Cabinet Member Report Date: Subject: 16 December 2008 Great Queen Street – Proposed New Public Square Summary This report details the measures proposed at the junction of Great Queen Street and Drury Lane to create a new public square and improve pedestrian and traffic flows. It also presents the results of the recent public consultation and in light of the results received, seeks approval to proceed with the detailed design and implementation of the scheme. As the scheme falls on the borough boundary with Camden, it is being progressed as a joint initiative between Westminster City Council and the London Borough of Camden, through the Clear Zones Partnership funded by TfL. Key elements of the scheme include the creation of a new public square by relocation of one lane of the carriageway, the removal of traffic signals to improve traffic and pedestrian flows, the implementation of a zebra crossing and other informal crossing points, the removal of street clutter and improvements to lighting. Recommendations That the Cabinet Member for Environment and Transport: Notes the results of the public consultation on the proposals for the junction of Great Queen Street with Drury Lane; Approves the implementation of the measures as detailed in the report and in the plan in Appendix 1, subject to compliance with statutory requirements; Delegates authority to the Director of Transportation to enter into an agreement under section 8 of the Highways Act 1980 with the London Borough of Camden and to enter into such other legal agreements and make such traffic orders as may be needed for the implementation of the proposed scheme. Cabinet Member Report City of Westminster Cabinet Member: Date: Classification: Title of Report: Report of: Wards involved: Policy context: Financial summary: Cabinet Member for Environment and Transport 16 December 2008 For General Release Great Queen Street – Proposed New Public Square Director of Transportation St James Local Implementation Plan Walking Strategy Covent Garden Action Plan The total expenditure of up to £700,000 from TfL through Clear Zones to enable scheme to be implemented. Report Author: Alex Coley Senior Transport Planner Contact details Alex Coley Telephone:020 7641 3468 Fax:020 7641 2658 Email: [email protected] 1 Background Information 1.1 The Great Queen Street junction with Drury Lane and Long Acre is situated near Covent Garden on the borough boundary between Westminster City Council and the London Borough of Camden. Although the borough boundary mainly follows the centreline of the carriageways at the junction, there is a maintenance agreement in place between Camden and Westminster that determines which footways and which carriageways are maintained by which borough. A plan showing both the borough boundary (green line) and the maintenance agreement boundary (blue line) is contained in Appendix 2. Please note that Appendix 2 is not intended to be definitive in terms of the detail of the scheme – this is shown in Appendix 1. 1.2 The junction is currently unattractive and has a lot of unused carriageway space. The junction contains a large pedestrian island, surrounded by guardrail, that divides the wide carriageway on the Great Queen Street arm. Long Acre is one-way away from the junction, Drury Lane is one-way north through the junction and Great Queen Street is two-way, that is divided by the pedestrian island. Right turns are permitted both in and out of Great Queen Street, as well as the straight-ahead into Long Acre. The junction is traffic signal-controlled and includes a staggered pedestrian crossing that uses the pedestrian island. 1.3 Great Queen Street’s historic origins are that it was created as a royal private way to Lincoln’s Inn Fields for Queen Anne, wife of King James I. Some early 18th century buildings remain in the street and are now listed. The Freemasons’ Hall, on the corner of Wild Street and Great Queen Street was completed in 1933 and is considered an important example of Art Deco architecture. The existing carriageway space was created at this time and the facades of the remaining adjacent buildings were clad in Portland stone to enhance the setting of the Hall. The intention of the Freemasons was to build a square to complement the Hall, but this was rejected by Holborn Borough Council. The existing traffic dominated layout has developed in the subsequent years. 1.4 The junction has been signalised for about 10 years and the junction is not linked to any other part of the signals network. Traffic flows are low and pedestrian flows are high, and the signals do not allow efficient movement of pedestrians or vehicular traffic. The junction has a low accident record, but is considered pedestrian unfriendly due to the narrow footways, large carriageways and large amounts of pedestrian guardrail and other street clutter present in the area. 1.5 In the last week of November and the first week of December 2007 a twoweek trial was undertaken to test the proposed scheme as closely as possible. This involved one week monitoring normal traffic and pedestrian flows, and one week with the traffic signals switched off. The monitoring used manual counts and video cameras to record 24 hours a day. Highway Design Partnership provided before and after traffic and pedestrian flow information for officers to assess the impact of the trial and helped to guide the Great -1- Queen Street design process. The results of the trial scheme showed that without traffic lights the junction operated more efficiently for both pedestrians and traffic. 