Name

advertisement
Name: _______________________________ Date: _____________ Period: ________
Where Do Most People in Southeast Asia Live? Guided Notes Part 1
GPS: SS7G11a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern
Asia.
India: Many Types of Climate
• North: mountains (snow and ice)
• Middle: Deccan Plateau (hot and dry)
• South: coastal (steamy and hot)
• Border with Pakistan: hot, dry desert
• Ganges Plain: humid (steamy) and tropical
India
• Most people farm, so they live along the rivers and in fertile river valleys.
• Some of India’s largest cities are along the Ganges River or the coast.
• Fewer live in the Deccan Plateau.
India
• Climate is shaped by seasonal winds.
– Winter: monsoons blow from the northeast and bring hot, dry air from the desert.
– Spring and summer: monsoons blow from southwest and bring heavy rains from the ocean.
Summer monsoons bring much-needed rain. But…sometimes they bring too much.
India
• People of India live their lives around the monsoons.
• When the monsoons are mild, they are able to farm the rich river valley soil and use the rivers for transportation
and trade.
China: Many Types of Climate
• China is so large, it has nearly every kind of climate.
– Mongolia, in the north, is semi-arid.
– Deserts in the middle are harsh and dry.
– High mountains in the south cut China off from India and block moisture from the Indian Ocean.
– East and south: humid and tropical
China's Climate
Most of China’s 1.3 billion people live where the climate is milder, in the river valleys where the land is fertile.
Japan's Climate
• Island nation on far eastern edge of East Asia
• Climate is affected by ocean currents
• Japan Current (Kuroshio) comes from south – brings warm water to southern and eastern coasts (more farming)
• Oyashio Current comes from north – cools northern coast (more fishing)
Japan's Climate
• Monsoon rains
• Tropical hurricanes called typhoons
North Korea's Climate
• North Korea shares a border with China
• Short summers
• Long cold winters
Like the northeast corner of China
• Mountainous
• Not as heavily populated as South Korea
South Korea's Climate
• Fewer mountains
• Milder climate due to warm winds from the ocean
• Larger population than North Korea
• Many live in the largest city, Seoul (that’s what makes it large, I guess…)
• More farming than in North Korea
Vietnam's Climate
• Further to the southeast
• Warmer and tropical
• Warm climate and river plains create rich farmlands
• 90% of the world’s rice is grown in Vietnam
CRCT Test Prep pages 140-141
1. The climate of India is affected by seasonal winds called
A. Hurricanes
B. Monsoons
C. Typhoons
D. Tornadoes
2. Where do most of the people of India live?
A. Southern coast
B. Center of the country
C. Northwest near Pakistan
D. Along the great rivers and fertile valleys
3. What is the best way to describe the climate of China?
A. Hot and dry
B. Mild and temperate
C. Rainy and subtropical
D. Combination of all of these
4. Where do most Chinese live?
A. In Mongolia to the north
B. In the central hilly plateau region
C. Area of the country with milder climates
D. Around the Gobi and Taklimakan Deserts
5. Which has a major effect on the climate of Japan?
A. Ocean currents
B. Monsoon rains from India
C. Winds coming off the desert
D. Cold air sweeping off large glaciers
6. What is the best way to describe the climate and geography of North Korea?
A. Mountainous and cool
B. Large deserts, hot and dry
C. Mostly river delta and tropical
D. Mix of mountains and river valleys and mild temperatures
7. Which type of climate makes Vietnam ideal for growing rice?
A. Warm and tropical
B. Dry and desert-like
C. Colder due to winds from glaciers
D. Bitter cold in winter, hot in summer
Name: _______________________________________ Date: _________ Period: ________
Where Do Most People in Southeast Asia Live? Guided Notes Part 2
GPS: SS7G11b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected
the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel.
India's Physical Characteristics: Mountains
• 3 mountain ranges separate India from the rest of Asia
– Hindu Kush
– Himalayas
– Karakoram
• For this reason, India is called a subcontinent
India’s Physical Characteristics: Mountains
Good:
mountains have sometimes stopped invaders
from the north who wanted India’s fertile
river valleys.
Bad:
Sometimes invaders used natural mountain passes
to enter India and take over.
Many of India’s large cities are in the fertile river valleys.
Good:
Bad:
• Rivers provide
*Rivers provide easiest way to dispose of waste
– Transportation
- human
– trade routes
- industrial
– Water for irrigation & drinking
- animal
*Most cities have problems with
• People move from rural areas to the
- overcrowding
cities to find work.
- air and water pollution
China’s Physical Characteristics: a Variety of Climates and Terrains
• 2 deserts:
– Gobi
– Taklimakan
• The few who live here are nomads and animal herders.
China’s Physical Characteristics: a Variety of Climates and Terrain
• Some parts of northern and western China have moderate climates and farming is possible
• Northeast (Huang He River Valley) is most populated
– Beijing, China’s capital
– industrial center of China
China’s Physical Characteristics: a Variety of Climates and Terrain
• Southeast: Along Yangtze River Valley
– mainly farming region
– Shanghai, China’s largest port city, is here
• Three Gorges Dam is here – world’s largest hydroelectric dam
