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UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENTS ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI :: CHENNAI 600 025 REGULATIONS – 2008 CURRICULUM FROM III & IV SEMESTERS FOR B.TECH. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SEMESTER III CODE NO THEORY MA 9211 CY 9211 CY 9213 CH 9203 CH 9204 CH 9205 CH 9206 PRACTICAL CY 9212 CH 9208 COURSE TITLE L T P C Mathematics III Organic Chemistry Instrumental Methods of Analysis Mechanics of Solids Basic Mechanical Engg Process Calculations Fluid Mechanics 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 Organic Chemistry Lab Electrical Engineering Lab 0 0 0 0 4 4 2 2 26 L T P C Numerical Methods Physical Chemistry Material Science and Technology Chemical Engg. Thermodynamics I Mechanical Operations Heat Transfer 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 3 3 3 3 3 Technical Analysis Lab Mechanical Engineering Lab Fluid Mechanics Lab 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 2 2 2 25 TOTAL SEMESTER IV CODE NO THEORY MA 9262 CY9261 PH 9166 CH 9253 CH 9254 CH 9255 PRACTICAL CY9262 CH 9257 CH 9258 COURSE TITLE TOTAL 1 III SEMESTER MA9211 MATHEMATICS III L 3 T 1 Aim: To facilitate the understanding of the principles and to cultivate the art of formulating physical problems in the language of mathematics. Objectives: To introduce Fourier series analysis which is central to many applications in engineering apart from its use in solving boundary value problems To acquaint the student with Fourier transform techniques used in wide variety of situations in which the functions used are not periodic To introduce the effective mathematical tools for the solutions of partial differential equations that model physical processes To develop Z- transform techniques which will perform the same task for discrete time systems as Laplace Transform, a valuable aid in analysis of continuous time systems 1. FOURIER SERIES 9+3 Dirichlet’s conditions – General Fourier series – Odd and even functions – Half-range Sine and Cosine series – Complex form of Fourier series – Parseval’s identity – Harmonic Analysis. 2. FOURIER TRANSFORM 9+3 Fourier integral theorem – Fourier transform pair-Sine and Cosine transforms – Properties – Transform of elementary functions – Convolution theorem – Parseval’s identity. 3. PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9+3 Formation – Solutions of first order equations – Standard types and Equations reducible to standard types – Singular solutions – Lagrange’s Linear equation – Integral surface passing through a given curve – Solution of linear equations of higher order with constant coefficients. 4. APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9+3 Method of separation of Variables – Solutions of one dimensional wave equation and onedimensional heat equation – Steady state solution of two-dimensional heat equation – Fourier series solutions in Cartesian coordinates. 5. Z – TRANSFORM AND DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS 9+3 Z-transform – Elementary properties – Inverse Z-transform – Convolution theorem – Initial and Final value theorems – Formation of difference equation – Solution of difference equation using Z-transform. 2 P 0 C 4 L: 45, T: 15, Total : 60 TEXT BOOKS Grewal, B.S. “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Khanna Publications (2007) REFERENCES 1) Glyn James, “Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics, Pearson Education (2007) 2) Ramana, B.V. “Higher Engineering Mathematics” Tata McGraw Hill (2007). 3) Bali, N.P. and Manish Goyal, “A Text Book of Engineering 7th Edition (2007) Lakshmi Publications (P) Limited, New Delhi. CY9211 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (Common to Chemical, Textile, Leather, Petroleum Refining & Petrochemicals and Apparel Technology) L T P C 3 0 0 3 AIM To learn fundamental and applied aspects of organic chemistry towards different applications. OBJECTIVES To acquire knowledge about chemical bonding, hybridization, bond fission, different types of chemical reactions and their mechanism, isomerism in organic molecules, synthesis of organic compounds and various applications of organic products. 1. Structural concept of organic molecules (5) Nature of bonding (covalent, hydrogen) – atomic orbitals – hybridization – electronegativity – conjugation – mesomerism and resonance – hyper-conjugation – inductive effect. 2. REACTION AND THEIR MECHANISM (10) Homolytic bond fission – free radicals – heterolytic bond fission – electrophiles, carbonium ion, nucleophiles – acids and bases – Bronsted - Lowry concept, Lewis concept, strength of acids and bases. Substitution reactions – SN1, SN2, SNi, Addition reactions – carbon – carbon (double bond), Addition of dienes – carbon – oxygen (double bond), carbon – carbon (triple bond) – poly addition reactions, Elimination reactions – E1, E2, Condensation – simple and polycondensation , Redox reactions. 3. ISOMERISM (6) Structural isomerism – stereoisomerism – optical isomerism – racemic mixture – resolution, racemisation – asymmetric synthesis, Walder Inversion. Geometrical isomerism – cis, trans isomerism, syn, anti isomerism – determination of configuration of geometrical isomers – tautomerism. 