2 Scheme Design Proposals 2.1 The Clear Zone partnership of Westminster and Camden has developed a scheme which will create a new public square at the junction of Great Queen Street and Drury Lane. The details of this proposal are shown in the plan in Appendix 1. This main elements of the scheme include: 2.2 Creating a public space on the north side of Great Queen Street at the junction of Drury Lane and Long Acre, by relocating the carriageway to the south side and removing the traffic lights, guard railing and the existing pedestrian island; Raising the carriageway throughout the junction in order to create informal pedestrian crossing opportunities and to make drivers more aware that they are entering an area with high pedestrian flows. A small kerb up-stand would be retained between carriageway and footway so that the change between footway and carriageway is as visible as possible for visually impaired users; Installing a new zebra crossing on Drury Lane to replace the existing signal crossing and provide pedestrian priority for those who require it; Widening the pavements on Great Queen Street, Drury Lane, Wild Street and outside the Freemasons’ Hall; Narrowing part of the pavement (slightly) on the south side of Great Queen Street, to remove a kink in the existing kerb line and to line up the pedestrian crossing point over Drury Lane; Splitting the motorcycle bay into two, and planting three trees; one at each end and one between them; Reducing street clutter by removing traffic lights, pedestrian guard railings, unnecessary traffic signs, and the pair of telephone boxes; Improving the lighting levels, where possible, by using lanterns on the surrounding buildings to further reduce street clutter and improve sightlines by removing the lighting columns; Providing four benches on the square (on the Camden side of the boundary) to encourage people to use Great Queen Street and to deter illegal parking on the square. These benches will be designed with input from Camden’s Community Safety officers; Planting one large tree on the new square, which would provide a landmark; Installing a new raised loading bay on the widened pavement outside the Lowlander café on Drury Lane, which would provide a wider footway when not in use; and No reduction in motorcycle, loading or residents’ parking provision. The proposed scheme would create a new public square that would greatly improve walking routes through the area, and create a recognisable location and new landmark. The proposed scheme would increase footway area and would improve the quality of the streetscape through the use of high quality -2- paving materials. These improvements should also help to enhance the economic vitality and viability of the area. Together with the proposals for improvement of walking and cycling on Long Acre, this scheme complements work already being undertaken in the Covent Garden area to alleviate pressure on the London Underground. 2.3 The results of the scheme will be closely monitored by Westminster, Camden, and TfL. If successful, it could lead to the removal of signals as part of other schemes where similar benefits could be achieved. 3 Programme 3.1 Camden’s Members considered a report on this scheme at their Executive (Environment) Sub-Group Committee on 13 November 2008. The group decided to support the report’s recommendations to proceed with the scheme. If the scheme is subsequently approved by Westminster, the scheme can proceed to detailed design and implementation. 3.2 As the lead partner on this scheme, Camden will be responsible for the implementation of this scheme and the relevant legal agreements will be put in place to allow this to happen. 3.3 Subject to the above approvals and legal agreements, it is anticipated that works would commence in February/March 2009 using TfL funded Clear Zone money from the 2008/09 budget. Works would then continue into the 2009/10 financial year using next year’s allocated budget from TfL. 4 Financial Implications 4.1 The Great Queen Street Public Square scheme is being funded through the TfL Clear Zones budget. The scheme has a budget of £290,000 for the 2008/09 financial year and a further £350,000 has been committed from the same funding source for 2009/2010. 5 Legal Implications 5.1 Due to the scheme falling on the borough boundary, an agreement under section 8 of the Highways Act 1980, will be required permitting Camden’s service providers to implement the scheme on both sides of the boundary. This will also incorporate a maintenance agreement covering the first year following implementation. After this initial period the existing maintenance agreement will stand. 