• Rapid industrialization has been good and bad for China:
– People find more work in the cities
– Cities become overcrowded as people move from rural areas
North Korea’s Physical Characteristics
• Mountains make farming more difficult
• Fast-flowing mountain rivers have been dammed to create hydroelectric power plants
• North Korea makes a profit mining coal, iron, copper, and other minerals
• Most people live on the western side
– Mountains slope to the sea
– farming is easier
South Korea’s Physical Characteristics
• Less mountainous
• Much productive farmland
• Larger population than DPRK
• 25% of population lives in or near Seoul (capital)
– markets
– jobs
– education
• Milder climate than DPRK because of ocean winds
Japan’s Physical Characteristics
• 80% is covered by mountains
• Very little land is suitable for farming
• Japan solves this problem by
– Building terraces
– Putting in irrigation channels
– Using different fertilizers & farming techniques
Japan still has to import food for its growing population.
Japan’s Physical Characteristics: Volcanoes!
Bad:
• Cause earthquakes – more than any
• other place in the world
• But -the Japanese have adjusted to
the threat of earthquakes, though many are
destructive
• Cause tsunamis
Good:
*Hot springs around some volcanoes are used to
heat water for people to use
Japan's Physical Characteristics
• Japan does not have much arable land for farming.
– Japanese depend on fishing for much of their food
– Japan imports a lot of food from other countries
• Japan has a highly industrialized economy, but no gas or oil resources
– They must import fuel
Natural Resources: Arable Land
• Rich farmland is one of the most valuable resources in SE Asia
– All SE Asian countries depend on agriculture to feed their people
– India & China have large areas of farmland
• Still have trouble producing enough food to feed their rapidly growing populations
Natural Resources: Coal
• India, China, North Korea, and South Korea have good supplies of coal.
– Good: major fuel and energy source for countries’ economies
– Bad: Major cause of air pollution
• Air pollution is one of the greatest environmental hazards facing SE Asia
Natural Resources: Minerals
• North & South Korea: lead, zinc
• South Vietnam: phosphates, oil
• Japan: almost no natural resources 
– Depends on industry and trade to supply its population with what they need
CRCT Test Prep pages 142-144
1. How have the mountain ranges in northern India affected the country’s development?
A. A life in the mountains is so hard that no one lives there.
B. The mountain ranges have prevented India from having any large cities.
C. The mountain ranges have often protected India from northern invaders.
D. Northern India has no large rivers because the mountains cut off the seasonal rains.
2. Why do so many of the people of India live in the Ganges River Valley?
A. The river provides fertile soil for farming.
B. The Ganges River is the only source of fresh water in India.
C. There are few other places in India where people can find work.
D. They live along the Ganges River to keep away from polluted industrial areas.
3. Why do most of the people of North Korea live in the western half of the country?
A. The rest of North Korea is made up of desert.
B. The area has more farmland and fewer mountains.
C. There are fewer cities and less pollution in the west.
D. There are no rivers in the mountains of North Korea.
4. Why do almost 25% of the people in South Korea live in and around Seoul?
A. The climate is subtropical and warm year-round.
B. The area around Seoul is protected from seasonal rains.
C. Most of the rest of the land in South Korea is not suited for farming.
D. The city provides markets, jobs, and education not available in rural areas.
5. How have the farmers of Japan been able to raise crops in land that is very mountainous?
A. They grow only those crops that do not need fertilizer.
B. Farmers are limited to crops that do not need irrigation.
C. They have built farming terraces along the mountain slopes.
D. They raise crops only in the small valleys found between the mountain ranges.
6. How do the Japanese feed their people with so little good farmland?
A. Many of the Japanese people starve each year.
B. The Japanese depend on fishing and imported food.
C. Tourists bring their own food when they visit from other countries.
D. The Japanese sell oil to earn money to buy food from other countries.
7. Which is an example of a natural resource?
A. Factory
B. Deposit of coal
C. Irrigation canal
D. Hydroelectric dam
Name: _______________________________ Date: _____________ Period: ________
Where Do Most People in Southeast Asia Live? Guided Notes Part 1
GPS: SS7G11a. Describe the impact climate and location has on population distribution in Southern and Eastern
Asia.
India: Many Types of Climate
• North: ______________ (_________ and ice)
• Middle: _____________Plateau (_____ and dry)
• South: ______________ (____________ and hot)
• Border with Pakistan: hot, dry ______________
• Ganges Plain: _____________ (steamy) and ______________
India
• Most people __________, so they live along the _______________ and in ___________ river ____________.
• Some of India’s largest __________ are along the ____________ ___________ or the __________________.
• ___________ live in the ____________ Plateau.
India
• Climate is shaped by ________________ winds.
