Philosophy of History Final Exam Study Sheet Exam: Wednesday, May 13, 2:45-4:45 Short answer section. The following terms are to help you in preparing for the short answer section of the exam. There will be 12 questions on the final, of which you are to answer 10 (4 points each). Concept (Collingwood) Intepretation History and science Truth-to-nature Worthington’s droplets Mechanical objectivity Trained judgment Scientific self Carolus Linnaeus Goethe’s urpflanze Kant and willful subject Atlases Collective empiricism epistemology scientific realism hegemons (ItalyHollandetc.) world system Braudel market dynamics superordinate markets kinship markets, etc. capitalism wage labor morellian method clues Essay question. Two of the following three essay questions will be on the final. You are to write an essay on one of the two (60 points): 1. Discuss the difference between Worthington’s two sets of droplets images. According to Daston this reflects a big shift in the understanding of knowledge, a shift that eventually leads to our current undestanding of objectivity. By detailing some of the reasons for and implications of this shift to objectivity, compare some of the arguments in the book Objectivity to any two of the other arguments discussed in this class. 2. What is the difference between the scientific self and the artistic (romantic) self? What is the significance of Kant’s philosophy in the emergence of this distinction? How in turn does this distinction affect the task of historians? Elaborate. In the context of this discussion bring in the work of Carlos Ginzburg to explain the issues involved. 3. For both Wallerstein and Collins historians need to focus more on economic processes in order to understand historical events. For Wallerstein this entails understanding the world system that is capitalism and for Collins this involves understanding critical historical changes in terms of crises that inevitably hit market systems. In a comparing and contrasting Wallerstein and Collins lay out their main arguments.