APsyllabus0910 - Abington Heights School District

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ABINGTON HEIGHTS HIGH SCHOOL
AP CHEMISTRY
COURSE DESCRIPTION, REQUIREMENTS AND
TENTATIVE COURSE OUTLINE
2009-2010
DESCRIPTION: This is an advanced placement course designed to prepare the student for the AP
Chemistry exam. The course covers the equivalent of one full year of college level General Chemistry,
comparable to a first year course at a college or university. The course is a rigorous math-based course, with a
strong laboratory component. It is intended for students who have demonstrated a willingness to commit
considerable time to studying and completing assignments outside of class, and who have successfully
completed a prior course in chemistry during high school.
The course will develop the student's ability to incorporate mathematical skills in the solution of chemistry
problems, both through the use of textbook problems and laboratory activities. Since a portion of the AP exam
does not allow the use of calculators, significant emphasis will be placed on developing the student's ability to
solve problems through dimensional analysis and estimation. Students will be required to do extensive writing,
complete quarterly lab practicals and to keep a thorough and accurate ongoing laboratory notebook. Students
must have the ability to collaborate productively in lab and problem solving sessions and also to individually
reflect on the relationships among the concepts studied and the observations from labs.
Since passing the AP exam may qualify the student to by-pass a first-year college chemistry course, AP
Chemistry should not be considered "college prep." Rather, this is a college class, with college level
expectations for behavior, participation and effort.
PRIMARY CLASS TEXT:
Brown, Theodore L., LeMay, Jr., H. Eugene, Bursten, Bruce E. and Burdge, Julia R. Chemistry: The Central
Science, 9th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc., 2003.
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES (used as laboratory resources):
Nelson, John H. and Kemp, Kenneth C.
Laboratory Experiments to accompany Chemistry: The Central
Science, 9th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc., 2003.
Whitten, Kenneth W., Davis, Raymond E. and Peck, M. Larry.
5th ed. Florida: Saunders College Publishing, 1996.
General Chemistry with Qualitative Analysis,
Bishop, Carl B., Bishop, Muriel B. and Whitten, Kenneth W. Standard and Microscale Experiments to
Accompany General Chemistry with Qualitative Analysis, 5th ed. Florida: Saunders College Publishing, 1996.
Vonderbrink, Sally A. Laboratory Experiments for Advanced Placement Chemistry. Flinn, 1995.
COURSE REQUIREMENTS:
1. Class Notebook
2. Laboratory Reports
3. Quizzes and Tests
4. Quarterly Lab Practicals
5. Completion of the Advanced Placement Chemistry Test
1
REQUIRED MATERIALS: Scientific Calculator (must have LOG key), a bound lab notebook (no
spirals), class notebook.
REFERENCE TEXT:
Whitten, Kenneth W., Davis, Raymond E. and Peck, M. Larry.
5th ed. Florida: Saunders College Publishing, 1996.
General Chemistry with Qualitative Analysis,
TENTATIVE COURSE OUTLINE
QUARTER 1
1. PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS
Solubility and the solution process are the focus of this chapter. The relationship between the concentration of a
solution and its colligative properties is examined through a laboratory activity.
2. CHEMICAL KINETICS
This introduction to kinetics focuses on the factors that affect the rate at which a reaction occurs. Mechanisms
of reactions will be studied to develop rate law expressions for them.
3. CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM
The basic concepts of equilibrium will be studied. This includes the equilibrium constant, the reaction quotient,
factors that affect equilibria, and stresses upon a system at equilibrium.
LABS:
Molar Mass of a Volatile Liquid
Colligative Properties: Freezing-Point Depression and Molar Mass
Study of the Kinetics of a Reaction
Equilibrium and LeChatelier’s Principle
LAB PRACTICAL
QUARTER 2
1. ACID-BASE EQUILIBRIA
Acids and bases will be classified according to their characteristics and interactions. The equilibrium concept
will be incorporated to develop rate expressions, explain reactions and determine pH.
2. ADDITIONAL ASPECTS OF AQUEOUS EQUILIBRIA
The concept of equilibrium is applied the common-ion effect in reactions, buffers, titrations and simple
qualitative analysis techniques.
LABS:
Spectrophotometric Determination of an Equilibrium Constant
Determination of the Dissociation Constant of a Weak Acid
Hydrolysis of Salts and pH of Buffer Solutions
Determination of the Solubility Product of an Ionic Compound
LAB PRACTICAL
2
QUARTER 3
1. CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS
This chapter expands upon the first law of thermodynamics, which was studied in the Honors Chemistry course.
The second and third laws of thermodynamics are applied in the study of the entropy and free energy of
reactions.
2. ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Several applications of redox reactions are studied, including voltaic cells, batteries and electrolysis.
3. THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE: ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Organic molecules are classified according to their structures, physical and chemical properties. Nomenclature,
simple reactions and the recognition of selected functional groups will be reinforced through several laboratory
activities.
LABS:
Electrochemical Cells
Analysis of Commercial Bleach
Organic Functional Groups
LAB PRACTICAL
QUARTER 4
1. CHEMISTRY OF COORDINATION COMPOUNDS
A brief study of metal complexes is conducted through a review of types of reactions and a laboratory activity.
2. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY
This brief chapter includes an explanation of radioactivity and an examination of the rate of radioactive decay.
3. AP EXAM REVIEW
Material from the Honors chemistry course and the AP course will be reviewed as needed. Sample tests will be
given as well as strategies for approaching multiple choice and free response questions.
4. POST AP EXAM ACTIVITIES
Students will utilize several organic chemistry laboratory techniques and apply knowledge from the various
areas of chemistry studied in the Honors and AP Chemistry classes.
LABS:
Preparation of Aspirin and Oil of Wintergreen
Analysis of Aspirin
Extraction of Caffeine from Coffee
Synthesis of Esters
LAB PRACTICAL
3
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