +14–6
6×10 1 s +29–3
10 s +12–4
0.9 m +42–4
0.15 s +27–6
1.7 ms +18–16
21 ms +8–5
5.0 ms +24–3
82
α ? , SF ?
α ≈ 50% , SF ≈ 50%
α ? , SF ?
SF ?
α ≤ 100%
α
α < 100%
α < 100%
α?
α ≤ 100%
α
α
α
α
α?
α
α ? , SF ?
α , SF
SF ?
α ≤ 100% , SF < 8 . 4%
SF ≈ 50% , α ≈ 50%
α < 100% , SF ≤ 1%
α < 100%
α , SF < 1 . 4%
α ≥ 80% , SF < 20%
α
α
α
α
α
α ? , SF ?
SF ? , α ?
α
SF ? , α ?
α
α ? , SF ?
α?
α ≤ 100%
α?
α
α
α?
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
Jπ
109 Mt 272
273
274m
275?
276m
277
278m
279
110 Ds 267m
268?
269m
270
270m
271
271m
272
273
274?
275?
276?
277?
278?
279m
280
281
281m
0+
0+
0+
0+
0+
0+
0+
111 Rg 272m
273
274m
275?
276?
277?
278m
279m
280m
281m
282m
283?
112 Cn 276
277
278?
279?
280?
281m
282m
283m
283m
284m
285
113
278m
279
0+
0+
0+
Δ
(MeV)
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
Decay Mode
133 . 7s
134 . 8s
137 . 1s
138 . 4s
140 . 9s
142 . 5s
145 . 1s
146 . 8s
α ? , SF ?
α ? , SF ?
0.44 s +81–17 α , SF
9.7 ms +460–44 α
0.72 s +87–25 α
134 . 3s
133 . 6s
135 . 03
134 . 7s
135 . 9s
135 . 95s
135 . 95s
136 . 0s
138 . 4s
138 . 9s
141 . 2s
142 . 2s
145 . 3s
145 . 8s
148 . 6s
149 . 6s
152 . 4s
152 . 4s
2.8 μs +133–12
1
179 μs +245–66
0.10 ms +14–4
6.0 ms +82–22
1.63 ms +44–29
69 ms +56–21
142 . 8s
143 . 1s
144 . 7s
145 . 4s
147 . 4s
148 . 4s
150 . 4s
151 . 3s
153 . 4s
154 . 6s
156 . 7s
158 . 1s
α
α?
6.4 ms +307–29 α
α?
α ? , SF ?
SF ? , α ?
4.2 ms +76–17 α , SF
0.17 s +81–8
α
3.6 s +43–13
α
26 s +25–8
SF , α
0.5 s +25–2
α , SF
SF ? , α ?
150 . 6s
152 . 4s
152 . 7s
154 . 7s
155 . 4s
158 . 1s
158 . 2s
160 . 7s
160 . 7s
161 . 5s
164 . 1s
α ? , SF ?
SF ? , α ?
α ? , SF ?
α
0.50 ms +33–14 SF
4.0 s +13–7
α ≥ 90% , SF ≤ 10%
6.9 s +69–23
SF 50% , α 50%
101 ms +41–22 SF
30 s +30–10
α
159 . 0s
159 . 5s
8 s +37–4
0.17 ms +17–6
0.18 s +5–3
20 s +20–7
9.6 s +50–25
α , SF
α ? , SF ?
α
α
α
α , SF < 0 . 2%
α > 70% , IT ≤ 30%
α
α > 0% , IT ?
SF
α
SF ? , α ?
α?
SF ? , α ?
α?
SF ? , α ?
SF ≈ 90% , α ≈ 10%
SF 85% , α 15%
SF
3.8 ms +14–8
0.24 ms +114–11 α
83
Nuclear Wallet Cards
Nuclide
Z El A
113
114
280
281
282m
283m
284m
285m
286m
287?
285m
286m
287
288
289
289m
115
287?
288m
289
290
291?
116
289
290
291
292
293
117
118
Jπ
Δ
(MeV)
161 . 2s
161 . 9s
163 . 6s
164 . 0s
166 . 0s
166 . 9s
168 . 9s
170 . 1s
0+
0+
171 . 2s
171 . 0s
173 . 2s
174 . 0s
176 . 5s
176 . 5s
177 . 2s
179 . 0s
179 . 8s
181 . 6s
182 . 8s
0+
0+
184 . 8s
184 . 4s
186 . 6s
187 . 2s
189 . 6s
291?
292?
293
294
191 . 0s
192 . 7s
193 . 4s
195 . 1s
294
295
198 . 7s
200 . 7s
T 1/2 , Γ , or
Abundance
0.07 s +13–3
100 ms +490–45
0.48 s +58–17
5.5 s +50–18
20 s +94–9
0.16 s +7–3
0.51 s +18–10
0.52 s +22–13
0.97 s +97–32
2.7 s +14–7
Decay Mode
α
α
α
α , SF
α , SF
α ? , SF ?
α
SF ≈ 60% , α ≈ 40%
α
α
α
α
32 ms +155–14
87 ms +105–30
0.22 s +26–8
16 ms +76–7
α
α
α , SF
α , SF
α ? , SF ?
15 ms +26–6
6.3 ms +116–25
18 ms +16–6
53 ms +62–19
α
α
α
α
14 ms +11–4
0.08 s +37–4
SF ? , α ?
SF ? , α ?
