Transcendentalism: 1840-1840 An intellectual movement that thought we used something more than our 5 physical senses to understand life and our place in it. “Trans” – to go across Not a religion or philosophy but has elements of both A view held by a group of people during the Romantic Period Members of the Transcendentalist movement have greatly influenced literature, even today. We will be studying some of the most important authors of this movement, including: Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Elements of Transcendentalism: 1. Nonconformity -Individualism 2. Self Reliance -Trust yourself/intuition 3. Optimism -All men have equal possibilities. -Man is inherently good. 4. Nature -Appreciation of the simple life and the natural surroundings 5. Oversoul -Connects all to: God, Nature, Man -We are all part of something larger than each part. This belief draws the line between celebrating the self and being selfish. 6. Carpe Diem -Seize the day ****Many elements of the transcendental theory were evident again in the 1960’s-70’s.**** Nonconformity Civil Disobedience Goodness of man Respect for the simple/nature life and nature Brotherhood of man Seizing the day Keep the above ideas in mind as we discuss this period!!! Transcendentalism: _______________ “Trans” – A view held by a group of people during the Romantic Period ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Elements of Transcendentalism: 1. Nonconformity 2. Self Reliance 3. Optimism 4. Nature 5. Oversoul 6. Carpe Diem - ****Many elements of the transcendental theory were evident again in the 1960’s-70’s.**** Keep the above ideas in mind aw we discuss this period!!! TEACHER NOTS: Transcendentalism is an intellectual movement that was concerned with the attitudes and thoughts that man could transcend our physical being and understand life by going beyond the five senses to understand life and our place in it. Man determines much of what we understand about the world and life through our five senses. The transcendentalists believed that we use something like what we might call our sixth sense, or intuition to figure out those things about life that can’t always be understood through the five physical senses. The ideas of the transcendentalists are seen through several writers of the Romantic period. The features of Romantic writing and those of the transcendentalists are very similar. They include: 1. Non-conformity is good and allows us to fine what is important for each of us. With non-conformity we look at the importance of individualism, especially that of the common man. The value of an individuals needs over those of the society. 2. Self-reliance: Intuition will help us go beyond physical understanding of ourselves and our world. 3. A sense of optimism, that there is always hope for the future. The belief that man is basically good, therefore he will make good choices. 4. A return to the appreciation of nature 5. Man, nature, and God (or goodness) are connected by an Oversoul, therefore we must look at all three for understanding our lives.