6 Staffing Implications 6.1 There are no staffing implications arising from this report. -3- 7 Outstanding Issues 7.1 There are no outstanding issues associated with this report. 8 Business Plan Implications . 8.1 Whilst there is no specific reference to this scheme in the 2008/2009 Transportation Business Plan it will contribute to the following objectives set out in Appendix 3 of the Business Plan: Objective 8 – ‘Promote sustainable transport (walking)’. The action under this objective is to ‘consult on, design and/or implement schemes to promote walking’. It is considered that the Great Queen Street Public Square scheme meets this objective as it creates a more pedestrian friendly environment. Objective 10 – ‘Improve the pedestrian environment’. One of the actions under this objective is to complete the improvements to Long Acre. Since the Great Queen Street / Drury Lane junction is at the end of Long Acre, it fits well with this business plan action. 9 Consultation 9.1 1230 Consultation documents were distributed, including 1164 to local residents and businesses in both Westminster and Camden. Eight leaflets were distributed amongst chief officers and the relevant Ward Members at Westminster City Council. 66 documents were sent to Statutory Consultees (listed in Appendix 3), local groups and Camden’s Ward Councillors. The consultation period ran for 1 month from 15 September 2008 to 15 October 2008. Late responses were accepted until 20 October 2008. 9.2 A total of 100 responses were received, giving a response rate of 8%. Six responses were anonymous, but one of those indicated that they were a resident. The results were analysed by Camden and a summary is displayed in the tables below. A short summary of the actual responses received is contained in Appendix 4, together with comments from Council officers: Response No. of responses Yes (support) No (do not support) No opinion TOTAL 86 (86%) 12 (12%) 2 (2%) 100 Response Residents Businesses Yes 63 (87%) 13 (93%) -4- Statutory Consultees 5 (71%) Other stakeholder 0 (0%) No No opinion TOTAL 9 (13%) 0 (0%) 72 (100%) 1 (7%) 0 (0%) 14 (100%) 0 (0%) 2 (29%) 7 (100%) 1 (100%) 0 (0%) 1 (100%) 9.3 The responses received have not resulted in any changes to the scheme consulted on, however there are some issues that will be investigated further at the detailed design stage. 10 Crime and Disorder Act 1998 10.1 The measures in this report are not expected to have any implications under the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. 11 Health and Safety Issues 11.1 All works undertaken will be closely monitored and carried out to the requirements of the Health and Safety at Work Act and the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007. 12 Impact on Health and Wellbeing 12.1 It is considered that the proposals identified in this report may have an overall positive impact on the health and well-being of the community, albeit fairly minimal. The main impacts are in the form of the scheme hopefully encouraging more people to walk through the area by the creation of a more pleasant pedestrian environment. Improving traffic flows through the area as a result of the removal of the traffic signals should also have some benefits in terms of reducing emissions from vehicles passing through the junction. A full health and well-being matrix is attached to this report in Appendix 5. 13 Equalities & Diversity Considerations 13.1 The Disabilities Discrimination Act Officer at Camden has been consulted on the scheme and is happy with the proposals. 14 Outstanding Issues 14.1 There are no outstanding issues which apply to this report. 15 Co-operation with Health Authorities 15.1 The proposals in this report do not have any implications under sections 26 and 27 of the Health Act 1999. 16 Human Rights Act 1998 16.1 There are no matters arising under the Human Rights Act 1998. -5- 17 Conclusions and Reasons for the Proposed Decisions 17.1 The results of the consultation demonstrate that consultees are strongly in favour of the proposals and none of the comments received have required changes to the design consulted upon. The scheme would provide a significant environmental improvement by creating a new square and providing a better junction for through traffic and pedestrians. 17.2 The Cabinet Member for Environment and Transport is therefore recommended to: - note the results of the public consultation on the proposals for the junction of Great Queen Street with Drury Lane; - approve the proposals outlined in this report for implementation by Camden; - delegate authority to the Director of Transportation to enter into an agreement under section 8 of the Highways Act 1980 with the London Borough of Camden and to enter into such other legal agreements and make such traffic orders as may be needed for the implementation of the proposed scheme. If you have any queries about this report or wish to inspect one of the background papers please contact Alex Coley on 020 7641 3468, fax 020 7641 2658, email: [email protected] List of Background Papers 1. London Borough of Camden Decision Report dated 17 November 2008. 