α , SF
α
0.9 ms +11–3
α , SF ≤ 50%
84
Appendix–I Table of Elemental Properties
Z El
Atomic
Weight a
Density
(g/cc) b
Melting Boiling
Pt. (°C) b Pt. (°C) b
Valence b
–259.34
<–272.2
(26 atm)
180.5
1287
1
0
1
2
H
1.008
He 4.002602 2
8.988×10 – 5 d
1.785×10 – 4 f
3
4
Li
Be
6.94
9.012182 3
0.534 c
1.848 c
5
B
10.81
2.34 h
12.011
1.8 to 2.1 i
14.007
0.0012506 j
15.999
0.001308 k
18.9984032 5 0.001696
20.1797 6
8.9990×10 – 4
22.98976928 2 0.971 c
24.3050 6
1.738 c
26.9815386 8 2.6989 c
28.085
2.33 e
30.973762 2 1.82 l
32.06
2.07 cm
35.45
0.003214
39.948
0.0017837
39.0983
0.89
40.078 4
1.54 c
44.955912 6 2.989 e
47.867
4.51
50.9415
6.0
(18.7°C)
24 Cr 51.9961 6
7.15 c
25 Mn 54.938045 5 7.21 to 7.44 n
26 Fe 55.845 2
7.874 c
27 Co 58.933195 5 8.9 c
28 Ni 58.6934 2
8.902 e
29 Cu 63.546 3
8.96 c
30 Zn 65.38 2
7.134 e
31 Ga 69.723
5.904
(29.6°C)
32 Ge 72.63
5.323 e
33 As 74.92160 2
5.75 o
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
C
N
O
F
Ne
Na
Mg
Al
Si
P
S
Cl
Ar
K
Ca
Sc
Ti
V
Se
Br
Kr
Rb
Sr
Y
Zr
Nb
Mo
Tc
Ru
Rh
78.96 3
79.904
83.798 2
85.4678 3
87.62
88.90585 2
91.224 2
92.90638 2
95.96 2
(98)
101.07 2
102.90550 2
4.79 p
3.12 u
0.003733
1.532 c
2.64
4.469 e
6.52 c
8.57 c
10.22 c
11.50 t
12.1 c
12.41 c
–252.87
–268.93
1342
2471
(5 mm)
2075
4000
(subl.)
≈3550
4827
–210.00 –195.798
–218.79 –182.953
–219.67 g –188.12 g
–248.609 –246.053 g
97.80
883
650
1090
660.32
2519
1414
3265
44.15 l
280.5 l
115.21 m 444.61
–101.5
–34.04
–189.36 –185.85
63.5
759
842
1484
1541
2836
1668
3287
1910
3407
1
2
3
2,3,4
3,5
2
1
0
1
2
3
4
3,5
2,4,6
1,3,5,7
0
1
2
3
2 to 4
2 to 5
1907
1246
1538
1495
1455
1084.62
419.53
29.76
2671
2061
2861
2927
2913
2562
907
2204
2,3,6
1 to 4,6,7
2,3,4,6
2,3
0 to 3
1,2
2
2,3
938.25
817 o
(28 atm)
221 p
–7.2
–157.36
39.30
777
1522
1855
2477
2623
2157
2334
1964
2833
616 o
(subl.)
685 p
58.8
–153.34
688
1382
3345
4409
4744
4639
4265
4150
3695
2,4
0,±3,5
App–I–i
–2,4,6
1,3,5,7
0
1
2
3
2 to 4
2,3,4?,5
2 to 6
0,2,4 to 7
0 to 8
3
Appendix–I Table of Elemental Properties
Z El
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
Pd
Ag
Cd
In
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Xe
Cs
Ba
La
Ce
Pr
60 Nd
61 Pm
62 Sm
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
Eu
Gd
Tb
Dy
Ho
Er
Tm
Yb
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
Lu
Hf
Ta
W
Re
Os
Ir
Pt
Au
Hg
Tl
Pb
Bi
Po
At
Rn
Fr
Ra
Ac
Th
Pa
U
Np
Atomic
Weight a
Density
(g/cc) b
12.02 c
10.50 c
8.69 c
7.31 c
5.77 q
6.68 c
6.23 c
4.93 v
0.005887 w
2 1.873 c
3.62 c
6.145 e
6.770 e
6.773 r
6.64 s
144.242 3
7.008
(145)
7.264 e
150.36 2
7.520 r
7.40 s
151.964
5.244 e
157.25 3
7.901 e
158.92534 2 8.230
162.500
8.551 e
164.93032 2 8.795 e
167.259 3
9.066 e
168.93421 2 9.321 e
173.054 5
6.903 r
6.966 s
174.9668
9.841 e
178.49 2
13.31 c
180.94788 2 16.4
183.84
19.3 c
186.207
20.8 c
190.23 3
22.587
192.217 3
22.562 c
195.084 9
21.45 c
196.966569 4 ≈19.3 c
200.59 2
13.546 c
204.38
11.85 c
207.2
11.35 c
208.98040
9.747 c
(209)
9.20
(210)
(222)
0.00973 x
(223)
(226)
5
(227)
10.07 t
232.03806 2 11.72
231.03588 2 15.37 t
238.02891 3 19.1
(237)
20.25 c
106.42
107.8682 2
112.411 8
114.818 3
118.710 7
121.760
127.60 3
126.90447 3
131.293 6
132.9054519
137.327 7
138.90547 7
140.116
140.90765 2
Melting Boiling
Pt. (°C) b Pt. (°C) b
Valence b
1554.9
961.78
321.07
156.60
231.93
630.63
449.51
113.7
–111.74
28.44
727
920
799
931
2963
2162
767
2072
2602
1587
988
184.4
–108.09
671
1897
3464
3443
3520
2 to 4
1
2
1 to 3
2,4
0,±3,5
2,4,6
1,3,5,7
0
1
2
3
3,4
3
1016
1042
1072
3074
3000
1794
3
3
2,3
822
1313
1356
1412
1472
1529
1545
824
1596
3273
3230
2567
2700
2868
1950
1196
2,3
3
3,4
3
3
3
3
2,3
1663
2233
3017
3422
3185
3033
2446
1768.2
1064.18
–38.83
304
327.46
271.4
254
302
–71
27
696
1050
1750
1572
1135
644
3402
4603
5458
5555
5596
5012
4428
3825
2856
356.62
1473
1749
1564
962
3
4
2?,3,4?,5
2 to 6
4,6,7
0 to 8
3,4
1?,2,3
1,3
1,2
1,3
2,4
3,5
0,±2,3?,4,6
1,3,5,7
0
1
2
3
2?,3?,4
4,5
2 to 6
3 to 6
App–I–ii
–61.7
3198
4788
4131
3902
Appendix–I Table of Elemental Properties
Z El
94 Pu
95 Am
96 Cm
97 Bk
98 Cf
99 Es
100Fm
101Md
102No
103Lr
Atomic
Weight a
Density
(g/cc) b
Melting Boiling
Pt. (°C) b Pt. (°C) b
Valence b
(244)
(243)
(247)
(247)
(251)
(252)
(257)
(258)
(259)
(262)
19.84 e
12 c
13.51 t
14 t
15.1
640
1176
1345
996
900
860 t
1527
827
827
1627
3,to 6
2 to 6
3,4
3,4
3
3
3
2,3
2,3
3?
