# Greatest Common Factor Least Common Multiple

```Greatest Common Factor
&amp;
Least Common Multiple
Introduction
GCF Introductory Example
What is the greatest common factor of 12 and 16?
• Find all the
FACTORS of each
number.
• Circle the
COMMON
factors.
• Choose the
GREATEST of
the circled
factors.
What is a
“Factor”?
• Factors are the numbers you
multiple together to get another
number.
Example:
What is a
“Factor”?
• Numbers can have many factors!
Example:
What is a
“Common Factor”?
• Factors of two numbers have been
determined.
What is a
“Common Factor”?
• The common factors are those that
are found in both lists.
“Common Factor”?
• A number is a common factor when
What is a
it is a factor of two or more
number. (It is then “common to”
those numbers.)
Example:
What is a
“Greatest Common Factor”?
• The Greatest Common Factor is
the largest of the common factors
(of two or more numbers).
Example:
Finding the GCF
• Find all factors of both
numbers.
• Select the factors that are
common to both.
• Choose the greatest.
Practice #1
Practice #2
Practice #3
LCM Introductory Example
What is the least common multiple of 3 and 5?
• List the
MULTIPLES
of each
number.
• Find the first
COMMON
(same) value.
What is a
“Multiple”?
• You get a multiple of a number when
you multiple it by another number
(such as multiplying by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
etc… but not zero!!)
Example:
What is a
“Common Multiple”?
• Multiples of two numbers have been
determined.
What is a
“Common Multiple”?
• The common multiples are those
that are found in both lists.
What is a
“Common Multiple”?
• A number is a common multiple
when it is a multiple of two or more
number. (It is then “common to”
those numbers.)
What is a
“Least Common Multiple”?
• The Least Common Multiple is the
smallest of the common multiples
(of two or more numbers).
Example:
Finding the LCM
• Begin listing multiples of each
number.
• Continue listing multiples until
you get the first match.
• The first match among the lists
Practice #1
Practice #2
GCF/LCM Word Problems
Determine whether the GCF or LCM would be used to answer
each question. DO NOT SOLVE THE PROBLEM. Write “GCF”
or “LCM” and state why you believe your choice is correct.
A fence is being constructed with posts
that are 12cm wide. A second fence is
being constructed with posts that are
15cm wide. If each fence is to be the
same length, what is the shortest fence
that can be constructed?
LCM
GCF/LCM Word Problems
Determine whether the GCF or LCM would be used to answer
each question. DO NOT SOLVE THE PROBLEM. Write “GCF”
or “LCM” and state why you believe your choice is correct.
Stephanie can run one lap around a
track in 4 minutes. Lisa can run one lap
in 6 minutes. If they start running at
the same time, how long will it be until
they complete a lap together?
LCM
GCF/LCM Word Problems
Determine whether the GCF or LCM would be used to answer
each question. DO NOT SOLVE THE PROBLEM. Write “GCF”
or “LCM” and state why you believe your choice is correct.
A fruit basket contains apples and oranges.
Each basket will have the same quantity of
apples, and the same quantity of oranges. If
there are 10 apples and 15 oranges available,
many apples and oranges are in each basket?
GCF
GCF/LCM Word Problems
Determine whether the GCF or LCM would be used to answer
each question. DO NOT SOLVE THE PROBLEM. Write “GCF”
or “LCM” and state why you believe your choice is correct.
There is a stack of rectangular tiles, with
each tile having the length of 84cm and a
width of 63cm. If some of these tiles are
arranged into a square, what is the
smallest side length the square can have?
LCM
GCF/LCM Word Problems
Determine whether the GCF or LCM would be used to answer
each question. DO NOT SOLVE THE PROBLEM. Write “GCF”
or “LCM” and state why you believe your choice is correct.
A box of sugar cubes has a length of 156mm, a
width of 104mm, and a height of 39mm. What
is the edge length of one sugar cube? Assume
the box is completely full and the
manufacturer uses sugar cubes with the
largest possible volume.
GCF
GCF/LCM Word Problems
Determine whether the GCF or LCM would be used to answer
each question. DO NOT SOLVE THE PROBLEM. Write “GCF”
or “LCM” and state why you believe your choice is correct.
There are 8 toonies and 20 loonies scattered
on a table. If these coins are organized into
groups such that each group has the same
quantity of toonies and the same quantity of
loonies, what is the maximum number of groups
that can be made? How many loonies and
toonies are in each group?
GCF
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