Nutrition Test Review: 1. 2. 3. 4. What is a calorie? How many calories = 1 pound? How many pounds is it safe to lose per week? What are the three types of fat? Which the worst Fat that we should we avoid? (liquid at room temp, solid at room temp, chemically engineered) 5. Define anorexia and bulimia? 6. What is the disease that lack of calcium can cause? 7. List the following organs in order and how they aid with in digestion. Rectum Liver Esophagus Mouth Large Intestine Pancreas Liver Small Intestine Stomach 8. What is the difference between “simple” and “complex” carbohydrates? List two examples of foods in each category. 9. When buying a bread or flour product, what word do you want to look for high on the ingredients list? 10. What does exercise burn? 11. If you were thinking of changing your eating habits to lose weight, how long do you need to keep it up? 12. What goes into calculating ones Body Mass Index? 13. What are the roles of each these nutrients Carbohydrates, proteins and fat in the diet? 14. Why is the nutrient water important? 15. Why is it important to eat nutrient dense foods? 16. What are three factors that affect your bodies nutrient needs? 17. How many servings are in this food item? How many tsp of sugar are in this food item? How many calories are in this item? Directions: Define each of the following 18. Peristalsis 19. Chemical digestion 20. Mechanical digestion 21. Nutrients 22. Villi 23. Chyme 24. Mastication 25. Carbohydrate 26. Protein 27. List 3 of the chemical elements used to digest food 28. What are Fad Diets? Why should they be avoided?