3228
2011
Footnotes and References
a) A t o m i c w e i g h t s o f m a n y e l e m e n t s a r e n o t i n v a r i a n t a n d
depend on the origin and treatment of the material. The values
given here apply to elements as they exist naturally on earth
and are from M. E. Wieser, T.B. Coplen Pure Appl. Chem. 83,
359 (2011). Uncertainty is 1 in last significant figure, unless
expressly given.
Masses are scaled to 12 for
1 2 C.
Parenthetical whole numbers represent the mass numbers (A) of
the longest lived isotopes for radioactive elements.
Isotopic masses (and more precise atomic weights for some mono–
isotopic elements) may be calculated as A+(Δ/931.494), where A
is the mass number and Δ is the mass excess as given in the
Nuclear Wallet Cards.
b) C . R . H a m m o n d , i n C R C H a n d b o o k o f C h e m i s t r y a n d P h y s i c s ,
92nd edition, 2011. Where specified, exact temperature
and pressure conditions are given; the conditions for all gases have
been inferred to be 0°C and 1 atm. The densities for the follow–
ing gaseous elements are for diatomic molecules: H, N, O, F, Cl.
In general, densities for gases (in g/cc) may be approximated by
the formula: density=MP/82.05T, where M is the molecular weight in
g, P the pressure in atm, and T the temperature in °K. The reported
oxidation states do not include some uncommon states, or those
states predicted by periodicity, but not confirmed chemically.
c) At 20°C.
d) F o r g a s ; d e n s i t y ( l i q u i d ) = 0 . 0 7 0 8 g / c c a t b . p . ; d e n s i t y
(solid)=0.0706 g/cc at –262°C.
e) At 25°C.
f)
g)
For gas; density (liquid)=0.125 g/cc at b.p.
At 1 atm.
h) For crystal form; density (amorphous)=2.37 g/cc.
App–I–iii
Appendix–I Table of Elemental Properties
i)
For amorphous carbon; density (graphite)=1.9 to 2.3 g/cc;
density (gem diamond)=3.513 g/cc at 25°C; density (other
diamond)=3.15 to 3.53 g/cc.
j)
For gas; density (liquid)=0.808 g/cc at b.p.; density
(solid)=1.026 g/cc at –252°C.
k) For gas; density (liquid)=1.14 g/cc at b.p.
For Ozone: density=0.001962; m.p.=–193, b.p.=–111.35
l)
For white phosphorus; density (red)=2.20 g/cc; density
(black)=2.25 to 2.69 g/cc.
m) F o r r h o m b i c s u l f u r ; m e l t i n g p o i n t ( m o n o c l i n i c ) = 1 1 9 . 0 ° C ;
density (monoclinic)=2.00 g/cc at 20°C.
n) Depending on allotropic form.
o) For gray arsenic; density (yellow)=1.97 g/cc.
p) For gray selenium; density (vitreous)=4.28 g/cc.
q) For gray tin; density (white)=7.29 g/cc.
r) For α modification.
s) For β modification.
t) Calculated.
u) For liquid at 20°C; 0.00759 g/cc for gas.
v) For solid at 20°C; 0.01127 g/cc for gas.
w) For gas; density (liquid)=2.95 g/cc at –109°C.
x) For gas; density (liquid)=4.4 g/cc at –62°C.
App–I–iv
Appendix–II Frequently–Used Constants
The frequently used constants are given below in familiar
units. Only approximate values are given; see App–IIa for
values to current known precision.
Symbol
Constant
Value
1/α=hc/e 2
Fine structure constant
137.0
c
Speed of light in vacuum
2.998×10 1 0 cm/s
h
h=h/2π
hc
Planck constant
6.626×10 – 2 7 erg s
6.582×10 – 2 2 MeV s
197.3 MeV fm
k=R/N A
Boltzmann constant
8.617×10 – 1 1 MeV/K
r e =e 2 /m e c 2
Classical e – radius
2.818 fm
λ C , e =h/m e c
Compton wavelength of e –
386.2 fm
λ C , p =h/m p c
Compton wavelength of p
0.210 fm
λ′ C , π =h/m π c
Compton wavelength of π
1.414 fm
u
Atomic mass unit
931.5 MeV/c 2
me
Electron mass
0.511 MeV/c 2
mn
Neutron mass
939.6 MeV/c 2
mp
Proton mass
938.3 MeV/c 2
md
Deuteron mass
1875.6 MeV/c 2
mπ±
π ± mass
139.6 MeV/c 2
mπ°
π 0 mass
135.0 MeV/c 2
mW
W ± boson mass
80.2 GeV/c 2
mZ
Z 0 boson mass
91.2 GeV/c 2
μ N =he/2m p c
Nuclear magneton
3.152×10 – 1 8 MeV/Gauss
μp
Proton magnetic moment
2.793 μ N
μn
Neutron magnetic moment
–1.913 μ N
1 fm=10 – 1 3 cm
1 Å=10 – 8 cm
1 barn=10 – 2 4 cm 2
1 eV/c 2 =1.783×10 – 3 3 g
1 joule=10 7 erg
1 coulomb=2.998×10 9 esu
1 newton=10 5 dyne
1 tesla=10 4 gauss
App–II
π=3.1416
Appendix–IIa Fundamental Constants
Unless otherwise noted, the information presented in this
table is from CODATA Values of Fundamental Physical Constants:
2006.a The constants are arranged alphabetically according
to the symbols by which they are denoted. The numbers in italics
are the one–standard–deviation uncertainty in the last digits of
the values given. The unified atomic mass scale (12C≡12) has been
used throughout. Values are given for both SI and cgs units. In cgs
units "permittivity of vacuum" μ0 and "permeability of vacuum"
ε0 are dimensionless unit quantities; in SI units they have the valuesf
μ 0 =4π×10 – 7 m·kg·s – 2 ·A – 2 =4π×10 – 7 N·A – 2 =4π×10 – 7 T·A – 1
ε 0 =1/μ 0 c 2
The factor in square brackets given in the definition of a quantity
is to be omitted to obtain the expression in cgs units f .
