HUMAN DISEASES - College of Southern Idaho

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HUMAN DISEASES
COLLEGE OF SOUTHERN IDAHO
Course:
MEDA 220 – 3 credits
Instructor:
Penny Glenn
Office:
Aspen 170
Phone:
732 6728
E-Mail:
[email protected]
Office Hours: Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
11:00 am – 12:00 pm
9:00 am – 11:00 am
11:00 am – 12:00 pm
9:00 am – 11:00 am
11:00 am – 12:00 pm
Prerequisites: Medical Terminology – ALLH 101
Text:
Disease of the Human Body, 3rd edition by Tamparo and Lewis
TESTS AND QUIZZES
Chapter tests will be given. If you must miss a test, please take the test the first day you return to class. Ten
percent will be deducted on late tests.
A variety of in-class activities will be used with each chapter. These activities include performing procedures
and laboratory tests pertaining to the body system being studied, using case studies relating to the system,
and taking medical histories using the terminology of the system. These are in-class activities and cannot be
made up. They will range from five to twenty points.
GRADING
Scores from unit tests will be added and averaged with the following grades:
A
B
C
D
F
=
=
=
=
=
90
80
70
60
59
– 100
– 89
– 79
– 69
or below
Students in the Medical Assistant program must maintain a “C” average to pass.
ATTENDANCE
Attendance is mandatory. Your instructor will initiate a drop after three consecutive missed classes.
BEHAVIORAL POLICY
The CSI behavioral policies are on page 15 or the CSI catalog. If behavioral problems or classroom disruptions
occur, the following three-step plan will be implemented:
On the first occurrence, the student will receive a verbal warning.
On the second occurrence, the students will receive a written reprimand.
On the third occurrence, the student will be dismissed from the class.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES:
Chapters 1 and 2:
1.
Contrast illness and disease.
2.
Identify the most likely anatomic sites for traumatic injuries.
3.
Identify three means of protection offered by the immune system.
4.
Name four categories of immunodeficiency diseases.
Page 2
Human Diseases
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Explain mental as emotional factors as a cause of disease.
Give three examples of nutritional imbalance.
Define idiopathic and iatrogenic causes of disease.
Describe the symptoms and treatment of colds and influenza.
Discuss the etiology of AIDS.
Discuss the foodborne infection Escherichia coli.
Distinguish measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella.
Discuss the two stages of pertussis.
Chapter 3:
1.
Contrast malignant and benign tumors.
2.
Discuss survival and death statistics of the major cancers by site.
3.
Identify grading and staging of tumors.
4.
List possible causes of cancer.
5.
Describe the four major cancer treatments.
Chapter 4:
1.
Describe cerebral palsy.
2.
Identify signs and symptoms of spina bifida, meningeocele, myelomeningiocele, and hydrocephalus.
3.
Discuss pyloric stenosis and Hirschsprung’s disease.
4.
Review the prevention of erythroblastosis fetalis.
5.
Compare and contrast congenital diseases of the heart.
6.
Define congenital diseases of the ureter, bladder, urethra, and male reproductive system.
7.
Discuss club foot and congenital hip dysplasia.
8.
Describe the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis.
Chapter 5:
1.
Identify the major diseases of the kidney.
2.
Name the most common diagnostic procedures used to detect kidney and kidney-related diseases.
3.
Compare and contrast pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis.
4.
Recall infectious precursors to kidney-related diseases.
5.
Explain why women are more prone to urinary tract infections.
6.
List the characteristics unique to nephrotic syndrome.
7.
Name at least three causes of uremia.
8.
Describe how acute tubular necrosis occurs.
9.
Discuss the complications of renal calculi.
10.
Identify possible treatments for renal calculi.
11.
Repeat the common signs and symptoms of urinary tract diseases.
12.
Define neurogenic bladder.
13.
Compare and contrast the malignant tumors of the bladder and of the kidney.
14.
List at least four common complaint of the urinary system.
15.
Perform urinalysis
16.
Take a medical history relating to the urinary system.
Chapter 6:
1.
Discuss the three factors that cause dyspareunia.
2.
Compare erectile dysfunction (impotence) in males to arousal and to orgasmic dysfunction in females.
3.
List the factors that contribute to both females and male fertility.
4.
Describe the necessity for a complete sexual history when obtaining a client’s medical history.