4. HYDROCARBONS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION 3 (10) Alkanes – alkenes – alkynes – alicylic compounds – Bayers-strain theory - Hydrocarbons related to petrol, diesel, kerosene, lube oil and waxes. Benzene and its homologues – aromatic substitution, Friedal - Crafts reactions, Kolbe’s synthesis – Riemer – Tiemann reaction, Benzoin condensation, Perkin reaction, Beckmann rearrangement, Claison condensation, Hoffmann rearrangements. 5. SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (7) Synthesis of different types of compounds – alcohol – aldehyde – carboxylic acid – ester – ether – nitrocompounds – amines – amides (industrial methods only). Synthetic reagents – acetoacetic ester – malonic ester and Grignard reagent. 6. APPLIED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (7) Polysaccharides – starch and cellulose – Proteins – amino acids and peptides – Dyes and dyeing – colour and constitution – classification of dyes based on chemical constitution and applications. Total Number of Periods = 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. B.S. Bahl and Arun Bahl, “Essentials of Organic Chemistry”, S.Chand and Company, New Delhi (2005). 2. K.S. Tiwari, N.K. Vishnoi and S.N. Malhotra “A Text Book of Organic Chemistry”, Third Edition, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi (2006). REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. R.T. Morrison and R.N. Boyd “Organic Chemistry” VI Edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi (2000). 2. I L Finar “Organic Chemistry”, Volume – I, IX Edition, Pearson Education (Singapore) Pte. Ltd., New Delhi (2004). 3. I L Finar “Organic Chemistry”, Volume – II, VII Edition, Pearson Education (Singapore) Pte. Ltd., New Delhi (2004). CY 9213 INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS (Common to Chemical, Textile, Leather, Ceramic and Petroleum Refining & Petrochemicals) L T P C 3 0 0 3 AIM To know the principle and importance of various analytical instruments used for the characterization of various materials OBJECTIVES To have thorough understanding of theory, instrumentation and applications of analytical equipments used in industries for testing quality of raw materials, intermediates and finished products 4 To know the importance of analytical instrumentation during the purification, compounding and formulating the finished product UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO SPECTROSCOPICAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS 12 ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION: Various ranges, Dual properties, Various energy levels, Interaction of photons with matter, absorbance & transmittance and their relationship, Permitted energy levels for the electrons of an atom and simple molecules, Classification of instrumental methods based on physical properties QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY: Beer -Lambert's law, Limitations, Deviations (Real, Chemical, Instrumental), Estimation of inorganic ions such as Fe, Ni and estimation of Nitrite using Beer -Lambert's Law UNIT II UV AND VISIBLE SPECTROCOPY 12 Various electronic transitions in organic and inorganic compounds effected by UV, and Visible radiations, Various energy level diagrams of saturated, unsaturated and carbonyl compounds, excitation by UV and Visible radiations, Choice of solvents, cut off wavelengths for solvents, Lamda max and epsilon max rules, Woodward -Fieser rules for the calculation of absorption maxima ( Lamda max) for dienes and carbonyl compounds, Effects of auxochromes and efffects of conjugation on the absorption maxima, Different shifts of absorption peaks( Batho chromic, hypsochromic, hypochromic), Multicomponent analysis ( no overlap, single way overlap and two way overlap), Instrumentation for UV and VISIBLE spectrophotometers (source, optical parts and detectors), Photometric titration ( Experimental set -up and various types of titrations and their corresponding curves), Applications of UV and VISIBLE spectroscopies UNIT III IR , RAMAN AND ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY 10 Theory of IR spectroscopy, Various stretching and vibration modes for diatomic and triatomic molecules (both linear and nonlinear), various ranges of IR (Near, Mid, Finger print and Far) and their usefulness, Instrumentation (Only the sources and detectors used in different regions), sample preparation techniques, Applications.Raman spectroscopy: Theory, Differences between IR and Raman. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry: Principle, Instrumentation (Types of burners, Types of fuels, Hollow cathode lamp, Chopper only) and Applications, Various interferences observed in AAS (Chemical, radiation and excitation) Flame photometry: Principle, Instrumentation, quantitative analysis (Standard addition method and internal standard method) and applications Differences between AAS and FES. UNIT IV THERMAL METHODS: 5 Thermogravimetry: Theory and Instrumentation, factors affecting the shapes of thermograms (Sample Characteristics and instrumental characteristics), thermograms of some important compounds (CuSO4. 5H2O, CaC2O4. 