The following abbreviations are used:
A = ampere
C = coulomb
cm = centimeter
emu = electromagnetic unit
esu = electrostatic unit
G = gauss
g = gram
Hz = hertz = cycles/sec
J = joule
K = degree Kelvin
kg = kilogram
m = meter
mol = mole
N = newton
s = second
T = tesla
u = atomic mass unit (unified scale)
V = volt
W = watt
Wb = Weber
App–IIa–i
Appendix–IIa Fundamental Constants
App–IIa–ii
Symbol
Constant
Value
Units
(SI) b
Units
(cgs) b
a 0 =r e /α 2
Bohr radius
5.2917721092 17
10 – 1 1 m
10 – 9 cm
α=e 2 /hc[4πε 0 ]
1/α
Fine structure constant
0.0072973525698 24
137.035999679 94
c
Speed of light in vacuum
2.99792458 ( e )
10 8 m s – 1
10 1 0 cm s – 1
c 1 =2πhc 2
First radiation constant
3.74177153 17
10 – 1 6 W m 2
10 – 5 erg cm 2 s – 1
c 2 =hc/k
Second radiation constant
1.4387770 13
10 – 2 m K
cm K
e
Elementary charge
1.602176565 35
10 – 1 9 C
10 – 2 0 emu
2e/h
Josephson frequency–voltage
ratio
4.83597870 11
10 1 4 Hz V – 1
–e/m e
Electron specific charge
–1.758820088 39
10 1 1 C kg – 1
10 7 emu g – 1
F=N A e
Faraday constant
9.64853365 21
10 4 C mol – 1
10 3 emu mol – 1
γp
Gyromagnetic ratio of proton
2.675222005 63
10 8 s – 1 T – 1
10 4 s – 1 G – 1
Proton magnetic shielding
correction
0.000025694 14
Gravitational constant
6.67384 80
10 – 1 1 m 3 kg – 1 s – 2
10 – 8 cm – 3 g – 1 s – 2
G
Appendix–IIa Fundamental Constants
Symbol
Constant
Value
Units
(SI) b
Units
(cgs) b
h
Planck constant
6.62606957 29
10 – 3 4 J s
10 – 2 7 erg s
1.054571726 47
10 – 3 4 J s
10 – 2 7 erg s
h=h/2π
App–IIa–iii
h/2e
Quantum of magnetic flux
2.067833758 46
10 – 1 5 Wb
10 – 7 G cm 2
k=R/N A
Boltzmann constant
1.3806488 13
10 – 2 3 J K – 1
10 – 1 6 erg K – 1
λ C , e =h/m e c
Compton wavelength of electron
2.4263102389 16
10 – 1 2 m
10 – 1 0 cm
λ C , p =h/m p c
Compton wavelength of proton
1.32140985623 94
10 – 1 5 m
10 – 1 3 cm
λ C , n =h/m n c
Compton wavelength of neutron
1.3195909068 11
10 – 1 5 m
10 – 1 3 cm
me
Electron mass
5.4857990946 22
10 – 4 u
10 – 4 u
mH
Mass of hydrogen atom
1.00782503207 10 ( c )
u
u
mμ
Muon mass
0.1134289267 29
u
u
mn
Neutron mass
1.00866491600 55
u
u
mp
Proton mass
1.007276466812 90
u
u
mπ±
π ± mass
139.57018 35 ( d )
MeV
mπ0
π 0 mass
134.9766 6 ( d )
MeV
Appendix–IIa Fundamental Constants
App–IIa–iv
Symbol
Constant
Value
Units
(SI) b
Units
(cgs) b
μ B =[c]eh/2m e c
Bohr magneton
9.27400968 20
10 – 2 4 J T – 1
10 – 2 1 erg G – 1
μ e /μ B
–1.00115965218076 27
μμ
Magnetic moment of electron
in units of μ B
Muon magnetic moment
–4.49044807 15
10 – 2 6 J T – 1
10 – 2 3 erg Gs – 1
μ N =[c]eh/2m p c
Nuclear magneton
5.05078353 11
10 – 2 7 J T – 1
10 – 2 4 erg G – 1
NA
Avogadro constant
6.02214129 27
10 2 3 mol – 1
10 2 3 mol – 1
R
Molar gas constant
8.3144621 75
J mol – 1 K – 1
10 7 erg mol – 1 K – 1
R ∞ =m e cα 2 /2h
Rydberg constant for
infinite mass
1.0973731568539 55
10 7 m – 1
10 5 cm – 1
r e =hα/m e c
Classical e – radius
2.8179403267 27
10 – 1 5 m
10 – 1 3 cm
σ=
(π 2 /60)k 4 /h 3 c 2
Stefan–Boltzmann constant
5.670373 21
10 – 8 W m – 2 K – 4
erg cm – 2 s – 1 K – 4
10 – 5
u = 1/N A
Atomic mass unit
1.66053873 13 ( c )
931.494013 37 ( c )
10 – 2 7 kg
MeV
10 – 2 4 g
1 year (sidereal) = 365.25636 days = 3.1558150×10 7 s, 1 year (tropical) = 365.242 days = 3.15569×10 7 s
Appendix–IIa Fundamental Constants
a) P.J. Mohr, B.N. Taylor, and D.B. Newell Jl. of Phys. and
Chem. Ref. Data 37, 1187 (2008); Rev. Mod. Phys. 80, 633
(2008). Data taken from http://physics.nist.gov/constants.
