Vocabulary for Strand

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Concept Map
Blood
Heart
© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users
Lungs
Y6 Sc Animals, including humans Session A
Diagram of the Heart
Teacher’s note to be removed before showing chn: Chn may be confused by the left and
right being apparently the wrong way round – tell them that the picture is of a heart as
though it was in somebody facing them and the teacher should hold the diagram above
their own heart so that children can see that the right chambers on the diagram are on
the teacher’s right side, holding their right hand up.
© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users
Y6 Sc Animals, including humans Session A
Cross-section of the Heart
The arrows show how the blood is pumped through the heart.
© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users
Y6 Sc Animals, including humans Session A
Double or Figure of Eight Circulation
Lungs
Heart
Body
© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users
Y6 Sc Animals, including humans Session A
Electrocardiogram
An electrocardiogram or 'ECG' records the electrical activity of the heart. The heart
produces tiny electrical impulses which spread through the heart muscle to make the
heart muscles contract. These impulses can be detected by the ECG machine. You may
have an ECG to help find the cause of symptoms such as palpitations or chest pain.
Sometimes it is done as part of routine tests, for example, before you have an
operation.
You often see ECG on a heart monitor being used during TV hospital soap operas.
The ECG test is painless and harmless. (The ECG machine records electrical impulses
coming from your body - it does not put any electricity into your body.)
How is it done?
Small metal electrodes are stuck onto your arms, legs and chest. Wires from the
electrodes are connected to the ECG machine. The machine detects and amplifies the
electrical impulses that occur each heartbeat and records them onto a paper or
computer. A few heartbeats are recorded from different sets of electrodes. The test
takes about five minutes to do.
What does an ECG show?
The electrodes on the different parts of the body detect electrical impulses coming from
different directions within the heart. There are normal patterns for each electrode.
Various heart disorders produce abnormal patterns. The heart disorders that can be
detected include:



Abnormal heart rhythms. If the heart rate is very fast, very slow, or irregular.
There are various types of irregular heart rhythm with characteristic ECG patterns.
A heart attack, and if it was recent or some time ago. A heart attack causes
damage to heart muscle, and heals with scar tissue. These can be detected by
abnormal ECG patterns.
An enlarged heart. Basically this causes bigger impulses than normal.
© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users
Y6 Sc Animals, including humans Session A
Lannaec Stethoscope 1820 (Science Museum)
© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users
Y6 Sc Animals, including humans Session A
Label the Body Organs
Use these labels to identify the organs in the body.
lungs
heart
small intestine
stomach
large intestine
liver
Now draw the ribs to show how they protect the heart and lungs.
© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users
Y6 Sc Animals, including humans Session A
Heart words and phrases
Children may find some of these in school dictionaries or books of idioms, etc.
heart of oak
heart of stone
in your heart of hearts
with your whole heart
break a person’s heart
from the bottom of your heart
wear your heart on your sleeve
have your heart in your mouth
take to heart
heartache
close to your heart
give or lose your heart to
know something by heart
heart to heart
to your heart’s content
after your own heart
have a heart of gold
down-hearted
kind-hearted
have your heart in the right place
heartless
to hearten
your heartstrings
heart-warming
heart-rending
cross your heart
heartland
courageous nature
stern or cruel nature
your innermost feelings
with great enthusiasm
overwhelm someone with great sorrow
very sincerely
show your emotions or feelings
apprehensive, fearful
distressed or affected by something
mental anguish or grief
dear to you, affecting you deeply
fall in love with
remember something
speak about your deepest feelings
to the full extent of your hopes & desires
the same as you like
be generous
to be miserable, depressed
to be kind
be sincere or full of good intentions
to have no feelings
to make or become more cheerful
your deepest feelings or emotions
emotionally rewarding or uplifting
very distressing
promise
the centre or most important part of an area
© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users
Y6 Sc Animals, including humans Session A
Vocabulary for Animals including humans Strand
double circulation circulatory system
blood vessel
heart
pump
vein
artery
capillary
lungs
oxygen
carbon dioxide gaseous exchange
respiration
exercise
pulse rate
heart chambers
heart valves
stethoscope
blood group
muscle
skeleton
smoking
drugs
alcohol
tobacco
solvent
© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users
Y6 Sc Animals, including humans Session A
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