2H2O, MgC2O4, Ag2CrO4, Hg2CrO4, AgNO3 etc), applications. Differential thermal analysis: Principle, Instrumentation and applications, differences between DSC and DTA. Applications of DSC (Inorganic and Polymer samples) 6. CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHODS: 6 Classification of chromatographic methods, Column, Thin layer, Paper, Gas, High Performance Liquid Chromatographical methods (Principle, mode of separation and Technique). Separation of organic compounds by column and Thin layer, mixure of Cu, Co and Ni by Paper, separation of amino acids by paper, estimation of organic compounds by GC and HPLC Total = 45 REFERENCES 1. Willard, H.H., Merritt.l.l., Dean J.a., and Settle,F.A., Instrumental methods of analysis, Sixth edition, CBS publishers,1986 5 2. Skoog D.A and West D.M, Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry, Saunders -college Publishing, 1982. 3. Banwell, G.C., Fundamentals of molecular spectroscopy, TMH,1992. 4. A.I. Vogel's Quantitative Inorganic analysis . V Edition 5. Day R.A Underwood A.L Qualitative Inorganic analysis ( A. I. Vogel). V Edition, Prentice-Hall of India ( P) Ltd, NewDelhi 6. Sharma, B.K., Instrumental Methods of Analysis, Goel publishing House,1995 7. Kalsi .P.S. Spectroscopy of organic compounds, 6th Edition, New Age International Publishers,2006 8. William Kemp, Organic Spectroscopy, 3rd Edition, Palgrave publishers, 2007 9. Sathya Narayana. D. N. Vibrational Spectroscopy, First Edition 2004 and Reprint 2005, New Age International publishers. CH 9203 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS 3 0 0 3 AIM To given them knowledge on structural, Mechanical properties of Beams, columns. OBJECTIVES The students will be able to design the support column, beams, pipelines, storage tanks and reaction columns and tanks after undergoing this course. This is precursor for the study on process equipment design and drawing. UNIT I STRESS, STRAIN AND DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS 9 Rigid bodies and deformable solids – forces on solids and supports – equilibrium and stability – strength and stiffness – tension, compression and shear stresses – Hooke’s law and simple problems – compound bars – thermal stresses – elastic constants and poission’s ratio – welded joints – design. UNIT II TRANSVERSE LOADING ON BEAMS 9 Beams – support conditions – types of Beams – transverse loading on beams – shear force and bending moment in beams – analysis of cantilevers, simply – supported beams and over hanging beams – relationships between loading, S.F. and B.M. In beams and their applications – S.F.& B.M. diagrams. UNIT III DEFLECTIONS OF BEAMS 9 Double integration method – Macaulay’s method – Area – moment theorems for computation of slopes and deflections in beams – conjugate beam method UNIT IV STRESSES IN BEAMS 9 Theory of simple bending – assumptions and derivation of bending equation (M/I = F/Y = E/R) – analysis of stresses in beams – loads carrying capacity of beams – proportioning beam sections – leaf springs – flitched beams – shear stress distribution in beams – determination of shear stress in flanged beams. UNIT V TORSION 9 Torsion of circular shafts – derivation of torsion equation (T/J = C/R = G0/L) – stress and deformation in circular and hollow shafts – stresses and deformation in circular and hollow shafts – stepped shafts – shafts fixed at both ends – stresses in helical springs – deflection of springs – spring constant UNIT VI COLUMNS 6 Axially loaded short columns – columns of unsymmetrical sections – Euler’s theory of long columns – critical loads for prismatic columns with different end conditions – effect of eccentricity. TOTAL : 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. 2. Junarkar, S.B., Mechanics of Structure Vol. 1, 21st Edition, Character Publishing House, Anand, Indian, (1995) William A.Nash, Theory and Problems of Strength of Materials, Schaum’s Outline Series. McGraw Hill International Editions, Third Edition, 1994. REFERENCE 1. Elangovan, A., Thinma Visai Iyal (Mechanics of Solids in Tamil), Anna University, Madras, 1995. CH 9204 BASIC MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 3 0 0 3 AIM To impart knowledge on thermodynamics and thermal engineering power generating units such as engines and theory of machines OBJECTIVE Students should learn thermodynamics and thermal engineering to understand the principles behind the operation of thermal equipments like IC engines and turbines etc., Students should be able to appreciate the theory behind operation of machinery and be able to design simple mechanisms UNIT 1: LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS 10 Basic concepts and hints; Zeroth law; First Law of Thermodynamics - Statement and application; Steady flow energy equation-problems- Second law of Thermodynamics – Kelvin - Plank statement and Clausius statement- problems; Limitations; Heat Engine, Refrigerator and Heat Pump, Available energy, Equivalence entropy; Reversibility: Entropy charts; Third law of Thermodynamics - Statement. UNIT 2: HEATING AND EXPANSION OF GASES 6 Expressions for work done, Internal energy and heat transfer for Constant Pressure, Constant Volume, Isothermal, Adiabatic and Polytropic processes-Derivations and problems; Free expansion and Throttling process. UNIT 3: AIR STANDARD CYCLES 6 Carnot cycle; Stirlings cycle; Joule cycle; Otto cycle; Diesel cycle; Dual combustion Cycle- Derivations and problems. UNIT 4: I.C. ENGINES, STEAM AND ITS PROPERTIES AND STEAM TURBINES 12 Engine nomenclature and classification; SI Engine; CI Engine; Four Stroke cycle, Two stroke cycle; Performance of I.C.Engine; Brake thermal efficiency; Indicated Thermal Efficiency, Specific fuel consumption. 