2. Consultation responses -6- For completion by Cabinet Member for Environment and Transport Declaration of Interest I have no interest to declare in respect of this report Signed ……………………………. Date ……………………………… NAME: Councillor Danny Chalkley, Cabinet Member for Environment and Transport I have to declare an interest State nature of interest ……..…………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………….. Signed ……………………………. Date ………………………………… NAME: Councillor Danny Chalkley, Cabinet Member for Environment and Transport (N.B: If you have an interest you should seek advice as to whether it is appropriate to make a decision in relation to this matter.) For the reasons set out above, I agree the recommendation(s) in the report entitled Great Queen Street – New Public Square Signed ……………………………………………… Councillor Danny Chalkley, Cabinet Member for Environment and Transport Date ………………………………………………… For Ward Specific Reports Only In reaching this decision I have given due regard to any representations made by relevant Ward Members. Signed ……………………………………………… Councillor Danny Chalkley, Cabinet Member for Environment and Transport Date ………………………………………………… If you have any additional comment which you would want actioned in connection with your decision you should discuss this with the report author and then set out your comment below before the report and this pro-forma is returned to the Secretariat for processing. Additional comment: ………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………. NOTE: If you do not wish to approve the recommendations, or wish to make an alternative decision, it is important that you consult the report author, the Head of Legal Services, the Director of Finance and, if there are staffing implications, the Director of Human Resources (or their representatives) so that (1) you can be made aware of any further relevant considerations that you should take into account before making the decision and (2) your reasons for the decision can be properly identified and recorded, as required by law. Note to Cabinet Member: Your decision will now be published and copied to the Members of the relevant Policy & Scrutiny Committee. If the decision falls within the criteria for call-in, it will not be implemented until five working days have elapsed for any call-in request to be received. APPENDIX 1 Proposed design (as consulted on) Drawing number: TE00385\CD APPENDIX 2 Map showing borough boundary and maintenance responsibilities Drawing number: TE385/DC/07/D01 APPENDIX 3 List of stakeholders consulted Automobile Association British Motorcyclists Federation Camden Civic Society Camden Cycle Campaign Covent Garden Area Trust Corporation of London Cyclists’ Touring Club Disability in Camden Dudley Court Tenants Association English Heritage Freight Transport Association London Fire & Civil Defence Authority – Kentish Town Licensed Taxi Drivers Association London Ambulance Service London Chamber of Commerce London Fire Brigade Metropolitan Police Motorcycle Action Group National Car Parks (NCP) Newton Street Residents Association Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) Road Haulage Association Royal Mail London Central Transport for London Transport for London – Road Network Development Transport for London – Bus Priority Team Transport and General Workers Union The Owner Drivers Society The Royal Parks Transport for All Visually Impaired in Camden Visit London Ltd APPENDIX 4 Consultation responses from Statutory Consultees and Local Groups 1.0 The Metropolitan Police 1.1 The Metropolitan Police (Traffic Management Unit, based at Drummond Crescent) stated that they had no adverse comments and welcomed most of the proposals, but they had a road safety concern about the location of the zebra crossing. They noted that, as it was not on the desire line, pedestrians may cross south of the crossing when drivers’ attention would be on the crossing itself. They felt that this could lead to conflicts and collisions. 1.2 Although not on our list of Statutory Consultees, a response was also received from the Metropolitan Police, Lamb’s Conduit Street Station. They were fully supportive of the proposals, but commented that patrons from the local pubs may be able to drift onto the new public space. They noted, however, that this could be adequately managed by using licensing laws and Controlled Drinking Zones. 