Adult Weight Management Why should I bother about my weight? Being overweight or obese is not just about how you look. Carrying too much weight can severely impact on your health and well-being. It can affect nearly every part of your body. From day to day you may find that you: Feel tired a lot and feel you have little energy Get short of breath when moving about Sweat a lot more compared to others Develop skin irritations Don’t sleep well Get complaints that you snore Feel your clothes uncomfortable Have pains in your back or joints which affect you moving about Weighing too much can also increase your risk for developing many health problems. You may be at risk of: Type 2 Diabetes This is a condition where blood sugar levels are above normal and can be a high risk for heart disease, kidney disease and stroke. Carrying too much weight is a major risk factor for developing this type of diabetes. Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke Coronary heart disease means that the heart and blood circulation are not working properly. If you have coronary heart disease you may suffer from a heart attack, chest pain (angina), congestive heart failure or abnormal heart rhythm. In a stroke, blood and oxygen do not flow normally to the brain, possibly causing paralysis or death. If you are overweight, you are more likely to develop high blood pressure, high levels of blood fats (triglycerides) and LDL cholesterol (a fatty substance often referred to as “bad” cholesterol) and low levels of HDL cholesterol (“good” cholesterol). These are all risk factors for heart disease and stroke. Cancer There is a link between carrying too much weight and an increased risk of developing leukaemia, cancer of the breast, gall-bladder, ovaries, pancreas, bowel, oesophagus, endometrium and kidney cells. Sleep Apnoea This is a condition where a person stops breathing for short periods throughout the night. If you have sleep apnoea you may feel sleepy during the day. Being overweight means you may have more fat stored around your neck which can make the airway smaller. This can make breathing difficult, causing you to snore, or, stop breathing altogether. Osteoarthritis This is a joint disorder where the bone and protective tissues wear away. It most often affects joints in the lower back, hips and knees. Extra weight can place extra pressure on these joints causing them to wear away. Fatty Liver Disease This is caused by a build up of fat in the live cells which causes injury and inflammation to the liver. It can lead to cirrhosis or even liver failure. It is like alcoholic liver damage but isn’t caused by alcohol and can occur in people who drink little or no alcohol. Fatty liver disease is usually seen in people who are overweight or obese. Pregnancy Complications Being overweight or obese during pregnancy can mean that you have a greater risk of developing health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, blood clots and infections. It can also mean there is a greater risk of health problems for your baby.