High Frontier - Alive and Complete, 2nd Edition

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High Frontier- Alive & Complete
Vol. 1 - Basic Game
A game of exoglobalization for 1 - 5 players.
Living Rules: Updated June 23, 2014
by Phil Eklund, P-M Agapow, Kyrill
Melai, Rus Belikov, Andy Graham
http://www.zazzle.com/my/products/publ
ic?sr=250301154736367410
Rewritten for ease of learning. It includes
Basic (Vol. 1), Colonization (Vol. 2),
Interstellar (Vol. 3) and Colonization
Variants (Vol. 4).
CONTENTS
VOLUME 1. THE BASIC GAME
Section A. Basic Game Overview,
Section B. Component Descriptions,
Section C. Basic Game Set-Up,
Section D. Basic Game Play-Sequence,
Section E. Stacks and Stack Limits,
Section F. Rocket Movement
Procedure,
Section G. Landing & Blast-Off
Movement,
Section H. Basic Game Operations,
Section I. Ventures and Glory,
Section J. Basic Game End and
Victory,
GLOSSARY. Basic & Colonization,
WARNING: contains some (minor) rule
changes from the published 2nd edition,
as marked in red. Some terms changed:
net thrust (was modified thrust),
inspiration (was exotropy),
Copyright © 2013, Sierra Madre Games, Contact:
[email protected]
Additional materials in the files section of the
HighFrontier Yahoo Group
http://games.groups.yahoo.com/group/HighFrontier/
Also see the download section
of www.sierramadregames.com
Vassal Version (courtesy Sam Williams and
Derek):
https://www.dropbox.com/sh/cj7o0ahdn0i9m0u/qa
msuWTaR7
Requirements: Vassal version 4.2.6 or
later. Compatibility: Saved games from 40.3.x to
40.5.0 will only be compatible if the VP2 file is
active instead of VP4. (Only load one of other file.)
VOLUME 2. COLONIZATION
Section K. Colonization (Advanced
Game),
1
Players, representing the space-faring
factions of Earth, bid for patents (space
technology cards) and boost them into
Low Earth Orbit (LEO) to be assembled
into rockets and their cargos. Once fueled
with water tanks (WTs), these rockets fly
to promising industrial and science sites
(planets, asteroids, etc.). If prospecting
succeeds, a claim is made. A claim can
be upgraded into a factory to produce
useful new technologies. By extracting
water from a site, a rocket can refuel
(WTs are used both as rocket propellant
and as currency.) The winner is
determined by the number of his offworld claims and factories, the resource
value of his industrialized sites, and his
exploration achievements (ventures and
glories).
NOTE: Terms being defined are listed in
bold, or italicized if defined elsewhere.
Terms defined in the glossary are
underlined. Easily missed rules are
listed white on black.
Section L. Colonization Set-Up,
Section M. Colonization Play Sequence,
Section N. Colonization Operations,
Section O. Support Module,
Section P. Freighter Module,
Section Q. Bernal Module,
Section R. Colonist Module,
Section S, GW Thruster Module,
Section T. Combat Module,
Section U. Endgame Module,
Section V. Werner’s Star Solitaire
Scenario,
VOLUME 3. INTERSTELLAR
Section Y. Interstellar Solitaire,
VOLUME 4. COLONIZATION
VARIANTS (edited by Andrew Doull)
Section W. Exomigration Variant
Section X. Simulation Variant
A. BASIC
GAME
OVERVIEW
A1. THIRD EDITION
COMPONENTS
2
This rulebook.
2 Maps (inner & outer solar system)
2 Placeholder Sheets
1 Sol Sunspot, Events, Government
Sheet
5 Player Mats
52 Clear blue disks (water tanks, or
WT’s).
45 Opaque disks (in 5 colors) for
claims.
18 Black disks for busted mines and
futures.
10 Yellow disks for outposts.
30 Cubes (in 5 colors) for factories &
mobile factories.
5 Big Cubes (in 5 colors) for freighters.
10 Rockets (in 5 colors) for rocket’s
location & fuel.
10 Hemispheres (in 5 colors) for Bernal
Sphere Tokens.
84 Cards for patents, colonists, and
achievements. Also 5 crew cards.
1 six-sided die (1d6) for prospecting
and hazards.
B.
COMPONENT
DESCRIPTIONS
B1. PATENT CARDS
There are three types of Patent cards:
Thruster (used to move Rocket Stacks),
Robonaut (used to prospect, refuel, and
construct factories), and Refinery (used
to build factories).
● White and Black Sides. The white side
of a patent shows a product built on
Earth; the black side shows an
improved product built in space.
● Mass. The mass of a card for the basic
game is shown in the upper white box
to the left, and for Colonization in the
upper red box to the right.
● The information in the red box is only
used in the Colonization advanced
game (Part K).
● ISRU. Some cards have an In Situ
Resource Utilization rating, which is
used to ISRU refuel (H5) and Prospect
(H6).
3
● Thrust Triangle. Cards capable of
moving stacks have a thrust triangle
(F1).
● Product Letter. The letter shown on the
black side of a patent (C, D, M, S, V)
indicates what type of factory can build
them (H8).
EVEN FLY ALONE TO AN AEROBRAKE
LANDING ON MARS!
● Nine disks of your color to mark
claims and futures, plus two yellow
disks to show your outposts.
● Six cubes of your color to mark
factories.
● One big (10mm) cube of your color to
indicate your freighter.
● Two rocket markers, one to track the
position of your rocket on the map, the
other to track the mass and fuel of that
rocket on your playmat.
TIP: Patent cards represent unbuilt ideas (if held in
your hand) or hardware in space (in locations
marked by tokens on the map).
TIP: UNTIL YOU BUILD YOUR FIRST
SPACE FACTORY, YOU WILL ONLY BE
USING THE WHITE SIDE OF THE
PATENT CARDS.
IMPORTANT: You are limited to this number of
cubes, disks, and rockets, see logistics.
B2. STARTING CARD
AND PIECES
B3. PLAYMAT AND
PLACEHOLDER
SHEET
You start with the following:
● Your crew card, a starting card
identifying your color and faction
privilege. This card follows all the
rules of patent cards.
Each player starts with a Playmat, used
to store his cards (in stacks if in play, or
in your hand if on Earth), and his WTs
(water tanks, used for money and fueling).
It contains a Rocket Diagram and
Acceleration Track (used to keep track of
the fuel and net thrust of his Rocket
Stack).
TIP: THREE OF THE CREW CARDS
HAVE A THRUSTER TRIANGLE (F1), SO
THEY CAN BE USED AS THE THRUSTER
FOR YOUR ROCKET STACK. WITH
ENOUGH FUEL (18 STEPS), THEY CAN
4
● The Placeholder Sheet contains the
five Exploitation Tracks (C, S, M, V,
and D), and tables used in the
Advanced Game (Sunspot Cycle,
Event Table, Futures Stars, and Space
Government).
spectral type (a letter - C, D, M, S, V
– showing what can be mined there and
thus the product letter of cards able to
be factory-produced there), and
hydration (a number of waterdrops
indicating how easy it is to obtain
water). A microscope icon indicates a
TIP: THE DEPOT IS AN AREA ON YOUR
science site or TNO science site. See
PLAYMAT WHERE YOU CAN STORE
YOUR WATER TANKS, REPRESENTING
Site Anatomy.
AN ORBITAL STORAGE STATION IN
● Intersections. The intersection between
LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO).
two routes is called a Hohmann if the
two lines touch, and a Lagrange Point
if is marked by a hollow or filled circle.
B4. SOLAR SYSTEM
(If the lines don’t touch, they just pass
MAP
by each other without intersecting).
Turning requires a pivot in a Hohmann,
The map shows the spaces (i.e. orbits in
but is free in a Lagrange Point. Each
the Solar System where a rocket can
sharp turn, for instance the zig-zag
“halt”), and the routes between the
routes in the outer solar system, also
spaces. Some of the most useful routes
require a pivot.
are colored and labeled with a signpost
(e.g. “Earth-Mars”). The various kinds of ● Burns. The filled magenta Lagrange
Points, called burns, cost fuel for a
spaces are described below:
rocket to enter, and the number of
● Sites. The black hexes are sites, e.g.
burns a rocket can enter in a turn is
planets, moons and asteroids that can
limited by its thrust.
be landed on. Each site is characterized

Spaces can be marked with the
by a size (a number indicating the
hazard (F7), flyby (K1), or radiation
surface gravity, the larger the more
(K2) icons.
likely prospecting will be successful

Aerobrake and Buggy Routes.
and the more powerful your rocket has
Routes along a dashed brown line have
to be to take off and land there),
5
● Black disks are used to mark busted
sites where prospecting has failed.
● Transparent blue disks are also used to
track game information.
special coasting rules (F8), and you
cannot move along the route against the
arrowhead. The dashed yellow lines are
buggy roads, used only for buggy
prospecting, not movement.
● Heliocentric Zones. These divide the
solar system into concentric zones to
mark the decreasing solar energy as
you move further away from the sun.
Each zone is named after a planet
(from Mercury to Neptune). These
zones modify the thrust of solarpowered rockets and sails, see F4.
Solar-powered cards or functions do
not work in the outermost zone.
C. BASIC
GAME SET-UP
1. Players choose or are given a faction
and a playmat. Each gets the Crew
Card specific to his faction, placed to
the right of his playmat.
2. Faction Cubes, Disks, and Rockets.
Put the 1 big cube, 6 small cubes, 9
disks, and 2 rockets of your color
anywhere on your playmat.
3. Water Tanks. Each player places 4
clear disks on his playmat. These disks
are WTs (water tanks), used as both
fuel and currency.
4. Patent cards are separated into types,
shuffled and placed white side up
alongside each other. Five blue tokens
are placed on the starting positions of
the resource exploitation tracks.
5. Busted Mines. If playing with 4 or
fewer players, put a black “busted” disk
on Luna and the “subsurface ocean” site
B5. WATER TANKS &
INDICATOR DISKS
● Transparent disks simulate 40-ton
water tanks (WTs) stored at LEO and
are used both as “money” and as fuel
for rockets at LEO. Clear (non-colored)
disks represent 1 WT. Transparent red
and blue disks are used to represent 5
WT and 10 WT denominations
respectively. Store them in a central
pool.
