Noteform 3-1: Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics (pages 82 – 85)

Noteform 3-2: Properties of Magma (pages 87 – 90)
Name: ____________________________________ Section: _____
1. The Big Island of Hawaii is the largest mountain on Earth. Lava from Mount
Kilauea in Hawaii reached temperatures of around 1,000 degrees Celsius, yet
most of the time the lava moves slower than a person can walk, about ______
2. An element is a substance that cannot be broken down into other substances. A
compound is a substance made of two or more elements that have been
chemically combines. Give an example of an element and compound.
Element:____________________ Compound: _____________________
3. A physical property is any characteristic of a substance that can be observed or
measured without changing the composition of the substance. Which one of the
following examples of properties is NOT a physical property? (Circle it.)
A) the hardness of the substance
B) the melting point of the substance
C) ability to react with oxygen
D) whether a substance is magnetic or not
4. A chemical property is any property that produces a change in the composition of
matter. Which one of the following examples of properties is NOT a chemical
property? (Circle it.)
A) the substance’s ability to burn
B) the substance’s ability to react with other substances
C) the density of the substance
5. Particles (atoms) in a ____________________ are free to move around one
another and can flow from place to place.
6. The resistance of a liquid to flow is called: _____________________________.
7. ______________is a thick, stick liquid with a high viscosity, therefore is should
flow slowly.
8. Water, ________________________ and _____________________ are thin,
runny liquids with low viscosity, therefore they should flow quickly.
9. Why do liquids have different viscosities? Because of having a greater degree of:
10. Read “Math: Analyzing Data” at the top of page 89. Study both graphs. Notice
that there are two types of magma: Basalt-Forming and Rhyolite-Forming. What
three types of materials make up both types of magma?
11. Which type of magma has more silica? _________________________________
12. About how much silica does this type of magma contain? __________________
13. A third type of magma has a silica content that is halfway between that of the
other two types. About how much silica does this magma contain?___________
14. At the extremely high __________________ and _____________________
inside Earth, mantle rock sometimes melts to form magma.
15. The viscosity of magma depends upon its silica content
16. Silica contains oxygen and silicon. It is one of the most abundant materials in the
Earth’s crust. The silica content of magma ranges from about
__________ to _________ percent.
17. Magma that is high in silica content produces lava that is ___________ in color
and very sticky, or viscous and slow-moving. It forms the rock called: Rhyolite.
18. Magma that is lower in silica content produces lava that is ______________ in
color, has a lower viscosity and is faster-moving. It forms a rock called: Basalt.
19. Examine Figure 7 on page 90. Which kind of lava has a rippled surface and looks
like a wrinkled, coiled rope? Which kind of lava has a jagged surface and looks
like rough chunks?
Coiled rope: __________________ Rough chunks: __________________
20. Background: Viscosity increases as temperature decreases. For example, on a hot
day, honey pours easily. But if you put honey in a refrigerator, its viscosity
increases. The temperature of magma ranges from 750 to 1,175 degrees Celsius.
Question: Aa lava has a cooler temperature and is more viscous than Pahoehoe
lava, so therefore:
A) Aa lava moves slower than Pahoehoe lava.
B) Aa lava moves faster than Pahoehoe lava.