5.
List seven sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
6.
Contrast the causes of STDs.
7.
Identify the disease related to the prostate gland.
8.
Restate the common causes of epididymitis and orchitis.
9.
Compare the disease related to a woman’s menses.
10.
List the characteristic signs and symptoms of ovarian cysts or tumors.
11.
Define endometriosis.
12.
List the causes of pelvic inflammatory disease.
pglenn\syllabi\MEDA220.doc
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Human Diseases
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Discuss the signs and symptoms of menopause.
Identify the diagnostic procedures used for diagnosing breast-related diseases.
List the three reasons for breast reconstruction.
Recall the possible causes of spontaneous abortion.
Define ectopic pregnancy.
Compare preeclampsia to eclampsia.
Recall at lease six common complaints of the reproductive system.
Prepare a tray for gynecological examination and obstetric examinations.
Take an OB/GYN history.
Chapter 7:
1.
Define stomatitis.
2.
Identify at least four causes of gastritis.
3.
Discuss the signs and symptoms of gastroenteritis.
4.
Describe the destructive process that causes gastric ulcers.
5.
Describe the steps to be taken for prevention of E. coli infections.
6.
Describe the symptoms for appendicitis.
7.
Describe the inflammatory patter of Crohn’s disease.
8.
List at least three predisposing factors of ulcerative colitis.
9.
State the cause and treatment of abdominal hernias.
10.
Identify populations at risk for colorectal cancer.
11.
Describe the condition of hemorrhoids.
12.
Compare and contrast anorexia nervosa and bulimia.
13.
Explain the symptoms of malabsorption syndrome.
14.
Define duodenal ulcer.
15.
Discuss the treatment of duodenal ulcers.
16.
Review causes of irritable bowel syndrome.
17.
Explain the implications of pancreatitis.
18.
Recall the incidence of pancreatic cancer.
19.
Discuss cirrhosis and its treatment.
20.
Define the different types of hepatitis.
21.
Discuss the etiology of colic
22.
Compare and contrast roundworm and pinworm infestations.
23.
List at lest three common complaints of the digestive system.
24.
Prepare a patient for stool specimen studies
25.
Perform a Hemoccult for occult blood.
Chapter 8:
1.
Define epistaxis.
2.
List the causes of sinusitis.
3.
Describe the treatment of laryngitis.
4.
Identify the confirming diagnosis of mononucleosis.
5.
Contrast the three types of pneumonia.
6.
Describe the condition under which a lung abscess may occur.
7.
Explain treatment modalities for pneumothorax.
8.
Define pleurisy.
9.
Name the most common chronic bronchitis.
10.
List the predisposing factors of chronic bronchitis.
11.
Recall the signs and symptoms of emphysema.
12.
Discuss the prognosis for asthma.
13.
Review the etiology of SIDS.
14.
Report the treatment of choice for chronic tonsillitis and adenoid hyperplasia.
15.
Describe the signs and symptoms of croup.
16.
Identify the etiology of epiglottitis.
17.
Take a history on a patient who is seeing an otorhinolaryngologist.
18.
Perform spirometry.
pglenn\syllabi\MEDA220.doc
Page 4
Human Diseases
Chapter 9:
1.
Describe the infectious heart diseases.
2.
Identify the valvular heart disease.
3.
Identify individuals at high risk of developing hypertension.
4.
Recall the safe time duration of angina pectoris.
5.
List the classic signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction.
6.
Describe congestive heart failure.
7.
List the causes of heart murmurs.
8.
Contrast three types of aneurysms.
9.
Compare atherosclerosis to arteriosclerosis.
10.
Discuss the prevention of thrombophlebitis.
11.
Describe varicose veins.
12.
Define lymphedema.
13.
Compare lymphosarcoma to Hodgkin’s disease.
14.
Describe Reye’s syndrome.
15.
List at least four common symptoms of cardiovascular disease.
16.
Take a cardiac case history.
17.
Perform an EKG.
Chapter 10:
1.
Identify the three main divisions of the nervous system.
2.
Describe the basic unit of the nervous system and how it functions.
3.
List the causes for headache.
4.
Compare the prognoses for migraine and chronic headaches.
5.
Compare epidural to subdural hematomas.
6.
Contrast concussion to contusion.
7.