6
of Callisto near Jupiter (indicating that
they may not be prospected). If playing
with 3 or fewer players, additionally put
a black disk on all three sites of Mars.
6. Determine the starting player by any
suitable means.
of the game. No further Idea Turns can
be played.
COLONIZATION: Start with 1 WT per patent
deck available instead of 1 WT. During Idea Turns,
there is no hand limit and the Sunspot Cycle is not
active. The card drawn comes alone, without
supports.
C1. OPTIONAL QUICK
START, BASIC &
COLONIZATION
D. BASIC
GAME PLAY
SEQUENCE
This variant starts the players with a hand
of patent cards, selected during special
turns called Idea Turns.
● Players start with 3 WT.
● Idea Turns. The first few turns are
used to build up each player’s hand.
Starting with the first player, for his
turn each may pay 1 WT and take the
top card off one of the patent decks
(including the colonist
deck). Exception: The first player pays
2 WT for his first card, to offset his
advantage in drawing first.
● Ending Idea Turns. If for your turn
you decide to perform a standard
operation instead of an Idea Turn, you
become the new first player for the rest
operations
On
and
Basic
spacecraft
freighter),
of
make
free
your
perform
additional
Game,
actions.
turn,
one
(F),
(your
available
free
you
you
operation,
perform
The
spacecraft
rocket
actions
are
may
advanced
(see
allowed
move
and
operations
(D1).
Q,
and
and
your
P,your
any
two
game
In
andthe
number
(H),
R).
will
●clockwise.
any
your
move
complete
Moves
order.
rocket,
your
and
play
For
freighter.
operations
take
passes
instance,
an operation,
When
tocan
you
thebe
your
next
may
taken
and
player
turn
move
then
inis
D1. FREE ACTIONS
turn.
You
actions
The
your
last
four
first
may
turn
without
can
three
perform
except
be
can
done
expending
during
the
be
at
done
following
any
movement.
anytime
an
time
operation.
free
in
your
The
ina
●
E6,
colocated
slot
Rocket
transferring
Except
have
transfer
perform
Cargo
or
on
any
E6
Transfer.
your
for
Stack
cargo
aalways
number
stacks
dry
by
Freighter
cards
playmat.
transferring
can
mass
to
Form
into
your
of
be
boosted
adjustment
cards.
Stacks,
formed
the
For
rocket
atoThese
stack
appropriate
cargo
instance,
to
If
stack
per
or
LEO.
you
per
(D2).
Bernal,
from
E5
E5,
can
Note
dedicated
(Colonization):
cards.
You
cannot
transfer
●
Refuel
in
LEO
(i.e.
transfer
WTs
to
your
Water
tanks
on
are
water
to
current
the
the
labeled
rocket
tank
next
(i.e.
is
rocket
fuel
the
added
tank
Tank
in
figure.
diagram).
jagged
LEO
to
added
#1,
moves
the
as
Tank
columnar
right
fuel
the
a
#2,
tanks).
rocket
of
fuel
the
columns
etc.
stripes
figure
in
Each
●
(each
can
wasted.
Liquidate
be
full
cashed
tank
Fuel.
in,
=
Convert
1
partial
WT).
into
“cash
tanks
Only
tanks
full
are
on
of
fuel
hand”
tanks
●
to
this
rocket,
reducing
Jettison
the
iscan
net
left
done
this
by
any
thrust,
your
asimply
desired
before
amount
wet
see
have
moving
mass
you
number
F4.
of
the
move
fuel
and
advantage
the
of
from
improving
your
fuel
steps.
your
figure
of
Ifin
●your
rocket,
adjustment.
point
your
moving.
outpost
stack
decommissioned.
Jettison
move
formation
in
which
(this
the
any
The
ifmay
move,
This
amount
is
cargo
done
causes
an
during
can
exceptional
but
before
can
of
abe
itdry
movement),
be
cargo
done
only
you
left
mass
impacts
at
from
start
case
as
any
an
your
or
●
them
card
LEO
converts
(representing
Decommission
or
to
ayour
only
into
factory
hand
an
abe
space
cards,
additional
decommissioned
site.
for
colony).
If
reuse.
which
the
cube
latter,
A
returns
crew
at
itof
NOTE:
OCCURS
INDUSTRIALIZATION,
FLARES,
COMBAT.
DECOMMISSIONING
DURING
RADIATION
FREE
BELTS,
HAZARDS,
MARKET,
ALSO
AND
● Discard cards from your hand to the
bottom
offinish
patent
deck.
Ifbe
after
will
you
good
make
row.)
theadd
haven’t
need
you
idea
rocket
sure
athe
to
your
dry
changed
takes
check
mass
moving
fuel
on
it
figure
adjustment.
anyway
the
or
your
discharges
dry
in
mass,
fuel
the
per
correct
(Even
E5
figure
cargo,
toa if
NOTE:
or
player
beginning
case
transferred
of
You
in
to
Rocket
the
the
may
or
same
end
stack
transfer
as
Stacks,
of
well.
space
of
your
any
WT
cards
move.
atcooperating
(as
the
to
fuel)
create
Inits
the
can
D2. INSPIRATION
For turn.
enters
Inspiration
Simply
bottom,
top.
per
each
You
a take
thus
triangle
time
are on
the
limited
exposing
your
any
top
burn
rocket
chosen
card
to(B5),
atwo
fresh
and
orpatent
Inspirations
perform
Bernal
put
card
itdeck.
onone
the
Example: Player Green’s rocket moves through two
triangle burns. For the first burn, he chooses to
move the top radiator card to the bottom. For the
second, he chooses the colonist deck for his
7
inspiration. Assuming he has not yet done his
operations this turn, he may research or recruit the
freshly-revealed cards. Thematically, he has
inspired new entrepreneurship and the new
generation.
E. STACKS
AND STACK
LIMITS
D3. DEAL-MAKING
side).
Cards
(D3),
They
products.
become
from
or
built
Earth
represent
research
enter
in
tangible
Once
space
(if
your
played
(H2),
patents
played
(if
objects,
hand
played
or
on
into
and
through
decommission.
their
either
on
potential
a stack,
their
white
boosted
trade
black
they
side),
●
(D1),
production
Stacks
jettisons
swap
can
(H8),
be
(N1).
created
(D1),
or
(Colonization)
boosting
by
cargo
(H4),
transfer
●digital
cards,
limited
Freighter
Yourare
stacks
except
tofree
Module
one
can
your
card
have
(P).
Freighter
when
any
not
number
Stack
using
of
is
the
IMPORTANT:
stacks
Your
for
anyone
WT,
hand
to
examine.
cards,
and
At any time, you may exchange WT,
claims, factories, stack cards, or promises
for future services or actions as terms of a
deal. These services can include faction
privileges such as use of the ESA
powersat or the UN cycler. Hand cards
can be swapped as part of a deal, as long
as the number of hand cards for each
trader remains unchanged (this rule is
necessary to avoid abusing the hand card
limits during research auctions). Crew or
Bernal Cards can’t be sold or traded.
• Cards located in space or WT can be
exchanged among players either if they
are colocated, or if they are swapped
between Bernals in their starting
locations.
E1. HAND CARDS
of
Hand
your
cards
playmat.
are
stored
face-up
totothe
●
move
decommission
Your
hand.
cards
hand
isfrom
not
moves
hand
adrawbacks
stack.
cards
toD1.
aOperations
stack,
from
a right
stack
●to
however
too
discard
Limits.
many
Hand
There
there
Hand
Cards
is
are
Cards
no
Hand
per
(H3).
Limit,
You
having
can
E2. STACK LIMITS
To represent mission control and
spacesuited human limitations, the
number of stacks you are allowed at the
end of your turn is strictly limited to the
following five stacks:
1. Rocket Stack - this stack is represented
on the map by your rocket token.
2. Freighter Stack - this stack is
represented on the map by your big
cube.
3. LEO Stack - this stack is always at the
space on the map marked LEO, and is
not represented by a token.
4. & 5. Two Outpost Stacks - these stacks
are represented by your two outpost
markers.
8
If the Bernal Module (Q) is being used
you may have two additional stacks (for a
total of seven stacks):
6. Bernal Stack - this stack is represented
on the map by your Bernal token.
7. Ersatz-Bernal Stack - this stack is
always located at your faction’s Bernal
start location and is represented by your
second Bernal token.
Example: A big Rocket Stack arrives at
Mercury, too heavy to land for an
unfueled landing, even by
decommissioning its primary thruster and
switching to a 9•6 afterburning crew. The
refinery becomes outpost #1, allowing the
crew & robonaut to land for free. On its
next turn, the crew lifts off to pick up the
refinery, and the robonaut remains as
surface outpost #2. On their next turn,
the crew & refinery may land and build a
factory.
E3. LEO STACK
CREATION &
DEFINITION
Your LEO stack represents the game
components located in Low Earth Orbit
(marked LEO on the map). Unlike other
stacks, this stack does not have its own
token. Any cargo in the stack is simply
assumed to be in LEO. An LEO stack
can be created through either of the
following mechanisms.
1. When using the boost operation (H4),
if cards are boosted to LEO and your
LEO stack does not yet exist, you can
create your LEO stack and place the
boosted cards into it.
2. As a free action by converting a stack
in LEO to your LEO stack.
NOTE: Once your rocket is underway, you can no
longer use WT’s at LEO for refueling.
• Limits. You are allowed two outpost
stacks, and one of every other type of
stack. If you boost or build a stack over
your limit, by the end of your turn you
must decommission one of them, or
convert it into an outpost stack (if not at
your outpost limit).
E4. ROCKET STACK
CREATION &
DEFINITION
9
Example: A rocket has a Hall Effect thruster (mass
2), a crew (mass 1), plus a Kuck mosquito robonaut
(mass 0) in cargo. Its dry mass is 3. Loaded up with
one fuel tank, it has 5 steps of fuel, as shown.
<illustration>
Designate a stack as a Rocket Stack by
placing cards to the left of your playmat.
