The Structure and Infrastructure of Global Modernity Judit Bodnar A History Course Cross-listed with Sociology/Anthropology 4 credits Modernity has been around for some centuries, admittedly become global, and is here to stay. Such departure calls for a study of how its meaning has varied with time and place. This is a course in the history, sociology and geography of social modernity. It examines the emergence of its infrastructure--market, state, society, nation, city, transportation, etc.--and structure, and relates them to the contemporary transformation of these institutions. A parallel is drawn between early and late modernity. The aim of the course is to produce a historically informed theoretical understanding of social modernity through the examination of difference with an emphasis on transnational connections--the flow of people, commodities, and ideas--and their structure. This is a seminar with a broad intellectual agenda and diverse readings, so attendance and preparation for classes is essential. The grade is a combination of class participation and the paper. Part I Week 1 Introduction—modernity and its meaning(s) Week 2 The experience of modernity—as seen from Europe Stephen Kern. 1983. The culture of time and space, 1880-1918 Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Ch. 5 “Speed” Pp. 109-30. Ch. 8 “Distance” Pp. 211-40. Marshall Berman. 1988  All That Is Solid Melts Into Air: The Experience of Modernity. Penguin. “Preface to the Penguin Edition” Pp. 5-12 Part II The infrastructure of modernity Week 3 The market Karl Polanyi. 1957 “The Economy As Instituted Process” in Polanyi, Arensberg and Pearson (eds.) Trade and Markets in the Early Empires: Economies in History and Theory. The Free Press, Glencoe, Ill. Reprinted in Mark Granovetter & Richard Swedberg (eds.) The Sociology of Economic Life. Westview. Pp. 29-51. Karl Polanyi. 1957  The Great Transformation. Beacon. I. “Satanic Mill” Pp. 33-76; 111-29. II. “Self-Protection of Society” Pp. 130-62. Week 4 Transportation James E. Vance. 1990. Capturing the Horizon: The Historical Geography of Transportation since the Sixteenth Century. Johns Hopkins University Press. “Transportation Remakes the European World: The Railroad Era” Pp. 181-263 “The American Railroad: Instrument of National Development” Pp. 265-335. Eugen Weber. 1976. Peasants into Frenchmen. The Modernization of Rural France, 1870-1914. Stanford. Ch. 12 “Roads, roads and still more roads” Pp. 195-220. Wolfgang Schivelbusch. 1978. “Railroad Space and Railroad Time” New German Critique 14, (Spring): 31-40. Week 5 Language, schooling, military service, bureaucracy, and the state Eugen Weber. 1976. Peasants into Frenchmen. The Modernization of Rural France, 1870-1914. Stanford. Ch. 6 “The wealth of tongues” Pp. 67-94 Ch. 7 “France, One and Indivisible” Pp. 95-114 Ch. 16 “Migration: An Industry of the Poor” Pp. 278-291 Ch. 17 “Migration of Another Sort: Military Service” Pp. 292-302. Ch. 18 “Civilizing in Earnest: Schools and Schooling” Pp. 303-338. Michael Mann. 1993. The Sources of Social Power. Volume II. The rise of classes and nation-states, 1760-1914. Cambridge. 13 “The rise of the modern state: III. Bureaucratization” Pp. 444-78. Week 6 Mapping and counting the nation Benedict Anderson. 1991. Imagined Communities. (Revised ed.) Verso. Ch. 10. “Census, Map, Museum” Pp.163-85. Roger J. P. Kain & Catherine D. Smith. 1999. English maps: a history. Toronto. Ch. 4. Mapping Property: Private Land and the State. Pp. 112- 41 Ch. 7. “The Spirit of Modernity: Maps in Everyday Life” Pp. 215- 40. Appadurai. 1993. “Number in the Colonial Imagination” Pp. 314-39. In Carol Breckenridge and Peter van der Veer (eds.) Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament: Perspectives on South Asia. Philadelphia: U Penn Press. Part III Week 7 The structure of the modern world Immanuel Wallerstein. 2000. “World-Systems Analysis” Pp. 129-48 in The Essential Wallerstein, New York. ---1974. The Modern World-System I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. Academic Press. Ch 6 “The European World-Economy: Periphery versus External Arena” Pp.300-44. Sidney W. Mintz. 1985. Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History. Penguin. Power; 151-86. Screening: Global Assembly Line (58 min) directed by Lorraine Gray, Los Angeles, 1986. Week 8 Knowledge, norms, discipline, the welfare of the people and power: The infrastructure of colonial order Timothy Mitchell. 1988. Colonising Egypt. California. Ch. 3 “An appearance of order” Pp. 63-94. Michael Adas. 1989. Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance. Cornell. Ch. 4 “Attributes of the Dominant: Scientific and Technological Foundations of the Civilizing Mission” Pp. 199270. Week 9 Cont.: The making of the modern (colonial) city Gwendolyn Wright. 1997. “Tradition in the Service of Modernity: Architecture and Urbanism in French Colonial Policy, 1900-1930” Pp. 322-45 in Ann Stoler and Frederick Cooper (eds.) Tensions of Empire. Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World. California. Paul Rabinow. 1989. French Modern: Norms and Forms of the Social Environment. Chicago. “Paris: The City” Pp. 73-81 “Modern French Urbanism” Pp. 211-50 “Techno-Cosmopolitanism: Governing Morocco” Pp. 277-319. Week 10 Disseminating modernity: the idea of development Arturo Escobar. 1996. Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton. Ch. 2 “The Problematization of Poverty: The Tale of Three Worlds and Development” Pp. 21-54. James Ferguson. 1999. Expectations of Modernity: Myths and Meanings of Urban Life on the Zambian Copperbelt. Berkeley: University of California Press. Ch 1 “The Copperbelt in Theory” Pp. 1-37. Ch 2 “Expectations of Permanence” Pp. 38-81. James Scott. 1998. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven: Yale. Ch. 6 “Soviet Collectivization, Capitalist Dreams” Pp. 193-222. Ch. 4 “The High-Modernist City: An Experiment and Critique” Pp. 103-46. Week 11 Disjunctures and the global restructuring of modernity David Harvey. 1989. The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change. Blackwell. “The argument” p. vii “The passage from modernity to postmodernity in contemporary culture” Pp. 3-65 “ Introduction” Pp. 121-24 “ Theorizing the transition” Pp. 173-88 “ Flexible accumulation—solid transformation or temporary fix?” Pp. 189-97. Arjun Appadurai. 1996. Modernity at Large. Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. University of Minnesota Press. “ Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy” Pp. 27-47 “ Patriotism and Its Future” Pp. 158-77. Benedict Anderson. 1988. The Spectre of Comparisons. Verso. “ Long-Distance Nationalism” Pp. 58-74. Week 12 Alternative modernities Charles Taylor. 2001. “Two Theories of Modernity” Pp. 172-96 in Dilip Parameshwar Gaonkar (ed.) Alternative Modernities. Duke. Dipesh Chakrabarty. 1997. “The Difference—Deferral of Colonial Modernity: Public Debates on Domesticity in British Bengal” Pp. 373-405 in Frederick Cooper and Ann Laura Stoler (eds.) Tensions of Empire. California. Nilüfer Göle. 2000. “Snapshots of Islamic Modernitites” Daedalus “Multiple Modernities” 129, 1 (Winter): 91-118. Johann P. Arnason. 2000. “Communism and Modernity” Daedalus “Multiple Modernities” 129, 1 (Winter): 61-90.