7 Steam - Properties of steam; Dryness fraction; latent heat; Total heat of wet steam; Dry steam; Superheated steam. Use of steam tables; volume of wet steam, volume of superheated steam; External work of evaporation; Internal energy; Entropy of vapour, Expansion of vapour, Rankine cycle. Steam turbines – Impulse and Reaction types - Principles of operation. UNIT 5 : SIMPLE MECHANISM, FLY WHEEL, DRIVES AND BALANCING 11 Definition of Kinematic Links, Pairs and Kinematic Chains; Working principle of Slider Crank mechanism and inversions; Double slider crank mechanism and inversions. Flywheel-Turning moment Diagram; Fluctuation of Energy. Belt and rope drives; Velocity ratio; slip; Creep; Ratio of tensions; Length of belt; Power Transmitted; gear trains-types. Balancing of rotating masses in same plane; Balancing of masses rotating in different planes. Total Number of Periods = 45 Text Books: 1. Nag, P.K., " Engineering Thermodynamics ", II Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., Ltd., 1995. 2. Rajput, R .K, “Thermal Engineering”, Laxmi publications (P) Ltd, 2001. 3. Khurmi R.S., and Gupta J.K, “Theory of Machines”, Eurasia Publishing House (P) Ltd., 2004. References Books 1. Smith, " Chemical Thermodynamics ", Reinhold Publishing Co., 1977. 2. Bhaskaran, K.A., and Venkatesh, A., " Engineering Thermodynamics ", 3. Tata McGraw Hill, 1973. 4. Pandya A. and Shah, " Theory of Machines ", Charatakar Publishers, 1975. 5. Khurmi R.S., and Gupta J.K, “Thermal Engineering”, S.Chand & Company (P) Ltd.,2001. 6. Kothandaraman and Dhomkundwar,”: A course in Thermal Engineering (SI Units)”, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, Delhi (2001) 8 CH 9205 PROCESS CALCULATIONS L 3 T 0 P 0 C 3 AIM The aim of this course is to give fundamental knowledge on material and energy balances and steady state simulation. OBJECTIVES To teach concept of degree of freedom and its application to solution of mass and energy balance equations for single and network of units and introduce to process simulators. UNIT I 6 Units, dimensions and conversion; Process variables and properties; Degree of freedom; UNIT II 11 Concept of material balance Material balance calculations not involving and involving single and multiple reactions including combustion Material balance calculations involving phase change UNIT III 11 Heat capacity; Calculation of enthalpy changes without phase change; Energy balance calculations without and with reactions including combustion. UNIT IV 11 Simultaneous material and energy balance calculations for Humidification, vaporization, condensation, mixing, crystallization. UNIT V 6 Material balance and energy balance calculations for network of units without and with recycle. Demonstration of ASPEN Process Simulator L = 45; Total number of periods = 45 TEXT BOOKS 1. Himmelblau, D.M., "Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering ", EEE Sixth Edition, Prentice Hall Inc., 2003 2. Bhatt, B.L., Vora, S.M., "Stoichiometry ", 4th Edition,Tata McGraw-Hill (2004) 3. Felder, R. M. and Rousseau, R. W., “Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes”,3rd Edn., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000. REFERENCES 1. Hougen O A, Watson K M and Ragatz R A, “Chemical process principles” Part I, CBS publishers (1973). CH 9206 FLUID MECHANICS 3 0 0 3 AIM To understand the principles and applications fluid mechanics. OBJECTIVES To impart to the student knowledge on fluid properties, fluid statics, dynamic characteristics for through pipes and porous medium, flow measurement and fluid machineries 9 UNIT I 6 Methods of analysis and description - fluid as a continuum – Velocity and stress field Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids – Classification of fluid motion UNIT II 9 Fluid statics – basic equation - equilibrium of fluid element – pressure variation in a static fluid - application to manometry – Differential analysis of fluid motion – continuity, Euler’s and Bernoulli equation UNIT III 9 The principle of dimensional homogeneity – dimensional analysis, the Pi-theorem - nondimensional action of the basic equations - similitude - relationship between dimensional analysis and similitude - use of dimensional analysis for scale up studies UNIT IV 12 Reynolds number regimes, internal flow - flow through pipes – pressure drop under laminar and turbulent flow conditions – major and minor losses; Line sizing; External flows - boundary layer concepts, boundary layer thickness under laminar and turbulent flow conditions- Flow over a sphere – friction and pressure drag - flow through fixed and fluidized beds. UNIT V 9 Flow measurement - Constant and variable head meters; Velocity measurement techniques; Types, characteristics and sizing of valves; Classification, performance characteristics and sizing of pumps, compressors and fans L = 45; Total number of periods = 45 Text Books 1. Noel de Nevers, "Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers ", Second Edition, McGraw-Hill, (1991). 