It will usually include a thruster (F1) and
perhaps crew, but neither are
required. Indicate its location on the map
using a rocket figure, and indicate its fuel
using a second rocket figure, called the
fuel figure, placed on the playmat’s
Rocket Diagram per the following:
TIP: A ROCKET WILL OFTEN HAVE A
CREW, BUT DOES NOT NEED ONE. IT
MAY ALSO HAVE MORE THAN ONE
THRUSTER, ALTHOUGH IT CAN ONLY
USE ONE IN ANY TURN.
● Compute Dry Mass Row. Add up the
mass of every card in the Rocket Stack
[Remember: use the top left mass
number for Basic Game and the top
right for the Advanced Game]. This is
your dry mass, telling you which row to
put your fuel figure. You are limited to
a dry mass of 15. [For exceptions in the
Advanced Game, see Increased
Maximum Dry Mass.]
E5. FREIGHTER
STACK CREATION,
MOVEMENT, &
DEFINITION
A Freighter Stack can only be created by
an ET production operation (H8), which
creates both the freighter cube and the
black card as its cargo at the same time.
When the freighter stack is created, place
your big cube next to the factory that
produced it, and move the freshly built
black
card
into
the
“Freighter
Stack”
slot.
only
produced
was.
or
your
Committed
decommissioned,
carry
reserves.
Once
at
the
Cargo.
the
one
card
same
card
Your
return
isper
time
jettisoned
that
freighter
that
the
was
cube
itItburn
(D1)
can
toat
●Freighter
Movement.
Aunchanged
freighter
can
move
the
aturn
advanced
Fuel
land
movement
time
itor
expenditure
is
(plus
lift-off
produced.
Module
game,
isthis
coasting
per
slingshots
is(P).
G5.
It
not
moves
Freighter
tracked.
ifF8
using
per
and,
one
K1).
the
incan
the
● Fueling Your Rocket. Add fuel to your
rocket by Refueling in LEO (D1), or by
site refuel (H5). Move the fuel figure
along the Dry Mass Row (see previous
bullet) and set it in the column
indicating the number of fuel tanks.
WARNING: IF THE FUEL FIGURE IS ON
THE SPOT MARKED WITH AN
EXCLAMATION POINT (!), THE ROCKET
IS OUT OF FUEL.
E6. OUTPOST STACK
CREATION
10
At the beginning or end or your
movement, you can freely convert a stack
into an outpost (e.g. for a Rocket Stack
that has broken down or is out of fuel).
This moves the cards into the Outpost
Stack location on the playmat, and marks
their map position with a yellow disk so
they can be retrieved later. You can also
drop off outposts by jettisoning them
during movement per D1.
with a mass of one and a rad hardness of
8. It can be jettisoned (D1) to an outpost
stack (E5), decommissioned, or used to
fuel a rocket (E4).
• If the fungible fuel is anything other
than water, then some means (paper &
pencil) must be provided to indicate
what the fuel type is (dirt or isotope
fuel).
• Carrying any amount of fungible fuel in
a rocket or Bernal stack has a minus one
thrust penalty.
LIMIT: You can only have two outposts at the end
of any turn. You must keep track of which Outpost
Card Stack belongs to which yellow disk on the map.
NOTE: Crew stranded in space can either be
rescued (by yourself or another player), or left as an
outpost. If you choose the latter, you won’t have
crew available (since new volunteers are scarce if
you are in the habit of abandoning them in space!).
Crew normally can’t be voluntarily
decommissioned.
F. ROCKET
MOVEMENT
PROCEDURE
E7. FUNGIBLE FUEL
(OPTIONAL)
To move a rocket figure on the map,
choose a thruster, expend fuel for
afterburning and lift-off, calculate net
thrust and move up to this many burns on
the map. For each burn entered, expend
fuel steps equal to the thruster’s fuel
consumption.
Normally WTs can only be stored in your
fuel depot, or converted to fuel on your
rocket diagram (E2). This optional rule
allows WTs extracted by Site Refueling
(H5) to be treated and carried as cargo,
using a clear disks stored on top of the
stack cards. Each one is treated as a card
11
● No Stacking Limits. You may freely
pass and share a space with all other
units, both yours and your opponents’.
engines. It must move its fuel figure 6 steps to enter
each burn!
NOTE: THRUSTERS CANNOT BE
COMBINED. ONLY ONE THRUSTER CAN
BE USED IN A TURN.
F1. CHOOSE
THRUSTER
TIP: THRUSTERS CAN BE DIVIDED INTO
TWO BROAD TYPES - HIGH THRUST
(CHEMICAL, NUCLEAR) OR HIGH FUEL
EFFICIENCY (SAILS, ELECTRIC
ROCKETS). IT CAN SOMETIMES MAKE
SENSE TO EQUIP A ROCKET WITH
BOTH TYPES AND USE THE BEST EACH
TURN.
Choose one card with a thruster triangle
to be the thruster, and place this card on
top of your Rocket Stack. The Thrust
Triangle Anatomy is shown below:
● Basic Thrust: how many basic Thrust
Movement Points (TMP’s) the rocket
has. It is modified by mass, solar and
beamed power, and afterburning.
● Fuel Consumption: how many steps
of fuel are consumed per burn entered.
● Afterburner: the flame icon shows
steps of fuel expended to increase the
net thrust (F4) by one.
● Solar-Powered: the solar icon
indicates the thruster’s net thrust is
modified by the heliocentric zone (B5)
that the rocket starts in.
COLONIZATION: See “Hybrid Rockets” for fuel
compatibility issues when choosing a thruster.
F2. AFTERBURN
DECISION
If the thruster has the flame icon and you
decide to afterburn, reduce fuel the
number of steps indicated. This boosts
the net thrust by one step in Step F4. You
may afterburn only once per turn with
your spacecraft.
COLONIZATION: Afterburning increases cooling
as well as boosting thrust, see open cycle cooling.
Example: The NASA crew has a (terrible) fuel
consumption of 6, representing its SSME chemical
12
row above the Rocket Diagram on your
playmat.
F3. LIFT-OFF (IF ON A
SITE)
● Solar Power Modifier. If your thruster
(or one or more of its supports in the
Colonization) has the solar icon on its
triangle (F1), check which heliocentric
zone the rocket map figure starts in.
Add or subtract the modifier indicated
to the net thrust.
If making a fueled lift-off (G1), decrease
the fuel by a number of steps equal to the
site size.
• You may not use an aerobrake path
when lifting off.
• You may continue to move after liftingoff.
● ESA Beamed Power. Add one to your
net thrust if you either get power from
Player Green or from a factory
industrialized by the ionosphere lasing
refinery at an atmospheric site. (This
can be part of a deal per D3).
F4. CALCULATE NET
THRUST
Before the rocket figure is moved, but
after expending fuel for both afterburning
and lift-off, compute the net thrust to see
how many thrust movement points
(TMP’s) your rocket has, and how big a
world it can land on. To compute net
thrust, start with the thruster’s Basic
Thrust (F1), then add or subtract the
following modifiers:
● Wet Mass Modifier. Take the thrust of
the chosen card, modify it by the
starting wet mass class of the rocket (i.e.
what column the fuel figure starts in).
This number, which can be +1, 0, -1, or
-2, is shown in the waterdrop icon in the
● Afterburning increases the net thrust by
one.
● Place a blue disk in the Acceleration
Track on your playmat to mark your net
thrust. Once set, this value remains
constant for your entire move.
Example 1: Player Green builds a sail at his
Martian factory, and lifts off with 8 tanks of fuel. He
subtracts 10 steps for lift-off (just over 2 tanks left),
then computes net thrust starting with a basic thrust
of two. With two tanks it has a wet mass modifier of
-1, a solar modifier of -1, and an ESA Beam Power
modifier of +1. The sail’s net thrust is 2 - 1 - 1 + 1
= 1.
13
• Outposts cannot move.
Example 2: A rocket with a dry mass of 6 and one
tank of fuel is transport class (wet mass thrust
modifier of -1). Using a thruster with a thrust of 1,
its net thrust is 1 - 1 = 0. It can’t move with zero
thrust, so it jettisons one step of fuel to bring it to
scout class. This class has a wet mass modifier of 0,
allowing it to move.
F6. MOVE FIGURE
AND EXPEND FUEL
A rocket figure moves from space to
space along the routes (B2). It may
choose to stop in any space it enters.
However, moving into a site (which
triggers a landing) ends movement.
Except for landings and lift-offs (Part G),
it expends neither TMP’s nor fuel to
enter an intersection or space which is not
a burn.
● Burn (magenta circle): For each burn
entered, expend a number of fuel steps
equal to the fuel consumption of the
thruster. Round up any fractions at the
end of the move.
NOTE: EVEN IF A ROCKET SHEDS MASS
(CARDS) DURING A TURN, ITS NET
THRUST DEPENDS ON ITS STATE
BEFORE ITS STARTS MOVING.
NOTE: If using the Support Module (Part O), see
thrust-modifying supports.
F5. THRUST
MOVEMENT POINTS
Each rocket (including sails) has a
number of thrust movement points
(TMP’s) equal to its net thrust (F4).
During a rocket’s move, each burn and
each pivot expends both TMP’s and fuel
(see next section).
• To move, a rocket needs a working
thruster with a net thrust of at least
1. See F8 for exceptions.
• Freighters move with 1 TMP and do not
expend fuel. [If using the Freighter
Module, in order to move, a freighter’s
cargo is mass-limited by its load-limit
(P4)].
● In contrast to adding fuel (H5), burning
fuel is always done in steps, not tanks.
● Pivots. If in mid-move you turn on a
Hohmann intersection, so as to move in
a new direction, this is called a pivot.
This maneuver costs 2 TMPs plus fuel
equal to entering two burns. If you
begin your move on a Hohmann, you
may freely move in any direction,
regardless of the direction moved last
14
turn. Turning is free in Lagrange Points.
See the examples on page 24 of the
basic rules.
team of elite programmers back on
Earth for a software upload.)
● No U Turn. You can’t reverse direction
during your move. However, if you halt
on an intersection, on your next turn
you may move in any direction.
