Aches And Pains (including Back pain)

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Aches and Pains (including back pain)
Symptoms and what you can do
Most muscular pains are due to a sprain, strain or
minor tear to a ligament or muscle in your body. This
type of pain can range from mild to severe. Try taking
paracetamol at the correct dosage for 2-3 days before
contacting the doctor.
CONTACT THE DOCTOR IF:
 The pain is severe and is not relieved by painkillers available at the pharmacy.
 You have back pain which has spread to the leg
 You have chest pain which has spread to your arm
 The pain is associated with ‘pins & needles’/numbness
Headache
Adults
If you have a headache and no other symptoms, try taking paracetamol at the
correct dose. (See the doses overleaf for adults).
CONTACT THE DOCTOR IF:
 The headache starts after an injury
 The headache is severe and lasts for more than 4 hours
 In children under 12 years of age
 You feel drowsy, vomit or if you have problems seeing clearly
 You have neck stiffness
Sore Throat
Symptoms and what you can do
Most sore throats are caused by a viral infection which antibiotics cannot cure. The
sore throat will usually disappear in a few days.To help relieve the pain on
swallowing and if there is a temperature, take regular painkillers, such as
paracetamol.(See recommended doses below)
Drink plenty of non-alcoholic cold drinks.
CONTACT THE DOCTOR IF:
 You have severe problems swallowing.
 You have severe breathing difficulties.
 The problem lasts for more than three days.
 You also have severe earache.
 Your temperature rises above 38.6ºC or 101ºF
Leaflet adapted from East Lancashire PCT
Coughs
Most coughs are caused by viral infections and don’t last long. A cough which
is caused by a virus cannot be treated with antibiotics.
CONTACT THE DOCTOR IF:
 The coughing produces blood or green/yellow phlegm (spit)
 Breathing is accompanied by a pain in the chest, shortness of breath or
wheezing
 Your cough lasts more than two weeks
 You have a high temperature and a cough lasting more than five days
 A child with these symptoms who is not swallowing
 The cough occurs mostly at night
CALL 999 FOR AN AMBULANCE IF:

You have severe breathing difficulties

You notice that your child’s lips are blue in colour
Recommended doses of Paracetamol
These may be taken up to 4 times in 24 hours
Children
Age
3 months - 1 year
1 - 5 years
Age
6 - 12 years
Paracetamol liquid 120mg/5ml
Dose
2.5ml to 5ml every four to six hours.
5ml to 10ml every four to six hours
Paracetamol liquid 250mg/5mls
Dose
5ml to 10ml every four to six hours.
Adults
Age
Adults
Paracetamol tablets 500mg
Dose
Two tablets every four to six hours
If you are taking other medicines, always check with your pharmacist before taking
paracetamol. Many cold and flu products already contain paracetamol. Using several
products together can be very dangerous. If you already have a cold or flu medicine in
the house, check that it has not passed its use-by date.
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