2. Munson, B. R., Young, D.F., Okiishi, T.H. “Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics”, 5th Edition“, John Wiley, 2006 References 1. White, F.M., "Fluid Mechanics ", IV Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc., 1999. 2. James O Wilkes and Stacy G Bike, “Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers’ Prentice Hall PTR (International series in Chemical Engineering) (1999) 3. McCabe W.L, Smith, J C and Harriot. P “Unit operations in Chemical Engineering”, McGraw Hill, V Edition, 2001 III SEMESTER CY 9212 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LAB (Common to Chemical and Petroleum Refining & Petrochemicals ) L 0 T 0 P C 4 2 OBJECTIVE To learn basic principles involved in analysis and synthesis of different organic derivatives. 1. Analysis of nature of organic compounds – To identify aliphatic/aromatic, saturated/unsaturated compounds. 10 2. Identification and characterization of various functional groups by their characteristic reactions: a) alcohol, b) aldehyde, c) ketone, d) carboxylic acid, e) phenol, f) ester, g) primary, secondary and tertiary amines h) amide i) nitro compounds. 3. Analysis of an unknown organic compound and preparation of suitable solid derivatives. 4. Analysis of carbohydrates. 5. Analysis of proteins. 6. Methodology of filtration and recrystallization. 7. Introduction to organic synthetic procedures: i. Acetylation – Preparation of acetanilide from aniline. ii. Hydrolysis – Preparation of salycilic acid from methyl salyciliate. iii. Substitution – Conversion of acetone to iodoform. iv. Nitration – Preparation of m-dinitrobenzene from nitrobenzene. v. Oxidation – Preparation of benzoic acid from benzaldehyde/ benzyl alcohol Total Number of Periods = 60 Reference Manual 1. Organic Chemistry Lab Manual, Chemistry Division, Chemical Engineering Department, A.C.Tech, Anna University (2007). CH9208 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY L T P C 0 0 4 2 AIM To provide the practical knowledge and control methods of electrical machines OBJECTIVE To impart practical knowledge on I. Characteristic of different machines II. Method of speed control of machines III. Measurement of various electrical parameters 1. Study of DC & AC Starters 2. Study of Transducers 3. Wheatstone Bridge and Schering Bridge 4. ADC and DAC Converters 11 5. Speed Control of DC Shunt Motor 6. Load Test on DC Shunt Motor 7. OCC & Load Characteristics of DC Shunt Generator 8. Load Test on Single-Phase Transformer 9. Load Test on Three-Phase Induction Motor 10. Load Test on Single-Phase Induction Motor. MA 9262 NUMERICAL METHODS L 3 T 1 Aim: This course gives a complete procedure for solving numerically different kinds of problems occurring in engineering and technology. Objectives: The students would be acquainted with the basic concepts of numerical methods and their applications. 1. SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS 9 +3 Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations – Fixed point iteration method – Newton-Raphson method – Solution of linear system of equations – Gauss Elimination method – Pivoting – Gauss-Jordan methods – Matrix Inversion by Gauss-Jordan method – Iterative methods of Gauss-Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel – Eigenvalues of a matrix by Power method and by Jacobi’s method. 2. INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION 9+3 Interpolation with unequal intervals – Lagrange interpolation – Newton’s divided difference interpolation – Cubic Splines – Interpolation with equal intervals – Newton’s forward and backward difference formulae. 3. NUMERICAL DIFFERENTATION AND INTEGRATION 9+3 Approximation of derivatives using interpolation polynomials – Numerical integration using Trapezoidal, Simpson’s 1/3 and Simpson’s 3/8 rules – Romberg’s method – Two point and three point Gaussian quadrature formulae – Evaluation of double integrals by Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules. 4. INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9+3 Single step-methods – Taylor’s series method – Euler’s method – Fourth order RungeKutta method for solving first and second order equations – Multi-step methods – Milne’s and Adams-Bashforth predictor-corrector methods for solving first order equations. 5. BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9+3 Finite difference methods for solving two-point linear boundary value problems. Finite difference techniques for the solution of two dimensional Laplace’s and Poisson’s equations on rectangular domain – One dimensional heat-flow equation by explicit and implicit (Crank Nicholson) methods - One dimensional wave equation by explicit method. L: 45, T: 15, Total : 60 12 P 0 C 4 TEXT BOOKS 1. Grewal, B.S. and Grewal,J.S., “ Numerical methods in Engineering and Science”, 6 th Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, (2004). 2. Sankara Rao, K. “Numerical methods for Scientists and Engineers’, 3rd Edition Prentice Hall of India Private Ltd., New Delhi, (2007). REFERENCES 1. Chapra, S. C and Canale, R. P. “Numerical Methods for Engineers”, 5 th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, (2007). 2. Gerald, C. F. and Wheatley, P. O., “Applied Numerical Analysis”, 6th Edition, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, (2006). 