F8. COAST
After you have moved over the desired
number of burns, you may coast (not
entering any burns or making any pivots)
until you either land or wish to stop.
● You must stop to land if you enter a
Site.
● You need a working thruster to coast.
Exceptions are factory-assisted landings
or lift-offs (G4), moving along an
aerobrake path (B4), and the next bullet.
● Dry Slingshot (Colonization). You may
gain slingshot bonuses (K1) while
coasting, and you may use slingshot
bonuses even if your thruster stops
working (see “Mission to Callisto”
Example Q8).
Example: An ion drive thruster (output 2 • ½)
expends half a step for each burn entered. If it
enters one burn in a turn, half a step is expended,
which is rounded up to one step to the left.
TIP: IN THE EARLY GAME, WATER IS
SCARCE AND LARGELY SPENT ON
BOOSTING TECH INTO ORBIT OR
FUELLING SHIPS. LATER IN THE GAME,
WATER BECOMES LESS VALUABLE AS
BOOSTING IS REPLACED BY ET
PRODUCTION, AND INCOME IS
REPLACED BY WATER OBTAINED AT
SITES.
F7. HAZARDS
As you move a stack, roll one die for
each hazard space entered, both crash
(the skull icon) and aerobrake (the
parachute icon). If you roll a “1”, the
entire spacecraft stack is
decommissioned!
● Failure is Not An Option. You may
avoid this risk by paying 4 WT instead
of rolling. (This simulates paying a tiger
G. LANDING &
LIFT-OFF
MOVEMENT
15
Entering a site hex lands on a world, and
leaving a site hex blasts off. For a rocket,
there are four ways: fueled, unfueled,
aerobrake, or factory-assist.
● Lander. Cards that have already moved
in a turn cannot move again (e.g. as
cargo).
by expending a number of fuel steps
equal to the world’s size. However, if
your rocket or Outpost Stack includes a
buggy, or if your net thrust is greater
than the site’s size, you can move the
stack along a dashed yellow line
without expending fuel.
● Subtract fuel expended for all fueled
lift-offs and suborbital hops before
calculating TMPs, see F4.
G1. FUELED LANDING
AND LIFT-OFF
NOTE: WHEN BLASTING OFF A PLANET
OR LARGE MOON, YOU WILL
IMMEDIATELY ENTER A BURN. YOU
MUST SPEND BOTH THE TAKE-OFF
PENALTY, PLUS PAY FOR THE BURN
ENTERED. THIS CREATES AN
ASYMMETRY BETWEEN LANDING
AND LIFT-OFF, BECAUSE WHEN
LANDING YOU CAN USE THE FUEL
EFFICIENT ENGINE TO ENTER THE
LAST BURN, THEN SWITCH TO HIGH
THRUST, WHILE ON TAKE-OFF YOU
MUST SUFFER THE BURN AND TAKEOFF WITH THE SAME ENGINE.
If your rocket thrust is too feeble for the
surface gravity of the world you are
landing or lifting off of, you must pay a
lander fuel penalty. (This simulates
chemical fuel burned by strap-on
boosters).
● Lander Fuel Penalty. If you enter or
leave a site hex and your net thrust (F4)
is less than or equal to the site size, then
you must expend a number of fuel spots
equal to the site’s size. This penalty
costs fuel only, and does not expend
any TMP’s.
TIP: FOR ROUTES WITH A SIGNPOST,
THE LANDER FUEL PENALTY FOR
FUELED LANDINGS IS SHOWN ON THE
SIGNPOST’S LANDER ICON.
● Suborbital Hop. Some sites are
connected via suborbital hops (yellow
dashes, taking off and then landing in
one move), you can hop between them
16
G2. UNFUELED
LANDING AND LIFTOFF
G4. FACTORY-ASSIST
LANDING AND LIFTOFF
If your rocket has a thrust greater than the
site size, it may land or lift-off from the
site without expending any fuel. (Except
of course for the fuel expended to enter
the burns that surround the planets and
larger moons.)
If the site is industrialized (i.e. contains
a factory), your spacecraft may make an
unfueled landing or lift-off. However,
this entails a risk equal to a crash hazard !
[F7]
● You may use a foreign factory to land
or lift-off, with permission.
Example: A rocket with a net thrust of 3 lands on
Nysa (size 3). Its fuel is decreased three steps for a
fueled landing. On its next turn, it reduces its dry
mass (by dropping off a refinery on Nysa), which
increases its net thrust to 4. It can blast-off without
burning fuel using an unfueled lift-off.
Example: A low-thrust rocket on a Martian factory
can lift-off either per F1 (costs 10 steps of fuel) or
by factory-assist (F4). In the latter case, assuming
it survives the crash hazard or pays the 4 WT
programming fee, it moves into the adjacent burn
(spending fuel only for the burn entered).
G3. AEROBRAKE
LANDING
G5. FREIGHTER &
BERNAL LANDING
AND LIFT-OFF
Some sites have a path to the surface
marked by a parachute. Following this
path to land avoids expending the lander
fuel penalty (G1), but you still expend
fuel for any burns entered. As soon as a
spacecraft enters a parachute spot, it rolls
1d6 for an aerobrake hazard.
Bernals and both basic and advanced
freighters can make unfueled land or liftoff from size one sites without restriction.
They can land on larger sites only by
using factory-assist (G4) or aerobrake
(G3), and can lift-off larger sites only by
factory-assist.
17
• When landing on a claimed site, an
unpromoted freighter is placed alongside
the claim disk to avoid being mistaken
for a factory cube.
• Freighters may lift-off or land off sites
larger than size one by being towed per
P4.
Take 2 WT (water tanks) from the pool.
(Represents boosting water into LEO
from the Earth’s surface.)
H2. RESEARCH
OPERATION (SCIENCE)
Select a patent card from the top of one
of the decks to auction (including the
Colonist Deck, if playing with the
Colonist module). All players can
examine both sides of this card (and see
the next card in the deck). Starting with
the phasing player (i.e. the player whose
turn it is), players bid WTs for this card.
Bids can start at 0 WT and must raise or
see any previous bid. Bids can be in any
order.
● Ties. The phasing player wins ties if his
bid is tied with another. If two or more
non-phasing players are tied, the
phasing player decides between them.
● The winner pays the phasing player the
price, and gets the card into his hand. If
the phasing player is the winner, he
pays the pool and gets the card.
FREIGHTER MODULE: A MOBILE
FACTORY CUBE CAN USE ITSELF AS
THE FACTORY FOR FACTORYASSISTED LIFT-OFF OR LANDING, SEE
P6.
H. BASIC
GAME
OPERATIONS
In the basic game, you may choose and
perform one operation in your turn.
H1. INCOME
OPERATION
(ENGINEERING
IMPORTANT: A PLAYER WITH MORE
THAN 3 HAND CARDS (NOT COUNTING
)
18
STARTING CARDS [B2] ) CANNOT BID IN
OR INITIATE AN AUCTION.
Move one or more white cards (including
crew) from your hand to your LEO Stack
(or Rocket Stack in LEO) by paying
water equal to its combined mass.
● You may move a stack that was
boosted earlier in the turn.
COLONIST MODULE: This is a science op, so it
can be performed by a colonist with the science
specialization.
H3. FREE MARKET
OPERATION (FINANCE)
REMEMBER: THE BLACK SIDE OF
CARDS CAN ONLY BE PRODUCED IN
SPACE FACTORIES AND CAN’T BE
BOOSTED FROM EARTH.
Sell a white card in your hand to the
bottom of its patent deck for 4 WT.
Alternatively decommission [D2] a black
card in LEO for WT equal to current VPs
of the card’s product letter on the
exploitation track.
H5. SITE REFUEL
OPERATIONS
(ENGINEERING)
These operations extract water from a site
and add it to your rocket as fuel tanks.
Water is always added to the rocket in
tanks (i.e. the blue stripes on the rocket
diagram). Each water tank added moves
the fuel figure to the next tank to the right
of the fuel figure’s position.
● ISRU Refuel Op. If the site is not
industrialized, you need a unit with an
ISRU rating to refuel. The number of
water tanks obtained by this operation
equals one plus the site’s hydration (i.e.
number of drops) minus the ISRU
rating of the refueling unit.
NOTE: YOUR STARTING CARDS
CANNOT BE SOLD.
COLONIZATION: YOU CAN ALSO SELL
BLACK CARDS TO A BERNAL PER Q9.
NOTE THAT IF YOU SELL TO YOUR
BERNAL, THE CARD IS RETURNED TO
THE PATENT DECK (I.E. YOU SOLD THE
IDEA), BUT IF YOU SELL TO A FOREIGN
BERNAL, THE CARD IS
DECOMMISSIONED (I.E. YOU SOLD A
PRODUCT).
H4. BOOST
OPERATION
(ENGINEERING)
19
● Factory Refuel Op. If the site is
industrialized (and the factory is
cooperating), you may add as many
tanks of water as the rocket can hold
(up to 8 tanks).
● LEO Refueling. Can be done without
an operation, see D1.
● When fuel is transferred (rather than
burned or jettisoned), it is discharged as
tanks (extra steps not equal to a full
tank are lost). To be transferred, fuel
must be compatible, see Hybrid Rocket.
● Certain refineries, carried as cargo, can
perform site refueling using
Atmospheric Scooping.
● If a thruster has a “dirt bucket” icon, it
allows the rocket to refuel with regolith
at any site, see dirt rocket.
lowers its net thrust by one. If a factory is present,
it gains up to 8 tanks, lowering its net thrust by
two.
H6. PROSPECT
OPERATION (SCIENCE)
Attempt to make a claim at an
unprospected site. To prospect, choose a
card at the site (or adjacent in the case of
raygun prospecting) that has an ISRU
less than or equal to the site hydration (i.e.
number of drops). Then roll a die. If the
result is less than or equal to the site size,
then the prospect is successful; place a
claim disk. If unsuccessful, place a black
“busted” disk showing no one may
prospect there again. (But rockets can
still perform the site refuel operation
(H5) there.) ISRU units with the
“raygun” or “buggy” icons can perform
special types of prospecting:
● Raygun Prospecting. Able to prospect
at range, prospecting all adjacent nonatmospheric sites.