– ___________: ______________ blow from the ____________ and bring ___, _____ air from the desert.
– Spring and ____________: monsoons blow from _____________ and bring heavy _______ from the
____________.
_____________ monsoons bring much-needed _______.
But…sometimes they bring _____ ___________.
India
• People of India live their _________ around the _______________.
• When the _______________ are ________, they are able to ________ the rich _________ ____________ soil
and use the __________ for _________________ and __________.
China: Many Types of Climate
• China is so _________, it has nearly __________ kind of _______________.
– ___________________, in the north, is _________________.
– _______________ in the middle are harsh and ________.
– High _________________ in the __________ cut China off from India and __________
_______________ from the Indian _______________.
– East and ___________: ____________ and _______________
China's Climate
Most of China’s _______________ people live where the ____________ is ____________, in the __________
_______________ where the land is ____________.
Japan's Climate
• _____________ nation on far _____________ edge of East _________
• ______________ is _______________ by ocean _______________
• __________ ________________ (Kuroshio) comes from ___________ – brings _________ water to
______________ and _____________ coasts (more _____________)
• _________ ______________ comes from __________ – ________ __________ coast (more _______________)
Japan's Climate
• Monsoon _________
• Tropical _______________ called _______________
North Korea's Climate
• North Korea shares a ___________ with __________
• Short ________________
•
•
•
Long ________ winters
Like the ______________ corner of ___________
_______________________
_______ as heavily ____________________ as ____________Korea
South Korea's Climate
• Fewer ________________
• _______________ climate due to ___________ winds from the ___________
• Larger __________________ than __________ Korea
• Many live in the ____________ city, ___________ (that’s what makes it large, I guess…)
• More _________________ than in North _____________
Vietnam's Climate
• Further to the _____________________
• Warmer and ________________
• Warm climate and __________ ______________ create rich __________________
• _________ of the world’s _________is grown in __________________
CRCT Test Prep pages 140-141
1. The climate of India is affected by seasonal winds called
A. Hurricanes
B. Monsoons
C. Typhoons
D. Tornadoes
2. Where do most of the people of India live?
A. Southern coast
B. Center of the country
C. Northwest near Pakistan
D. Along the great rivers and fertile valleys
3. What is the best way to describe the climate of China?
A. Hot and dry
B. Mild and temperate
C. Rainy and subtropical
D. Combination of all of these
4. Where do most Chinese live?
A. In Mongolia to the north
B. In the central hilly plateau region
C. Area of the country with milder climates
D. Around the Gobi and Taklimakan Deserts
5. Which has a major effect on the climate of Japan?
A. Ocean currents
B. Monsoon rains from India
C. Winds coming off the desert
D. Cold air sweeping off large glaciers
6. What is the best way to describe the climate and geography of North Korea?
A. Mountainous and cool
B. Large deserts, hot and dry
C. Mostly river delta and tropical
D. Mix of mountains and river valleys and mild temperatures
7. Which type of climate makes Vietnam ideal for growing rice?
A. Warm and tropical
B. Dry and desert-like
C. Colder due to winds from glaciers
D. Bitter cold in winter, hot in summer
Name: _______________________________________ Date: _________ Period: ________
Where Do Most People in Southeast Asia Live? Guided Notes Part 2
GPS: SS7G11b. Describe how the mountain, desert, and water features of Southern and Eastern Asia have affected
the population in terms of where people live, the types of work they do, and how they travel.
India's Physical Characteristics: Mountains
• 3 _______________ ranges ________________ India from the rest of _______
– __________ ____________
– ___________________
– ___________________
• For this reason, India is called a __________________
India’s Physical Characteristics: Mountains
Good:
___________ have sometimes ________
___________ from the ________ who wanted
India’s __________ river _____________.
Bad:
Sometimes ____________ used natural mountain _______
to ________ India and take _________.
Many of India’s large ________ are in the fertile ___________ _______________.
Good:
Bad:
• _________ provide
*Rivers provide easiest way to __________ of _________
– _____________
- ___________
– ________ routes
- industrial
– _________for irrigation & drinking
- ___________
*Most cities have ________________ with
• People _______ from _____ areas to the
- __________________
________ to find __________.
- air and water _________________
China’s Physical Characteristics: a Variety of Climates and Terrains
• __ _____________:
– ________
– _________________
• The _______ who live here are ___________ and animal ________________.
China’s Physical Characteristics: a Variety of Climates and Terrain
• Some parts of _____________ and ___________ China have ____________ climates and
_____________ is ______________
• Northeast (___________________________________) is ________ populated
– ______________, China’s capital
– ______________ __________ of China
China’s Physical Characteristics: a Variety of Climates and Terrain
