Great Start Readiness Preschool Child Assessments Child Observation Record (COR) Ongoing assessments done daily throughout the year. The COR is an observational tool. Teachers or caregivers spend a few minutes each day writing brief notes ("anecdotes") that describe significant episodes of young children's behavior. They record their notes on printed forms or in computer files, and then classify and rate them according to the COR categories, items, and levels. COR anecdotes, gathered on a child over time and systematically rated according to the COR framework, are the basic units of information that are complied and analyzed to provide a comprehensive portrait of each child's developmental gains and of the progress of the group as a whole. Using COR forms and software, a variety of reports may be generated from this information. The COR is organized into six broad categories of child development. Within each category is a list of observation items. These items are based on key developmental indicators — KDIs (formerly known as key experiences) — in each content area for the age range covered. There are six categories and 32 items on the Preschool COR and six categories and 28 items on the Infant-Toddler COR. Under each of the items are five developmental levels that describe behavior ranging from simple (1) to more complex (5). Early Literacy Skills Assessment Assessment done two times per year- upon entering and exiting the program. The Early Literacy Skills Assessment (ELSA) is an authentic assessment in the form of a children's storybook. It is a generic instrument designed to measure the emerging literacy skills of children attending early childhood programs — including but not limited to programs using the HighScope educational approach. The ELSA measures the four key principles of early literacy — Comprehension Phonological Awareness Alphabetic Principle Concepts About Print — the early literacy abilities emphasized in the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2002 and in the 2000 report of the National Reading Panel. To conduct the assessment, a teacher reads the story with an individual child, stopping where indicated in the book to ask questions or elicit ideas. To evaluate the child's progress, the assessment is repeated at the end of the year with the same storybook. (If children remain in a program for more than one year, a different ELSA book will be needed for the second year.) SRA Numbers World-Early Math Assessment Assessment given upon entering the program and then periodically throughout the year-a minimum of four times Each level of Number Worlds contains a placement test to determine whether students understand the content in each level of the program. Every placement test assesses knowledge of two adjacent levels of Number Worlds so the teacher can observe and compare information about which level’s content is appropriate for each student. The best practice is to assess a student’s knowledge of the entire level of content and to place him or her in the first unit in which he or she begins to show difficulty. As a child masters the unit, they are reassessed and then moved to the next unit. Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) Assessment given two times per year-within 30 days upon entering and no less than 30 days prior to leaving the program Highly reliable and valid, ASQ looks at strengths and trouble spots, educates parents about developmental milestones, and incorporates parents’ expert knowledge about their children. Scores beneath the cutoff points indicate a need for further assessment; scores near the cutoff points call for discussion and monitoring; and scores above the cutoff suggest the child is on track developmentally. Program Quality Assessment (PQA) Assessment preformed by the Early Childhood Specialist-three times per year The Preschool Program Quality Assessment (PQA) is a rating instrument designed to evaluate the quality of early childhood programs and identify staff training needs. The Preschool PQA is reliable and valid and is appropriate for use in all center-based early childhood settings, including but not limited to those using the HighScope educational approach. The Preschool PQA is an all-in-one program evaluation system with the following features: Assesses key aspects of program quality Reflects research-based and field-tested best practices in early childhood education and care Can be aligned with the Head Start Program Performance Standards Provides reliable, scientifically validated assessment proven in a wide range of early childhood programs and settings Can be used as a basis for program accreditation, reporting, monitoring, and training The PQA covers 63 dimensions of program quality in 7 domains: learning environment, daily routine, adult-child interaction, curriculum planning and assessment, parent involvement and family services, staff qualifications and development, and program management. Raters observe the program and interview the appropriate staff members. They record supporting evidence for each row (component) of every item. They read the indicators (definitions and examples) for that row and check the one box per row that best reflects the supporting evidence. Then, using the scoring rules they circle one item rating for the item as a whole.