● Buggy Prospecting. If it fails a
prospecting roll, able to make one reroll. Alternately, able to prospect
multiple sites along a road (i.e. dashed
yellow line).
NOTE: SITES NEVER RUN OUT OF
WATER (FUEL).- WE
IMPORTANT: UNLESS YOU ARE
ALLOWED WATER THEFT, YOU
CANNOT FACTORY REFUEL WITHOUT
THE OWNER’S PERMISSION. YOU MUST
INSTEAD ISRU REFUEL.
WARNING: Refueling often increases your wet
mass class, resulting in a lower net thrust (F1).
Example: An unfueled Rocket Stack with an ISRU
of 3 and a dry mass of 3 sits on Mercury
(hydration = 3). By performing an ISRU refuel
operation, it gains 1 + 3 – 3 = 1 fuel tank, which
20
NOTE: THE PROSPECT PROCEDURE
CAN BE MODIFIED BY RAYGUN
PROSPECTING, BUGGY PROSPECTING,
OR ASSAYING SMELTERS.
purple cube, lowers the S Resource Exploitation
marker.
SUPPORT MODULE: You must additionally
decommission all supports other than radiators for
both the robonaut and the refinery. If the supports
are solar-powered, they cannot be used for
Industrializing in the Neptune heliocentric zone (or
beyond).
NOTE: IF YOU RUN OUT OF BLACK
DISKS, USE SUBSTITUTE MARKERS. IF
YOU RUN OUT OF CLAIM DISKS, SEE
LOGISTICS.
H7. INDUSTRIALIZE
H8. ET PRODUCTION
OPERATION (ENGINEERING)
OPERATION (ENGINEERING)
Place a factory cube on top of your claim
disk by decommissioning a robonaut and
a refinery card at a prospected site. This
lowers the exploitation track by one step,
in the column corresponding to the site’s
spectral type. This factory can produce
the black side of patent cards with this
spectral type.
Produce advanced technology by
choosing a black card from your hand
with a product letter (B2) matching the
spectral type at your factory, and playing
it into an existing or new stack at the
factory site.
● The produced card goes into a stack,
either a Rocket Stack (E4), Freighter
Stack (E5), Outpost Stack (E6), or
Bernal Stack (Q2). This stack must be
colocated with the factory which is
doing the ET production. If you are at
your stack limit and thus cannot create a
stack at your factory, you cannot
produce anything.
● Freighter Production. Any ET
production operation can additionally
IMPORTANT: ANY ROBONAUT OR
REFINERY CARD, REGARDLESS OF ITS
PRODUCT LETTER, CAN BE
DECOMMISSIONED TO INDUSTRIALIZE
THE SITE. ITS PRODUCT LETTER IS
ONLY USED WHEN IT IS PRODUCED AT
A FACTORY.
NOTE: IF YOU ARE OUT OF CUBES, SEE
LOGISTICS.
Example: The UN player decommissions a refinery
and robonaut to build a factory on Luna. He adds a
21
(output 3•4), and a cat fusion robonaut
(ISRU = 2, mass = 3, assuming basic
game masses). He puts a rocket figure in
LEO, and a fuel figure in the row for a
dry mass of 4. He spends 3 WT to add 3
tanks of fuel, bringing it to “Transport
Class”.
Year 1 (continued): Cis-Lunar Move.
The Rocket Stack burns 8 steps of fuel
to move to the lunar L1 point (2 burns at
cost of 4 steps each). Because the rocket
is “Transport Class”, its net thrust is 3 -1
= 2. The 2 TMP’s are just enough to
enter the two burns to Luna.
Year 2: Lunar Landing. The PRC uses
his crew (output 9•6) to land. They
spend 2 afterburning fuel steps, bringing
the thrust to 10. Since this is greater than
the size of Luna, he makes an unfueled
landing. During prospecting, the PRC
robonaut claims Luna (prospecting is
automatically successful).
Year 3: ISRU Refueling. The rocket
used every drop of fuel to land. The
robonaut spends one year digging up
regolith and squeezing out water drop by
drop, until it accumulates 1 tank of fuel.
This is just enough for the return.
Year 4: Ticker Tape Return. Leaving
the robonaut and steamer behind as an
produce a Freighter. Place your big cube
next to the claim disk of the factory that
produced it.
● A card or freighter produced at a
factory can move the turn it is produced.
BERNAL MODULE: If you perform an ET
Production using a dirtside factory, the product
appears either at the factory or in the Bernal Stack,
as desired.
Example: The UN player from the previous example
decides to build and ship his first lunar product. He
plays his S black card into his Freighter Stack slot,
and places a purple freighter cube next to his lunar
claim disk. He can produce as many S cards as he
wishes. Note that if playing with the Freighter
Module, the card produced goes into an Outpost
Stack and no freighter cube is produced.
H9. EXAMPLE
MISSION TO LUNA
AND BACK
The PRC (i.e. Player Red) has two
mission objectives: to land a robonaut on
Luna as a pedestal for a future factory,
and to return Taikonauts quickly for
glory.
Year 1: Launch of Lunar Mission.
After years of research, the PRC pays 4
WT to boost his crew, a mirror steamer
22
outpost, the crew card (dry mass = 1)
makes a unfueled lift-off. All eight steps
of fuel in the tank are expended, 2 for
afterburning, plus 6 more to enter L1
Lagrange Point. Having no fuel to enter
the HEO burn, the crew takes the
aerobraking “shortcut” to
LEO. Assuming their parachute opens
properly, the crew is decommissioned in
LEO to gain a 3VP glory disk at “any
site” (see Part I).
Year 5: The Next Mission. The PRC
plans its next mission, flying a refinery
to Luna. Together with the robonaut
already there, an Industrialize Operation
would create an S Factory in Crater
Shackleton.
to fulfill these conditions, mark the
relevant spot with one of your disks.
I1. GLORY
● You are first to return humans (i.e.
crew or human colonists) from “any
site” and decommission them at LEO: 3
VPs.
●You are the first to land humans on
Mars (3 VPs), Mercury (3 VPs) or a
science site (3 VPs) and return them to
LEO and decommission them there.
These VPs are additional to the
previous bullet.
● Heroism star. If you feel that you have
accomplished something heroic, you
may call for a vote on that turn. If the
majority of players agree that you have
earned it, place a disk on the heroism
star in the Glory Arena, worth 3 VP.
Each player can have one disk here.
ADVANCED GAME: A Radiation Risk must be
rolled in years 1 (using a net thrust of 2) and in
year 4 (using a net thrust of 10, so no danger).
I. VENTURES &
GLORY
NOTE: GLORY IS AWARDED FOR A SITE
EVEN IF IT IS BUSTED (B5). TO CLAIM
GLORY, HUMANS MUST TRAVEL THE
ENTIRE DISTANCE BY SPACECRAFT
(E.G. NO DECOMMISSIONS).
These achievements, if achieved before
your opponents, give you victory points
(VPs) at the end of the game. Some also
confer useful abilities. If you are the first
23
After the specified number of Factories
are built the game ends at the end of the
following year. So if the third player ends
the game, the remaining players for the
year get their turn, and then everyone
gets one final turn the following year.
● The number of factories to end the
game are four (if 2 players), six (if 3
players), or seven (if 4+ players).
I2. VENTURES
● Space Pharmacy Venture - You are first
to claim three S sites: 5 VPs but no
extra ability.
● Space Elevator Venture - You are first
to claim three M sites plus pay 7 WT: 8
VP and you are able to use the routes
marked “space elevator” to move
between LEO and L2 or between
Phobos and the Caves of Mars. Your
vehicles adjacent to one end of the
elevator are considered adjacent to the
other end.
● Space Tourism Venture - You are first
to claim three V sites plus pay 5 WT: 7
VP and you can do 2 operations a turn
(starting with the following turn).
J2. VICTORY POINTS
Winning is decided by victory points
(VPs), with WTs as a tiebreaker. VPs are
awarded for:
● Each claim, colony, or factory (i.e. each
disk or cube of your color on the map):
1VP.
● Each factory: Extra VP as listed on the
Exploitation Track (the exploitation
disk should be adjusted to reflect the
number of factories built for each
spectral type - C, S, M, V, or D).
● Each venture disk: Extra VP as listed
on the map.
● Each glory disk: 3VP.
● Each factory at a science site (i.e. with
a microscope icon): an extra 2VP, or
4VP if a TNO science site (i.e. with the
yellow star-microscope icon).
J. BASIC GAME
END &
VICTORY
J1. THE GAME ENDS
WHEN…
24
● (Colonization) If in power at the end of
the game: 5 VP.
● (Colonization) Each claim disk on a
futures star (U1): VP as indicated.
● (Colonization) Black disk denoting a
failure during an epic hazard: 3 VP
instead of VP indicated.
each intersection, burn, and site counts
as a space. However, for this purpose
crash hazards do not count towards
adjacency. Also sites connected by
buggy roads are not adjacent (because
of line of sight).
● Any space adjacent to one end of a
space elevator (I2) is also adjacent to
the space on the other end.
Aerobrake Hazard – A space marked
with the parachute icon. When
entering an aerobrake hazard, roll the
die. A “1” = spacecraft
decommissioned.
Assaying Smelters - Certain refineries
(as listed on the card) improve the ISRU
rating or prospecting roll, if carried by
the stack doing the prospecting.
NOTE: VP CONDITIONS STACK. SO A
FACTORY SCORES FOR THE CUBE
PLUS FOR THE FACTORY VALUE AND
THE POSSIBLE SCIENCE SITE.
Endgame example: The red player ends with claims
on the V worlds of Mercury, Vesta, and one of its
moonlets. He also has a factory on Mercury, which
is worth 8 VP on the Exploitation Track. He has 3
disks and 1 cube on the map, plus a disk (worth 7
VP) on Space Tourism. His total is 8 + 3 + 1 + 7 =
19 VP.
Atmospheric Site – If the map image of
the site is encircled by a halo, the site is
atmospheric. This includes Venus,
Mars, Saturn, Titan, and Uranus. This
is relevant in raygun prospecting,
atmosphere scooping, climate mirrors
(U2), or using an ionosphere lasing
refinery (F4).
