Interpretive Strategies

Interpretive Strategies: Progression and the Poetic Turn
Poems typically present the reader with one or more progressions from beginning to end.
Look for changes in time, location, or increased understanding on the part of the
narrative voice. Often a poem will present a turn somewhere after the halfway point that
leads to this change or development in meaning. Readers aware of this convention and
alert to the possibility of change are likely to recognize the extension of meanings
developed by these changes.
Read and mark the following poem several times. When you feel you have a good
understanding of it, see if you can identify the turn. What in the language and/or the
punctuation signals the turn in this poem? What are changes are presented between the
first part of the poem and the second part? When you are comfortable with your
observations, meet with a partner and compare your findings. Together, discuss the
effect(s) of the progressions. How do they add to the meaning(s) of the poem?
The Pardon
Richard Wilbur
My dog lay dead five days without a grave
In the thick of summer, hid in a clump of pine
And a jungle of grass and honeysuckle-vine.
I who had loved him while he kept alive
Went only close enough to where he was
To sniff the heavy honeysuckle-smell
Twined with another odor heavier still
And hear the flies’ intolerable buzz.
Well, I was ten and very much afraid.
In my kind world the dead were out of range
And I could not forgive the sad or strange
In beast or man. My father took the spade
And buried him. Last night I saw the grass
Slowly divide (it was the same scene
But now it glowed a fierce and mortal green)
And saw the dog emerging. I confess
I felt afraid again, but still he came
In the carnal sun, clothed in a hymn of flies,
And death was breeding in his lively eyes.
I started in to cry and call his name,
Asking forgiveness of his tongueless head.
. . . I dreamt the past was never past redeeming:
But whether this was false or honest dreaming
I beg death’s pardon now. And mourn the dead.
Read and mark the following poem several times. What progressions can you identify?
What specific language presents those progressions?
Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers
Adrienne Rich
Aunt Jennifer’s tigers prance across a screen,
Bright topaz denizens of a world of green.
They do not fear the men beneath the tree;
They pace in sleek chivalric certainty.
Aunt Jennifer’s fingers fluttering through her wool
Find even the ivory needle hard to pull.
The massive weight of Uncle’s wedding band
Sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer’s hand.
When Aunt is dead, her terrified hands will lie
Still ringed with ordeals she was mastered by.
The tigers in the panel that she made
Will go on prancing, proud and unafraid.