b) Quantities are given in the International System of
Units (SI) except for the atomic mass unit; this unit
is not part of the SI.
c) The AME2003 atomic mass evaluation, G. Audi, A.H. Wapstra,
and C. Thibault, Nuclear Physics A729, 337 (2003)
d) Review of Particle Physics, C. Amsler, et al.,
Physics Letters B667, 1 (2008); http://pdg.lbl.gov/
e) Speed of light in vacuum is an exact constant as a result of
redefinition of the meter [P. Giacomo, Metrologia 20, 25 (1984)].
f) General Section by H.L. Anderson and E.R. Cohen in
A Physicist's Desk Reference, H.L. Anderson, Editor–in–
Chief, AIP, New York (1989)
App–IIa–v
Appendix–III Energy–Equivalent Factors †
units
erg
s–1
eV
35×10 – 1 2
6.62606957
cm – 1
29×10 – 2 7
1.986445684 88×10 – 1 6
App–III–i
erg
1.0
1.602176565
eV
6.24150934 14×10 1 1
1.0
4.135667516 91×10 – 1 5
1.239841930 27×10 – 4
s–1
1.509190311 67×10 2 6
2.417989348 53×10 1 4
1.0
2.99792458 ×10 1 0
cm – 1
5.03411701 22×10 1 5
8.06554429 18×10 3
3.335640951×10 – 1 1
1.0
K
7.2429716 22×10 1 5
1.1604519 11×10 4
4.7992434 44×10 – 1 1
1.4387770 13
g
1.112650056×10 – 2 1
1.782661845 39×10 – 3 3
7.37249668 33×10 – 4 8
2.210218902 98×10 – 3 7
u
6.70053662 53×10 2
1.073544150 24×10 – 9
4.4398216689 31×10 – 2 4 1.33102505120 94×10 – 1 3
(1 cal = 4.1840 J, 1 J = 10 7 erg)
Note: In the above table all entries in the same column are equivalent. The
various units of energy are connected as follows:
1 erg = 1/c 2 g = 1/(mc 2 ) u = 1/(hc) cm – 1 = 1/h s – 1 = 1/k 0 K = 1/e eV
Examples: 1 eV = 1.602..×10 – 1 2 erg = 1.073..×10 – 9 u= 3.829..×10 – 2 0 cal
e/h = 2.417..×10 1 4 s – 1 , e/(hc) = 8.0654..×10 3 cm – 1
e/c 2 = 1.782..×10 – 3 3 g, e/mc 2 = 1.073..×10 – 9 u
e/k = 1.160..×10 4 K
Appendix–III Energy–Equivalent Factors †
units
deg K
13×10 – 1 6
g
u
8.987551787×10 2 0
1.492417954 66×10 – 3
App–III–ii
erg
1.3806488
eV
8.6173324 78×10 – 5
5.60958885 12×10 3 2
9.31494061 21×10 8
s–1
2.0836618 19×10 1 0
1.356392608 60×10 4 7
2.2523427168 16×10 2 3
cm – 1
6.9503476 63×10 – 1
4.52443873 20×10 3 6
7.5130066042 53×10 1 2
K
1.0
6.5096582 59×10 3 6
1.08095408 98×10 1 3
g
1.5361790 14×10 – 3 7
1.0
1.660538921 73×10 – 2 4
u
9.2510868 84×10 – 1 4
6.02214129 27×10 2 3
1.0
Note: In the above table all entries in the same column are equivalent.
Example: 1u ≡ 1.492..×10 – 3 erg = 9.314..×10 8 eV = 3.567..×10 – 1 1 cal, etc.
† From CODATA Values of Fundamental Physical Constants: 2006, P.J. Mohr, B.N. Taylor, and
D.B. Newell, Jour. of Phys. and Chem. Ref. Data 37, 1187 (2008), Rev. Mod. Phys.
80, 633 (2008). Data taken from http://physics.nist.gov/constants (Aug, 2011)
Appendix–IV Observed Λ Hypernuclides †
El
A J(g.s.) B Λ (g.s.)
H
3
4
1/2+
0+
0.13 5
2.04 4
He 4
5
6
8
0+
1/2+
2.39
3.12
4.18
7.16
1/2+ a
5.58 3
1–
6.80 3
8.50 12
Li
6
7
8
9
3
2
10
70
Be 7 1/2+
8
9 1/2+
10
5.16
6.84
6.71
9.11
B
8.29 18
8.89 12
10.24 5
9
10
11
8
5
4
22
12 1–
11.37 6
C
12 1–
13 1/2+
10.80 18 b
11.69 12
14
12.17 33
N
14
15 3/2+ c
Excited states (MeV)
1.05 4 1+
1.15 4 1+
0.692 2 3/2+,2.050 1 5/2+,
2.521 2 7/2+,3.878 5 1/2+
3.024 4 5/2+, 3.067 4 3/2+
0.263 1 7/2+, 1.483 1 1/2+,
1.987 1 3/2+
0.161 1 2–, 2.832 3 1–
4.88 2 3/2+,10.83 6 3/2–,
10.98 6 1/2–
2.268 1 1/2+, 4.229 1 1/2+,
4.710 1 3/2+
16
13.76 16 d
16 0–
12.42 5
0.026 2 1–, 6.562 2 1–,
6.786 6 2–
16.6 2
BΛ=7.0 2 (p)
20.0 2
BΛ=11.2 3 (p), 2.6 3 (d)
23.1 5
BΛ=16.5 14 (p), 9.1 13 (d),
2.3 12 (f)
La 139
24.5 12
BΛ=20.4 6 (p), 14.3 6 (d), 8.0 6 (f),
1.6 6 (g)
Pb 208
26.3 8
BΛ=21.9 6 (p), 16.8 7 (d), 11.7 6 (f),
6.6 6 (g)
O
18
Al 27
28 e
Si 28
S
32
Ca 40
V
51
Fe 56
Y
89
Bi 209
App–IV–i
Appendix–IV Observed Λ Hypernuclides †
† This table has been prepared by D.J. Millener (BNL). The Λ
binding energies (sΛ single–particle energies), BΛ, for A≤14
come from emulsion data compiled by D.H. Davis and J. Pniewski,
Contemp. Phys. 27, 91 (1986). Most of the rest of the data comes
from a review by O. Hashimoto and H Tamura, Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys.