1.3 1.4 Officer response The Traffic Management Unit’s concern is presumably a minor one, as they stated at the beginning of their letter that they had no adverse comments. It is considered that the issue raised is an unlikely scenario. Vehicle speeds would be low and pedestrians crossing at his point would be in sufficiently high numbers not to surprise drivers when crossing at this point. There are a number of reasons why the zebra crossing has been located where it is, which include: Good practice. It is not advisable to place a zebra crossing too close to a junction where vehicles are turning towards it. Drivers exiting Great Queen Street would be looking south, away from the zebra, to check for approaching vehicles as they pull out. If the zebra crossing is close to the junction the driver may not turn to look towards it in time in order to react if a pedestrian has stepped onto the crossing. Volume of pedestrians. There are huge numbers of pedestrians crossing Drury Lane between Long Acre and Great Queen Street. If they were to be given priority on the desire line it is possible that the vehicular traffic could be significantly delayed. A safer crossing environment would be provided. It is recognised that pedestrians will want to cross on the desire line and, by narrowing and raising the carriageway, most pedestrians would have the confidence to be able to cross safely at this location. The traffic flows are low, leaving plenty of crossing opportunities. The zebra crossing would be available for anyone not confident to cross in this manner. The zebra crossing would be provided at the same location as the existing signalised crossing point. This lines it up with the front of the buildings on the north side of Great Queen Street, so that it can still be found by the visually impaired. This would be particularly helpful for anyone using a cane that may be following the building line. Moving the crossing nearer to the junction would make it difficult to locate from the Great Queen Street side. 2.0 The Camden Cycling Campaign 2.1 The Camden Cycling Campaign (CCC) support the proposals and noted that their members were often delayed by the signals, even though there was often no traffic going the other way. They requested cycle symbols on the carriageway, as the junction is on London Cycle Network Route 6 and their need was highlighted in the CRISP report for Link 28 (the Camden part of Route 6). They also requested involvement in the selection of locations for cycle parking. They expressed disappointment that Westminster City Council would not be providing a contra-flow cycle lane on Long Acre. Officer comments 2.2 The request for cycle symbols will be considered as part of the detailed design. The CCC would also be consulted on the cycle stand locations, the selection of which would also form part of the detailed design of the scheme. The provision of a contra-flow cycle lane is currently being reconsidered by Westminster officers. 3.0 The Royal Mail and The Confederation of Passenger Transport 3.1 The Royal Mail did not support the scheme, as they were concerned that narrowing the carriageway would make it difficult for them to make collections and deliveries. The Confederation of Passenger Transport supported the scheme, but raised a minor concern about the ability to turn 12 and 14 metre coaches from Great Queen Street into Drury Lane. Officer comments 3.2 The carriageway would be narrowed to maximise space for pedestrians, in an area where traffic counts show clearly that pedestrians dominate. There are loading bays proposed as part of the scheme, including a new one on Drury Lane, which the Royal Mail could use. Most of the area where it is proposed to narrow the carriageway is within the existing signalised junction where it would not be acceptable to stop for loading purposes currently. The detailed design for the final scheme would take account of the need to turn long vehicles at the junction to ensure that they would be able to do so. 4.0 The Covent Garden Area Trust 4.1 The Covent Garden Area Trust did not support the proposal and commented that, although they welcomed the broad principle, they were concerned that the design lacked recognition of the historic character of the street. They also added that the modified alignment of the carriageway and junctions dominates the design and fragments what should be a unified and coherent urban space. Officer comments 4.2 As alluded to in paragraph 1.2 in the background section above, the Freemasons’ redeveloped this western end of Great Queen Street in 1933 with the purpose of creating a square. For reasons unknown the square was not built in the 1930s by Holborn Borough Council. Officers have not seen this original design but it is unlikely to be compatible with current traffic patterns, which the current proposal takes into account. Removal of the signals and guard railings and reclamation of carriageway space for pedestrians would be a significant improvement that would presumably be closer to the ideas in the 1930’s than the current situation. It would create a more unified space and enhance the setting of the Freemasons’ Hall and the surrounding buildings. 5.0 The Royal Parks and Motorcycle Action Group 5.1 The Royal Parks and the Motorcycle Action Group responded, but both ticked ‘no opinion’ and made no comments. Responses from local businesses 5.2 14 local businesses responded, including two major priority owners in the area. Only one did not support the proposal. They stated that they did not think the scheme would benefit their business and suggested that the whole of Great Queen Street should be pedestrianised. Two other business added comments in support of their approval of the proposals. One suggested it would be a massive improvement to the existing layout and more friendly to pedestrians. The other stated that they fully support proposals and felt it was vital for the quality of visitor and commuter experience. 