GENERIC RISK ASSESSMENT ACTIVITY COVERED: Reference No: MANUAL GRAVE DIGGING – BACKFILLING Version: 2.0 047 GENERAL HAZARDS Risk Rating Low Med High Who at Risk Emp MoP Manual Handling – risk of injury to back, feet and head (falling objects). Crush – from falling monuments or soil collapse. Falls – into openings Infection – eg, weils, recent burials, soil bacteria/tetanus Hydraulic oil – risk of blood poisoning if released under pressure. Weather conditions inc heat, sun, snow, frost, etc. PRIMARY LEGISLATION/REFERENCES: Health and Safety at Work (NI) Order 1978. Noise at Work Regulations 1990 Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations (NI) 2000 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 1999. The Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1999 Code of Safe Working Practice for Cemeteries – The Institute of Burial & Cremation Administration The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1993. Manual Handling Operations Regs (NI) 1993 CONTROL MEASURES Check PLANNING: Ensure that all tools and equipment necessary are on site at the commencement of backfilling. Take account of the conditions, check for signs of possible collapse. If spoil had been removed ensure that it is not placed near the opening prior to back filling. Replace walk boards at the side of the opening (if these had been removed prior to interment). Ensure all hand tools are safe to use – check for loose handles / heads, broken or split handles. Ensure any shoring/teleshoring is removed carefully and that shoring is raised as backfilling progresses Identify operative inoculation requirements and implement relevant procedures PHYSICAL: Ensure controlled access/egress, inc barriers etc to keep unauthorised public clear Arms, legs & body should be covered (i.e. one piece coveralls and nitrile gloves). Cover all skin lesions. Wear sun block if arms are uncovered. Wear a hard hat if entering the grave. Ensure existing memorials (including adjacent graves) do not present a hazard – stabilise/remove if required – advise supervisor accordingly When removing acro-prop type shoring, remove the timbers progressively from the bottom of the grave as filling proceeds, ie in the reverse order to which the timbers were put in position. DO NOT back fill with a person in the grave. Check for signs of any possibility of soil collapse as the timbers are removed. Use ladder(s) that extend sufficiently beyond the grave to facilitate safe access/egress. Keep rungs free from mud, and secure ladder where applicable If mechanical/hydraulic shoring was used release the pressure from hydraulic jacks to the top shoring set and remove from the grave. Release the pressure from the hydraulic jacks fitted to the second and third shoring sets and raise the second set to the position of the first set and the third set to the position of the second set. Pump out to holding pressure. Backfill the grave to base of the bottom shoring set and repeat the above operations until the grave has been backfilled. Cover openings completely with boards if leaving unattended (see open graves – unattended GRA). The grave should be refilled after interment and before staff leave the cemetery. Clean all tools and equipment upon completion of task – disinfect as required Individuals should ensure tetanus inoculations are up to date MANAGERIAL/SUPERVISORY: Check the condition of the grave and surrounding environment prior to backfilling. Ensure that all protective clothing and equipment is provided and worn at all times. Programme regular breaks to prevent manual handling injuries and fatigue injuries. Check all returning equipment for defects, discard damaged timbers. Grease acro-props weekly TRAINING: Manual handling training. Specific training in use of tools and equipment, inc shoring General Health, Safety and Fire Induction and Refresher Training, including hygiene training Side 1 of 2 This risk assessment must be reviewed regularly, where any significant changes are made, where any new equipment is introduced, or if there is any reason to suspect it is no longer valid. SITE/TASK SPECIFIC RISK ASSESSMENT On each site the generic risk assessment must be validated by reviewing site specific aspects/circumstances SITE LOCATION/SPECIFIC TASK: Max number of people involved in activity: Frequency and duration of activity: Additional hazards identified (whether site or activity orientated): Additional control measures required: Who to action and by when: Assessment of remaining risks: Low Medium High Circumstances which may require additional information: Circulation of risk assessment: Operative: Manager/supervisor: Assessment completed by: Name: Review record: Next review due: Next review due: Next review due: Other: Date: Reviewed by: Reviewed by: Reviewed by: Other: Signature: Date: Date: Date: Side 2 of 2 This risk assessment must be reviewed regularly, where any significant changes are made, where any new equipment is introduced, or if there is any reason to suspect it is no longer valid.