• Southeast: Along ______________________________________________
– mainly ______________ region
– ______________, China’s largest _______ city, is here
• Three ___________ Dam is here – world’s __________ _____________________ dam
• Rapid ______________________ has been good and bad for China:
– People find more ___________ in the __________
– Cities become ___________________ as people __________ from __________ areas
North Korea’s Physical Characteristics
• _________________ make ________________ more _______________
• ________-flowing mountain ________ have been __________ to create ______________ power plants
• North Korea makes a __________ mining ________, iron, copper, and other ______________
• Most ____________ live on the ______________ side
– Mountains __________ to the ______
– farming is _____________
South Korea’s Physical Characteristics
• _______ mountainous
• Much productive ________________
• Larger ____________________ than DPRK (North Korea)
• ____ of population _________ in or near __________ (capital)
– _____________
– _____________
– _____________
• _________ climate than DPRK because of ocean _________
Japan’s Physical Characteristics
• ______is covered by _______________
• Very _________ land is suitable for ________________
• Japan ____________ this problem by
– Building ______________
– Putting in _______________ channels
– Using different ______________ & farming ________________
Japan still has to ___________ ___________ for its _________________ population.
Japan’s Physical Characteristics: Volcanoes!
Bad:
• Cause ________________ – more than any
• other place in the world
• But - the Japanese have _____________ to
the threat of earthquakes, though many are
destructive
• Cause tsunamis
Good:
*Hot _________ around some volcanoes are used to
________ water for people to use
Japan's Physical Characteristics
• Japan does not have much ___________ land for _______________.
– Japanese depend on _____________ for much of their food
– Japan ______________ a lot of _________ from other countries
• Japan has a highly __________________ economy, but ____ ______ or _____ resources
– They must ___________ _________
Natural Resources: Arable Land
• Rich _______________ is one of the most ______________ resources in SE Asia
– ______ SE Asian countries ____________ on _______________ to ________ their people
– India & _________ have ________ areas of ___________
• Still have ___________ producing ___________ food to ________ their rapidly
____________ populations
Natural Resources: Coal
• India, China, _________ _____________, and South Korea have good supplies of ________.
– Good: major ______ and energy ____________ for countries’ economies
– Bad: Major cause of air _________________
• _____ _______________ is one of the greatest ____________________ hazards facing
SE Asia
Natural Resources: Minerals
• North & South Korea: _______, ___________
• South Vietnam: _________________, _______________
• ______________: almost _____ natural _____________ 
– Depends on ______________ and ________ to _______________ its population with what they
__________
CRCT Test Prep pages 142-144
1. How have the mountain ranges in northern India affected the country’s development?
A. A life in the mountains is so hard that no one lives there.
B. The mountain ranges have prevented India from having any large cities.
C. The mountain ranges have often protected India from northern invaders.
D. Northern India has no large rivers because the mountains cut off the seasonal rains.
2. Why do so many of the people of India live in the Ganges River Valley?
A. The river provides fertile soil for farming.
B. The Ganges River is the only source of fresh water in India.
C. There are few other places in India where people can find work.
D. They live along the Ganges River to keep away from polluted industrial areas.
3. Why do most of the people of North Korea live in the western half of the country?
A. The rest of North Korea is made up of desert.
B. The area has more farmland and fewer mountains.
C. There are fewer cities and less pollution in the west.
D. There are no rivers in the mountains of North Korea.
4. Why do almost 25% of the people in South Korea live in and around Seoul?
A. The climate is subtropical and warm year-round.
B. The area around Seoul is protected from seasonal rains.
C. Most of the rest of the land in South Korea is not suited for farming.
D. The city provides markets, jobs, and education not available in rural areas.
5. How have the farmers of Japan been able to raise crops in land that is very mountainous?
A. They grow only those crops that do not need fertilizer.
B. Farmers are limited to crops that do not need irrigation.
C. They have built farming terraces along the mountain slopes.
D. They raise crops only in the small valleys found between the mountain ranges.
6. How do the Japanese feed their people with so little good farmland?
A. Many of the Japanese people starve each year.
B. The Japanese depend on fishing and imported food.
C. Tourists bring their own food when they visit from other countries.
D. The Japanese sell oil to earn money to buy food from other countries.
7. Which is an example of a natural resource?
A. Factory
B. Deposit of coal
C. Irrigation canal
D. Hydroelectric dam
Download
Related flashcards

Languages of Syria

21 cards

Languages of Mali

46 cards

Languages of Libya

14 cards

Languages of Tunisia

14 cards

Create Flashcards