# How to Subtract Integers Using Models

advertisement ```How
to
Subtract
Integers
Using
Models
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Subtracting Integers
In order to subtract integers, you need
to remember what zero pairs are. Zero
pairs is a + and a - set. For instance -1
and +1 is a zero pair.
Let's start with the subtraction problem -3 - 2. Start with
modeling -3.
The problem says to take away two positives. You'll notice that
you do not have two positives. How could you put positives in
your model without changing the value of the problem? You
could add zero pairs. Remember that the value of a zero pair is
zero, so you do not change the value of the problem by adding
zero pairs to it.
How many zero pairs do you need to add in order to have two
positives away? Two.
Once you've added the
zero pairs, you can take
away the two positives.
What are you left with? Five negatives. So, -3 - 2 = -5
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Subtracting Integers
With your magnet models, work the following problem:
-5 - 3
Start with five negatives. It says to take away three positives.
Do you have any positives? No. You are going to have to add
zero pairs until you have enough positives to take three
away. How many zero pairs are you going to have to add?
Three. Your model should look something like this.
Then take way the three positives. What do you have left?
Eight negatives, so -5 - 3 = -8
Now try this problem 1 - 4
Start with one positive. It says to take away four positives,
but you only have one. What are you going to have to do?
Add enough zero pairs so that you can take away four. How
many zero pairs do you need to add? Three
What do you have left? Three negatives.
So...... 1 - 4 = -3
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Subtracting Integers
Here's another problem for you...... -2 - (-4)
You are going to start with two negatives. It then says to take
away four negatives. You only have two negatives, so you are going
to have to add enough zero pairs to be able to take away four.
How many zero pairs do you need to add? Two.
What are you left with? Two positives.
So...... -2 - (-4) = 2
Find the value of the following expressions by either using the
magnets or by drawing the figures.
1.
-4 - 5
2.
6 - (-4)
3.
2-6
4.
-7 - (-2)
After you have modeling subtracting integers, I go back to
the Integer Song. The Integer Song only works when you are
adding integers. There is no song for subtracting integers, so
I always change my subtraction signs to addition signs so that
I can use the song. When you change one thing in a math
problem, you always have to change something else. In this
case, when we change the subtraction sign to addition, I am
going to change the sign of the number following the
subtraction sign.
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Subtracting Integers
For example: Find the value of -4 - (-9)
-4 - (-9)
First you have to change the negative to a positive
-4 + (-9)
Now thange the sign of the number AFTER the subtraction
sign.
-4 + (+9)
Now you can sing the song. Do you have same or different
signs? Different. So you subtract 9 - 4 = 5. Take the sign of the
higher number +. So -4 - (-9) = 5
You now have a couple of ways to find the value of integer
subtraction problems.
Find the value of the following problems
1.
-10 - 7
2.
-8 - (-10)
3.
7-9
4.
2 - (-11)
Congratulations! You now
know how to add and subtract
integers!!!
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