3. Brian Bradie, “A friendly introduction to Numerical analysis”, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, (2007). CY 9261 PHYSICAL CHEMSITRY (Common to Chemical, Textile, Leather and Petroleum Refining & Petrochemicals ) L T 3 0 P 0 C 3 AIM To know the basic concepts of physical chemistry and its applications. OBJECTIVES To acquire knowledge in the field of electrochemistry, solubility behaviour, chemical reaction kinetics, photochemical reactions and colloidal chemistry towards different applications. UNIT I ELECTROCHEMISTRY 9 Electrical conductance – Specific conductance – Equivalent conductance – variation with dilution – Kohlrausch’s law – Transport number – Galvanic cells – EMF and its measurement – Reference electrode – Standard Hydrogen electrode – Nernst equation - Electrochemical series – Applications of EMF measurements: Fuel cells – Hydrogen -Oxygen fuel cell – Chemical and electrochemical corrosion – Corrosion control – Different methods. UNIT II IONIC EQUILIBRIA 9 Acids and bases – Arrhenius concept – Lewis concept – Dissociation of weak acid, weak base – Ionic product of water – Buffer solutions – calculation of pH – Henderson’s equation – Hydrolysis of salts – Degree of hydrolysis – Determination – acid-base indicators – their applications – solubility product principle – Ionic equilibria involving complex ions. UNIT III CHEMICAL KINETICS 9 Order of a reaction – Zero order, First order, Second order and Third order reactions – Molecualrity of a reaction – Unimolecular and Bimolecular reactions – Experimental methods of determining order of a reaction – Kinetics of parallel and opposing reactions – Concept of 13 activation energy – Arrhenius equation – Collision theory of reaction rates – Theory of absolute reaction rates – Kinetics of enzyme catalyzed reactions. UNIT IV PHOTOCHEMISTRY 9 Laws of Photochemistry, Quantum efficiency, Photochemical reactions, Actinometry, Kinetics and mechanism of Hydrogen – Bromine reaction, Hydrogen – Chlorine reaction – Photosensitization, Chemiluminscence. UNIT V COLLOIDS 9 Introduction to colloids – properties of colloids – coagulation of solutions – Origin of charge on colloidal particles – Determination of size of colloidal particles – Donnan Membrane equilibrium – Emulsions – Gels – Applications of colloids – Nanoparticles (Au, Ag, Pt) – Preparation – Characterization – Properties – Application in catalysis and drug delivery systems. Total Number of Periods = 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Kund and Jain, Physical Chemistry, S.Chand and Company, New Delhi (1996). 2. Puri B.H. Sharma L.R. and M.S.Prathama, “Principles of Physical Chemisry”, S.Chand and Company, New Delhi (2001). 3. B.S.Bahl, Arun Bahl and G.D.Tuli, “Essentials of Physical Chemistry”, S.Chand and Company, New Delhi (2005). REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Gordon M. Barrow, Physical Chemistry, Sixth Edition, Tata McGraw Hill (1998). 2. Peter Atkins & Julio de Paula, Atkins’ Physical Chemistry, 7th Edition, Offord university press. (2002). 14 PH 9166 MATERIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 3003 3 AIM To impart knowledge in material properties and manufacturing methods OBJECTIVES Students will be able to understand various material and its properties and manufacturing methods UNIT 1 Selection criteria and processes: General criteria of selection of materials in process industries. Properties: Mechanical, Thermal, Chemical, Electrical, Magnetic and Technological properties. Processing of Metals and Alloys- Casting, Hot and cold rolling, Forging, Extrusion, Deep drawing. UNIT 2 M Elastic, Anelastic and Viscoelastic Behaviour – Plastic Deformation by Slip: Critical resolved shear stress, Mechanism of Creep, Creep Resistant Materials – Fracture: Ductile and Brittle , Fatigue fracture, Griffith’s theory, S-N curves , Fracture toughness UNIT 3 P Gibb’s Phase rule : Uniary and Binary phase diagrams , Al2O3 - Cr2O3 , Pb-Sn, Ag-Pt and Iron- Iron Carbide Phase Diagram – Lever rule – Invariant reactions- TTT diagrams – Micro structural changes – Nucleation and growth – Martensitic transformations – Solidification and Crystallization – Glass transition – Recrystallization and Grain growth UNIT 4 F Pig iron, Cast iron, Mild Steel-properties, Applications and Manufacturing methods; Stainless steels, Special Alloy steels-properties and uses; Heat treatment of plain-carbon steels. Manufacturing methods of Lead, Tin and Magnesium. Properties and applications in process industries FRP-Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP), Different types of manufacturing methods; Asphalt and Asphalt mixtures; Wood UNIT 5 N Introduction to Nanotechnology- Zero Dimensional Nano Structures – Nano particles – One Dimensional Nano Structures- Nano wires and Nano rods – Two Dimensional Nano Structures, Films – Special Nano Materials - Nano Structures fabricated by Physical Techniques – Characterisation and Properties of Nano Materials – Applications of Nano Structures. 