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NOMA Seminar Series on Tree-Line and Alpine Ecology and Biodioversity
November-December 2008
Important basic texts
Barry, R.G. 2008. Mountain weather and Climate (3rd edition). Cambridge University
Broll, G. & Kaplin, B. (eds) 2005. Mountain Ecosystems – Studies in Treeline Ecology.
Chapin, F.S. & Körner, C. (eds) 1995. Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity. Springer.
Clift, P.D. & Plumb, R.A. 2008. The Asian Monsoon. Cambridge University Press.
Holtmeier, F.-K. 2003. Mountain Timberlines – Ecology, Patchiness, and Dynamics.
Ives, J.D. 2004. Himalayan Perceptions – Environmental Change and the Well-Being of
Mountain Peoples. Routledge.
Körner, C. 2003. Alpine Plant Life (2nd edition). Springer.
Körner, C. & Spehn, E.M. (eds) 2002. Mountain Biodiversity A Global Assessment.
Körner, C. et al. 2005. Mountain systems. In: Ecosystems and Human Well-Being I.
Current State and Trends. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Island Press, pp. 681716.
Messerli, B. & Ives, J.D. 1997. Mountains of the World – A Global Priority. Partehnon.
Spehn, E.M., Liberman, M. & Körner, C. (eds) 2006. Land Use Changes and Mountain
Biodiversity. CRC & Taylor & Francis.
Specific research or review papers
Beug, J.-H. & Miehe, G. 1999. Vegetation history and human impact in the Eastern
Central Himalaya (Langtang and Helambu, Nepal). Dissertationes Botanicae 318: 98
Grytnes, J.-A. 2003. Species-richness patterns of vascular plants along seven altitudinal
gradients in Norway. Ecography 26: 291-300.
Grytnes, J.-A. & McCain, C.M. 2007. Elevational trends in biodiversity. In: Encyclopaedia
of Biodiversity II. Elsevier, pp. 1-7.
Holtmeier, F.-K. & Broll, G. 2005. Sensitivity and response of northern hemisphere
altitudinal and polar treelines to environmental change at landscape and local scales.
Global Ecology and Biogeography 14: 395-410.
Körner, C. 2000. Why are there global gradients in species richness? Mountains might
hold the answer. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 513-514.
Körner, C. 2001. Alpine ecosystems. In: Encyclopaedia of Biodiversity I. Academic, pp.
Körner, C. 2002. Alpine ecosystems. In: Encyclopedia of Life Science (www.els.net).
MacMillan, pp. 392-396.
Körner, C. 2004. Mountain biodiversity, its causes and function. Ambio Special Report 13:
Körner, C. 2007. The use of ‘altitude’ in ecological research. Trends in Ecology and
Evolution 22: 569-574.
Körner, C. & Paulsen, J. 2004. A world-wide survey of high altitude treeline temperatures.
Journal of Biogeography 31: 713-732.
Leuschner, C. 2000. Are high elevations in tropical mountains arid environments for
plants? Ecology 81: 1425-1436.
Miehe, G. 1982. Vegetationsgeographische Untersuchungen im Dhaulagiri- und
Annapurna-Himalaya. Dissertationes Botanicae 66 (Bands 1 and 2).
Miehe, G. 1990. Langtang Himal – Flora und Vegetation also Klimazeiger un-zeugen im
Himalaya. Dissertationes Botanicae 158: 529 pp.
Miehe, G. 1997. Alpine vegetation types of the central Himalaya. In: Ecosystems of the
World 3 – Polar and Alpine Tundra (ed. F.E. Wielgolaski). Elsevier, pp. 161-184.
Miehe, G. & Miehe, S. 2000. Comparative high mountain research on the treeline ecotone
under human impact. Erdkunde 54: 34-50.
Miehe, G. et al. 2006. Palaeoecological and experimental evidence of former forests and
woodlands in the treeless desert pastures of Southern Tibet (Lhasa, Xizang AR,
China). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 242: 54-67.
Miehe, G. et al. 2007. Highest treeline in the Northern Hemisphere found in Southern
tibet. Mountain Research and Development 27: 169-178.
Miehe, G. et al. 2008. An inventory of forest relics in the pastures of Southern Tibet
(Xizang AR, China). Plant Ecology 194: 157-177.
Morales, M.S. et al. 2004. Rainfall-controlled tree growth in high-elevation subtropical
treelines. Ecology 85: 3080-30889.
Mountain Biodiversity Matters 2001. www.unibas.ch/gmba
Nogués-Bravo, D. et al. 2007. Exposure of global mountain systems to climate warming
during the 21st century. Global Environmental Change 17: 420-428.
Sargent, C. et al. 1985. The forests of Bhutan: a vital resource for the Himalayas?
Journal of Tropical Ecology 1: 265-286.
Schickhoff, U. 2005. The upper timberline in the Himalayas, Hindu Kush, and Karakorum:
a review of geographical and ecological aspects. In: Mountain Ecosystems (eds. G.
Broll & B. Kaplin). Pp.275-354.
Stainton, J.D.A. 1972. Forests of Nepal. John Murray.
Vetaas, O.R. & Grytnes, J.-A. 2002. Distribution of vascular plant species richness and
endemic richness along the Himalayan elevational gradient in Nepal. Global Ecology
and Biogeography 11: 291-301.
John Birks
18 November 2008
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