GLOSSARY,
Basic &
Colonization
Terms underlined in the rules are defined
here. These include the game’s core rules.
Adjacent – A spacecraft is adjacent to a
position if it is in the next space, where
25
Atmosphere Scooping - A rocket
carrying an operational Atmospheric
ISRU Scoop refinery may perform
aerobrakes without risk. If spending its
entire move on an aerobrake hazard, it
may then perform a Site Refuel Op
(H5), which adds as many tanks of fuel
as the rocket can carry. (You are
scooping and liquefying the atmosphere
to use as propellant.)
● If starting on an aerobrake hazard, you
may move in any direction.
● Due to terrestrial environmental
prohibitions on nuclear spacecraft, no
scooping is allowed on aerobrakes in
the Earth heliocentric zone.
Bernal (Bernal module) – A type of
space station that can move like a
rocket, and follows all rocket rules. It
forms its own stack, and has its own
dome-shaped map and fuel figures.
You can boost a second (stationary)
Bernal called an ersatz-Bernal (Q4).
Bernal Privilege (Bernal module) –
You gain this privilege, as listed on
your Bernal card, upon promoting your
Bernal. The privilege is active as long
as your Bernal remains promoted with
a working generator.
Buggy Prospecting - Using a buggy
allows two attempts for a successful
prospecting roll with one prospect
operation. Alternately, if prospecting a
site linked to others by a dashed
yellow line (indicating a “buggy” road),
you may prospect all the linked sites
with one prospect operation (H6),
assuming the buggy has the necessary
ISRU for those sites. If the buggy road
is marked by a hazard (e.g. Io), failing
the hazard decommissions the buggy
and its supports without prospecting
the linked sites.
Example: A buggy prospects Dresda. The roll is a
“3”, which fails because Dresda is size 2. But a
second roll of “2” succeeds and places a claim
disk.
Burn – A magenta-colored circular
space. It costs 1 TMP and (for rockets)
fuel to enter a burn. If a burn contains
a white triangle, it additionally enables
Inspiration (D2).
Card Anatomy – The patent and crew
cards have one or more of the
following data:
● Mass.
● Product Letter. (H8).
26
● Radiation-hardness
(Colonization). Resistance to combat
damage, solar flares, or radiation
hazards, (K3).
● Support Cards required (Support
Module). The example data field shown
in the rules requires an “x” reactor, plus
one therm of radiator cooling (Q5).
● Thrust Triangles (F1).
● Support Triangles (Support Module).
See Fuel Economy Reactors and Thrust
Modifying Supports.
Cargo – The cards and cubes carried by
a spacecraft. Fuel is not cargo.
Claim Disk – A disk of a player’s color
showing that he has successfully
prospected and has mines and claims at
a site. Each claim is worth a VP. Player
Purple collects taxes (1 WT from the
pool) every time a claim disk is placed.
Claim Jump – If you are allowed to
commit felonies, you may land on the
unindustrialized claim of another
player, and immediately replace the
claim disk with one of your color. You
must have a human at the site, and the
site must be undefended by humans.
● It is not a felony to merely land or
ISRU refuel on another player’s claim
or factory. You need the owner’s
permission (D3) to factory refuel.
Example: Both NASA and PRC have rockets on
Encke’s comet. NASA prospects successfully,
placing a white claim disk. On his turn, the
manned PRC rocket feloniously decommissions
its refinery and robonaut to industrialize the
claim, replacing the NASA disk with a red disk
and a red cube.
27
Crash Hazard – A space marked with
the skull icon. When entering a crash
hazard, roll the die. A “1” = spacecraft
decommissioned (F7). Making a
factory-assisted landing or lift-off (G4)
also suffers this risk.
Decommission – Scrap a card from one
of your stacks to your hand, so that it
can be rebuilt anew (either by boosting
or by ET production). This is a free
action at any point in your turn (D2). If
part of your Rocket Stack is
decommissioned, see dry mass
adjustment.
● Radiators. If a radiator is “heavy”
(O4), an involuntary decommission
rotates it to its “light” orientation.
● Decommissioned robots (unless
emancipated) and crew and go into
your hand, but decommissioned human
colonists go to the bottom of the
colonist deck. (Colonists have no
loyalty to their former employer if
decommissioned).
● Humans can only be decommissioned
if you are allowed felonies, or per the
next two bullets. The Botany Bay
Convicts can self-decommission,
because they are allowed to commit
felonies (this represents them going
AWOL).
● Ticker Tape. Humans can be
decommissioned in LEO (e.g. for
obtaining a glory disk per I1).
● Space Colony. Humans can be
decommissioned at a factory to start a
Space Colony. If they have an onboard nuclear reactor (R3), they can
act as a support for the factory.
● Involuntary Decommission. If a stack
is destroyed or loses its last card by a
hazard roll, epic hazard roll, event,
radiation, combat, etc., decommission
all its cargo and remove its map and
fuel figures. Note that the Bernal Card
is invulnerable (Q2).
28
Dedicated (Colonization) – The Bernal
and Freighter cards are dedicated.
This means you may remove the
Bernal Card from the Bernal Stack
only by decommissioning. The same
with the Freighter Card and the
Freighter Stack. Although these cards
cannot be part of your rocket stack,
you may tow freighters per P4, and
move Bernals with thruster cards by
forming a hybrid rocket. Fuel can also
be dedicated to a specific isotope, and
GW thrusters can only use fuel
dedicated to that isotope (S2).
Dirt Rocket - The “dirt bucket” icon on
a thruster card allows a rocket to use
regolith (space dirt) as propellant. All
the promoted Bernals except for Player
Orange are also dirt-rockets (Q8). An
operational dirt rocket can do the
ISRU refuel operation (H5) at any site
hex, adding as much fuel as it can
carry, even if no ISRU unit is present.
If it does so, its fuel cannot be later
used as water fuel, isotope fuel, or as
WTs.
● Phileas Fogg Tactic. Besides regolith,
a dirt Rocket Stack can decommission
its cards as fuel (the machinery is
ground up and fed into the engine
hopper). Each mass point adds a tank
of fuel. This may be “on the fly” as
part of your move.
Dirtside (Bernal Module) - Each of
your factories on sites adjacent to your
Bernal Token is called a dirtside. See
Example Q5.
● You cannot use an opponent’s factory
as a dirtside.
● A Bernal must land on a size one
synodic comet to use it as a dirtside.
Example: If there are red factories on the Martian
moonlets Phobos and Deimos, a red Bernal on
the burn between them has both as dirtsides.
Factories on Mars would not be dirtsides, since
the aerobrake paths to the Martian surface do
not indicate adjacency.
Dry Mass – The mass of a rocket not
counting its fuel. Find the dry mass by
adding the masses of all the cards in
the Rocket Stack.
29
Emancipated (Colonist Module) –
Robots are emancipated using the
suffrage operation (N3). If
emancipated, robots are treated exactly
as humans except they still do not
count against your Maximum Human
Colonists In Space (R4). They prevent
glitches and in peacetime have loyalty
to the Emancipator (N3). Because
consciousness is not fungible, neither
humans nor emancipated robots can be
digitally swapped (N1).
Epic Hazard Op. (Colonization) Certain Futures (U1) call for an
operation marked with a skull icon.
This operation is called an epic
hazard op. Either the colonist
containing the future must perform it,
or a colonist colocated with the card
containing the future. This operation
cannot be performed at an opponent’s
factory.
Dry Mass Adjustment - Should the
rocket’s dry mass change (cards are
added or lost), move the fuel figure up
or down to the correct dry mass row,
keeping the number of tanks constant.
If the fuel figure is on a spot that is
between fuel tanks, it must follow the
dashed line when moving to its new
dry mass row. This adjustment takes
effect on your next turn.
Example: Your rocket, with an initial dry mass of
4, has a fuel figure positioned as shown. It drops
off cargo with a mass of 2. The fuel figure moves
up to the new dry mass of 2, following the
dashed arrow, as shown. <illustration>
30
● Epic Hazard Roll. Make a 1d6 roll,
which cannot be modified by Failure
is Not An Option (F7).You fail if the
roll is a “1” if you have one of the
following: a TNO Lab, factories on
sites of at least four different Spectral
Types, or claims on least two synodic
comets with one having your Bernal
Lab. If you don’t have one of these,
you fail if the roll is anything but a “6”.
● Failure Effects. If you fail the roll,
then all cards and cubes colocated with
the performing colonist are
decommissioned (except Bernals). If
on a site, the site itself is destroyed
(place two black disks to indicate this).
Bust the Futures Star (U1) with a
black disk stacked on your disk,
indicating that although the future was
not met, the game is one step closer to
ending, and you still get 3 VP for the
notoriety (J2).
Exoglobalization – The elimination of
government-enforced restrictions on
exchanges across the Earth and
extended to extraterrestrial resources
and facilities, creating an interglobal
marketplace.
Faction - Each player is a distinct “basal
societal unit” (BSU): world
organization (purple), national
government (white), socialist regime
(red), worker union (green), and
private entrepreneur (orange).
Faction Privileges - Each faction has a
special privilege, as listed on its crew
card. Except for “War Declaration”,
this privilege is lost during Anarchy or
War (K5). If
playing with the Bernal module, it is
also lost per Q3.
● NASA Launch Fees (Player White).
Receive a 1 WT bonus from the pool
after any player (including self) boosts
one or more cards.
● Shimizu Skunkworks (Player Orange).
You may participate in a Research
Operation (H2) or a Recruit Operation
(N4) regardless of your hand size.
● ESA Powersat (Player Green). A
power-beaming satellite in GEO allows
you to increase the net thrust of any
Bernal or MW rocket (but not freighter
or Colonization GW rocket) by one
(F4), during any player turn.
31
● Chinese Territoriality (Player Red).
As free actions during your turn, you
may perform felonies: claim jumping,
human decommission, and water theft.
● Chinese War Declaration
(Colonization). As a free action during
the start of your turn, you are allowed
to move the politics from anarchy to
war per K5.
