advertisement

Partial Solutions for Appendix G Michael Roy See also: http://bcs.wiley.com/he-bcs/Books?action=resource&bcsId= 2257&itemId=0471472441&resourceId=8026 p 5. Plug in to our formulas for distance and midpoints: d = (−2 − (−7))2 + (−6 − (−4))2 = √ 29. Midpoint = ( −2+(−7) , −6+(−4) ) = ( −9 2 2 2 , −5). 9. Use the distance formula to show that the distance from each of the three √ each is the same distance from the center, listed points to (−2, 3) is 29. Since√ they all lie on the circle with radius 29. 23. Answers can be read off using the general equation for a circle. Note that the first part, x2 + y 2 = 25 is equivalent to (x − 0)2 + (y − 0)2 = 25 Thus the centers in (a) through (d) are (0, 0), (1, 4), (−1, √ −3) (note these are negative), and (0, −2). The corresponding radii are 5, 4, 5, and 1. 25. Plug in to our equation for a circle: (x − 3)2 + (y − (−2))2 = 42 , which simplifies to (x − 3)2 + (y + 2)2 = 16. 33. Using algebra to complete the square, this simplifies to (x − 1)2 + (y − 2)2 = 4. 4 > 0, so this represents a circle with center (1, 2) and radius 2. If you don’t recall how to complete the square, don’t worry about it: it probably won’t come up again. If you’re curious check http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Complete_the_square. 39. Divide both sides by 9, so x2 + y 2 = 91 . 19 > 0, so this represents a circle q with center (0, 0) and radius 31 (note 19 = 31 ). 61, 63. See the graphs on Wiley. They’re using the formula x = −b 2a to find the x-coordinate of the vertex and setting x = 0 and y = 0 to find the y-intercept and x-intercepts. EOF 1