Listening - The TQLR Process

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Counseling and Career Center
Department of Student Life
2500 ELWC
LISTENING: THE TQLR PROCESS
TUNE IN. Right as the lecture begins, determine the speaker's topic and recall what you may
already know about the topic.
QUESTION. Early in the lecture, begin the listening process by asking questions such as: "What
point is the speaker making?", "What devices for support is he/she using?", "What do I need to
specifically remember?" This process, if continued throughout the entire lecture, helps lead to an
understanding of main ideas, the speaker's organization of the material being covered, and supporting
details.
LISTEN. This includes hearing the basic message and answering the questions being raised during
the total process. In order to accomplish this, you must anticipate what will be said, and take in what
is said. Active alertness is ALWAYS REQUIRED.
REVIEW. This is the process of checking on the anticipated message after the message is delivered.
To review, you must evaluate the message against your questions, fit ideas together, summarize
ideas, and evaluate the meaning and impact of the message based on your circumstances. This
review process should lead to further questions and keep you constantly tuned in to the lecture.
The TQLR process is one that works in a circular motion:
TUNE IN
REVIEW
QUESTION
LISTEN
*
In order to make it effective, it must be used in this manner throughout the entire lecture.
Prepared by Shirley Hoopes 10/88. Based on SRA Reading Lab IIIA. (Revised 12/95)
EFFECTIVE AND INEFFECTIVE LISTENING HABITS
EFFECTIVE
 Finding or creating something to arouse interest in a speech or lecture you must listen to.
 Trying to get the message rather than worrying about how it is presented.
 Listening to all that the speaker has to say before criticizing.
 Looking for major ideas and relationships among various points.
 Determining the speaker's organization first, then taking notes that reflect his/her pattern.
 Really paying attention so that at any time you can summarize the speaker's main ideas up to
that point in the lecture.
 Sitting where you will hear, then listening.
 Listening with a purpose.
 Subordinating specific words to the total meaning of the context.
 Anticipating what the speaker will say next, identifying ideas and support, recapitulating
every few minutes what the speaker has told you.
INEFFECTIVE
 Calling the subject uninteresting.
 Criticizing the speaker's delivery.
 Getting overstimulated about specific points in the speech.
 Listening only for the facts.
 Trying to make an outline of everything.
 Faking attention to the speaker.
 Tolerating or creating distractions.
 Evading difficult material.
Prepared by Shirley Hoopes 10/88. Based on a system by Ralph Nichols. (Revised 12/95)
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