6.0 Responses from Local Residents 6.1 9 negative responses were received from residents, which included comments on issues such as: Closing roads and making them narrower increases journey time, traffic jams and pollution. The need for more parking spaces Increased noise from use of seating at night/overspill from pubs Anti-social behaviour associated with the benches at night, e.g. rough sleepers/drug takers The scheme would be a waste of money The line of trees would block light to adjacent flats Officer response 6.2 The scheme proposes no changes to traffic movement, only to traffic control (i.e. by removal of the signals). None of the existing permitted turns would be prevented. With low traffic volumes, the removal of the signals would allow traffic to pass through the area more efficiently. Traffic would no longer be held at red lights unnecessarily, so pollution from stationary vehicles should be reduced. 6.3 The number of residents parking bays in the area would be unaffected by the proposals. 6.4 The benches would be designed so as not to be comfortable to sit on for long periods, particularly with respect to rough sleeping. Anti-social use is a potential problem, but efforts would be made to design this out. Reported problems would be dealt with by the police, as would be the case for other locations in Central London. Street drinking specifically could be dealt by enforcement of licensing laws and the Controlled Drinking Zone, which covers the whole of Camden and would include the new square. 6.5 The species of tree on the south side of Great Queen Street would be deciduous and carefully selected for their small height and light canopy. This would ensure views of the Masonic Hall are maintained from Long Acre and should also prevent them from blocking significant amounts of light from nearby properties. 6.6 63 positive responses were received from residents, which equates to 87% of the total residential responses received. Comments in favour included: The traffic lights are not necessary Good idea; long overdue The recent Thames Water works showed that traffic reduction in the area is feasible The new public space would be an asset Support removal of street clutter More benches are beneficial Would create a more cosmopolitan/European city feel Would make the area more accessible/pedestrian friendly Would reduce traffic noise and pollution 6.7 Some additional concerns were raised by those in favour of the scheme, including: Lack of pedestrian crossing provision across Great Queen Street Removal of signals could result in accidents due to speed along Drury Lane Need for traffic calming on Drury Lane The area needs to be properly disabled friendly Raised junction could be confusing to children Footway on south side of Great Queen Street would become more congested Shortage of local parking/motorcycle bays/cycle stands Motorcycle bays should be moved to other nearby streets Works should not be allowed to take too long Officer comments 6.8 The raised junction would provide traffic calming on Drury Lane. It would be designed so as to retain a small kerb upstand to make the edge of the footway legible to users with disabilities. The carriageway surface would be constructed in asphalt to visually contrast with the footway areas, which would be paved. This would also assist visually impaired users and should make the distinction clear to children. At the uncontrolled crossing points at the junctions the kerbs would be dropped to flush with the raised carriageway surface to ensure ease of crossing for all users, although there would be no tactile paving in line with Westminster City Council’s current practice. The traffic calming element of the design would also assist pedestrians when crossing and the traffic flows are low enough to ensure gaps in the traffic are frequently available. 6.9 Recent pedestrian count data indicates that the pedestrians arriving at the Drury Lane/Great Queen Street junction from Long Acre are split approximately in half between using the north and south footways. However, works currently being undertaken by Westminster in Long Acre include the replacement of the roundabout at the junction with Bow Street and Endell Street with a ‘diagonal’ zebra crossing. This crossing would connect the south west corner of the junction with the north east corner, which is likely to result in more pedestrians using the northern side of Long Acre when walking towards Great Queen Street. This would result in less pedestrian ‘through traffic’ using the southern footway in Great Queen Street and result in more using the proposed public square on the northern side. In addition, it is proposed to remove some street clutter on this footway. The existing tree would be relocated to a gap created in the existing motorcycle bays and the