Learning styles

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Learning styles. There is some work by Honey and Mumford which we are going to look at. We can do this as an actual exercise but as it involves an enormous amount of translation I think we will leave that up to you to try separately. The Honey an Mumford learning styles questionnaire asks a series of questions and has a scoring system which allows you to determine what sort of learner you are. There are four different types of learner outlined here. There will be a handout. The four types of learners are the 1. Activists 2. Reflectors 3. Theorists 4. Pragmatists.

Activists

involve themselves fully without bias in new experiences. Sounds good so far! They enjoy the here and now and are dominated by immediate experiences. They are open minded, and so enthusiastic about new things. They will try anything once. They tend to act first and consider the consequences later. They are full of activity they tackle problems by brainstorming ideas They thrive on challenge and new experience but get bored with implementation. They are gregarious and centre activity around themselves.

Reflectors.

Like to stand back and ponder experiences. Observe from different view doubts, collect the data think about it and then come up with their ideas. Delay an answer. Cautions. Thoughtful consider the implications. Take a back seat in meetings and observe. Get the drift of discussion before joining in. Tolerant. When they act they use all the information from themselves and others

Theorists

use the information and their observations to come up with theories. They like to think things through in a logical way. They can be perfectionists and need to have things in order. They like basic theories and models and systems. They prize rationality and logic.. they tend to be detached and analytical. They relate to this mental set and reject anything that does not fit. They feel uncomfortable with subjective judgements, lateral thinking and anything flippant.

Pragmatists

are keen on trying out new ideas, theories and techniques to see if they will work in practice. They search out opportunities to experiment. They come back from courses with lots of ideas and want to try them out now. They like to get on with things ASAP. They have confidence about ideas they like and can be inpatient with open ended discussions. They are practical people who like to make practical decisions and solve problems. They consider these a challenge There philosophy is that there is a better way. What are the differences between them.

2 groups

activists and reflectors what do they like? What is their location physically and psychologically What would they be like at a meeting What types of teaching activity might they enjoy Are they cautious

What sort of learning activities will activists enjoy?

Being thrown into the deep end. Chairing meetings and debates, generating ideas, working with others, meeting a challenge, having a go, diverse activities. Games, teamwork tasks with competition, role playing, brainstorming

Don’t like, Being asked to stand back, analysing and interpreting lots of information, lots of theory, solitary work, practicing an activity a lot, precise instructions, attending to the detail.

What activities do reflectors like?

Activities with time to think over issues Opportunities to listen and observe Videos, meetings, Prior information to ponder before meeting/session Opportunities to seek information prior to Providing analysis No tight deadlines

Theorists

like:- Systems, models and theories Time to explore methodically the relationships between ideas A chance to probe To be intellectually stretched, analysing complex situation, Structured situations with clear purpose. Opportunities to prepare reading around the subject and analyse They hate being thrown in and very tight deadlines to achieve.

What would you do to help the theorists?

Set clear objectives and make sure they understand what they are aiming for. Start with some theory to set the scene Give some pre reading and prior work to be achieved. Make deadlines clear Have follow up sessions

Pragmatists like

Links between what they are studying and real life Things that help them practically save time, deal with awkward people etc

Opportunities to practice things with a credible coach Role modelling with someone who has a proven track record Immediate opportunities to implement Info that is applicable to their job now. Practical issue So give them Anecdotes and examples Get them to apply to their own practice Draw up action plans Simulations Applied theory no ivory towers Rewards So what type of learner are you? What type of learners are your learners? How do you make sure they have the right type of session. You cannot satisfy everyone all of the time but don’t get stuck in the rut that is your personal preference.

Apply this theory to cooking a meal for five friends What would each group do?

Activist

Ask people back for a meal. Look at what is in cupboard and throw it together. Or pop to the shop on the way home. Get home and chuck papers under the sofa Lay table as the food is cooking Try out new recipes on friends Friends chat in kitchen

Reflector

Plan a date when all the people you want are free Look at who would get on well with whom Ask for preferences to eat Make a plan for cooking times Cook something previously cooked Take the afternoon off to cook and make sure everything just right.

Theorist

Plan a seating plan Make name cards Have music ready which you know guests will like Follow the recipe completely. Love menu plans Like a cook book with pictures of the completed dish. If it says serve with a particular veg they will.

Pragmatist

Everyone sit where they like Try out new recipes which use skills previously tried Don’t follow recipes very closely will adapt Watch cooking programmes Like to be in the kitchen while others cook Will use time saving gadgets We all are mixtures of these we can all adapt.

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