● UN Taxes (Player Purple). Receive a
1 WT bonus from the pool for each
claim disk (H6) or ET factory cube
(H7) placed by any player (including
self). No tax bonus for claim jumping.
● UN Cycler (Colonization). You may
grant passage of any spacecraft
through the radiation hazards
surrounding Earth without risk.
Factory – A claim disk topped with a
cube of the same color (large or small)
is called a factory, and the site is said
to be industrialized. There are four
special types: dirtside, lab, push, and
lunar. For the last, its possible the
claim and cube are different colors. If
there are multiple cubes on a claim,
one is the factory and the others are
space colonies. Note that when landing
on a claimed site, an unpromoted
freighter must be placed alongside the
claim disk per G2, to avoid being
mistaken for a factory cube.
Felonies – Free actions that are allowed
only to Player Red, or during Anarchy
or War. You may perform them only
with humans, and if no opposed
humans are present. They include
claim jumping, human decommission,
water theft, and use of a foreign Lab
for promotion (N2) without
permission.
Flyby (Colonization) – A space
representing a close pass to a planet,
allowing slingshots (K1). It follows
the rules for Lagrange Points. A moon
boost (K1) is a type of flyby.
32
● A hybrid cannot activate anything but
a dirt rocket if it had dirt-refueled at its
last refueling. It may however activate
another thruster by jettisoning its fuel
(e.g. for making an unfueled landing).
● A hybrid rocket cannot activate a
freighter.
Fuel Economy Reactors (Support
Module). Some space-built reactors
have a triangle that halves or quarters
your fuel expenditure, if used in
support of a thruster per O1.
Hohmann – An intersection of two
routes, unmarked by a
circle. Changing direction mid-move
in a Hohmann requires a pivot
maneuver.
● If routes cross without touching,
pivots are not allowed.
Human – A crew card, Robotic
Colonist Card (if emancipated), or
Human Colonist Card. A space colony
is also human.
Hybrid Rocket (Colonization) - A
Rocket Stack can have multiple
thrusters with different fuel
requirements, including MW thrusters,
GW thrusters, and dirt-propelled
Bernals. At the beginning of your turn,
activate one thruster by placing it on
top of the stack.
● A hybrid rocket can activate a GW
thruster only if it had completely
isotope-refueled at the proper spectral
type at its last refueling.
Example: A Rocket Stack contains both a crew
card with a 9•6 thruster and a GW thruster
(“fuel isotope” = M). It loads up with 8-tanks of
dedicated fuel at an M factory, and flies to a size
9 world. The 9•6 thruster may be used to land on
this world, using the dedicated fuel for its
afterburn.
Hydration - The availability of water
on a site. This will be between zero
and four, and is denoted by the number
of waterdrops on a site hex. This is
used for refueling (H5) and
prospecting (H6), as well as the
optional colonist module (R4).
Science Note: A site with hydration 4 is an icy or
permafrost body. Hydration 3 has small amounts
of surface or subsurface ice. The Sahara Desert
is hydration 3. At hydration 2, trace amounts of
water can be extracted from kilotons of regolith.
At hydration 1, concrete would be considered a
good source of water. At hydration 0, oxides and
hydrides are the only alternatives. Dr. Noah
Vale.
33
● Either kind of Lab is required to
promote a Colonist, Freighter, or GW
Thruster (N2).
Lagrange Point – Any intersection
marked with a circle, either filled (i.e.
a burn) or unfilled, indicates a junction
where you can turn for no movement
or fuel cost. (Course corrections are
easy in these areas because the
heliocentric-dominated gravity is
In Power (Colonization) – The seven spots onpartially nullified by the presence of
the Space Government that are colored with aplanets or large moons. In physics
lingo, these are where the gravitational
faction color (see end page). You are in power
if the politics is on a polity of your faction pulls of two massive bodies provide
the centripetal force required to orbit
color.
both of them.) Note that there are
ISRU – Units able to prospect or dig for
many circular spaces not on an
water have an “In Situ Resource
intersection, and are not technically
Utilization” rating, ranging from zero
Lagrange Points. These places (which
(the best) to four (the worst). In order
include LEO, radiation spaces, and
for a unit to be able to prospect or
spaces on zone boundaries)
ISRU refuel at a site, it must have an
nevertheless follow the rules for a
ISRU number less than or equal to the
Lagrange Point.
site hydration.
LEO – Low Earth Orbit, a space on the
Lab - There are two kinds of Labs. A
map where cards boosted from Earth
factory at a TNO science site (the
start.
yellow star-microscope icon) is called
Increased Maximum Dry Mass
(Colonization) - In order to move, your
Rocket Stack using a GW thruster and
your dirt-propelled Bernal Stack are
limited to a maximum dry mass of 20.
Their performance at a dry mass of 14
to 20 is as indicated on the lowermost
dry mass row on the Rocket Diagram
(i.e. treat the “14-15” row as if it stated
“14-20” instead).
a TNO Lab. A promoted Bernal with
at least one dirtside on a science site is
a Bernal Lab.
34
Logistics – Because of mission control
limitations, you are limited to the 9
disks and 6 cubes that you started with.
If you need a 10th disk, withdraw one
of your glory disks (place a black disk
so nobody else can claim it), or claim
disks (the vacated site must be reprospected to be claimed again). If you
need a 7th cube, withdraw one of your
freighter cubes or mobile factory cubes.
You can withdraw one of your Space
Colony cubes only if you are allowed
felonies. Other cubes cannot be
withdrawn.
Loyalty (Colonist Module) – When not
in War (K5), the loyalty of a colonist
is indicated by the faction color of its
election button (R3). A gear-shaped
button indicates the colonist is robotic
with loyalty to the Emancipator (N3),
if one exists. Loyalty is used during
Hostile Recruiting (N5) and peacetime
elections (N6).
● Loyalty (wartime). During War, all
colonists have loyalty to the holder of
their card (e.g. their employer).
Lunar Factory (Colonization) – Per C5,
a factory on Luna is possible only in
the 5-player game.
● Moon Treaty Operation. If a lunar
factory is built, the faction that is in
power can use one of his operations to
seize control of that factory by
swapping its cube for a cube of the
new owner’s color. A Moon Treaty Op
steals only the cube, not the claim disk.
Space colonies cannot be seized. If the
claim-holder is in power, he can
perform the Moon Treaty Op to
reclaim his factory.
● The Orange Bernal starts adjacent to
Luna, allowing Player Orange to
prospect it from his Bernal, or use his
lunar factory as a dirtside. Player
Orange is disallowed from factory
refueling from the “Shackleton Polar
Rim” site (The Moon Treaty states that
all factory water is donated “for the
common good”).
Example: Player Orange has a Bernal
at Callisto (4 drops) and an ersatz at
his lunar factory (2 drops). His
dirtside hydration (Q5) is six.
35
Open-cycle Cooling (Colonization) – If
you afterburn at any point in a move, in
addition to adding to your thrust, you
can also satisfy one therm of cooling.
(This simulates dumping coolant into
the exhaust to increase thrust and get
rid of heat.) Afterburners can be used to
cool missile robonauts during
prospecting or site refuel, if they have
expended the afterburning fuel that turn.
• Expenditure of afterburning fuel also
counts as cooling during combat, for
combat-capable thrusters or missile
robonauts.
● GW Thrusters have enhanced
afterburning, see S3.
Example: A Pad Explosion is rolled. The first player
has two mass 5 cards in his LEO Stack, and
chooses one to decommission. Then the next player
clockwise chooses.
Pivot – A maneuver whereby a
spacecraft changes direction on a
Hohmann. A pivot costs 2 TMPs and
fuel equivalent to making two burns.
Politics (Colonization) – The position of the
transparent blue disk on the Space Governmen
Diagram, indicating the faction in power, the
policies (K5) enforced, and the endgame VP.
Push Factory (Colonization) - A
factory on Mercury, Venus, or Io is
called a Push Factory. These sites are
marked on the map with a small
“push” icon. For Player Green, a
promoted Bernal in its start orbit or
with a dirtside is also a Push Factory.
● A Push Factory adds one to the TMP’s
of freighters (P4) and lets a Bernal use
solar-powered supports as far out as
Saturn (Q6). However, a Push Factory
cannot push itself. Multiple push
factory benefits are not cumulative.
Example: Player Green uses solarpowered supports for his promoted
Bernal. Assuming he has an ErsatzBernal to act as a push factory, he can
operate his Bernal all the way to Saturn.
Example [advanced game]: A rocket uses a vortexconfined thruster (1 therm) and a D-T Tokamak as
a support (2 more therms). This rocket has but a
single 2-therm radiator, however, and thus must
use open-cycle cooling every move the thruster is
used, to keep from melting down. This increases
the thrust (from 6 to 7), at a cost of an extra fuel
step.
Order of Decision-Making
(Colonization). Rarely, an event (M3)
or combat (Part T) requires an ordersignificant decision from multiple
players simultaneously. If so, the first
player makes his decisions first and
then go clockwise around the table.
36
Radiation-Hardness (Colonization) –
A number measuring how robust a card
is to radiation damage, abbreviated
“rad-hard” or “rad-hardness”. First
determine a radiation level (during
flares, combat, or radiation hazards),
then decommission any card with a
radiation hardness less than this level.
Radiation Hazard (Colonization) – A
space marked with the radiation icon.
Upon entering, a spacecraft rolls a die
and subtracts its net thrust (F4) from
the roll to obtain a radiation level. All
cards and cubes in the stack with a radhardness less than this level are
decommissioned.
● Freighters have a net thrust equal to
their TMP’s for this purpose. This is
usually 1 but can be higher (e.g. push
factories, antiproton sails).
Raygun Prospecting - If you are
prospecting with a raygun, you may
prospect any number of adjacent site
hexes (where each intersection, burn,
and site counts as a space). However,
ignore crash hazard spaces; they may
be skipped over.
● You can’t fire into an atmospheric site.
37
Example 1: A raygun (ISRU = 0) on the HEO for
the Koronis Family may prospect ten asteroids
in one operation! This includes the asteroids in
the Karin Cluster. Roll separately for each
prospect.