57, 564 (2006), which lists all counter experiments for hypernuclei
up to 2004. The BΛ values for A>16 from (π+,K+) reactions, as do
the Λ single–particle binding energies for higher orbits (listed by
their orbital angular momentum p, d, f, or g).
The precise excitation energies given for bound excited states
of hypernuclei from A=7 to A=16 come from γ–rays measured in
coincidence with the outgoing meson in (π+,K+) or (K–,π–)
reactions by a Ge detector array (NaI for A=13); for the latest results,
see H. Tamura et al., Nucl. Phys. A835, 3 (2010). Many particle
unbound states of these nucei are seen in (π+,K+),(K–,π–), and
(e,e'K+) reactions.
In addition to these single–Λ hypernuclides, several instances of
double–Λ species have been reported, including the important case of
6
ΛΛHe, as reviewed by K. Nakazawa Nucl. Phys. A835, 207 (2010).
a
J. Sasao et al., Phys. Lett. B579, 258 (2004).
b
P. Dluzewski et al., Nucl. Phys. A484, 520 (1988).
c
M. Agnello et al., Phys. Lett. B681, 139 (2009).
d
F. Cusanno et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 202501 (2009).
e
O. Hashimoto Nucl. Phys. A835, 121 (2010).
App–IV–ii
Half–lives of fully–ionized (bare) and
highly–charged atoms †
El
A
Ne 19
Mn 52m
Fe 52
53
53m
Sb 133m
Ce 125m
Pr 140
Pm 142
Tb 144m
Dy 149m
163
Ho 163
Er 151m
Hf 183m
184m1
184m2
186m
Ta 168
186m
187
187m1
187m2
Re 187
192m
Hg 205
Tl 207
207
207m
213
Po 221
222
At 224
Ac 234
235
236
&
$
#
@
T1/2(bare)
T1/2(neutral)
18.5(6) s #
22.7(30) m
12.5(+15–12) h
8.5(3) m
2.48(5) m
>60 μs
2.2(+11–1) m
7.3(4) m
3.04(9) m &
3.84(17) m $
56.4(32) s
39.2(7) s &
39.6(14) s $
12(2) s
11(1) s
47(+5–4) d
beta–stable
19(3) s
10(+48–5) s &
1.9(+12–7) m
12(+10–4) m
>20 s
5.2(7) m
3.4(+24–14) m &
2.3(6) m
22(9) s
>5 m
32.9(20) y
61(+40–20) s
5.61(9) m
4.25(19) m
4.72(19) m
1.47(32) s
1.7(+81–8) m
1.9(+10–5) m @
2.4(+116–11) m
1.3(+23–4) m @
45(2) s $
62(4) s &
1.2(+58–6) m
Decay mode Ref
17.22(2) s
21.1(2) m
8.275(8) h
8.51(2) m
2.54(2) m
16.54(19) μs
4.4 s (est.)
3.39(1) m
ε
ε,IT
ε
ε
IT
IT?
IT
ε
40.5(5) s
ε
ε,IT
IT,ε
β–
ε
IT,ε
IT,β–?
48(10) s
IT
IT,β–?
IT,β–?
2.0(1) m
ε
1.54(5) m
IT,β–?
β–
IT,β–?
IT,β–?
4.33(7)×10 1 0 y β–
IT
5.14(9) m
β–
4.77(3) m
β–
4.77(3) m
β–
1.33(11) s
IT
β–
β–
β–
β–
44(7) s
β–
6% longer (est.) β–
β–
4.25(15) s
0.490(15) s
stable
4570(25) y
0.58(2) s
[1]
[2]
[2]
[2]
[2]
[15]
[3]
[5]
[5]
[5]
[6]
[6]
[6]
[7]
[7]
[8]
[8]
[7]
[16]
[16]
[16]
[16]
[4]
[16]
[16]
[16]
[16]
[9]
[18]
[11]
[10]
[11]
[12]
[14]
[14]
[14]
[14]
[13]
[13]
[14]
H–like
He–like
11% contamination by beta–decay of O–15 is suggested [1].
Can be a mixture of bare, H–like and He–like states [14].
† Table prepared by Yuri A. Litvinov (GSI, Darmstadt and MPI,
Heidelberg) and Balraj Singh (McMaster Univ.) September 12,
2011, on the basis of review article [17] and other papers
cited here for fully–ionized (bare) or highly–charged (H–like,
He–like) atoms.
