# HOMEWORK 4 - ELEMENTARY ESTIMATES 1. Assuming the prime

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HOMEWORK 4 - ELEMENTARY ESTIMATES
1. Assuming the prime number theorem show that for any c &gt; 1 there
is an integer x0 (c) such that the interval (x, cx] contains a prime for all
x &gt; x0 (c).
2. Recall that
X1
p
show that
X
p
p
diverges. Use the elementary Merten’s results to
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converges.
p log p
3. For an arithmetic function f (n) define f 0 (n) = f (n) log n. Prove
the following
(i) (f + g)0 = f 0 + g 0
(ii) (f ∗ g)0 = f 0 ∗ g + f ∗ g 0
(iii) I 0 = 0
(iv) (f −1 )0 = −f 0 ∗ (f ∗ f )−1 .
(v) U 0 = Λ ∗ U and Λ = U 0 ∗ &micro;
(vi) (Selberg’s Identity) Λ0 + Λ ∗ Λ = U 00 ∗ &micro;
In the following let dn denote the least common multiple of the integers
1, 2, ..., n. The following problems give another proof of Chebyshev’s
lower bound.
4. Show that ψ(n) = log dn .
5. Suppose that P (x) isRa polynomial of degree at most n with integer
1
coefficients and I(P ) = 0 P (x)dx. Show that I(P )dn+1 is an integer.
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6. Show that Q = x2 (1 − x)2 (2x − 1) has |Q(x)| ≤ 5− 2 on [0, 1]. By
considering I(Q2k ) deduce that d10k+1 ≥ 55k and hence that
ψ(x) ≥ 0.80471 x
for all sufficiently large x.
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