traffic signal apparatus, including the control box, would be removed. Officers are also investigating removal of the telephone box. When combined with Westminster’s works in Long Acre, therefore, a slight narrowing of the footway on the southern side of Great Queen Street should not result in increased congestion on it. 6.10 The existing pay-and-display bays in Great Queen Street are on the Camden side of the borough boundary and the motorcycle bays are on the Westminster side. Traffic surveys showed there was potential to relocate some pay-anddisplay parking to other streets nearby (in Camden), however, no suitable alternative location for the motorcycle bays could be found nearby within Westminster so they are being left in the same position. There would be no reduction in the available residents’ parking bays. However, further analysis of the pay-and-display ticket machine income indicates that there is not the demand to require the existing level of pay-and-display parking in the area. There is sufficient capacity in the remaining 5-car space pay-and-display bay in Great Queen Street, next to the Freemasons’ Hall, to absorb the loss of the 3-space bay. The 8 spaces in Great Queen Street operate at an average occupancy of only 42%, but the remaining five spaces represent 62% of the total capacity. It is therefore proposed that the three pay-and-display spaces (on the Camden side of the boundary) should not be replaced. APPENDIX 5 Health and Well being Matrix Toolkit FOR HEALTH AND WELL BEING What are the potential impacts of the report on the following determinants of health? (see STEP 1: diagram) consult prompts overleaf. Select the column indicating High (H) Medium (M) or Low (L) Determinant of Health Positive No Impact Potential Negative Not Sure Comments Environmental conditions External air quality, air pollution Air quality in buildings L Water quality and pollution Clean city and recycling The Built Environment & open space Energy Consumption Accessibility, mobility & transport Noise General Socio-economic and cultural conditions The removal of the traffic signals should smooth traffic flows through the area, therefore reducing congestion and vehicular emissions. M The creation of a public square and planting of a new tree should help to improve the street environment. L By easing congestion through the area, petrol consumption for those travelling through the area may be marginally improved. M The removal of traffic signals and creation of new pedestrian crossing opportunities should improve accessibility. The removal of the traffic signals may reduce engine noise associated with traffic stopping and starting at the lights. L Recommendations Poverty Community Safety Housing Conditions Crime Education Employment M The site already has a fairly low accident record, however the creation of informal crossing points should encourage motorists to drive more cautiously through the area Work Environment L The creation of a public square with seating will create an area for employees from nearby workplaces to spend their lunch-breaks Leisure L The creation of a public square with seating will create an area for shoppers/visitors to rest in Accidents Agriculture & food Social and Community Network social exclusion Community Development Health Services Social services L Determinant of Health Positive Lifestyle Diet The site already has a fairly low accident record, however the creation of informal crossing points should encourage drivers to drive more cautiously through the area thereby improving road safety No Impact Potential Negative Not Sure Comments Recommendations Physical Activity Smoking Alcohol Sexual Behaviour Drugs L Creating a more pleasant walking route through this junction may encourage more people to walk a route that they may have previously driven or used public transport for. Other Step 2: What populations are affected by the policy? Tick the appropriate column and indicate whether it affects some (S) or All (A) Population Groups Residents Positive Potential Negative Not Sure L Non residents - visitors M The creation of a public square will create an area for employees from nearby workplaces to spend their lunch breaks The creation of a public square will create an area for visitors to rest in. Black and minority ethnic groups M Comments Residents will be provided with a more pleasant public space and increased pedestrian crossing opportunities M Non residents - workers People with disability Children Women No Impact The provision of a raised carriageway area, with a very small kerb should aid those with disabilities when they cross the road. The zebra crossing will retain a more formal crossing point for those who require it. Recommendations Older People Other vulnerable people with mental health problems; homeless people;and assylum seekers, gay and lesbian groups etc (detail)………. M The provision of a raised carriageway area with a very small kerb and also a zebra crossing should aid those who are less agile. The provision of benches in the public square may also be of benefit to older people.