App–IVa–i
Half–lives of fully–ionized (bare) and
highly–charged atoms †
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F. Attallah et al., Nucl. Phys. A 701 (2002) 561c
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Yu.A. Litvinov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 (2007) 262501
[6]
N. Winckler et al., Phys. Lett. B679 (2009) 36
[7]
Yu.A. Litvinov et al., Phys. Lett. B 573 (2003) 80
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M. Jung et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 69 (1992) 2164
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F. Bosch et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 (1996) 5190
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[15] B. Sun et al., Phys. Lett. B 688 (2010) 294
[16] M. Reed et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 (2010) 172501
[17] Y.A. Litvinov and F. Bosch: Rep. Prog. Phys. 74 (2011) 016301
[18] M. Reed et al., J. Phys. Conf. Series (to be published)
App–IVa–ii
Radioactive Decay Chains in Nature
The following three radioactive decay chains
occur in nature:
The Thorium Series:
232Th(α)228Ra(β–)228Ac(β–)228Th(α)
224Ra(α)220Rn(α)216Po(α)212Pb(β–)
212Bi(β–)212Po(α)208Pb,
212Bi(α)208Tl(β–)208Pb
The Uranium Series:
238U(α)234Th(β–)234Pa(β–)234U(α)
230Th(α)226Ra(α)222Rn(α)218Po(β–)
218At(α)214Bi(β–)214Po(α)210Pb(β–),
218Po(α)214Pb(β–)214Bi(α)210Tl(β–)
210Pb(β–)210Bi(α)206Tl(β–)206Pb,
210Pb(α)206Hg(β–)206Tl(β–)206Pb,
210Bi(β–)210Po(α)206Pb
The Actinium Series
235U(α)231Th(β–)231Pa(α)227Ac(β–)
227Th(α)223Ra(α),227Ac(α)223Fr(β–)
223Ra(α)219Rn(α),223Fr(α)219At(β–)
219Rn(α)215Po(α),219At(α)215Bi(β–)
215Po(β–)215At(α)211Bi(β–)211Po(α)
207Pb,215Po(α)211Pb(β–)211Bi(α)
207Tl(β–)207Pb
App–Va
Radioactive Nuclides in Nature
Nuclide
Half–life
Decay
Modes
β–
1 H
3
12.32 y
4 Be
7
53.24 d
ε
14
β–
6
C
19 K
40
5700, y
9 y
1.248×10
ε
23 V
50
>2.1×10 1 7 y
ε , β–
37 Rb 87
4.81×10 1 0 y
β–
48 Cd 113
8.00×10 1 5 y
β–
49 In 115
4.41×10 1 4 y
β–
52 Te 123
>9.2×10 1 6 y
ε
57 La 138
1.02×10 1 1 y
ε , β–
60 Nd 144
2.29×10 1 5 y
α
62 Sm 147
148
1.060×10 1 1 y
7×10 1 5 y
α
α
64 Gd 152
1.08×10 1 4 y
α
71 Lu 176
3.76×10 1 0 y
β–
72 Hf 174
2.0×10 1 5 y
α
73 Ta 180m
>1.2×10 1 5 y
ε , β–
75 Re 187
4.33×10 1 0 y
β– , α
76 Os 186
2.0×10 1 5 y
α
78 Pt 190
6.5×10 1 1 y
α
81 Tl 206
207
208
210
4.202 m
4.77 m
3.053 m
1.3 m
β–
β–
β–
β– , β–n
82 Pb 210
211
212
214
22.2 y
36.1 m
10.64 h
26.8 m
β– , α
β–
β–
β–
83 Bi 210
211
212
214
215
5.012 d
2.14 m
1.009 h
19.9 m
7.6 m
β– , α
α , β–
β– , α
β– , α
β–
84 Po 210
211
212
214
215
216
218
138.4 d
0.516 s
0.299 μs
164.3 μs
1.781 ms
0.145 s
3.098 m
α
α
α
α
α , β–
α
α , β–
85 At 215
218
219
0.1 ms
1.5 s
56 s
α
α , β–
α , β–
86 Rn 219
220
3.96 s
55.6 s
α
α
App–Vb
β–
Radioactive Nuclides in Nature
Nuclide
Half–life
Decay
Modes
α
86 Rn 222
3.823 d
87 Fr 223
22 m
88 Ra 223
224
226
228
11.43 d
3.632 d
1600 y
5.75 y
α,
α,
α,
β–
89 Ac 227
228
21.77 y
6.15 h
β– , α
β–
90 Th 227
228
230
231
232
234
18.68 d
1.912 y
7.54×10 4 y
1.063 d
1.40×10 1 0 y
24.1 d
α
α , 20O
α , Ne , SF
β– , α
α , SF
β–
91 Pa 231
234
3.276×10 4 y
6.7 h
α , SF
β–
92 U 234
235
238
2.455×10 5 y
7.04×10 8 y
4.468×10 9 y
α , SF , Mg , Ne
α , SF , Mg , Ne
α , SF
App–Vb
β– , α
14C
14C
14C
Appendix–VIa Periodic Table of Elements
IA
IIA
IIIB IVB VB
VIB VIIB ––– VIII–––
IB
IIB
IIIA IVA VA
VIA VIIA VIIIA
H
1
He
2
App–VIa
Li
3
Be
4
B
5
C
6
N
7
O
8
F
9
Ne
10
Na
11
Mg
12
Al
13
Si
14
P
15
S
16
Cl
17
Ar
18
K
19
Ca
20
Sc
21
Ti
22
V
23
Cr
24
Mn
25
Fe
26
Co
27
Ni
28
Cu
29
Zn
30
Ga
31
Ge
32
As
33
Se
34
Br
35
Kr
36
Rb
37
Sr
38
Y
39
Zr
40
Nb
41
Mo
42
Tc
43
Ru
44
Rh
45
Pd
46
Ag
47
Cd
48
In
49
Sn
50
Sb
51
Te
52
I
53
Xe
54
Cs
55
Ba
56
*
57–
Hf
72
Ta
73
W
74
Re
75
Os
76
Ir
77