15 Text Books 1. Khanna O P, “Material Science and metallurgy” Dhnapat Rai Publications (1995) 2. Raghavan V, “Materials and Engineering” Prentice Hall of India, Newdelhi (2006) 3. Brenner D, “Hand book of Nanoscience and technology” (2002) References Books 1. Henry R Clauster, “Industrial and Engineering materials” McGraw Hill Book Co. (1975) 2. Kingery W D and Bowen H K and Unimann D R, “Introduction to Ceramics” Jhon Wiley and sons, Second edition (1991) 3. Fahrner W R, “Nanotechnology and Nanoeletronics” Springer International edition (2005) 4. Budinsky K G and Budinsky K M “ Engineering materials- Properties and Selection” Prentice Hall of India (2002) 5. Arumugam M, “ Material Science” Anuradha technical book publishers (1997) CH 9253 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS- I 3 0 0 3 AIM To introduce fundamental thermodynamic principles and their application OBJECTIVES Students will learn PVT behaviour of fluids, laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic property relations and their application to fluid flow, power generation and refrigeration processes. UNIT I 6 Scope of thermodynamics; Definition of system, control volume, state and path function, equilibrium, reversibility, energy, work and heat. zeroth law; temperature scales UNIT II 7 PVT behaviour of fluids; Mathematical representation of PVT behaviour; Generalized compressibility factor correlation; Generalized equations of state UNIT III 12 Joule’s experiment, internal energy, first law, energy balance for closed systems, mass and energy balance for open systems Statements of the second law of thermodynamics, heat engine and refrigerator, Carnot cycle and Carnot theorems, thermodynamic temperature scale, entropy and its calculation, second law of thermodynamics for a control volume, Third law of thermodynamics, entropy from a microscopic point of view. 16 UNIT IV 12 Thermodynamic potentials – internal energy, enthalpy, Helmholtz free energy, Gibbs free energy; thermodynamic property relations – Maxwell relations – partial derivatives and Jacobian method; residual properties; thermodynamic property tables and diagrams UNIT V 8 Duct flow of compressible fluids, Compression and expansion processes, steam power plant, internal combustion engines, jet and rocket engines, refrigeration – vapour compression and absorption refrigeration cycles; liquefaction processes. L = 45; Total number of periods = 45 Text Book 1. Smith, J.M., Van Ness, H.C and Abbot M.M "Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics ", McGraw Hill Publishers, VI edition, 2003 2. Narayanan, K.V. A Textbook of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics Prentice Hall India, 2004 References 1. Kyle, B.G., "Chemical and Process Thermodynamics III Edition", Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1999. 2. Elliott J.R., Lira, C.T., “Introductory chemical engineering thermodynamics”, Prentice Hall, 1998 3. Rao, Y.V.C., “Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics” Universities Press, 2005 CH 9254 MECHANICAL OPERATIONS 3 0 0 3 AIM To impart knowledge on solid handling and solid liquid separation OBJECTIVES The students will learn characterization of solids, size reduction, techniques of solid – fluid separation and mixing UNIT I 9 General characteristics of solids, different techniques of size analysis, shape factor, surface area determination, estimation of particle size. Screening methods and equipment, screen efficiency, ideal and actual screens. UNIT II 9 Laws of size reduction, energy relationships in size reduction, methods of size reduction, classification of equipments, crushers, grinders, disintegrators for coarse, intermediate and fine grinding, power requirement, work index; size enlargement - principle of granulation, briquetting, pelletisation, and flocculation. UNIT III 9 Gravity settling, sedimentation, thickening, elutriation, double cone classifier, rake classifier, bowl classifier. Centrifugal separation - continuous centrifuges, super centrifuges, design of basket centrifuges; industrial dust removing equipment, cyclones and hydro cyclones, electrostatic and magnetic separators, heavy media separations, floatation, jigging UNIT IV 9 Theory of filtration, Batch and continuous filters, Flow through filter cake and filter media, compressible and incompressible filter cakes, filtration equipments - selection, operation and design of filters and optimum cycle of operation, filter aids. 17 UNIT V 9 Mixing and agitation - Mixing of liquids (with or without solids), mixing of powders, selection of suitable mixers, power requirement for mixing. Storage and Conveying of solids - Bunkers, silos, bins and hoppers, transportation of solids in bulk, conveyer selection, different types of conveyers and their performance characteristics. L = 45; Total number of periods = 45 Text Book 1. McCabe, W.L., Smith, J.C., and Harriot, P., "Unit Operations in Chemical Engineering", 6th Edn., McGraw-Hill, 2001. 2. Badger W.L. and Banchero J.T., "Introduction to Chemical Engineering", Tata McGraw Hill, 1997. 