Recall four courses of treatment for spinal cord injuries.
8.
Distinguish the signs and symptoms of paraplegia and quadriplegia.
9.
Restate the noninjury cause of hemiplegia.
10.
Discuss the signs and symptoms of meningitis and encephalitis.
11.
Recall the prognosis for brain abcess.
12.
Identify at least three classification so epilepsy.
13.
Describe the disease process of peripheral neutritis.
14.
Explain the characteristic symptoms of Bell’s palsy.
15.
Discuss cerebrovascular accident (CVA).
16.
Recognize the signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
17.
Discuss appropriate treatment protocol for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
18.
Describe the progression of brain tumors.
19.
List at least four signs and symptoms characteristic of nervous system diseases.
20.
Take a nervous system case history.
Chapter 11:
1.
Describe the two form of hyperpituitarism.
2.
Discuss the signs and symptoms of hypopituitarism.
3.
Identify the classic symptoms of diabetes insipidus.
4.
Recall the cause of simple goiter.
5.
Explain the treatment for Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
6.
Recognize the signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
7.
Compare cretinism with myxedema.
8.
Relate hypercalcemia to hyperparathyroidism.
9.
Relate hypocalcemia to hypoparathyroidism
10.
Review the classic symptoms of Cushing’s syndrome.
11.
Recall the etiology of diabetes mellitus.
12.
Report the treatment of diabetes mellitus.
13.
Describe the complications of diabetes mellitus.
14.
List at least four common symptoms of endocrine diseases.
15.
Perform blood glucose testing.
pglenn\syllabi\MEDA220.doc
Page 5
Human Diseases
Chapter 12:
1.
Describe three spine deformities.
2.
Identify the common cause for intervertebral disk herniation.
3.
Compare osteoporosis to osteomalacia.
4.
Recall the description for osteomyelitis.
5.
Illustrate at least four kinds of fractures with a simple drawing.
6.
Compare and contrast osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
7.
Describe the treatment process for bursitis and tendonitis.
8.
Discuss signs and symptoms of Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy.
9.
Identify the etiology of myasthenia gravis.
10.
Recall the signs and symptoms of polymyositis.
11.
Describe the prognosis for systemic lupus erythematosus.
12.
Prepare a patient for an orthopedic examination
Chapter 13:
1.
Compare and contrast seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis.
2.
Identify the etiology of contact and atopic dermatitis.
3.
Compare the life of a normal skin cell to that of a psoriatic skin cell.
4.
Identify the sings and symptoms of urticaria.
5.
Recall the sources of infection of herpes simplex.
6.
Describe the etiologic process of herpes zoster.
7.
Restate the prognosis and prevention for impetigo.
8.
Discuss the prevention of decubitus ulcers.
9.
Recall the treatment for corns and calluses.
10.
Identify the etiology of warts.
11.
Describe the signs and symptoms of discoid lupus erythematosus.
12.
Restate the prognosis for scleroderma.
13.
Name the two most common types of skin cancers.
14.
Identify the four types of malignant melanomas.
15.
Explain the treatment of diaper rash.
16.
List at least four common symptoms of skin diseases.
Chapter 14:
1.
Identify the signs and symptoms of nystagmus.
2.
Recall the treatment for stye.
3.
Discuss the prognosis of corneal abrasions.
4.
List the various causes of cataracts.
5.
Restate the prognosis for and prevention of glaucoma.
6.
Describe the process that causes retinal detachment.
7.
List the prevention of macular degeneration.
8.
Identify the signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis.
9.
Describe the treatment for impacted cerumen.
10.
Identify the etiology of external otitis or swimmer’s ear.
11.
Compare and contrast serous otitis media to suppurative otitis media.
12.
Define otosclerosis.
13.
Discuss the treatment for motion sickness.
14.
Recall the etiology for hearing loss.
15.
List at least three common symptoms of both eye and ear diseases.
16.
Perform visual activity testing.
Chapter 15:
1.
Define pain.
2.
List at least four factors that influence how we experience pain.
3.
Discuss the purpose of pain.
4.
Explain the gate control theory of pain.
5.
Describe the pain assessment tool.
6.
Compare and contrast acute pain, chronic pain, and terminal pain.
7.
List and describe at least six types of treatment for pain.
pglenn\syllabi\MEDA220.doc
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