Pt
78
Au
79
Hg
80
Tl
81
Pb
82
Bi
83
Po
84
At
85
Rn
86
Fr
87
Ra
88
**
89–
Rf
104
Db
105
Sg
106
Bh
107
Hs
108
Mt
109
Ds
110
Rg
111
Cn
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
*
La
57
Ce
58
Pr
59
Nd
60
Pm
61
Sm
62
Eu
63
Gd
64
Tb
65
Dy
66
Ho
67
Er
68
Tm
69
Yb
70
Lu
71
Lanthanides
**
Ac
89
Th
90
Pa
91
U
92
Np
93
Pu
94
Am
95
Cm
96
Bk
97
Cf
98
Es
99
Fm
100
Md
101
No
102
Lr
103
Actinides
Appendix–VIb List of Elements – Alphabetical
Name
Actinium
Aluminum
Americium
Antimony
Argon
Arsenic
Astatine
Barium
Berkelium
Beryllium
Bismuth
Bohrium
Boron
Bromine
Cadmium
Calcium
Californium
Carbon
Cerium
Cesium
Chlorine
Chromium
Cobalt
Copernicium
Copper
Curium
Darmstadtium
Dubnium
Dysprosium
Einsteinium
Erbium
Europium
Fermium
Fluorine
Francium
Gadolinium
Gallium
Germanium
Gold
Hafnium
Hassium
Helium
Holmium
Hydrogen
Indium
Iodine
Iridium
Iron
Krypton
Lanthanum
Lawrencium
Lead
Lithium
Lutetium
Magnesium
Manganese
Symbol
Ac
Al
Am
Sb
Ar
As
At
Ba
Bk
Be
Bi
Bh
B
Br
Cd
Ca
Cf
C
Ce
Cs
Cl
Cr
Co
Cn
Cu
Cm
Ds
Db
Dy
Es
Er
Eu
Fm
F
Fr
Gd
Ga
Ge
Au
Hf
Hs
He
Ho
H
In
I
Ir
Fe
Kr
La
Lr
Pb
Li
Lu
Mg
Mn
Z
Name
89
Meitnerium
13
Mendelevium
95
Mercury
51
Molybdenum
18
Neodymium
33
Neon
85
Neptunium
56
Nickel
97
Niobium
4
Nitrogen
Nobelium
83
Osmium
107
Oxygen
5
Palladium
35
Phosphorus
48
Platinum
20
Plutonium
98
Polonium
6
Potassium
58
Praseodymium
55
Promethium
17
Protactinium
24
Radium
27
Radon
112
Roentgenium
29
Rhenium
96
Rhodium
110
Rubidium
105
Ruthenium
66
Rutherfordium
99
Samarium
68
Scandium
63
Selenium
100
9
Seaborgium
87
Silicon
64
Silver
31
Sodium
32
Strontium
79
Sulfur
72
Tantalum
108
Technetium
2
Tellurium
67
Terbium
1
Thallium
Thorium
49
Thulium
53
Tin
77
Titanium
26
Tungsten
36
Uranium
57
Vanadium
103
Xenon
82
Ytterbium
3
Yttrium
71
Zinc
12
Zirconium
25
App–VIb
Symbol
Z
Mt
Md
Hg
Mo
Nd
Ne
Np
Ni
Nb
N
No
Os
O
Pd
P
Pt
Pu
Po
K
Pr
Pm
Pa
Ra
Rn
Rg
Re
Rh
Rb
Ru
Rf
Sm
Sc
Se
Sg
Si
Ag
Na
Sr
S
Ta
Tc
Te
Tb
Tl
Th
Tm
Sn
Ti
W
U
V
Xe
Yb
Y
Zn
Zr
109
101
80
42
60
10
93
28
41
7
102
76
8
46
15
78
94
84
19
59
61
91
88
86
111
75
45
37
44
104
62
21
34
106
14
47
11
38
16
73
43
52
65
81
90
69
50
22
74
92
23
54
70
39
30
40
Appendix–VIc List of Elements – by Z
Z Symbol Name
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
H
He
Li
Be
B
C
N
O
F
Ne
Na
Mg
Al
Si
P
S
Cl
Ar
K
Ca
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
Mn
Fe
Co
Ni
Cu
Zn
Ga
Ge
As
Se
Br
Kr
Rb
Sr
Y
Zr
Nb
Mo
Tc
Ru
Rh
Pd
Ag
Cd
In
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Xe
Cs
Ba
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
Boron
Carbon
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Fluorine
Neon
Sodium
Magnesium
Aluminum
Silicon
Phosphorus
Sulfur
Chlorine
Argon
Potassium
Calcium
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Copper
Zinc
Gallium
Germanium
Arsenic
Selenium
Bromine
Krypton
Rubidium
Strontium
Yttrium
Zirconium
Niobium
Molybdenum
Technetium
Ruthenium
Rhodium
Palladium
Silver
Cadmium
Indium
Tin
Antimony
Tellurium
Iodine
Xenon
Cesium
Barium
Z Symbol Name
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
App–VIc
La
Ce
Pr
Nd
Pm
Sm
Eu
Gd
Tb
Dy
Ho
Er
Tm
Yb
Lu
Hf
Ta
W
Re
Os
Ir
Pt
Au
Hg
Tl
Pb
Bi
Po
At
Rn
Fr
Ra
Ac
Th
Pa
U
Np
Pu
Am
Cm
Bk
Cf
Es
Fm
Md
No
Lr
Rf
Db
Sg
Bh
Hs
Mt
Ds
Rg
Cn
Lanthanum
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
Hafnium
Tantalum
Tungsten
Rhenium
Osmium
Iridium
Platinum
Gold
Mercury
Thallium
Lead
Bismuth
Polonium
Astatine
Radon
Francium
Radium
Actinium
Thorium
Protactinium
Uranium
Neptunium
Plutonium
Americium
Curium
Berkelium
Californium
Einsteinium
Fermium
Mendelevium
Nobelium
Lawrencium
Rutherfordium
Dubnium
Seaborgium
Bohrium
Hassium
Meitnerium
Darmstadtium
Roentgenium
Copernicium
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