3. Foust, A. S., Wenzel, L.A., Clump, C.W., Naus, L., and Anderson, L.B., "Principles of Unit Operations", 2nd Edn., John Wiley & Sons, 1994. References 1. Coulson, J.M. and Richardson, J.F., "Chemical Engineering" Vol. I, 4 th Edn., Asian Books Pvt. Ltd., India, 1998. CH 9255 HEAT TRANSFER 3 0 0 3 AIM To understand the principles and applications heat transfer OBJECTIVES To learn heat transfer by conduction, convection and radiation and heat transfer equipments like evaporator and heat exchanger UNIT I 9 Importance of heat transfer in Chemical Engineering operations - Modes of heat transfer Fourier's law of heat conduction - one dimensional steady state heat conduction equation for flat plate, hollow cylinder, - Heat conduction through a series of resistances - Thermal conductivity measurement; effect of temperature on thermal conductivity; Heat transfer in extended surfaces. UNIT II 9 Concepts of heat transfer by convection - Natural and forced convection, analogies between transfer of momentum and heat - Reynold’s analogy, Prandtl and Coulburn analogy. Dimensional analysis in heat transfer, Correlations for the calculation of heat transfer coefficients, heat transfer coefficient for flow through a pipe, flow through a non circular conduit, flow past flat plate, flow through packed beds. Heat transfer by natural convection. UNIT III 9 Heat transfer to fluids with phase change - heat transfer from condensing vapours, drop wise and film wise condensation, Nusselt equation for vertical and horizontal tubes, condensation of superheated vapours, effect of non-condensable gasses on rate of condensation. Heat transfer to boiling liquids - mechanism of boiling, nucleate boiling and film boiling. UNIT IV 9 Theory of evaporation - single effect and multiple effect evaporation - Design calculation for single and multiple effect evaporation. Radiation heat transfer - Emissive power, Black body radiation, Emissivity, Stefan - Boltzman law, Plank’s law, radiation between surfaces, 18 UNIT V 9 Parallel and counter flow heat exchangers - Log mean temperature difference - Single pass and multipass heat exchangers; plate heat exchangers; use of correction factor charts; heat exchangers effectiveness; number of transfer unit - Chart for different configurations - Fouling factors L = 45; Total number of periods = 45 Text Books 1. Holman, J. P., ‘Heat Transfer ’, 8th Edn., McGraw Hill, 1997. 2. Ozisik, M. N., Heat Transfer: A Basic Approach, McGraw-Hill, 1984 3. Kern, D.Q., "Process Heat Transfer ", McGraw-Hill, 1999. Reference 1. McCabe, W.L., Smith, J.C., and Harriot, P., "Unit Operations in Chemical Engineering", 6th Edn., McGraw-Hill, 2001. 2. Coulson, J.M. and Richardson, J.F., "Chemical Engineering " Vol. I, 4th Edn., Asian Books Pvt. Ltd., India, 1998. CY 9262 TECHNICAL ANALYSIS LAB (Common to Chemical and Petroleum Refining & Petrochemicals) L 0 T 0 P 4 C 2 OBJECTIVE To learn basic principles involved in estimation and characterization of industrially important materials. I. Soap Analysis a. Estimation of total fatty acid b. Estimation of percentage alkali content II. Oil Analysis a. Estimation of free acid b. Determination of Saponification value c. Determination of iodine value III. Cement Analysis a. Estimation of Silica content b. Estimation of mixed oxide content c. Estimation of calcium oxide content d. Estimation of calcium oxide by rapid method IV. Coal Analysis a. Estimation of Sulphur present in coal b. Ultimate analysis of coal c. Proximate analysis of coal V. Analysis of Bleaching Powder a. Estimation of available chlorine VI. Analysis of Glycerol a. Estimation of purity of glycerol VII. Analysis of fuels a. Flash point b. Fire point c. Cloud point d. Pour point e. Aniline point. 19 Total Number of Periods = 60 REFERENCE MANUAL Technical Analysis Manual, Chemistry Division, Chemical Engineering Department, A.C.Tech, Anna University (2007). CH 9257 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING LAB 0 0 4 2 AIM To impart practical knowledge in operating IC engines and conduct experiments. To understand test procedures in testing material for engineering applications OBJECTIVES Students will be able to understand Power-generating units such as engines and operate IC engines and conduct tests. They will be able to appreciate the theory behind the functioning of engines. Material properties, their behavior under different kinds of loading and testing can be visualized. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS * 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Port timing diagram Valve timing diagram Study of 2,4 stroke I C Engines Load test on 4-stroke petrol engine Performance test on 4-stroke single cylinder diesel engine Performance test on 4-stroke twin cylinder diesel engine Heat balance test on diesel engines Tension test Compression test Deflection test Hardness test (Rockwell and Brinell) Spring test Torsion test Impact test Total Number of Periods = 60 * Minimum 10 experiments shall be offered 20 CH 9258 FLUID MECHANICS LAB 0 0 4 2 AIM To understand the concepts of fluid mechanics through experiments OBJECTIVES To learn experimentally to calibrate flowmeters, find pressure loss for fluid flows and determine pump characteristics. List of Experiments 1. Viscosity measurement of non Newtonian fluids 2. Calibration of constant and variable head meters 3. Calibration of weirs and notches 4. Open drum orifice and draining time 5. Flow through straight pipe 6. Flow through annular pipe 7. Flow through helical coil and spiral coil 8. Losses in pipe fittings and valves 9. Characteristic curves of pumps 10. Pressure drop studies in packed column 11. Hydrodynamics of fluidized bed 12. Drag coefficient of solid particle Equipments required 1. Viscometer 2. Venturi meter 3. Orifice meter 4. Rotameter 5. Weir 6. Open drum with orifice 7. Pipes and fittings 8. Helical and spiral coils 9. Centrifugal pump 10. Packed column 11. Fluidized bed P = 60; Total number of periods = 60 21