Example 2: A raygun (ISRU = 1) on the surface of
Kleopatra can prospect Kleopatra and both its
moonlets in one operation since they are joined
by a crash hazard space.
Example 1: A sail with a mass of 1 takes on cargo
with a mass of 6. The total dry mass is thus 1 + 6
= 7. Place the fuel figure in the empty position of
the “7 dry” row (it’s flying without any fuel). If
it has a thrust of 1, it would be fully loaded,
since it cannot take on any more mass or fuel
without going into transport class, which
modifies its thrust to less than 1.
Example 2: A sail spends its 1 burn to enter the
Mars HEO (highly eccentric orbit). It then
coasts to the aerobrake hazard. The sail card is
decommissioned, but the rest of the stack
parachutes onto the Hellas Basin.
Sails - Two thruster cards are sails, huge
gossamer films propelled by the sun
(solar photons, solar wind, or solar
magnetic field). Sails move as a rocket
with a fuel consumption of zero. They
still may need fuel for fueled landings
(G1).
● The sail card is automatically
decommissioned if it enters an
aerobrake hazard, even if it is not in
use.
● Sail Bonuses. Sail cards are immune
to damage from radiation hazards and
solar flares. The Mag Sail receives a +1
thrust bonus for each radiation hazard it
enters in a move. However, each
radiation hazard can boost a sail only
once per turn, in the case where a sail
circles and re-enters the same point.
Scale ● Every round of player turns is one
Earth year.
● Each mass point is a quadecaton (40tonnes, or 40,000 kg).
● Every human mass point is an eightman crew with life-support.
● Fuel consumption is inversely
proportional to a rocket’s specific
impulse in seconds as follows: 6 = 4.6
km/sec (460 sec Isp), 4 = 10 km/sec
(1000 sec Isp), 2 = 20 km/sec (2000 sec
Isp), 1 = 40 km/sec (4000 sec Isp), ½ =
80 km/sec (8000 sec Isp), ¼ = 160
km/sec (16,000 sec Isp), 0 ≥ 0.4%
lightspeed (121,000 sec Isp).
38
● A thrust of one is 0.75 kN (750
Newtons, or 169 lbs., the weight of the
game designer on Earth!). Each
additional point doubles this.
● An acceleration (in the game this is
called net thrust) of one is 0.38
milligees or 0.38 cm/sec , and each step
more doubles this.
● A size one world has a surface gravity
of 0.75 milligees, and each additional
step doubles this. Size 1 worlds have
the following diameters based upon
density: comet nucleus 52 km (only
Centaur comets approach this size), Stype asteroid 22 km, M-type asteroid
14 km.
● Reactors produce from 650-2000
MW of thermal energy, either in
neutrons, pions, or plasma jets. From
this generators produce 60 MW of
electricity. (Subscript e = electricity, th
= thermal).
● Beamed power from a GEO solar
power satellite emits a 60 MW laser
beam. A push factory emits a 1 GW
laser or mass beam.
● Each radiator therm rejects 120 MW
of heat at 1200K when used to cool
MW rockets, 240 MW at 1427K when
used to cool GW rockets, and 960MW
at 2000K for TW rockets. The
increasing temperature of rejection
simulates increases in technology as
each class of rocket is attained, and
radiator technology remains the main
limitation to increasing rocket
power. Note that for a TW rocket, the
entire rocket will glow white hot
(perhaps with the exception of the
thermally-insulated payload).
● Each burn requires a delta-v (velocity
change) of 2.5 km/sec. Each pivot
(brachistochrone maneuver) is 5.0
km/sec and a distance of about 2 AU.
● A solar flare die roll of 1 is an M1
flare with an X-ray power density of 10
Watts/m . Each point more is 4 times
this. Thus, a die roll of 6 is an X95
(Carrington-class) flare with a power
density of 10 Watts/m .
th
th
th
2
th
e
5
2
-2
39
2
-
● Equipment with a rad-hardness of 1
can withstand a total ionizing dose of 4
X 10 krad (Si) without failing. Each
point more is 4 times this. For example,
equipment with a rad-hardness of 5 can
survive a Mrad of dosage. This is the
scale used by industry.
● Solar insolation is 1.38 kW/m at 1
AU (1 AU = Earth-Sol average
distance). Maximum sailing thrust is
12.2 N/km from photon pressure at 1
AU, or 0.002 N/km (2 nPa) from solar
wind dynamic pressure. These values
are in the Earth zone. Each zone closer
to Sol doubles them.
● Each water tank (WT) is a 40-tonne
bag with a diameter of 4.25
meters. For rockets that use hydrogen
as propellant, 40-tonnes of LH or slush
hydrogen is held in a cryo-tank cylinder
7.5 meters in diameter and 16 meters
long, including active refrigeration for
zero boil-off (ZBO).
● The boost cost to LEO is $4
million/tonne to LEO using the Falcon
9 by SpaceX, or about $160
million/mass point.
Science Site - A site marked with the
microscope icon. Science sites are
useful for Glory (I1), and claims on
science sites are worth extra VP (J2).
Science sites with a yellow star are
TNO science sites. In Colonization,
science sites must be industrialized to
claim the VPs, and some may be used
as Labs.
● Eureka. The science site status of the
Martian Trojan moon Eureka is
questionable. If you are the first to land
on Eureka, immediately roll 1d6. There
is a 50% chance of it not being a
science site.
Signposts - If taking the red, orange,
yellow, green, blue, indigo, or violet
routes, a sign helpfully lists the
number of burns to get to the
destination. This number multiplied
with your fuel consumption (F1)
equals the fuel steps you will need.
The signpost also lists the fuel needed
for a fueled landing (G1).
● Gravity Assist. The numbers of burns
in the basic and Colonizations may
differ due to slingshots. If so, the
signpost lists them both, separated by a
slash.
-7
2
2
2
2
40
● The number of burns listed assumes a
stop at every Hohmann, to avoid fuel
costs for pivots.
Solar-Powered - Cards with the solar
icon. If a thruster or thruster support is
solar-powered, the thrust is modified
per F4. Solar-powered cards do not
operate in the Neptune Heliocentric
zone (labeled “NO SOLAR POWER”).
A colonist card with solar-powered onboard equipment or sails can operate in
this zone, but their equipment is shut
down.
Space Colony - Humans can be
decommissioned at a factory to start a
Space Colony, which adds an
additional cube to the claim disk,
alongside the factory cube. This can be
done multiple times for a larger colony.
If decommissioned at the same time as
the factory is built, and they have an
on-board reactor (P5), this can act as
the reactor card for the refinery and/or
robonaut support.
● Certain refineries, as listed on the card,
add an extra cube if its card is
consumed to industrialize a claim. This
automatically creates a space colony.
● Space Colony cubes do not become
Mobile Factories if you promote your
Freighter Card (P6).
Example: A rocket with an output of 3 • 2 takes the
orange route to Mercury. It will need 7 X 2 = 14
steps of fuel for the 7 impulses, plus 10 steps of
lander fuel. No ship can carry more than 21 fuel
steps, so this trip is doomed.
Site Anatomy – <<illustration XXX>>
41
● Colony Disbandment. If your crew is
in your hand, you can convert a cube
that started the turn as a space colony
into a crew card in another stack at the
site. (You can do this regardless which
humans were used to found the colony
to begin with.)
Starting Card – You start the game
with one starting card, a crew card
indicating your faction color. If
playing with the Bernal Module, you
start with a second starting card, your
Bernal.
Colony Disbandment. If your crew is in
your hand, you can convert any colony
cube not created this turn into a crew at
a rocket or outpost at the site. (You can
do this regardless which humans were
used to found the colony to begin with.)
Spectral Type – Each site has a letter
indicating its resource type: C =
carbon, S = stone, M = metal, V =
vestoid, and D = dark.
Specialization (Colonist Module) – In
order to perform an operation, a colonist
must have an icon matching the
operation’s specialty: wrench icon =
engineering operations, microscope
icon = science operations, and
handshake icon = finance operations.
42
Sunspot Cycle (Colonization) – The
diagram found on the last page that
tracks the years, where each spot is
one year, and entire cycle is 12-years
(about the solar sunspot cycle length).
The Sunspot Cycle is divided into
three sectors: red, blue, and yellow.
Synodic Comet (Colonization) – A site
hex with a border color (red, blue, or
yellow). It cannot be entered or raygun
prospected at range unless the current
sector of the Sunspot Cycle is in the
same color. (This simulates synodic
planetary alignment and launch
windows.) It can be exited anytime.
Thrust Modifying Support (Support
Module) – Some reactor and generator
cards have a thrust modifier listed in a
support triangle on the card. This
modifies your net thrust (F4) only if
your thruster (or one of its supports)
needs the card as a support. Modifiers
anywhere in the entire support chain
are effective. Supports for the
Refrigerator Radiator are exceptional,
see O4. GW thrusters (S0) and
interstellar starships (Y5) are affected
only by solar-power modifiers (F4),
not by support modifiers to thrust or
fuel economy.
TMP’s – Thrust Movement Points, equal
to a rocket’s net thrust (F4), determine
how many burns it can move in a turn.
(Physically, this corresponds to a
rocket’s acceleration, which is its basic
thrust divided by its mass. As it loses
propellant mass throughout its journey,
its acceleration increases.)
TNO Science Site – A site marked with
the yellow star-microscope icon. TNO
stands for Transneptunian Object,
worlds far enough out that they may
contain the original condensate from
the protostellar nebula. If so, they will
have rare isotopes (such as helium-3)
in relatively high “cosmic” abundances.
Water Theft - Refueling from the
Bernals, factories or outposts of other
players without their permission. This
is allowed only if you can perform
felonies, and the site is undefended by
humans. It is never allowed at LEO or
at a Bernal in its starting orbit.
WTs - Water Tanks, the transparent
disks used as fuel and money in the
game, and normally stored in a special
depot in LEO. Transparent disks are 1
WT, transparent red disks are 5 WT,
43
and transparent blue disks are 10 WT.
Because LEO is drier than any desert,
water is valuable in space.
44
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